Chikmagalur or Chikkamagaluru is a district in the state of Karnataka. Coffee was first cultivated in India in Chikmagalur. The mountains in Chikmagalur which are a part of the Western Ghats are the source of rivers like Tunga and Bhadra. Mullayanagiri, which is the highest peak in Karnataka is located in the district. It is also a tourist's paradise containing hill stations like Kemmanagundi and Kudremukh and waterfalls like Manikyadhara, Hebbe, Kallathigiri. Chikmagalur district has a rich history as is seen in the Hoysala temple at Amrithapura. Wildlife enthusiasts would be interested in the Kudremukh National Park and Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary present in this district. Keresanthe Srimahalakshmi temple keresanthe kadur tq is a religious center for devotes.
Location in Karnataka
|Taluk||Chikmagalur, Kadur, Tarikere, Mudigere, Sringeri, Koppa, Narasimharajapura|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Smt. G. Sathyavathi|
|• Total||7,201 km2 (2,780 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,925 m (6,316 ft)|
|• Density||158.19/km2 (409.7/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Chikmagalur district gets its name from its headquarters of Chikmagalur town. It is alternatively spelt as Chikkamagaluru or Chikmagalur. Chikmagalur literally means "The town of the younger daughter" in the Kannada language. The town is said to have been given as a dowry to the younger daughter of Rukmangada, the legendary chief of Sakkarepatna and hence the name. As one can guess, there is indeed a town called Hiremagaluru which means "The town of the elder daughter" which is about 5 km from Chikmagalur town.
Chikmagalur is the region where the Hoysala rulers started and spent the early days of their dynasty. According to a legend, it was at Sosevur, now identified with Angadi in Mudigere Taluk that Sala, the founder of the Hoysala dynasty, killed the legendary tiger, immortalised in the Hoysala crest. It is known that Veera Ballala II (1173 – 1220 CE), the great king of Hoysala empire, has built the Amriteshwara temple at Amrithapura in Tarikere Taluk.
Coffee was introduced into India through the Chikmagalur district when the first coffee crop was grown in the baba budan giri range during 1670 AD. According to the article Origins of Coffee, the saint Baba Budan on his pilgrimage to Mecca travelled through the seaport of Mocha, Yemen where he discovered coffee. To introduce its taste to India, he wrapped seven coffee beans around his belly and got them out of Arabia. On his return home, he planted the beans in the hills of Chikmagalur.
In recent history, Chikmagalur was the centre of global attention in the year 1978 when the former Indian Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi contested for elections here and got elected to Lok Sabha, the Indian Parliament.
Chikmagalur, the headquarters of Chikmagalur district, is 251 kilometres (156 mi) from the state capital of Bangalore, and is surrounded by the Chandra Drona hills and dense forests. The district is between 12° 54´ 42´´ and 13° 53´ 53´´ North latitude and between 75° 04´ 46´´ and 76° 21´ 50´´ east longitude. Its greatest length from east to west is about 138.4 kilometers and from north to south 88.5 kilometers. The district receives normal average rainfall of 1925 mm. The highest point in the district is Mullayanagiri, 1,926 m above sea level which is also the highest point in the state of Karnataka. 30% of the district (2108.62 km²) is covered with forests. The district borders Shimoga to the north, Davanagere to the north-east, Chitradurga and Tumkur districts to the east, Hassan to the south, Dakshina Kannada to the south-west and Udupi to the west. The rivers Bhadra, Tunga, Hemavathi, Netravati, and Vedavathi flow all year round. The district is rich in iron, magnetite and granite deposits. Black soil is found around Baba Budan Giri Hills whereas Red and Gravel soil are found in the southern parts of the district.
According to the 2011 census, Chikmagalur district has a population of 1,137,753, roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island. This gives it a ranking of 408th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 158 inhabitants per square kilometre (410/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was −0.28%. Chikmagalur has a sex ratio of 1005 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 79.24%.
81% of the population resides in rural area with the remaining 19% being the urban population. Among taluks, Sringeri taluk has the least population whereas Chikmagalur taluk has the highest population.
Kannada is the language spoken in this district.
Chikmagalur district falls under the Mysore Division of Karnataka. It is divided into two Revenue Sub-divisions, Chikmagalur Sub-Division and Tarikere Sub-Division. Chikmagalur Sub-Division comprises the taluks of Chikmagalur, Koppa, Mudigere and Sringeri whereas the Tarikere Sub-Division comprises the taluks of Tarikere, Kadur and Narasimharajapura. The Deputy Commissioner (also the District Magistrate) is the functional head of the district. Each Sub-Division has Assistant Commissioners and each Taluk has Tahsildars who work under the control and supervision of the Deputy Commissioner. The current administrative setup of the district can be viewed here .
Agriculture is the economical back bone of the Chikmagalur district with coffee cultivation forming the major part of it. Agricultural production in the district is spread over three seasons — namely Kharif, Rabi and Summer. Important crops grown are cereals, i.e. rice, ragi, jowar, maize and minor millets, pulses like red gram, horse gram, green gram, avrekai (Hyacinth Beans), black gram and Bengal gram. Oil seeds like groundnut, sesamum, sunflower, castor and commercial crops like sugarcane, cotton, and tobacco are also grown here.
The Coffee Board located in Chikmagalur town is the government authority that oversees the production and marketing of coffee cultivated in the district. Coffee is cultivated in Chikmagalur district in an area of around 85,465 hectares with Arabica being the dominant variety grown in upper hills and Robusta being the major variety in the low level hills. There are around 15000 coffee growers in this district with 96% of them being small growers with holdings of less than or equal to 4 hectares. The average production is 55,000 MT: 35,000 MT of Arabica and 20,000 MT of Robusta. The average productivity per hectare is 810 kg for Arabica and 1110 kg of Robusta, which are higher than the national average.
Chikmagalur district unfortunately has not made good progress in terms of Industrial Development. Inadequate infrastructure, poor roads, poor rail network and investors preferring non-industrial ventures over industrial ones are quoted as some of the reasons for the backwardness of Industrial Development in this district.
There is only one Large Scale industry in this district, i.e. M/s Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Ltd. (KIOCL) in Kudremukh area of Mudigere Taluk. KIOCL was established in 1976 to develop the Kudremukh mine and to produce 7.5 million tonnes of concentrate per year. The facilities were commissioned in 1980 and the first shipment of concentrate was made in October 1981. A pelletisation plant with a capacity of 3 million tonnes per year was commissioned in 1987 for production of high quality blast furnace and direct reduction grade pellets for export. KIOCL received a massive setback when its mining licence expired and operations were stopped by the Supreme Court with effect from 31 December 2005. With many of the employees losing their jobs and the social backlash that may result thereof, efforts are being made to generate jobs for these workers in other areas.
There is only one medium-scale industry, i.e. M/s Vignyan Industries Ltd. located in Tarikere town. A subsidiary of BEML, it produces steel castings.
There are two industrial estates in Chikmagalur district, one located near Chikmagalur town and the other near Birur in Kadur Taluk. The Chikmagalur Industrial Estate is spread over 13.20 acres (53,400 m2) of land where the one at Birur is spread over 11.1 acres (45,000 m2). Karnataka Industrial Area Development Board (KIADB) is also developing an Industrial Area of over 145 acres (0.59 km2) near Amble village of Chikmagalur taluk.
According to 2011 census, the percentage literacy rate of Chikmagalur district is 79.25% with 85.41% of males and 73.16% of females being literate. The literacy rate of Chikmagalur is higher than the average literacy rate of Karnataka state which is 75.36%. Sringeri Taluk has the highest literacy rate of 92.68% and Kadur Taluk with 74.33% being the least literate one.
As of 2011, there are 13 degree colleges (with 4615 students) offering graduate education in Chikmagalur district which are affiliated to Kuvempu University. Chikmagalur taluk has the maximum 4 graduate colleges (with 1648 students) whereas kadur has 2 and Koppa, Mudigere, Narasimharajapura and Sringeri taluks have only 1 graduate college each.
As of 2001, there are 1620 primary schools (with 151923 students) and 235 secondary schools (high schools with 34607 students) in Chikmagalur district. Chikmagalur taluk with 414 primary schools (42774 students) has the most number of primary schools with Sringeri Taluk having the least number of 80 primary schools (5822 students). Kadur Taluk with 74 secondary schools (9990 students) has the most number of secondary schools with Sringeri Taluk having the least number of 9 secondary schools (1492 students).
As of 2001, there are 46 colleges (with 4711 students) offering Higher Secondary (Pre-University) education in Chikmagalur district. Kadur Taluk with 12 Higher-Secondary colleges (1324 students) has the most number of Higher-secondary colleges with Sringeri Taluk having the least number of 2 Higher-secondary colleges (160 students).
A new medical college has been sanctioned to Chikmagalur city but the construction work has not yet been started. The only source of medical education in the Chikmagalur district is Arror Laxminarayan Rao Memorial Ayurvedic Medical college in Koppa. This college offers the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) degree.
Chikmagalur district is known for not well maintained roads. The poor state of the roads has hampered development of this district to some extent; more so because of the absence of even a good rail network in this district. The total length of roads in this district is 7264 km. There are only three National Highways that pass through this district. The National Highway NH-13 (Solapur to Mangalore) passes through the towns of Koppa and Sringeri, the National Highway NH-206 (Bangalore to Honnavar) passes through the towns of Kadur, Birur and Tarikere and NH-173 passes through Mudigere - Kottigehara connecting Mangaluru via charmadi ghat. There is a proposal to upgrade the existing state highways Tarikere-Belur, Sringeri-Hassan to national highway status.
Chikmagalur, Kadur and Tarikere taluks have railway lines passing through them. The total length of railway line passing through the district is 136 Birur is the main big Junction of Chikmagalur District. A new railway line connecting Chikmagalur to the main Hubli–Bangalore trunk line was newly inaugurated and the commencment of the new line connecting Chikmagalur to the Bangalore–Mangalore trunk line has already been started.
Chikmagalur district has a small airport near Gowdanahalli village about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Chikmagalur town. Its suitable for small charted planes. Airports at Mangalore and Bangalore can be used as an alternative.
Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
Rhode Island 1,052,567
America! America!! is a 1995 Indian Kannada family drama film written and directed by Nagathihalli Chandrashekhar. It features Ramesh Aravind, Akshay Anand and Hema Panchamukhi essaying the key roles whilst H. G. Dattatreya, Vaishali Kasaravalli and Shivaram performing the supporting roles. The plot revolves around three childhood friends hailing from a coastal village of Karnataka who get entangled in the marital issues after flying and settling in the United States. The film makes an attempt to study the psyche of Non-resident Indians who are settled abroad.
The film was produced by G. Nandakumar under Vishwapriya Films banner and was made on a budget of ₹2Crores. Whilst the ninety percent of filming was in San Francisco, U.S., few shots were canned in the coastal regions of Kundapura, Udupi District and Chikmagalur District of Karnataka in India. The film's successful and acclaimed score and soundtrack were composed by Mano Murthy, who debuted as a film composer with this film.
The film released in early 1995 to both critical and commercial success. Upon release, the film won the National Award for Best Kannada film in the regional category. This was followed by a string of other awards won for best actor and best film categories. Emerging as a commercial success, the film grossed around ₹5.1Crore within the first two months of its release.Ballekere
Ballekere is a village near Kadur of Chikkamagaluru district of Karnataka, India.Belthangady
Belthangady is a town panchayat and headquarters(Taluk) in Dakshina Kannada (South Canara) district of Karnataka state in India.
The Town Panchayath Belthangady was established on 09/01/1996. The total extent of area of this Town Panchayath is 8.84sq/km and the population as per 2011 Census is 7,746. The town Panchayath consists of 11 wards. After the conclusion of the rule of Administrator a fresh election was conducted to the said Town Panchayath on 28/09/2007.
Belthangady Town Panchayath is a class V located in Belthangady Taluk of Dakshina Kannada district. Belthangady TP has a total population of 7,746 as per census 2011. It is one of the least populated urban centres in the district. The total town area is 8.87sq.km consisting of 11 wards. It was formed in 1975. It is considered as an important trade center for agricultural products like areca, cashewnut, coconut and rubber. It is centre for various religious pilgrimages and tourist locations in the district.
Belthangady Town Panchayath is located in Belthangady Taluk in Dakshina Kannada District. It is 60 km east of Mangalore and the least urbanized Taluk in the district. The town is located in the Northern part of the district and adjacent to the Chikmagalur district. It is at a distance of 57 km from the district headquarters Mangalore. The nearest urban centre is Ujire which is at 5 km from the town. The other urban centre like Guruvayanakere, Dharmasthala, Madanthyar, Bantwal and Moodbidri are located at a distance of 5 km, 15 km, 12 km, 35 km and 62 km respectively. The major roads passing through the town connecting to Mangalore and Chikmagalur via Bantwal and Belthangady. The other major road passing through the town are Udupi to Subramanya, Karkala to Dharmasthala, Chikmagalur to Mangalore and Puttur to Dharmasthala. The town does not have direct rail linkage. The nearest railway station is Bantwal located about 35 km from the town. The nearest airport is at Mangalore which is at a distance of 65 km from the town.Chikmagalur
Chikmagalur is a town located in the Chikmagalur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located in the foothills of the Mullayanagiri range, the town with its favorable climate and coffee estates attracts tourists from around the state.Davanagere district
Davanagere District is an administrative district of Karnataka state in India. The city of Davanagere is the district headquarters. It had a population of 1,946,905 of which 32.31% was urban as of 2011. This district was Separated from Chitradurga district in 1997 by then Chief minister of Karnataka J. H. Patel with including some parts of Chitradurga and Shimoga districts.
The district lies in the central plains of the state with its unique features of having dual cultures of the north and the south of the state. The prominent towns in this district are Harihara, jagaluru, Honnali and Channagiri; these also happen to be its five other taluks. It is bound by Shimoga District and Haveri District on the west, Chitradurga District on the east, Bellary District on the north and Chikmagalur district on the south.
The Davanagere district has 5 taluk panchayats, 20 hoblies, 197 gram panchayats, 652 villages,904 habitations, and 2 city municipal councils and one City Corporation.Hassan Chickmagalur (Lok Sabha constituency)
Hassan Chickmagalur Lok Sabha constituency was a former Lok Sabha constituency in Mysore State (Karnataka from 1952 to 1956). This seat came into existence in 1951 and ceased to exist in 1956, before 1957 Lok Sabha Elections. This constituency was later merged with Hassan Lok Sabha constituency and later got spitted to Hassan and Chikmagalur Lok Sabha constituencies during 1967 Lok Sabha Elections. Major portion of Chikmagalur district got merged to Udupi Chikmagalur (Lok Sabha constituency) with the implementation of the delimitation of parliamentary constituencies in 2008.Kaada Beladingalu (film)
Kaada Beladingalu (Kannada: ಕಾಡ ಬೆಳದಿಂಗಳು) is a Kannada language film released in 2007 and directed by B. S. Lingadevaru. The movie is about the impact of urbanization on the old people living in the rural areas. The film was shot in the interior villages of Chikmagalur district.Kadamba architecture
Kadamba architecture was a style of temple architecture founded by Mayurasharma in the 4th century AD in Karnataka, India Kadambas created new style of architecture which was the basis of the Hoysalas style of architecture,
developed original school of sculpture, was the forerunner of series of South Indian sculptors. Many temples at Aihole, Badami and Hampi are built in Kadamba architectural style.Kalhatti Falls
Kalhatti Falls (ಕನ್ನಡ : ಕಲ್ಹತ್ತಿ ಜಲಪಾತ) or Kalahasti Falls is located at Tarikere taluk(kallathigiri) in Chikmagalur district of Karnataka, India. The waterfall is 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) away from Kemmangundi hill station. It offers an excellent view of the cascading water from the Chandra Drona Hill from 122 meters (400 ft) above in front of the Veerabhadreshwara Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.Kigga
Kigga is a small village located at a distance of 9 km from Sringeri in Chikmagalur district. The main attraction of Kigga is Sri Rishya Shringeshwara temple (Rishya Shringa). Another attraction of Kigga is Narasimha Parvatha, the tallest peak in the Agumbe Ghats. Sirimane waterfall is located nearby Kigga.Poornachandra Tejaswi
Kuppali Puttappa Poornachandra Tejaswi (8 September 1938 – 5 April 2007) was a prominent Kannada writer, novelist, photographer, publisher, painter, naturalist, and environmentalist who made a great impression in the "Navya" period of Kannada Literature and inaugurated the Bandaaya ("Protest Literature") with his short-story collection Abachoorina Post Offisu.He is also the son of
At early stages of his writing career, Tejaswi wrote poems but later concentrated on short stories, novels and essays. Poornachandra Tejaswi has a distinguished style of writing which has heralded a new era in Kannada Literature.Sakharayapatna
Sakharayapatna is a panchayat town in Chikmagalur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The town is 18 km from Kadur, 23 km from Chikmagalur and 174 km from Mangalore.
The name of the town literally means "the town of the ruler named Sakharaya" in the Kannada Language.Shivani, Tarikere
Shivani (Kannada: ಶಿವನಿ) is a village and hobli headquarters (PIN-577549) in Tarikere Taluk, Chikkamagaluru district, Karnataka, India.
Before the dawn of the bore-well era, the community well (known in Kannada as "Gopinathana Baavi", a historic landmark) was the primary source of drinking water in the village.
Shivani Kere, a small reservoir/lake located on the northern edge of the village, is the principal body of water in the Shivani basin. However, this reservoir almost dries up during the summer months.
There are several Hindu temples located within the village Veeranjaneya,Beeralingeshwara,Keresanthe, Laxmidevi, Revanasiddeswara, Bhandimaramma, Gosappa, gullamma, Kedareswara, satyanarayana, Banashankari temple,kupendra swamy,rudreshwara temple etc.
The Car Festival of Anjaneya Swamy (a.k.a., Anjaneyana Theru/Ratha, Hanumappana Theru) and Gullammana Habba are the popular annual event.
Anjaneya temple Road, Camp Road, Ganeshana Beedhi, MG Road, Main Street, Tank Road, Banashankari Street are some of the important streets of Shivani.Sushma K. Rao
Sushma K Rao (Kannada: ಸುಷ್ಮಾ ಕೆ ರಾವ್;) is an Indian Television Actress, born in Koppa (Chikmagalur district), Karnataka, India. She is also a professional Bharatanatyam dancer. She has regularly performed all over India in the Bharatanjali group of Nrityakalamandiram, Bengaluru.
She has an elder brother who lives in Koppa.Tunga River
The Tunga River (alternatively spelled Thunga) is a river in Karnataka state, southern India. The river is born in the Western Ghats on a hill known as Varaha Parvata at a place called Gangamoola. From here, the river flows through two districts in Karnataka - Chikmagalur District and Shimoga District. It is 147 km long and merges with the Bhadra River at Koodli, a small town near Shimoga City, Karnataka. The river is given the compound name Tungabhadra from this point on. The Tungabhadra flows eastwards and merges with the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh.
The river is famous for the sweetness of its water and is considered to be the sweetest water in the world. There is a belief that " Thunga pana Ganga snana" which means we should drink the water of river thunga and take bath in river Ganga.
It has a dam built across it at Gajanur, and a larger dam has been built across the compound Tungabhadra river at Hospet.Ulta Palta (1997 film)
Ulta Palta is a 1997 Indian Kannada film directed by N. S. Shankar and starring Ramesh Aravind, Kashi and Sushma Veer. It is based on Shakespeare's The Comedy of Errors. The music of the film was composed by V. Manohar. The film was remade in Telugu with the same name in 1998 and in Tamil as Ambuttu Imbuttu Embuttu starring one of the co-producers of the film - cameraman Ashok Kashyap in lead role. The entire film was shot in Koppa, a town in Chikmagalur District of Karnataka. The Film's entire Story happens in two days time frame.Vedavathi River
The Vedavathi is a river in India. It rises from the Bababudanagiri Mountains of Western Ghats and flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh . The Vedavathi is also called the Hagari in Bellary District of Karnataka and parts of Andhra Pradesh. Two rivers, the Veda and Avathi, arise in the eastern part of the Sahyadri Hill range in Bababudangiri mountain ranges. , flow east, and join concert near Pura to form the Vedavathi River. From there the River flows through Kadur taluk Of Chikkamagalur District. Then It enters Hosadurga Taluk, Hiriyur Taluk and Challakere Taluk of Chitradurga district respectively.
On the banks of the Vedavathi, there is a famous temple devoted to Shri Anjaneya at Kellodu, Hosadurga Taluk.
The Vani Vilasa Saagara reservoir constructed across river Vedavathi in Hiriyur taluk dates back a century.Vanivilas sagar is also known as Marikanive and this was first dam built by Sir M Vishweswariah and known first natural reservoir built between two hills. There is also a famous temple dedicated to Goddessess Devi called "Kanive Mariyamma". This Temple is situated exactly beside Dam Wall. Marikanive is also one of the famous tourist spot in Chitradurga District. It also has garden close to Reservoir, which attracts lots of people specially in weekends.
A tributary called the Suvarnamukhi confluences with Vedavathi at Koodalahalli, Hiriyur Taluk. It is considered to be a 'Punya Bhumi' or 'Sacred Land' by the locals. The Vedavathi river then flows from Hiriyur towards Narayanapura, Parashurampaura, Vrindavanahalli, where river flows circularly, hence village called Vrindavana Halli and then to Jajur (moodala jajur) Nagagondanahalli, Janamaddi and then enters Andhra Pradesh i.e. Bhairavani Thippa Dam (BT Project).
On the banks of Nagagondanahalli there is a famous math by name Chilumeswamy who was an avadhoot and fair is conducted every year and lakhs of people visit. On the other side of Vedvathi river there is a village Jajur. Main temples located in Jajur Kariyamma, Anjaneya, Shiva, Shri Kodanada Rama, Lakshmana, Sita, Anjenya, and Nagarakatte and shri Shankaracharya.
The river then flows down to the southeastern state of Andhra Pradesh in Anantapur District, where the river is called the 'Hagari'. The river has a cultural significance, with the people along the belt of the Hagari depending entirely on the river for most of their needs. Bhairivani Tippa Reservoir is built across this river.
From there the river goes through Gundalaplli, Vepurala, Kanekallu and some drylands in Anantapur District. From Andhra Pradesh State, The river enters Bellary district. Then it flows through Bellary and Siruguppa Taluks. In Bellary Taluk, The river flows through Hagari and Moka Villages. Hence It got its name Hagari River, as it flows through Hagari Village.
The Vedavathi River is a tributary to the Tungabhadra River, and finally joins the Tungabhadra River at Siddaragonde village in Siruguppa Taluk of Bellary District along its right bank. The total length of the Vedavathi River is 391 km from its origin to its confluence with the Tungabhadra River. Its only seasonal river and flows exclusively only in rainy season. Major parts of the year it is dry.
The state government has decided to rejuvenate the Vedavathi river in Chikmagalur district, which dries up during summer. In the last 20 years, the river has been flowing in full splendour only during the rainy season. It remains dry in summer due to over exploitation of water resources and unplanned development. The plan includes construction of over 810 water harvesting structures like percolation wells, injection wells and ponds.Y. S. V. Datta
Y. S. V. Datta is an Indian politician from Chikmagalur District, Karnataka.