The Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS; French: chef d'état-major de la Défense) is the second most senior member of the Canadian Armed Forces (after the commander-in-chief) and heads the Armed Forces Council, having primary responsibility for command, control, and administration of the forces, as well as military strategy, plans, and requirements. The position is held by a senior member of one of the three main branches of the Canadian Armed Forces. The current CDS, since 17 July 2015, is Jonathan Vance.
|Chief of the Defence Staff
Chef d'état-major de la Défense
Badge of the Chief of the Defence Staff
|Her Majesty's Canadian Armed Forces|
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Deputy||Vice Chief of the Defence Staff|
Until 1964, there existed a Chief of the Naval Staff, as head of the Royal Canadian Navy; a Chief of the General Staff, as head of the Canadian Army; and a Chief of the Air Staff, as head of the Royal Canadian Air Force. A position known as the Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee existed from 1951 to 1964, which had a loose coordination function, although it lacked the command and control responsibilities of the later position of Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS).
The position of Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee and the positions of the three service chiefs were abolished in 1964 and replaced by the position of CDS. This change was based on a white paper initiated by Paul Hellyer, Minister of National Defence in the Cabinet headed by Lester B. Pearson. Following the tabling of the white paper, the minister introduced legislation that took effect in August 1964. The newly established Chief of the Defence Staff was to "head all of Canada's military forces, backed by a defence headquarters that was integrated and restructured to reflect six so-called functional commands, replacing eleven former service commands. Functional described a command that was non-geographic and beyond any particular service or traditional arm." In May 1967, Bill C-243 was passed by parliament and was effective as of 1 February 1968. The law dissolved the three armed services and created the Canadian Armed Forces under the command of the CDS.
In 2011, the three functional commands—named Maritime Command, Land Force Command, and Air Command—had their original names reinstated, becoming once again the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force, respectively.
The Chief of the Defence Staff follows in rank only the Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces, who appoints the CDS and is the person from whom the CDS receives his or her orders. In practice, the commander-in-chief—the Canadian monarch, represented by the governor general—typically acts only on the advice of his or her ministers of the Crown, meaning the CDS normally reports directly to the Minister of National Defence.
The CDS has been charged with four main priorities, each having multiple sub-priorities: The first is to conduct operations, which includes the successful implementation of domestic and international operations, protection of the forces through a culture of risk management, and ensuring that recruitment is at a level required to sustain the operational forces at full potential to meet their commitments. Secondly, the CDS is expected to expand the regular and reserve forces to meet international and domestic obligations, which means the management of the Canadian Forces Recruiting Group so as to streamline the enlistment process of new forces members. The third task is to implement the national defence strategy as outlined by the Queen-in-Council, requiring both the acquisition of new equipment and the strengthening of diplomatic relations via the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and North American Aerospace Defence Command." Lastly, the CDS must enhance the forces' programme delivery while optimising the use of resources.
The CDS is also the Chair of the Canadian Forces Decorations Advisory Committee, which reviews and recommends to the governor general members of the forces eligible to receive decorations for valour, bravery, and meritorious service, as well as Commander-in-Chief Unit Commendations. This committee mirrors that for the Order of Military Merit, of which the CDS is ex-officio a member and the Principal Commander.
Separately, the CDS presents the Chief of the Defence Staff Commendation (French: Mention élogieuse du Chef d'état-major de la Défense) to recognise activity or service beyond regular expectations. It can be presented to members of the Canadian Forces, civilian members of the Defence Team (in an overseas operation), and members of an allied foreign military (whose actions benefited Canada). The insignia for wear has the form of a gold bar bearing three gold maple leaves and the award comes with a scroll bearing the citation. The CDS also awards the Canadian Forces Medallion for Distinguished Service, which is given by the CDS on behalf of the entire forces.
|№||Chief of the Defence Staff||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Home Province||Defence branch||Appointed by||Prime Minister||Ref|
|1||Air Chief Marshal[a]|
Frank Robert Miller
|1964||1966||1–2 years||British Columbia||Royal Canadian Air Force||Georges Vanier||Lester B. Pearson|||
|1966||1969||2–3 years||Quebec||Canadian Army||Georges Vanier||Lester B. Pearson|||
Frederick Ralph Sharp
|1969||1972||2–3 years||Saskatchewan||Air Command||Roland Michener||Pierre Trudeau|||
Jacques Alfred Dextraze
|1972||1977||4–5 years||Quebec||Mobile Command||Jules Léger||Pierre Trudeau|||
Robert Hilborn Falls
|1977||1980||2–3 years||Ontario||Maritime Command||Jules Léger||Pierre Trudeau|||
Ramsey Muir Withers
|1980||1983||2–3 years||Ontario||Mobile Command||Edward Schreyer||Pierre Trudeau|||
Gérard Charles Édouard Thériault
|1983||1986||2–3 years||Quebec||Air Command||Edward Schreyer||Pierre Trudeau|||
Paul David Manson
|1986||1989||2–3 years||British Columbia||Air Command||Jeanne Sauvé||Brian Mulroney|||
John de Chastelain
|1989||January 1993||3–4 years||Alberta||Mobile Command||Jeanne Sauvé||Brian Mulroney|||
John Rogers Anderson
|January 1993||December 1993||11 months||British Columbia||Maritime Command||Ray Hnatyshyn||Jean Chrétien|||
John de Chastelain
|January 1994||December 1995||1 year, 11 months||Alberta||Land Force Command||Ray Hnatyshyn||Jean Chrétien|||
Joseph Édouard Jean Boyle
|January 1996||8 October 1996||9 months||Ontario||Air Command||Roméo LeBlanc||Jean Chrétien|||
|8 October 1996||17 September 1997||344 days||Ontario||Maritime Command||Roméo LeBlanc||Jean Chrétien|||
|17 September 1997||28 June 2001||3 years, 284 days||Quebec||Land Force Command||Roméo LeBlanc||Jean Chrétien|||
|28 June 2001||17 June 2005||3 years, 354 days||Manitoba||Air Command||Adrienne Clarkson||Jean Chrétien|||
|17 June 2005||1 July 2008||3 years, 14 days||Newfoundland and Labrador||Land Force Command||Adrienne Clarkson||Paul Martin|||
|1 July 2008||29 October 2012||4 years, 120 days||Manitoba||Land Force Command/|
|Michaëlle Jean||Stephen Harper|||
Thomas J. Lawson
|29 October 2012||17 July 2015||2 years, 261 days||Ontario||Royal Canadian Air Force||David Johnston||Stephen Harper|||
|17 July 2015||Incumbent||4 years, 36 days||Ontario||Canadian Army||David Johnston||Stephen Harper|
Events from the year 2008 in Canada.Chief of staff
The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president, or a senior military officer, or leader of a large organization.
In general, a chief of staff provides a buffer between a chief executive and that executive's direct-reporting team. The chief of staff generally works behind the scenes to solve problems, mediate disputes, and deal with issues before they are brought to the chief executive. Often chiefs of staff act as a confidante and advisor to the chief executive, acting as a sounding board for ideas. Ultimately the actual duties depend on the position and the people involved.Chief of the Defence Force
Chief of the Defence Force may refer to:
Chief of the Defence Force (Australia)
Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada)
Chief of Defence Forces (Kenya)
Chief of Defence Forces (Malaysia)
Chief of Defence Force (Maldives)
Chief of the Defence Force (Namibia)
Chief of Defence Force (New Zealand)
Chief of Defence Force (Singapore)
Chief of Defence Forces (Thailand)
Chief of Defence Forces (Uganda)Chief of the Defence Staff
Chief of the Defence Staff may refer to:
Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada)
Chief of the Defence Staff (France)
Chief of the Defence Staff (The Gambia)
Chief of the Defence Staff (Ghana)
Chief of the Defence Staff (India)
Chief of the Defence Staff (Italy)
Chief of the Defence Staff (Nigeria)
Chief of the Defence Staff (Sierra Leone)
Chief of the Defence Staff (Spain)
Chief of the Defence Staff (Sri Lanka)
Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom)Index of Canada-related articles
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to Canada.Jonathan Vance
General Jonathan Holbert "Jon" Vance (born January 3, 1964) is a Canadian Army general who serves as Chief of the Defence Staff of the Canadian Armed Forces.List of Royal Military College of Canada people
This is a list of notable individuals who have been, or are involved with the Royal Military College of Canada.
Many RMC alumni have served Canada in war and peace. Billy Bishop was a leading ace of the First World War, won the Victoria Cross and helped to create the Canadian Flying Corps. Charles Merritt was a lawyer and militia officer who won the Victoria Cross at Dieppe during the Second World War. Leonard Birchall, the "Saviour of Ceylon", discovered the approach of the Japanese fleet during the Second World War and showed courage and leadership as a prisoner of war in Japan. Ex-cadets also helped with the peace process. John de Chastelain was twice Chief of Defence Staff and helped to monitor the Peace Accords in Northern Ireland. Romeo Dallaire headed the United Nation forces in Rwanda. Many former cadets gave their lives during both world wars, and in Afghanistan.
Many RMC alumni have had careers in the public or private sectors. Marc Garneau was the first Canadian in space and now is a Member of Parliament. Chris Hadfield became a test pilot, astronaut, the first Canadian to walk in space and the first Canadian commander of the International Space Station. Jack Granatstein became a historian and headed the Canadian War Museum.Phil R. White
Phil R. White is a Canadian artist and sculptor. He is the Dominion Sculptor of Canada, a position whose duties include the creation of original works of art in sculpture. It is likely the only such government-salaried permanent position in the world (No such position exists in the United Kingdom, nor the United States.). Primarily, his works are figurative art. He is an architectural sculptor and carver and creates works in stone, wood, and bronze.VCDS
VCDS may refer to:
Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom)
Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada)
VAG-COM Diagnostic System, a software package used for diagnostics and adjustments of Volkswagen Group motor vehiclesVice-Chief of the Defence Staff
Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (VCDS) is a post in many militaries. It may refer to:
Vice Chief of the Defence Force (Australia)
Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada)
Vice Chief of Defence Force (New Zealand)
Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom)Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (Canada)
The Vice Chief of the Defence Staff (VCDS; French: Vice-chef d’état-major de la Défense) is the third most senior member of the Canadian Armed Forces, reporting to the Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) as well as the Deputy Minister of National Defence. The Directorate General Executive Coordination, the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal, the National Cadet and Junior Canadian Rangers Support Group and several other departments report to the VCDS, who is appointed by the CDS.
Chiefs of defense by country