Chief of Staff of the French Navy

The Chief of the Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d'État-Major de la Marine, CEMM) is the head of the French Navy and is responsible to the Minister of Defence in relation to preparation and deployment.

CEMM as a naval expert, assists:

CEMM has authority over:

CEMM presides over the board of directors of the hydrographic and oceanographic service of the navy (SHOM).

Chief of Staff of the French Navy
Chef d'État-Major de La Marine
Logo of the French Navy (Marine Nationale)
Logo of the Marine Nationale since 1990.
Marque cemm
Christophe Prazuck
Incumbent
Amiral Christophe Prazuck

since 13 July 2016
French Navy
Member ofChiefs of Staff Committee
Reports toMinistère de la Défense
Chief of the General Staff Headquarters of the Armies
SeatParis, France
NominatorMinistère de la Défense
AppointerPresident of the Republic
Require Prime Minister's countersignature
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation1892
First holderVice-Amiral Alfred Gervais
DeputyMajor Général de La Marine
WebsiteLa Marine Nationale

Le Chef d’état-major de La Marine

The Chief of Staff of the French Navy : Historic of the function

Well before the First World War, the Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Le Chef d'état-major de La Marine, (CEMM)) was at first hand, the Military Cabinet Chief of the Minister of the Navy (French: Chef du Cabinet Militaire du Ministre de La Marine). This mode of functioning was at origin, the main utilization designation of the Military figure which had effective authority on the French Navy (French: La Marine), and referred to the Amiral (Admiral) who commanded the armed naval force (French: Armée Navale), often designated as « Amiralissime », in reference to the title of « généralissime » utilized in the French Army (French: l'Armée de terre).[1]

The First World War replaced all these functionalities in cause, with major incorporation of various tasks in order to conduct a long term industrial naval warfare in light of disposing and having the means to confront new menaces, mainly constituted by submarine warfare and mine explosions: in accordance, another sort of twin identical general staff headquarters directorate (French: état-major bis) was created and designated as - Directorate General of Submarine Warfare (French: Direction Générale de la Guerre Sous-Marine, DGGSM) - with an action domain often described as redundant, a constituted redundancy which naturally led to the dissolving of the Directorate General of Submarine Warfare DGGSM, at the end of World War I and the transfer of the various associated attribution prerogatives to the various bureaux of the general staff headquarters of the French Navy (French: bureaux de l'état-major général de La Marine).

In order to dispose of an effective permanent system allowing the uniform façade transition shiftings between times of peace - preparation periods - and times of war - action periods, the Vice-Amiral (Vice-Admiral) Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Le Vice-Amiral Chef d'état-major général de la Marine) became, in the early years of 1920s, the designated Commandant of French Naval Forces in case of war, and the various work functionalities of the general staff headquarter (French: d'état-major) would be in such circumstances at the disposition of the Major General of the French Navy (French: Major Général de la Marine), a Vice-Admiral (French: Vice-Amiral), and his first deputy in times of peace.

After World War II, the progressive disappearing of the Naval Portfolio of the Minister of the Navy (French: Ministre de la Marine) led to confine a part of the prerogatives of the Naval Minister to the Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d’état-major de la Marine), a part of the prerogatives which were in a progressive manner adopted at the Interarm (French: Interarmées) level by the general staff headquarters of the Armies (French: État-Major des armées) and the respective Chief of that general staff headquarters, in reference to : Chef d'État-Major des Armées (CEMA). CEMA accordingly inherited the direction responsibility of naval and maritime operations from CEMM in 1971.[2]

In the early years of the 2000s, a large part of these organic prerogatives - forces preparations - were transferred to Chief of the general staff headquarters of the Armies (CEMA), however, the CEMM remains the principal counselor and adviser in relation to the preparation of use of the French Navy (French: La Marine).

Les Chefs d’état-major de La Marine

Chiefs of Staff of the French Navy

Amiral (Admiral) Chiefs of Staff of the French Navy (French: Les Chefs d’état-major de La Marine) since 1892 :[3]

  • Vice-Amiral Alfred Gervais : 22 January 1892
  • vice-amiral Edgar Humann : 21 September 1894
  • Contre-Amiral Charles Chauvin : 10 November 1895
  • vice-amiral Jean Sallandrouze de Lamornais : 15 June 1896
  • vice-amiral Jules de Cuverville : 8 July 1898
  • contre-amiral Leonce Caillard : 15 July 1899
  • vice-amiral Amédée Bienaime : 1 May 1900
  • contre-amiral Ernest Marquer : 4 February 1902
  • contre-amiral Paul Campion : 18 February 1904
  • vice-amiral Charles Touchard : 3 February 1905
  • contre-amiral Charles Aubert : 1 November 1905
  • vice-amiral Charles Aubert : 23 May 1907
  • contre-amiral Laurent Marin-Darbel : 23 August 1909
  • vice-amiral Laurent Marin-Darbel : 9 September 1909
  • contre-amiral Paul Auvert : 15 February 1911
  • vice-amiral Paul Auvert : 28 mars 1911
  • vice-amiral Charles Aubert : 1 February 1912
  • vice-amiral Pierre Le Bris : 24 January 1913
  • vice-amiral Louis Pivet : 20 May 1914
  • vice-amiral Charles Aubert : 7 December 1914
  • vice-amiral Marie de Fauques de Jonquieres : 2 May 1915
  • vice-amiral Ferdinand De Bon : 10 March 1916
  • vice-amiral Pierre Ronarc'h : 17 May 1919
  • vice-amiral Henri Salaun : 1 February 1920
  • vice-amiral Maurice Grasset : 1 February 1921
  • vice-amiral Henri Salaun : 22 July 1924
  • vice-amiral Louis Violette : 1 January 1928
  • vice-amiral Georges Durand-Viel : 16 February 1931
  • vice-amiral François Darlan : 1 January 1937
  • Amiral de la Flotte François Darlan : 24 June 1939[4]
  • contre-amiral Gabriel Auphan : August 1941[5]
  • Vice-Amiral d'escadre André Lemonnier : 6 June 1943[6]
  • vice-amiral Robert Battet : 31 May 1950
  • vice-amiral d'escadre Robert Lambert : 18 August 1950
  • vice-amiral d'escadre Henry Nomy : 26 October 1951
  • Amiral Henry Nomy: 1 September 1953
  • amiral Georges Cabanier : 1 July 1960
  • amiral André Patou : 1 January 1968
  • amiral André Storelli : 1 May 1970
  • amiral Marc de Joybert : 1 February 1972
  • amiral Albert Joire-Noulens : 14 July 1974
  • amiral Jean-René Lannuzel : 1 August 1976
  • amiral Yves Leenhardt : 1 August 1982
  • amiral Bernard Louzeau : 30 January 1987
  • amiral Alain Coatanéa : 20 November 1990
  • amiral Jean-Charles Lefebvre : 1 July 1994
  • amiral Jean-Luc Delaunay : 2 May 1999
  • amiral Jean-Louis Battet : 1 July 2001
  • amiral Alain Oudot de Dainville : 15 June 2005
  • amiral Pierre-François Forissier : 4 February 2008
  • amiral Bernard Rogel : 12 September 2011
  • amiral Christophe Prazuck : 13 July 2016

See also

References

  1. ^ généralissime had for vocation to assume command of the armies of the North-East, destined to defend the French frontiers in that geographical zone, in case of war.
  2. ^ In title of comparison, the French Army and French Air Force had their combat authority direction responsibility of operations transferred to CEMA ten years earlier in 1961.
  3. ^ On the "Mer et Marine" site "Les Chefs d'Etat-Major de la Marine". Retrieved 19 December 2008.
  4. ^ From 26 August 1939 to 6 June 1943, the structure of the La Marine did not include a general staff headquarters (French: état-major général), however, a general staff headquarters of Maritime Forces (French: état-major des Forces Maritimes Françaises) had lieu in place, which was the prime sea command office for the duration of the war. Amiral de la Flotte (Admiral of the fleet) Darlan became then the commander-in-chief of French Maritime Forces (French: Commandant-en-Chef des Forces Maritimes Françaises) before being called upon to serve other functions on February 1941 in the France of Vichy. Amiral Darlan then sided with the Allies on November 1942.
  5. ^ On November 11, 1942, Contre-Amrial (Counter-Admiral) Auphan gave orders to the Fleet to scuttle itself, a Military Order which was executed November 27, 1942. The Admiral resigned from his functions on November 18, 1942.
  6. ^ Vice-Amiral d'escadre (Squadron vice-admiral) Lemonier was designated to this post by the French Committee of National Liberation (French: Comité Français de Libération Nationale), which came after the French National Committee (French: Comité National Français) in June 1943, the Exile Government of Free France. Accordingly, the Free French Naval Forces (French: Forces Navales Françaises Libres) and the French Navy of North Africa (French: Marine Française d’Afrique du Nord), under the impulsion of général de Gaulle, Henri Giraud, then French Military and Civilian Commandment-in-Chief (French: Commandement-en-Chef Français Civil et Militaire) and the Major Général of the latter, Amiral (Admiral) Philippe Auboyneau.

External links

Alain Oudot de Dainville

Admiral Alain Oudot de Dainville (born 15 March 1947 in Marsat (Puy de Dôme)) is a French Navy officer. He was Chief of Staff of the French Navy from 2005 to 2008.

Bernard Rogel

Bernard Rogel (born January 5, 1956, Brest), is a notable French Admiral Submariner and former Chief of Staff of the French Navy, a post which he took up on September 12, 2011 until July 13, 2016.

Chief of Staff of the Navy

Chief of Staff of the Navy may refer to:

Chief of Staff of the French Navy

Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Navy

Chief of Staff of the Italian Navy

Chief of Staff of the Navy (Spain)

Chief of Naval Operations

Chief of the Royal Danish Navy

Chief of the Naval Staff

Chief of the Naval Staff is the formal title for the office of:

Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy

Chief of Naval Staff (Bangladesh)

Chief of Naval Staff (Ghana)

Chief of Naval Staff (Nigeria)

Chief of Naval Staff (Pakistan)

Chief of Navy (Australia)

Chief of Navy (New Zealand)

Chief of Staff of the French Navy

Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Navy

Chief of the Naval Staff (India)

Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy

First Sea Lord

Christophe Prazuck

Christophe Prazuck (born October 11, 1960 in Oran, Algeria), is a French naval officer. Promoted to Amiral (Admiral) on July 13, 2016, he became simultaneously the Chief of Staff of the French Navy CEMM.

Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean (France)

The French Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean, also known as CECMED (French for Commandant en chef pour la Méditerranée) is a French Armed Forces regional commander. He commands the zone, the region and the Mediterranean maritime arrondissements. He is usually an admiral of the French Navy, and is under the direct authority of the French Chief of the Defence Staff. As of 2015 the position was held by Admiral Yann Tainguy.

CECMED today is simultaneously:

Commander of the région and the Mediterranean maritime arrondissement,

Maritime Zone commander,

Maritime Prefect for the Méditerranean.Today the main French naval combat force in the Mediterranean is the Force d'action navale (FAN) headquartered at Toulon. The Admiral commanding the Naval Action Force (ALFAN) is responsible to the Chief of Staff of the French Navy at the rue Royale in Paris.

Edgar Humann

Edgar Eugène Humann (7 May 1838 – 9 May 1914) was a French naval officer.

He rose through the ranks to Admiral, and commanded the Far East naval division during the Paknam incident.

He served as Chief of Staff of the French Navy in 1894–95.

François Darlan

Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan (7 August 1881 – 24 December 1942) was a French admiral and political figure. He was admiral of the fleet and Chief of Staff of the French Navy in 1939 at the beginning of World War II. After France signed an armistice with Nazi Germany in 1940, Darlan served in the pro-German Vichy regime, becoming its deputy leader for a time. When the Allies invaded French North Africa in 1942, Darlan was the highest-ranking officer there, and a deal was made, giving him control of North African French forces in exchange for joining their side. Less than two months later he was assassinated.

Henri Salaün (French Navy officer)

Vice admiral Henri Salaun was an admiral in the French Navy. He was born in 1866 and died in 1936. From 1 February 1920 to 1 February 1921, and again from 22 July 1924 to 31 December 1927, he was Chief of Staff of the French Navy. With the naval minister Georges Leygues he tried to get government funding priority for naval re-armament in coastal defence and the fleet, but many of the projects they initiated were delayed or cancelled due to priority instead being given to Army projects such as the Maginot Line (since Germany was seen as the main enemy and thus land re-armament as the priority). He did, however, preside over the opening of new docks and a deep-water basin at Le Havre on Bastille Day 1928, shortly after also presiding over a naval review at the port. He was the paternal grandfather of the squash player Henri Salaun.

Humann

Humann is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Carl Humann (1839–1896), German engineer, architect and archaeologist

Edgar Humann (1838–1914), Chief of Staff of the French Navy in 1894–95

Georg Humann (1847–1932), German art historian

Georges Humann (1780–1842), French financier and politician

Hans Humann (1878–1933), German officer, diplomat and businessman

Johann Jakob Humann (1771–1834, German Roman Catholic clergyman

L. Phillip Humann (born 1945), American businessman

Richard Humann (born 1961), American artist

Jean-Charles-Alexandre Sallandrouze de Lamornaix

Jean-Charles-Alexandre Sallandrouze de Lamornaix (16 April 1840 in Paris - 18 September 1899 in Cherbourg) was a French admiral who served as the Chief of Staff of the French Navy from 1886 to 1898. He died on the Formidable in the Cherbourg Harbour. He was decorated with the French Legion of Honor,Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Anna, the Order of Saint Stanislaus, the Order of Aviz, the Order of Christ of Portugal, the Order of the Medjidie, the Order of the Sacred Treasure and the Order of the Crown of Siam.

Jules de Cuverville

Jules de Cuverville (28 July 1834 – 14 March 1912) was a French naval officer who rose to become Chief of Staff of the French Navy. He entered politics in later life, elected to the senate where between 1901 and 1912 he represented Finistère.

Les Écrivains de marine

The Écrivains de Marine is a French association bringing together twenty writers with knowledge and practice of the sea. Founded in 2003 by Jean-François Deniau in close partnership with the French Navy, the writers of the Navy in an agreement signed with the Ministry of Defence which undertakes to "collectively serve the navy, promote and preserve the culture and heritage of the sea, and more generally promote the maritime dimension of France".

The members are unanimously co-opted with the approval of the Chief of Staff of the French Navy. Although they have only associative status, which differs from the status of the Navy Painters, Navy writers may embark on ships of the National Navy and are authorized to wear uniform. They are assimilated to the rank of frigate captain.

Its members include Erik Orsenna, Jean Raspail et Isabelle Autissier among others. Since 2007 its president is Didier Decoin.

Maritime Gendarmerie

The Maritime Gendarmerie (French: Gendarmerie Maritime) is a component of the French National Gendarmerie under operational control of the chief of staff of the French Navy. It employs 1,100 personnel and operates around thirty patrol boats and high-speed motorboats distributed on the littoral waterways of France. Like their land-based colleagues the Gendarmes Maritime are military personnel carry out policing operations in addition to their primary role as a coast guard service. They also carry out provost duties within the French Navy.

The uniforms and insignia of the Gendarmerie Maritime are very similar to those of the French Navy, but the ranks used are those of the rest of the Gendarmerie (which are the same as the traditional ranks of the French Cavalry).

Naval Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service

The Naval Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service (French: Service hydrographique et océanographique de la Marine or SHOM) is a French public establishment of an administrative nature (French: établissement public à caractère administratif) administered by the Ministry of Defence. It is the successor to the Dépôt des cartes et plans de la Marine, founded in 1720 which became the Naval Hydrographic Service in 1886 and the Naval and Oceanographic Service in 1971. Its present form was set up by decree number 2007-800 on 11 May 2007. Its board is presided over by the Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d'État-Major de la Marine) and the body is directed by a director-general.

Paul Campion (French Navy officer)

For other people of this name, see Paul Campion (disambiguation).Contre-amiral Paul Campion was an admiral in the French Navy. From 18 February 1904 to 2 February 1905 he was Chief of Staff of the French Navy.

Pierre-François Forissier

Pierre-François Forissier (born 29 December 1951, Lorient) is a notable French Admiral Submariner and former Chief of Staff of the French Navy, a post which he took up, on February 4, 2008 and left on September 12, 2011.

Strategic Oceanic Force

The Strategic Ocean Force (French: Force océanique stratégique, FOST) has been the synonym of the French Submarine Forces since 1999, which the commandant commands the ensemble related to, along with the squadron of nuclear attack submarine (French: Escadrille des Sous-Marins Nucléaires d'Attaque, ESNA).

The Commandment of ALFOST commenced in 1972.

Submarine forces (France)

The Submarine Forces of France (French: Forces Sous-Marines, FSM) is one of the four main components of the French Navy. This Submarine Force regroups the ensemble of French submarines capability types.

French submarine headquarter staff is a self-sufficient command made up of two prime components:

The Strategic Oceanic Force (French: Force Océanique Stratégique, FOST), formed of several French nuclear ballistic missile submarines with base in French arsenals. ALFOST commandment commenced in 1972.

The Squadron of Nuclear Attack Submarines (French: Escadrille des Sous-Marins Nucléaires d'Attaque, ESNA), formed in a squadron of several French nuclear attack submarines with base in French arsenals.French submarine forces are armed with over 4000 military and civilian personnel out of which an estimated 2000 Submariners (French: Sous-Mariniers).

The French général Naval Officer (French: L'Officier général de marine), the Amiral (Admiral) Commandant of the Strategic Oceanic Force (French: Commandant la Force Océanique Stratégique, ALFOST), ensures the commandment of submarine forces, under the authority of the Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d'Etat-Major de La Marine).

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