Chief of Naval Staff (Pakistan)

The Chief of the Naval Staff ((Urdu: سربراہ پاک بحریہ‎ (reporting name as CNS), is a military appointment and a Statutory office held by the four-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy, who is nominated and appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and confirmed by the President of Pakistan.[2]

The Chief of Naval Staff is one of the senior-most appointments in the Pakistan military who is one of the senior members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, providing senior consultation to the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee to act as a principal military advisor to the Prime Minister of Pakistan and its civilian government in the line of defending and safeguarding the expedition, maritime and sealine borders of the nation.:86[3][4]

The Chief of Naval Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, combatant, logistics, administration, and training commands within the Pakistan Navy, in a clear contrast to the U.S. Navy's Chief of Naval Operations (CNO). Due to its responsibility and importance, the Chief of Naval Staff plays a critical role in assessing the coastal defence and conducting reconnaissance to insure its strike capability against aggressive forces.:88[3][5][6]

In principle, the appointment is constitutionally subjected for three years but extensions may be granted by the President upon recommendations and approvals from the Prime Minister. The Chief of Naval Staff is based on the Navy NHQ, and the current Chief of Naval Staff is Admiral Admiral Z.M. Abbasi serving as chief of naval staff, who took over the command as chief of naval staff on 7 October 2017.

Chief of Naval Staff
سربراہ پاک بحریہ
Pakistan Navy Admiral
Flag of the Chief of Naval Staff
Zafar Mahmood Abbasi
Incumbent
Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi

since 7 October 2017
Ministry of Defence
Navy Secretariat-III at MoD[1]
AbbreviationCNS
Member ofJoint Chiefs of Staff Committee
Reports toPrime Minister of Pakistan
Minister of Defence
SeatNaval Headquarters (NHQ)
Islamabad, Pakistan
NominatorPrime Minister of Pakistan
AppointerPresident of Pakistan
Term length3 years
Renewable only once
PrecursorCommander-in-Chief of the Navy
FormationMarch 3, 1972
First holderVice-Admiral H. H. Ahmad
SuccessionOn basis of seniority, subjected to the decision of the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Unofficial namesNaval chief
DeputyVice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS)
SalaryAccording to Pakistan Military officer's Pay Grade(apex Scale)
WebsiteOfficial website

History

The Pakistan Navy was created from the partition of the Royal Indian Navy after the India's partition on 14/15 August of 1947.:90[3] Direct appointments in the navy was in the responsibility of the British Admiralty who appointed Rear Admiral James Wilfred Jefford as Pakistan Navy's first Flag Officer Commanding (FOC).:47[7]

The post was changed to Commander-in-Chief when Vice-Admiral Mohammad Siddiq Choudri became the first native naval commander in 1953, and the title changed from Commander in Chief to Chief of Staff in 1969 with Vice-Admiral Muzaffar Hassan acting as Commander-in-Chief and Rear-Admiral Rashid Ahmad as Chief of Staff.:52[8] On 20 March 1972, the renamed as "Chief of Naval Staff" (CNS) with Vice-Admiral H.H. Ahmed becoming the first chief of naval staff, though his rank was not elevated to four-star rank.:60–62[9][10]

The term of the superannuation was then constrained to three years in the office as opposed to four years and was made a permanent member of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.:62[9] Since 1972, there has been 14 four-star rank admirals to be appointed as chief of naval staff by statute.The Prime Minister approved the nomination and appointment of the Chief of Naval Staff, with President confirming the Prime Minister's appointed choosing and nomination.[11]

The leadership of the navy is based in the Navy NHQ located at the vicinity of Air AHQ, and Army GHQ staff offices that forms that JS HQ in the Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan.[4] The CNS controls the navy, assisted by the civilians from the Navy Secretariat-III of the Ministry of Defence (MoD).[1]

The Chief of Naval Staff exercise its responsibility of complete operational, training and logistics commands.:92–93[3] The CNS has several principal staff officers and controls the navy through six commands directed by its appointed deputy chiefs of naval staff, reporting to vice-chief of naval staff.[2]

List of Chiefs of the Naval Staff

The following is a list of Admirals who have served as the either Commander-in-Chief or the Chief of the Naval Staff of the Pakistan Navy.

Naval Commanders-in-Chief, Pakistan Navy

Naval Commander-in-Chief Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
James Wilfred Jefford CB, CBE
Rear admiral
James Wilfred Jefford CB, CBE
(1901–1980)
as Commander of the Royal Pakistan Navy
15 August 194730 January 19535 years, 168 days Royal Navy
2
Haji Mohammad Siddiq Choudri HPk, HI(M) MBE
Vice admiral
Haji Mohammad Siddiq Choudri HPk, HI(M) MBE
(1912–2004)
31 January 195328 February 19596 years, 28 days Pakistan Navy
3
Afzal Rahman Khan HPk, HJ, HQA
Vice admiral
Afzal Rahman Khan HPk, HJ, HQA
(1921–2005)
1 March 195920 October 19667 years, 233 days Pakistan Navy
4
Syed Mohammad Ahsan HQA, SPk DSC
Vice admiral
Syed Mohammad Ahsan HQA, SPk DSC
(1920–1989)
20 October 196631 August 19692 years, 315 days Pakistan Navy
5
Muzaffar Hassan HQA, SPk,
Vice admiral
Muzaffar Hassan HQA, SPk,
(1920–2012)
1 September 196922 December 19712 years, 112 days Pakistan Navy

Chiefs of the Naval Staff (CNS) of Pakistan Navy

Chief of Naval Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Hasan Hafeez Ahmed TQA
Vice admiral
Hasan Hafeez Ahmed TQA
(1926–1975)
3 March 19728 March 1975 †3 years, 5 days
2
Mohammad Shariff NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
Admiral
Mohammad Shariff NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
(1920–2015)
23 March 197521 March 19793 years, 363 days
3
Karamat Rahman Niazi NI(M), HI(M), SJ
Admiral
Karamat Rahman Niazi NI(M), HI(M), SJ
22 March 197923 March 19834 years, 1 day
4
Tariq Kamal Khan NI(M), SI(M), SBt
Admiral
Tariq Kamal Khan NI(M), SI(M), SBt
(born 1930)
23 March 19839 April 19863 years, 17 days
5
Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
Admiral
Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
(born 1934)
9 April 19869 November 19882 years, 214 days
6
Yastur-ul-Haq Malik NI(M), SBt
Admiral
Yastur-ul-Haq Malik NI(M), SBt
(born 1933)
10 November 19888 November 19912 years, 363 days
7
Saeed Mohammad Khan NI(M), SBt
Admiral
Saeed Mohammad Khan NI(M), SBt
(born 1935)
9 November 19919 November 19943 years, 0 days
8
Mansurul Haq NI(M)
Admiral
Mansurul Haq NI(M)
(1931–2018)
10 November 19941 May 19972 years, 173 days
9
Fasih Bokhari NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt, SJ
Admiral
Fasih Bokhari NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt, SJ
(born 1942)
2 May 19972 October 19992 years, 153 days
10
Abdul Aziz Mirza NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
Admiral
Abdul Aziz Mirza NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
(born 1943)
2 October 19992 October 20023 years, 0 days
11
Shahid Karimullah NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M), SJ
Admiral
Shahid Karimullah NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M), SJ
(born 1948)
3 October 20026 October 20053 years, 4 days
12
Afzal Tahir NI(M), HI(M), SI(M)
Admiral
Afzal Tahir NI(M), HI(M), SI(M)
(born 1949)
7 October 20057 October 20083 years, 0 days
13
Noman Bashir NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
Admiral
Noman Bashir NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
7 October 20087 October 20113 years, 0 days
14
Asif Sandila NI(M), HI(M)
Admiral
Asif Sandila NI(M), HI(M)
(born 1954)
8 October 20113 October 20142 years, 360 days
15
Muhammad Zakaullah NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
Admiral
Muhammad Zakaullah NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
(born 1958)
4 October 20146 October 20173 years, 2 days
16
Zafar Mahmood Abbasi HI(M), SI(M)
Admiral
Zafar Mahmood Abbasi HI(M), SI(M)
7 October 2017Incumbent1 year, 314 days

Vice Chief of Naval Staff

The Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS) is the post that is, in principle, the deputy and the second-in-command (S-in-C) of the Pakistan Navy, reporting and functioning under the Chief of Naval Staff.[2] The post is a three-star rank assignment, usually held by the Vice-Admiral.[3][4]

The post of the vice naval chief is a senior position and its officer is a three-star admiral in the Navy, with distinction of Rear-Admiral Rashid Ahmed who acted of Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Navy under Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hassan who was the Navy's last Commander in Chief.[5]

Order Name Rank Photo Appointment Date Left Office Unit of Commission Decorations
± Rashid Ahmed Insignia RealAdmiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear-Admiral 25 March 1969 20 December 1971 Executive Branch SK, TQA
1 Mohammad Sharif Insignia RealAdmiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear-Admiral 1974 1975 Executive Branch HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
2 Leslie Norman Mungavin Insignia RealAdmiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear-Admiral 1975 1977 Operations Branch SPk, SK
3 Karamat Rahman Niazi Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1977 1979 Submarine Command SJ, HI(M)
4 Iqbal F. Qadir Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1980 1983 Operations Branch HI(M), TI(M), SBt, TQA
5 Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1985 1988 Engineering Branch NI(M)
6 Yastur-ul-Haq Malik Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1988 1991 Surface Branch NI(M)
7 Syed Iqtidar Husain Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral 1992 1993 Operations Branch NI(M)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b MoD, Ministry of Defence. "Organogram of MoD" (PDF). mod.gov.pk/. Ministry of Defence Press. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Pakistan Navy Official Website. "Organizations in Navy". www.paknavy.gov.pk. Navy ISPR. Archived from the original on 31 May 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Cheema, Pervaiz Iqbal (2002). "Evolution of the Navy". The Armed Forces of Pakistan (google books). New york: NYU Press. p. 225. ISBN 9780814716335.
  4. ^ a b c Shabbir, Usman (2003). "Command & Structure". pakdef.org. PakDef Military Consortium. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b Khan, Zafar (2015). Pakistan's Nuclear Policy: A Minimum Credible Deterrence. [u.s]: Routledge. ISBN 9781317676003. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  6. ^ Staff writers, News agencies (9 January 2017). "Pakistan attains 'second strike capability' with test-fire of submarine-launched cruise missile". DAWN.COM. Dawn Newspaper, 2017. Dawn Newspaper. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  7. ^ Goldrick, James (1997). "The Pakistan Navy (1947-71)". No Easy Answers (pdf) (1st ed.). New Delhi, India: Sona Printers, India. p. 269. ISBN 9781897829028. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  8. ^ Rai, Ranjit (1987). A Nation and Its Navy at War (1st ed.). Delhi, India: Lancer International. p. 190. ISBN 9788170620136. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b Singh, Ravi Shekhar Narain Singh (2008). "Military and Politics". The Military Factor in Pakistan (googlebooks) (1st ed.). Delhi: Lancer Publishers. p. 460. ISBN 9780981537894. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  10. ^ Navy ISPR. "Pakistan Navy Official Website". www.paknavy.gov.pk. Navy ISPR. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  11. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (30 September 2014). "Navy chief to retire next week". DAWN.COM. Dawn Newspapers, 2014. Dawn Newspapers. Retrieved 14 August 2017.

External links

Cadet College Hasan Abdal

Notable Alumni, Cadet College Hasanabdal. "Cadet College Hasan Abdal Notable Alumni". Cadet College Hasanabdal.

Cadet College, Hasan Abdal (CCH) Urdu/Pashto :کیدت کالج/کیڈٹ کالج حسن ابدال is a residential secondary school located in Hasan Abdal, Attock District, Punjab, Pakistan. The college has over 500 students aged 13–19 years. Each class has c.110 students. The main aim of the academic program is to train students to become future officers in the Pakistani Military. The college has a distinctly Muslim curriculum for all students, including those from overseas.

Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee

The Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC) is, in principle, the highest-ranking and senior most military officer, typically at four-star rank, in the Pakistan Armed Forces who serves as a principal military adviser to the civilian government led by elected Prime minister of Pakistan and his/her National Security Council. The role of advisement is also extended to the elected members in the bicameral Parliament and the Ministry of Defence. The Chairman leads the meetings and coordinates the combined efforts of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC), comprising the Chairman, the Chief of Army Staff and Chief of Air Staff and the Chief of Naval Staff, Commandant of Marines, DG Strategic Plans Division, and commanders of the service branches in the paramilitary command.Even as the Principal Staff Officer (PSO), the Chairman does not have any authority over the command of the combatant forces. The individual service chiefs are solely responsible for the coordination and logistics of the armed and combatant forces. Due to this constraint, the chiefs of army, air force, navy and marines are much in command and control of their respected commands.The Chairman's mandate is to transmit strategic communications to the combatant commanders from the Prime minister and President as well as allocate additional funding to the combatant commanders if necessary. The Chairman is nominated and appointed by the Prime Minister; and is finally confirmed by the President. Unlike United States's Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the appointment of Chairman does not need confirmation via majority vote by the Parliament. Although, the appointment needs confirmation from the Prime minister. By statute, the Chairman is appointed as a four-star general, four-star air chief marshal and/or four star admiral. By law required, all four-star officers are required to have vast experience in joint uniformed services of Pakistan during their 40-year-long military careers.The post of CJCSC was created by former Prime minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in March 1976, and the first Chairman was four star rank officer, General Muhammad Shariff. The current holder of the office is General Zubair Mahmood Hayat appointed in 2016.

Graduated from Cantt Public School (F G Cantt Public School) Malir Cantt Karachi in 1976.

Chief of Air Staff (Pakistan)

The Chief of Air Staff (Urdu: سربراہ پاک فضائيہ‎) (reporting name: CAS), is a military appointment and a statutory office held by an Air Chief Marshal in the Pakistan Air Force, who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and final confirmation by the President of Pakistan. The CAS is the highest-ranking officer of the Pakistan Air Force and only pilots are appointed in this post.

The Chief of Air Staff is a senior most military appointment in the Pakistani military who is a senior member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, usually providing necessary consultation to the Chairman joint chiefs to act as a principal military adviser to the Prime Minister and its civilian government in the line of defending and guarding the nations's airspace and aerial borders.The Chief of Air Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, administration, combatant, logistics, and training commands within the Air Force, as an oppose to its U.S. Air Force's Chief of Staff. Due to its statue, the Chief of Air Staff maintain its importance of providing the strategic control and final decision-making issues relating the nation's national security.The appointment, in principle, is constitutionally subjected for three years but extensions may be granted by the President upon recommendations and approvals from the Prime Minister. The Chief of Air Staff is based on the Air AHQ, and the current Chief of Air Staff is Air Chief Marshal Mujahid Anwar Khan.

Chief of Army Staff (Pakistan)

The Chief of Army Staff (Urdu: سربراہ پاک فوج‎) (reporting name: COAS), is a military appointment and statutory office held by the four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army, who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and final confirmation by the President of Pakistan.The Chief of Army Staff is the senior most appointment in the Pakistani military who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, usually consulting with the Chairman joint chiefs to act as a military adviser to the Prime Minister and its civilian government in the line of defending the land borders of the country. The Chief of Army Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, combatant, logistics, and training commands within the army, in contrast to the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army. Due to its stature, the Chief of Army Staff have been instrumental in enforcing martial laws against the civilian government due to the meltdown of a civil-military relations in the past decades.The appointment, in principle, is constitutionally subjected to be for three years but extension may be granted from the approval and recommendations of the Prime Minister by the President. The Chief of Army Staff is based in the Army GHQ, and the current Chief of Army Staff is General Qamar Javed Bajwa, serving in this capacity since 29 November 2016

Chief of the Naval Staff

Chief of the Naval Staff is the formal title for the office of:

Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy

Chief of Naval Staff (Bangladesh)

Chief of Naval Staff (Ghana)

Chief of Naval Staff (Nigeria)

Chief of Naval Staff (Pakistan)

Chief of Navy (Australia)

Chief of Navy (New Zealand)

Chief of Staff of the French Navy

Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Navy

Chief of the Naval Staff (India)

Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy

First Sea Lord

Fasih

Fasih (Arabic: فصيح‎ is an Arabic male name meaning eloquent, literary. In Persian it means wide, ample, vast.

Jhelum Tehsil

Jhelum Tehsil is an administrative subdivision of Jhelum District in Punjab province, Pakistan. The tehsil is subdivided into 27 Union Councils and is headquartered at the city of Jhelum.

Kaleem Shaukat

Vice-Admiral Kaleem Shaukat (Urdu: كليم شوكت) HI(m), SI(m) is a three-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy, currently serving in the capacity as the Vice-Chief of Naval Staff since 2017.

List of Hyderabadi Muslims

Hyderabadi Muslims are an ethnoreligious community of Urdu-speaking Muslims, part of a larger group of Dakhini Muslims, from the area that used to be the princely state of Hyderabad, India, including cities like Hyderabad, Aurangabad and Bidar.

First generation immigrants are not included, however second and third generation immigrants who have adopted Hyderabadi Muslim Culture are usually considered Hyderabadi Muslims and included in the list.

Mohammad Haroon

Vice-Admiral Mohammad Haroon (Urdu:محمد ہارون), HI(M), SI(M), TBt, is a retired three-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy and a defence analyst, writing in the Express Tribune.In 2005, Admiral Haroon was notably superseded by Vice-Admiral Afzal Tahir to the appointment of Chief of Naval Staff as a four-star admiral but continued his service until he reached to his set retirement date.

Muhammad Zakaullah

Muhammad Zakaullah (Urdu: محمد ذكاءالله; b. 10 January 1958), NI(M), SI(M), TI(M), LOM, is a retired admiral in the Pakistan Navy, who was the 15th Chief of Naval Staff of the Pakistan Navy. He was later replaced by Admiral Zafar Mahmood abbasi.

He is noted for his sportsmanship, having represented Pakistan at the Olympics for a sailing class category, for which he is a recipient of a national honor.As naval chief, Admiral Zakaullah is noted for revolutionizing the role of the navy, emphasizing the role of the navy in economic corridor with China and took initiatives to strengthened ties with the Turkish Navy. He also played an active role in establishing the very low frequency facility to provide communications with the submarines as well as ensuring the second-strike capability by commissioning the cruise missile system in the strategic command of the Navy.

Nishan-e-Pakistan

The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Urdu: نشان پاکستان‎, English: Order of Pakistan) is the highest of civil awards and decorations given by the Government of Pakistan for the highest degree of service to the country and nation of Pakistan. The award was established on 19 March 1957.

The Nishan-e-Pakistan, unlike other honours, is a highly restricted and most prestigious award and is only conferred for the merit and distinguished services to the country, international community, and foreign relations. This award, like other civilian awards, is announced on 14 August each year and its investiture takes place on following 23 March. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal NPk.

Pakistan Armed Forces

The Pakistan Armed Forces (Urdu: پاکستان مُسَلّح افواج‎, Pākistān Musallah Afwāj) are the military forces of Pakistan. They are the sixth largest in the world in terms of active military personnel and the largest among Muslim countries. The armed forces comprise four main service branches – Army, Navy, Air Force and paramilitary forces and the Strategic Plans Division Force. Chain of command of the military is organised under the Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC) alongside chiefs of staff of the army, navy, and air force. All of the branches work together during operations and joint missions under the Joint Staff Headquarters (JS HQ).Since the 1963 Sino-Pakistan Agreement, the military has had close military relations with China, working jointly to develop the JF-17, the K-8, and other weapons systems. As of 2013, China was the second-largest foreign supplier of military equipment to Pakistan. Both nations also co-operate on development of nuclear and space technology programs. Their armies have a schedule for organising joint military exercises. The military also maintains close relations with the United States, which gave Pakistan major non-NATO ally status in 2004. Pakistan gets the bulk of its military equipment from local domestic suppliers, China, and the United States.The armed forces were formed in 1947 when Pakistan became independent from the British Empire. Since then, the armed forces have played a decisive role in the modern history of Pakistan, fighting major wars with India in 1947, 1965 and 1971, and on several occasions seizing control of the government. The need for border management led to the creation of paramilitary forces to deal with civil unrest in the North-West and security of border areas in Punjab and Sindh by paramilitary troops. In 2017, there were approximately 654,000 active personnel in the armed forces, excluding 25,000–35,000+ personnel in the Strategic Plans Division Forces and 482,000 active personnel in the paramilitary forces. The armed forces have a large pool of volunteers so conscription has never been needed, though the Pakistani constitution and supplementary legislation allow for conscription in a state of war.Accounting for 18.5% of national government expenditure in 2018, after interest payments, Pakistan's military absorbs the largest part of the country's budget. The armed forces are generally highly approved of in Pakistani society. Since the founding of Pakistan, the military has played a key role in holding the state together, promoting a feeling of nationhood and providing a bastion of selfless service. As of May 2019, Pakistan was the sixth-largest contributor to United Nations peacekeeping efforts, with 5,083 personnel deployed overseas. Other foreign deployments have consisted of Pakistani military personnel serving as military advisers in African and Arab countries. The Pakistani military has maintained combat divisions and brigade-strength presences in some of the Arab countries during the Arab–Israeli Wars, aided the Coalition forces in the first Gulf War, and took part in the Somali and Bosnian conflicts.

Pakistan Naval War College

The Naval War College is a staff college providing training and education primarily to the mid-career officers of Pakistan Navy as well as to a limited number of officers from Pakistan Air Force, Pakistan Army and various Allied forces. It is located at the Mall Road, Lahore.The College was previously affiliated with Bahria University but has recently been affiliated with the National Defence University (NDU) along with other staff and war colleges of Pakistan Army and Air Force.

Pakistan Navy Engineering College

The Pakistan Navy Engineering College (Acronym: PNEC) is a military college operated by the Pakistan Navy. Located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, it grants bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees in the science and engineering disciplines and is also a constituent college of the National University of Sciences and Technology, Pakistan.

Pathans of Punjab

The Pathans of Punjab (Punjabi: پنجابی پٹھان (Shahmukhi); Pashto: د پنجاب پښتانه‎; also called Punjabi Pathans are originally Pashtun people who have settled in the Punjab region of Pakistan. Most of these Pashtun communities are scattered throughout the Punjab and have over time assimilated into the Punjabi society and culture.

These non-frontier Pathans are usually known by the town or locality in which they are settled, e.g., Lodhianvi Pathans, Jalandari Pathans, or Lahori.

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