The Chief of the Naval Staff ((Urdu: سربراہ پاک بحریہ (reporting name as CNS), is a military appointment and a Statutory office held by the four-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy, who is nominated and appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and confirmed by the President of Pakistan.
The Chief of Naval Staff is one of the senior-most appointments in the Pakistan military who is one of the senior members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, providing senior consultation to the Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee to act as a principal military advisor to the Prime Minister of Pakistan and its civilian government in the line of defending and safeguarding the expedition, maritime and sealine borders of the nation.:86
The Chief of Naval Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, combatant, logistics, administration, and training commands within the Pakistan Navy, in a clear contrast to the U.S. Navy's Chief of Naval Operations (CNO). Due to its responsibility and importance, the Chief of Naval Staff plays a critical role in assessing the coastal defence and conducting reconnaissance to insure its strike capability against aggressive forces.:88
In principle, the appointment is constitutionally subjected for three years but extensions may be granted by the President upon recommendations and approvals from the Prime Minister. The Chief of Naval Staff is based on the Navy NHQ, and the current Chief of Naval Staff is Admiral Admiral Z.M. Abbasi serving as chief of naval staff, who took over the command as chief of naval staff on 7 October 2017.
|Chief of Naval Staff
سربراہ پاک بحریہ
Flag of the Chief of Naval Staff
Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi
since 7 October 2017
|Ministry of Defence|
Navy Secretariat-III at MoD
|Member of||Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee|
|Reports to||Prime Minister of Pakistan|
Minister of Defence
|Seat||Naval Headquarters (NHQ) |
|Nominator||Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Appointer||President of Pakistan|
|Term length||3 years|
Renewable only once
|Precursor||Commander-in-Chief of the Navy|
|Formation||March 3, 1972|
|First holder||Vice-Admiral H. H. Ahmad|
|Succession||On basis of seniority, subjected to the decision of the Prime Minister of Pakistan.|
|Unofficial names||Naval chief|
|Deputy||Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS)|
|Salary||According to Pakistan Military officer's Pay Grade(apex Scale)|
The Pakistan Navy was created from the partition of the Royal Indian Navy after the India's partition on 14/15 August of 1947.:90 Direct appointments in the navy was in the responsibility of the British Admiralty who appointed Rear Admiral James Wilfred Jefford as Pakistan Navy's first Flag Officer Commanding (FOC).:47
The post was changed to Commander-in-Chief when Vice-Admiral Mohammad Siddiq Choudri became the first native naval commander in 1953, and the title changed from Commander in Chief to Chief of Staff in 1969 with Vice-Admiral Muzaffar Hassan acting as Commander-in-Chief and Rear-Admiral Rashid Ahmad as Chief of Staff.:52 On 20 March 1972, the renamed as "Chief of Naval Staff" (CNS) with Vice-Admiral H.H. Ahmed becoming the first chief of naval staff, though his rank was not elevated to four-star rank.:60–62
The term of the superannuation was then constrained to three years in the office as opposed to four years and was made a permanent member of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.:62 Since 1972, there has been 14 four-star rank admirals to be appointed as chief of naval staff by statute.The Prime Minister approved the nomination and appointment of the Chief of Naval Staff, with President confirming the Prime Minister's appointed choosing and nomination.
The leadership of the navy is based in the Navy NHQ located at the vicinity of Air AHQ, and Army GHQ staff offices that forms that JS HQ in the Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan. The CNS controls the navy, assisted by the civilians from the Navy Secretariat-III of the Ministry of Defence (MoD).
The Chief of Naval Staff exercise its responsibility of complete operational, training and logistics commands.:92–93 The CNS has several principal staff officers and controls the navy through six commands directed by its appointed deputy chiefs of naval staff, reporting to vice-chief of naval staff.
The following is a list of Admirals who have served as the either Commander-in-Chief or the Chief of the Naval Staff of the Pakistan Navy.
|№||Naval Commander-in-Chief||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Defence branch|
James Wilfred Jefford CB, CBE
as Commander of the Royal Pakistan Navy
|15 August 1947||30 January 1953||5 years, 168 days||Royal Navy|
Haji Mohammad Siddiq Choudri HPk, HI(M) MBE
|31 January 1953||28 February 1959||6 years, 28 days||Pakistan Navy|
Afzal Rahman Khan HPk, HJ, HQA
|1 March 1959||20 October 1966||7 years, 233 days||Pakistan Navy|
Syed Mohammad Ahsan HQA, SPk DSC
|20 October 1966||31 August 1969||2 years, 315 days||Pakistan Navy|
Muzaffar Hassan HQA, SPk,
|1 September 1969||22 December 1971||2 years, 112 days||Pakistan Navy|
|№||Chief of Naval Staff||Took office||Left office||Time in office|
Hasan Hafeez Ahmed TQA
|3 March 1972||8 March 1975 †||3 years, 5 days|
Mohammad Shariff NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK
|23 March 1975||21 March 1979||3 years, 363 days|
Karamat Rahman Niazi NI(M), HI(M), SJ
|22 March 1979||23 March 1983||4 years, 1 day|
Tariq Kamal Khan NI(M), SI(M), SBt
|23 March 1983||9 April 1986||3 years, 17 days|
Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
|9 April 1986||9 November 1988||2 years, 214 days|
Yastur-ul-Haq Malik NI(M), SBt
|10 November 1988||8 November 1991||2 years, 363 days|
Saeed Mohammad Khan NI(M), SBt
|9 November 1991||9 November 1994||3 years, 0 days|
Mansurul Haq NI(M)
|10 November 1994||1 May 1997||2 years, 173 days|
Fasih Bokhari NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt, SJ
|2 May 1997||2 October 1999||2 years, 153 days|
Abdul Aziz Mirza NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), SBt
|2 October 1999||2 October 2002||3 years, 0 days|
Shahid Karimullah NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M), SJ
|3 October 2002||6 October 2005||3 years, 4 days|
Afzal Tahir NI(M), HI(M), SI(M)
|7 October 2005||7 October 2008||3 years, 0 days|
Noman Bashir NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
|7 October 2008||7 October 2011||3 years, 0 days|
Asif Sandila NI(M), HI(M)
|8 October 2011||3 October 2014||2 years, 360 days|
Muhammad Zakaullah NI(M), HI(M), SI(M), TI(M)
|4 October 2014||6 October 2017||3 years, 2 days|
Zafar Mahmood Abbasi HI(M), SI(M)
|7 October 2017||Incumbent||1 year, 314 days|
The Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS) is the post that is, in principle, the deputy and the second-in-command (S-in-C) of the Pakistan Navy, reporting and functioning under the Chief of Naval Staff. The post is a three-star rank assignment, usually held by the Vice-Admiral.
The post of the vice naval chief is a senior position and its officer is a three-star admiral in the Navy, with distinction of Rear-Admiral Rashid Ahmed who acted of Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Navy under Vice Admiral Muzaffar Hassan who was the Navy's last Commander in Chief.
|Order||Name||Rank||Photo||Appointment Date||Left Office||Unit of Commission||Decorations|
|±||Rashid Ahmed||Rear-Admiral||25 March 1969||20 December 1971||Executive Branch||SK, TQA|
|1||Mohammad Sharif||Rear-Admiral||1974||1975||Executive Branch||HI(M), SI(M), HJ, SJ, SK|
|2||Leslie Norman Mungavin||Rear-Admiral||1975||1977||Operations Branch||SPk, SK|
|3||Karamat Rahman Niazi||Vice-Admiral||1977||1979||Submarine Command||SJ, HI(M)|
|4||Iqbal F. Qadir||Vice-Admiral||1980||1983||Operations Branch||HI(M), TI(M), SBt, TQA|
|5||Iftikhar Ahmed Sirohey||Vice-Admiral||1985||1988||Engineering Branch||NI(M)|
|6||Yastur-ul-Haq Malik||Vice-Admiral||1988||1991||Surface Branch||NI(M)|
|7||Syed Iqtidar Husain||Vice-Admiral||1992||1993||Operations Branch||NI(M)|
Notable Alumni, Cadet College Hasanabdal. "Cadet College Hasan Abdal Notable Alumni". Cadet College Hasanabdal.
Cadet College, Hasan Abdal (CCH) Urdu/Pashto :کیدت کالج/کیڈٹ کالج حسن ابدال is a residential secondary school located in Hasan Abdal, Attock District, Punjab, Pakistan. The college has over 500 students aged 13–19 years. Each class has c.110 students. The main aim of the academic program is to train students to become future officers in the Pakistani Military. The college has a distinctly Muslim curriculum for all students, including those from overseas.Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
The Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC) is, in principle, the highest-ranking and senior most military officer, typically at four-star rank, in the Pakistan Armed Forces who serves as a principal military adviser to the civilian government led by elected Prime minister of Pakistan and his/her National Security Council. The role of advisement is also extended to the elected members in the bicameral Parliament and the Ministry of Defence. The Chairman leads the meetings and coordinates the combined efforts of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC), comprising the Chairman, the Chief of Army Staff and Chief of Air Staff and the Chief of Naval Staff, Commandant of Marines, DG Strategic Plans Division, and commanders of the service branches in the paramilitary command.Even as the Principal Staff Officer (PSO), the Chairman does not have any authority over the command of the combatant forces. The individual service chiefs are solely responsible for the coordination and logistics of the armed and combatant forces. Due to this constraint, the chiefs of army, air force, navy and marines are much in command and control of their respected commands.The Chairman's mandate is to transmit strategic communications to the combatant commanders from the Prime minister and President as well as allocate additional funding to the combatant commanders if necessary. The Chairman is nominated and appointed by the Prime Minister; and is finally confirmed by the President. Unlike United States's Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the appointment of Chairman does not need confirmation via majority vote by the Parliament. Although, the appointment needs confirmation from the Prime minister. By statute, the Chairman is appointed as a four-star general, four-star air chief marshal and/or four star admiral. By law required, all four-star officers are required to have vast experience in joint uniformed services of Pakistan during their 40-year-long military careers.The post of CJCSC was created by former Prime minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in March 1976, and the first Chairman was four star rank officer, General Muhammad Shariff. The current holder of the office is General Zubair Mahmood Hayat appointed in 2016.
Graduated from Cantt Public School (F G Cantt Public School) Malir Cantt Karachi in 1976.Chief of Air Staff (Pakistan)
The Chief of Air Staff (Urdu: سربراہ پاک فضائيہ) (reporting name: CAS), is a military appointment and a statutory office held by an Air Chief Marshal in the Pakistan Air Force, who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and final confirmation by the President of Pakistan. The CAS is the highest-ranking officer of the Pakistan Air Force and only pilots are appointed in this post.
The Chief of Air Staff is a senior most military appointment in the Pakistani military who is a senior member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, usually providing necessary consultation to the Chairman joint chiefs to act as a principal military adviser to the Prime Minister and its civilian government in the line of defending and guarding the nations's airspace and aerial borders.The Chief of Air Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, administration, combatant, logistics, and training commands within the Air Force, as an oppose to its U.S. Air Force's Chief of Staff. Due to its statue, the Chief of Air Staff maintain its importance of providing the strategic control and final decision-making issues relating the nation's national security.The appointment, in principle, is constitutionally subjected for three years but extensions may be granted by the President upon recommendations and approvals from the Prime Minister. The Chief of Air Staff is based on the Air AHQ, and the current Chief of Air Staff is Air Chief Marshal Mujahid Anwar Khan.Chief of Army Staff (Pakistan)
The Chief of Army Staff (Urdu: سربراہ پاک فوج) (reporting name: COAS), is a military appointment and statutory office held by the four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army, who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and final confirmation by the President of Pakistan.The Chief of Army Staff is the senior most appointment in the Pakistani military who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, usually consulting with the Chairman joint chiefs to act as a military adviser to the Prime Minister and its civilian government in the line of defending the land borders of the country. The Chief of Army Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, combatant, logistics, and training commands within the army, in contrast to the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army. Due to its stature, the Chief of Army Staff have been instrumental in enforcing martial laws against the civilian government due to the meltdown of a civil-military relations in the past decades.The appointment, in principle, is constitutionally subjected to be for three years but extension may be granted from the approval and recommendations of the Prime Minister by the President. The Chief of Army Staff is based in the Army GHQ, and the current Chief of Army Staff is General Qamar Javed Bajwa, serving in this capacity since 29 November 2016Chief of the Naval Staff
Chief of the Naval Staff is the formal title for the office of:
Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy
Chief of Naval Staff (Bangladesh)
Chief of Naval Staff (Ghana)
Chief of Naval Staff (Nigeria)
Chief of Naval Staff (Pakistan)
Chief of Navy (Australia)
Chief of Navy (New Zealand)
Chief of Staff of the French Navy
Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Navy
Chief of the Naval Staff (India)
Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy
First Sea LordFasih
Fasih (Arabic: فصيح is an Arabic male name meaning eloquent, literary. In Persian it means wide, ample, vast.Jhelum Tehsil
Jhelum Tehsil is an administrative subdivision of Jhelum District in Punjab province, Pakistan. The tehsil is subdivided into 27 Union Councils and is headquartered at the city of Jhelum.Kaleem Shaukat
Vice-Admiral Kaleem Shaukat (Urdu: كليم شوكت) HI(m), SI(m) is a three-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy, currently serving in the capacity as the Vice-Chief of Naval Staff since 2017.List of Hyderabadi Muslims
Hyderabadi Muslims are an ethnoreligious community of Urdu-speaking Muslims, part of a larger group of Dakhini Muslims, from the area that used to be the princely state of Hyderabad, India, including cities like Hyderabad, Aurangabad and Bidar.
First generation immigrants are not included, however second and third generation immigrants who have adopted Hyderabadi Muslim Culture are usually considered Hyderabadi Muslims and included in the list.Mohammad Haroon
Vice-Admiral Mohammad Haroon (Urdu:محمد ہارون), HI(M), SI(M), TBt, is a retired three-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy and a defence analyst, writing in the Express Tribune.In 2005, Admiral Haroon was notably superseded by Vice-Admiral Afzal Tahir to the appointment of Chief of Naval Staff as a four-star admiral but continued his service until he reached to his set retirement date.Muhammad Zakaullah
Muhammad Zakaullah (Urdu: محمد ذكاءالله; b. 10 January 1958), NI(M), SI(M), TI(M), LOM, is a retired admiral in the Pakistan Navy, who was the 15th Chief of Naval Staff of the Pakistan Navy. He was later replaced by Admiral Zafar Mahmood abbasi.
He is noted for his sportsmanship, having represented Pakistan at the Olympics for a sailing class category, for which he is a recipient of a national honor.As naval chief, Admiral Zakaullah is noted for revolutionizing the role of the navy, emphasizing the role of the navy in economic corridor with China and took initiatives to strengthened ties with the Turkish Navy. He also played an active role in establishing the very low frequency facility to provide communications with the submarines as well as ensuring the second-strike capability by commissioning the cruise missile system in the strategic command of the Navy.Nishan-e-Pakistan
The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Urdu: نشان پاکستان, English: Order of Pakistan) is the highest of civil awards and decorations given by the Government of Pakistan for the highest degree of service to the country and nation of Pakistan. The award was established on 19 March 1957.
The Nishan-e-Pakistan, unlike other honours, is a highly restricted and most prestigious award and is only conferred for the merit and distinguished services to the country, international community, and foreign relations. This award, like other civilian awards, is announced on 14 August each year and its investiture takes place on following 23 March. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal NPk.Pakistan Armed Forces
The Pakistan Armed Forces (Urdu: پاکستان مُسَلّح افواج, Pākistān Musallah Afwāj) are the military forces of Pakistan. They are the sixth largest in the world in terms of active military personnel and the largest among Muslim countries. The armed forces comprise four main service branches – Army, Navy, Air Force and paramilitary forces and the Strategic Plans Division Force. Chain of command of the military is organised under the Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC) alongside chiefs of staff of the army, navy, and air force. All of the branches work together during operations and joint missions under the Joint Staff Headquarters (JS HQ).Since the 1963 Sino-Pakistan Agreement, the military has had close military relations with China, working jointly to develop the JF-17, the K-8, and other weapons systems. As of 2013, China was the second-largest foreign supplier of military equipment to Pakistan. Both nations also co-operate on development of nuclear and space technology programs. Their armies have a schedule for organising joint military exercises. The military also maintains close relations with the United States, which gave Pakistan major non-NATO ally status in 2004. Pakistan gets the bulk of its military equipment from local domestic suppliers, China, and the United States.The armed forces were formed in 1947 when Pakistan became independent from the British Empire. Since then, the armed forces have played a decisive role in the modern history of Pakistan, fighting major wars with India in 1947, 1965 and 1971, and on several occasions seizing control of the government. The need for border management led to the creation of paramilitary forces to deal with civil unrest in the North-West and security of border areas in Punjab and Sindh by paramilitary troops. In 2017, there were approximately 654,000 active personnel in the armed forces, excluding 25,000–35,000+ personnel in the Strategic Plans Division Forces and 482,000 active personnel in the paramilitary forces. The armed forces have a large pool of volunteers so conscription has never been needed, though the Pakistani constitution and supplementary legislation allow for conscription in a state of war.Accounting for 18.5% of national government expenditure in 2018, after interest payments, Pakistan's military absorbs the largest part of the country's budget. The armed forces are generally highly approved of in Pakistani society. Since the founding of Pakistan, the military has played a key role in holding the state together, promoting a feeling of nationhood and providing a bastion of selfless service. As of May 2019, Pakistan was the sixth-largest contributor to United Nations peacekeeping efforts, with 5,083 personnel deployed overseas. Other foreign deployments have consisted of Pakistani military personnel serving as military advisers in African and Arab countries. The Pakistani military has maintained combat divisions and brigade-strength presences in some of the Arab countries during the Arab–Israeli Wars, aided the Coalition forces in the first Gulf War, and took part in the Somali and Bosnian conflicts.Pakistan Naval War College
The Naval War College is a staff college providing training and education primarily to the mid-career officers of Pakistan Navy as well as to a limited number of officers from Pakistan Air Force, Pakistan Army and various Allied forces. It is located at the Mall Road, Lahore.The College was previously affiliated with Bahria University but has recently been affiliated with the National Defence University (NDU) along with other staff and war colleges of Pakistan Army and Air Force.Pakistan Navy Engineering College
The Pakistan Navy Engineering College (Acronym: PNEC) is a military college operated by the Pakistan Navy. Located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, it grants bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees in the science and engineering disciplines and is also a constituent college of the National University of Sciences and Technology, Pakistan.Pathans of Punjab
The Pathans of Punjab (Punjabi: پنجابی پٹھان (Shahmukhi); Pashto: د پنجاب پښتانه; also called Punjabi Pathans are originally Pashtun people who have settled in the Punjab region of Pakistan. Most of these Pashtun communities are scattered throughout the Punjab and have over time assimilated into the Punjabi society and culture.
These non-frontier Pathans are usually known by the town or locality in which they are settled, e.g., Lodhianvi Pathans, Jalandari Pathans, or Lahori.
|Education and training|
|Personnel and |