Chief commissioner

A chief commissioner is a commissioner of a high rank, usually in chief of several commissioners or similarly styled officers.

Colonial

In British India the gubernatorial style was chief commissioner in various (not all) provinces (often after being an entity under a lower ranking official), the style being applied especially where an elected assembly did not exist, notably:

Independent Commonwealth nations

Australia

On two occasions in the late 20th century, local elected government in the City of Melbourne was temporarily replaced by panels of commissioners headed by a chief commissioner. [2]

Chief commissioner is also a rank used by Scouts Australia for the Adult Leader with operational control of Scouting in each State and Territory Branch. There is also a Chief Commissioner of Australia, a position which is more prestigious, although it carries less power.

Also in the state of Victoria, the head of police force is, unlike all the other states and territories, a 'chief commissioner' – as opposed to a 'commissioner'. The reason for this is, during Victoria's pre-federation history, there was more than one commissioner in the colony, one metropolitan and one for the goldfields, hence an additional degree of seniority was introduced. The office of chief commissioner has remained since.

Mauritius - Rodrigues

The island of Rodrigues which is part of the Republic of Mauritius has a chief commissioner since 12 October 2012 when the island was granted autonomy status. He/she is the head of the Rodrigues Regional Assembly.

India

In India the post of chief commissioner is in Indian Revenue Service (IRS) i.e. Central Excise & Customs Department & Income Tax Department. Usually the chief commissioner is above 3 or 4 commissioners of C&CE or IT

Sources and references

References

  1. ^ The India Office and Burma Office list 1947, vol. 56 (London: India Office, 1947), p. 32
  2. ^ "Council history: Appointment of Commissioners at the City of Melbourne". City of Melbourne. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Central

The Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Central, abbreviated as CCIT-C, is the revenue enforcement agency of the Central Board of Direct Taxes, Government of India which assesses tax evasion. It functions under the Department of Revenue in the Union Ministry of Finance and is concerned with the administration, assessment,enforcement and prosecution cases of the various direct taxes accruing to the Union Government. Its main job is to assess and provide valuable inputs to the intelligence wings of the government related to tax evasion.

Commission of Railway Safety

The Commission of Railway Safety (Hindi: रेल सुरक्षा आयोग) is a government commission of India. Subordinate to the Ministry of Civil Aviation, the commission is the rail safety authority in India, as directed by The Railways Act, 1989. The agency investigates rail accidents. Its head office is in the North-East Railway Compound in Lucknow. As of 2017, Shri Sudarshan Nayak is the Chief Commissioner of Railway Safety (CCRS).

Federal Board of Revenue (Pakistan)

The Federal Board of Revenue (Urdu: وفاقی آمدنی هيئت‬‎, abbreviated as FBR) is a top federal government body that investigates crimes related to taxation and money-laundering. FBR also operates special Broadening of Tax Base Zones that keep tax evaders under surveillance and compulsorily bring them into the tax net through its inspectors. These zones have exclusive powers to scrutinize tax evaders. BTB-Karachi nets potentially big tax evaders with the deployment of Inspectors Inland Revenue for field operations, and thus, contributes comparably greater than other BTB Zones in the country. FBR collects intelligence on tax evasion and administers tax laws for the Government of Pakistan and acts as the central revenue collection agency of Pakistan.

Independent Commission Against Corruption (New South Wales)

The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC), an independent agency of the Government of New South Wales, is responsible for eliminating and investigating corrupt activities and enhancing the integrity of the public administration in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Commission was established in 1989, pursuant to the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act, 1988 (NSW), modeled after the ICAC in Hong Kong.It is led by a Chief Commissioner appointed for a fixed five-year term; and two part-time Commissioners. Former NSW Premier Mike Baird suggested in November 2016 his desire to move from a sole Commissioner to a three-commissioner system, however this was strongly criticised by two former ICAC commissioners as weakening and politicising the organisation, leading to the resignation of then-Commissioner Megan Latham. On 21 April 2017, former Supreme Court judge Peter Hall was appointed as the Chief Commissioner. Two part-time Commissioners were appointed with effect from 7 August 2017.

The Chief Commissioner is required to submit a report on the activities of the Commission to the Parliament of New South Wales and whilst independent of the politics of government, reports informally to the Premier of New South Wales. The commission is charged with educating public authorities, officials and members of the public about corruption.

List of Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces and Chief Commissioners of Oudh

This is a list of Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces and Chief Commissioners of Oudh. The provisional establishment of the joint title of Lieutenant-Governors of the North-Western Provinces and Chief Commissioners of Oudh happened in 1877 when title of Chief Commissioners of Oudh were merged until it was renamed as Governors of the United Provinces of British India in 1902.

List of Lieutenant Governors of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

This is a list of Lieutenant Governors of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and precursor offices of similar scope, from the start of British resettlement of the Andaman Islands in 1858, at which time it was subordinated to British India.

In 1947, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands achieved independence from the United Kingdom along with the rest of India. After independence, the chief commissioner and, later, the lieutenant governor, has been appointed by the President of India. The current Lieutenant Governor is Devendra Kumar Joshi. His official residence is in Raj Nivas, Port Blair.

List of Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers

The following is a list of Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers of the Great Seal of England and Great Britain. It also includes a list of Commissioners of Parliament's Great Seal during the English Civil War and Interregnum.

List of colonial governors of Burma

This is a list of European (as well as Japanese) colonial administrators responsible for the territory of British Burma, an area equivalent to modern-day Myanmar.

As a result of the Second Anglo-Burmese War, Burma was initially setup as a province of British India. Later it was made a separate crown colony within the British Empire. Following capture by the Empire of Japan during World War II, it was controlled by a Japanese military governor. After the Japanese were expelled, it was under a Allied military commander, then a civilian governor until independence.

List of governors of Assam

This is a list of Governors of Assam, and other offices of similar scope, from the start of British occupation of the area in 1824 during the First Anglo-Burmese War.

Today, the Governor of Assam is a nominal head and representative of the President of India in the state of Assam. The Governor is appointed by the President for a term of 5 years.The current Governor is Jagdish Mukhi

Ontario Human Rights Commission

The Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) was established in the Canadian province of Ontario on March 29, 1961 to administer the Ontario Human Rights Code. The OHRC is an arm's length agency of government accountable to the legislature through the Ministry of the Attorney General of Ontario.

The OHRC's mandate under the Code includes: preventing discrimination through public education and public policy; and looking into situations where discriminatory behaviour exists.

Since June 30, 2008, all new complaints of discrimination are filed as applications with the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario. However, OHRC has the right to be informed of applications before the HRTO, and receives copies of all applications and responses. The OHRC can intervene in any application with the consent of the applicant; the Commission can also ask to intervene without the applicant’s consent, subject to any directions or terms that the HRTO sets after hearing from the parties. The Commission also has the right to bring its own application to the HRTO if the Commission is of the opinion that the application is in the public interest.There is a full-time chief commissioner and a varying number of part-time commissioners, appointed by Order in Council. Staff of the OHRC is appointed under the Public Service of Ontario Act, 2006.

On February 19, 2015, the Lieutenant Governor in Council appointed Ruth Goba as Chief Commissioner of the Ontario Human Rights Commission on an interim basis for a period of three months, effective from February 28, 2015, and ending May 27, 2015, or when a new Chief Commissioner is appointed, whichever occurs first.Barbara Hall was chief commissioner from November 28, 2005, until February 27, 2015, replacing Keith Norton, who had led the Commission since 1996; Norton succeeded Rosemary Brown. The commission's first director, appointed in 1962, was Daniel G. Hill.

Renu Mandhane, former executive director of the University of Toronto law faculty’s international human rights program, became chief commissioner in November 2015.

Order of World Scouts

The Order of World Scouts (OWS), founded in 1911, is the oldest international Scouting organisation. It is headquartered in England, with the administration headquarters in Italy. As of November 2008, the Order of World Scouts includes member associations in 14 countries-the United Kingdom, Italy, Australia, Peru, Jamaica, as well as two associations each for Poland, Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile and three associations in Mexico, Ukraine and Nepal, Uganda, Honduras and the United States (United States Trailblazers).

Presidencies and provinces of British India

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in India. Collectively, they were called British India. In one form or another, they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods:

Between 1612 and 1757 the East India Company set up "factories" (trading posts) in several locations, mostly in coastal India, with the consent of the Mughal emperors or local rulers. Its rivals were the merchant trading companies of Portugal, Denmark, Holland and France. By the mid-18th century three "Presidency towns": Madras, Bombay and Calcutta, had grown in size.

During the period of Company rule in India, 1757–1858, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called "Presidencies". However, it also increasingly came under British government oversight, in effect sharing sovereignty with the Crown. At the same time it gradually lost its mercantile privileges.

Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857 the Company's remaining powers were transferred to the Crown. In the new British Raj (1858–1947), sovereignty extended to a few new regions, such as Upper Burma. Increasingly, however, unwieldy presidencies were broken up into "Provinces".

Salem City Municipal Corporation

Salem City Municipal Corporation is a civic body that governs Salem city, India. It consists of a legislative and an executive body. The legislative body is headed by the city mayor while the executive body is headed by a Chief Commissioner. This corporation consist of 72 wards and is headed by a Mayor who presides over a Deputy Mayor and 70 councillors who represent each ward in the city. For administrative purpose the Salem corporation is divided into four zones: Suramangalam, Hasthampatty, Ammapet, and Kondalampatty. Each Zonal Office has its own Zonal Chairman and an Asst.Commissioner to take care of Zonal Activities. The current mayor is S. Soundappan of the AIADMK. and the corporation commissioner is K.R. Selvaraj.

Sri Lanka Scout Association

The Sri Lanka Scout Association (Sinhalese: ශ්‍රී ලංකා බාලදක්ෂ සංගමය; Tamil: இலங்கைச் சாரணர் சங்கம்), is a Scouting organization in Sri Lanka operated by the Ceylon Scout Council. The Ceylon Scout Council is a corporation formed by Act No 13 of 1957. The association became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1953. The coeducational Sri Lanka Scout Association has 33,709 members as of 2014. in 2016 the year that the National Organization reached 104 years the Scouting Population in Sri Lanka had increased to 55,078 the growth taking place against the year 2015 was 29% which was a great achievement by the SLSA.

There are various community development projects carried out in cooperation with the government organizations, United Nations and other service organizations.

Scouting has been introduced into the prisons. It has spread to other institutions such as certified schools. There are also Scout units for handicapped boys such as the blind and deaf and for boys in leprosy hospitals.

Thomas Blamey

Field Marshal Sir Thomas Albert Blamey, (24 January 1884 – 27 May 1951) was an Australian general of the First and Second World Wars, and the only Australian to attain the rank of field marshal.

Blamey joined the Australian Army as a regular soldier in 1906, and attended the Staff College at Quetta. During the First World War he participated in the landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915, and served as a staff officer in the Gallipoli Campaign, where he was mentioned in despatches for a daring raid behind enemy lines. He later served on the Western Front, where he distinguished himself in the planning for the Battle of Pozières. He rose to the rank of brigadier general, and served as chief of staff of the Australian Corps under Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, who credited him as a factor in the Corps' success in the Battle of Hamel, the Battle of Amiens and the Battle of the Hindenburg Line.

After the war Blamey was Deputy Chief of the General Staff, and was involved in the creation of the Royal Australian Air Force. He resigned from the regular Army in 1925 to become Chief Commissioner of the Victoria Police, but remained in the Militia, rising to command the 3rd Division in 1931. As chief commissioner, Blamey set about dealing with the grievances that had led to the 1923 Victorian Police strike, and implemented innovations such as police dogs and equipping vehicles with radios. His tenure as chief commissioner was marred by a scandal in which his police badge was found in a brothel, and a later attempt to cover up the shooting of a police officer led to his forced resignation in 1936. He later made weekly broadcasts on international affairs on Melbourne radio station 3UZ. Appointed chairman of the Commonwealth Government's Manpower Committee and controller general of recruiting in 1938, he headed a successful recruiting campaign which doubled the size of the part-time volunteer Militia.

During the Second World War Blamey commanded the Second Australian Imperial Force and the I Corps in the Middle East. In the latter role he commanded Australian and Commonwealth troops in the disastrous Battle of Greece. In the former role, he attempted to protect Australian interests against British commanders who sought to disperse his forces on all manner of missions. He was appointed deputy commander-in-chief of Middle East Command, and was promoted to general in 1941. In 1942, he returned to Australia as commander-in-chief of the Australian Military Forces and commander of Allied Land Forces in the South West Pacific Area under the command of General Douglas MacArthur. On the orders of MacArthur and Prime Minister John Curtin, he assumed personal command of New Guinea Force during the Kokoda Track campaign, and relieved Lieutenant General Sydney Rowell and Major General Arthur Allen under controversial circumstances. Blamey also planned and carried out the significant and victorious Salamaua–Lae Campaign. Nonetheless, during the final campaigns of the war he faced vociferous criticism of the Army's performance. He signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on behalf of Australia at Japan's ceremonial surrender in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945, and later personally accepted the Japanese surrender at Morotai on 9 September. He was promoted to field marshal in June 1950.

Tirunelveli Municipal Corporation

Tirunelveli City Municipal Corporation is the civic body which administers the city of Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, India. It consists of a legislative and an executive body. The legislative body is headed by the city mayor while the executive body is headed by a Chief Commissioner.

Victoria Police

For the Canadian Force see: Victoria Police Department

Victoria Police is the primary law enforcement agency of Victoria, Australia. It was formed in 1853 and now operates under the Victoria Police Act 2013.As of 30 June 2017, Victoria Police had over 18,440 sworn members, including 152 recruits in training, 2 reservists, 1,390 protective services officers and 3,367 civilian staff across 332 police stations. It had a running cost of approximately A$2.78bn.Out of the Victorian Public Sector, Victoria Police enjoys the highest community confidence. An internal report also revealed that more than 86.1% of Victorian residents feeling confident to contact the police. The general satisfaction with Victoria police is also high, with more than 76.9% of Victorian residents satisfied with policing services in general.

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