Chief Justice of Grenada

The Chief Justice of Grenada is the head of the Supreme Court of Grenada which consists of the High Court with three justices and a two-tier Court of Appeal.[1]

The original High Court of Grenada was replaced by the Windward and Leeward Islands Supreme Court and the Windward and Leeward Islands Court of Appeal in 1939; both of the latter were replaced in 1967 by the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court which performs both functions.[2] The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, known in Grenada as the Supreme Court of Grenada and the West Indies Associated States, is headquartered in St Lucia, and is now the superior court of record for Grenada and the other Caribbean states which comprise the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States.

Chief Justices

References

  1. ^ "Grenada Government Profile 2014". Index Mundi from CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  2. ^ "THE ORIGIN OF THE SUPREME COURT IN GRENADA". Barnacle Granada- Granada Newspaper. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  3. ^ "No. 12485". The London Gazette. 18 October 1783. p. 5.
  4. ^ Edward, Edward (16 October 1788). Reports the situation of Mr. Thomas Bridgewater, Chief Justice of Courts in Grenada, regarding his salary (Report). Grenada. CO 101/28/69 – via UK National Archives.
  5. ^ Stewart, John Watson (1804). The English Registry. Dublin. p. 143.
  6. ^ a b Parliamentary Papers. H.M. Stationery Office. 1832. p. 122.
  7. ^ Oliver, Vere Langford (1896). The History of the Island of Antigua: One of the Leeward Caribbees in the West Indies, from the First Settlement in 1635 to the Present Time. Mitchell and Hughes. p. 377.
  8. ^ Frederic Boase (1912). Modern English Biography. 1–3 (Supplement ed.). Netherton and Worth. p. 41.
  9. ^ Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students ..., Volume 2
  10. ^ a b "No. 26917". The London Gazette. 7 December 1897. p. 7348.
  11. ^ "No. 27886". The London Gazette. 16 February 1906. p. 1135.
  12. ^ The Grenada handbook, directory and almanac. Government of Grenada. 1927. p. 76.
  13. ^ Sir Gilbert Falkingham Clayton (1969). An Arabian Diary. University of California Press. p. 325.
  14. ^ "No. 32209". The London Gazette. 28 January 1921. p. 779.
  15. ^ Staff writer (28 September 1985). "Nedd Announces Disqualification and Retirement". The Grenada Newsletter. Vol. 13 no. 12. pp. 1–2 – via University of Florida Digital Collections. Seven days later, on September 23rd, Sir Archibald, 69, said in an interview that he would leave the bench on 31st December next.
  16. ^ Staff writer (23 November 1985). "Chief Justice Retires". The Grenada Newsletter. Vol. 13 no. 16. pp. 1–3 – via University of Florida Digital Collections. The Barrister's Benches in the Grenada High Court were crowded on November 20th as the Grenada Bar said farewell to Chief Justice Sir Archibald Nedd who went on leave that day prior to his resignation from the Bench which takes effect at the end of the year.
  17. ^ Staff writer (11 July 1987). "Ramsay Guilty of Contempt". The Grenada Newsletter. Vol. 15 no. 10. p. 1 – via University of Florida Digital Collections. The second arises from Mr Ramsay's charge that his constitutional rights have been violated by Acting Chief Justice James Patterson.
  18. ^ Staff writer (1990). Caribbean Insight. 13-14. Goodyear Gibbs (Caribbean). p. 20. A St. Lucia-born barrister, Carol Bristol, has been appointed Chief Justice, replacing Sir Samuel Graham, who resigned at the end of March.
  19. ^ Staff writer (14 October 2014). "Tribute to Carol Bristol, QC". Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court. St. Lucia.
1919 New Year Honours

The 1919 New Year Honours were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were published in The London Gazette and The Times in January 1919.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

1925 Birthday Honours

The 1925 Birthday Honours were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The King, and were published in The London Gazette on 3 June 1925.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate,

Chief Justice of Ghana

The Chief Justice of Ghana is the highest judge of the Supreme Court of Ghana. The Chief Justice is also the head of the Judiciary of Ghana and is responsible for its administration and supervision. In order of state precedence, the Chief Justice is the fourth highest official in Ghana.

Chief Justice of St Vincent

The Chief Justice of St Vincent was the head of the Supreme Court of Saint Vincent in Saint Vincent, an island member of the Windward Islands in the West Indies.

The court was replaced by the Windward and Leeward Islands Supreme Court and the Windward and Leeward Islands Court of Appeal in 1939; both in turn were replaced in 1967 by the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court which performs both functions.

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Hong Kong

The Chief Justice of Hong Kong was, until 1997, the chief judge (Chinese: 首席按察司, later 首席大法官) of the Court of Appeal of the Supreme Court of Hong Kong and the most senior judge in the court system.

Chief justice

The chief justice is the presiding member of a supreme court in any of many countries with a justice system based on English common law, such as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of Singapore, the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong, the Supreme Court of Japan, the Supreme Court of India, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, the Supreme Court of Nigeria, the Supreme Court of Nepal, the Constitutional Court of South Africa, the Supreme Court of Ireland, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the High Court of Australia, the Supreme Court of the United States, and provincial or state supreme courts/high courts.

The situation is slightly different in the three legal jurisdictions within the United Kingdom. The courts of England and Wales are headed by the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales; in Northern Ireland's courts, the equivalent position is the Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland, and in the courts of Scotland the head of the judiciary of Scotland is the Lord President of the Court of Session, who is also Lord Justice General of Scotland. These three judges are not, though, part of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, which operates across all three jurisdictions and is headed by the President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.

The chief justice can be selected in many ways, but, in many nations, the position is given to the most senior justice of the court, while, in the United States, it is often the President's most important political nomination, subject to approval by the United States Senate. Although the title of this top American jurist is, by statute, Chief Justice of the United States, the term "Chief Justice of the Supreme Court" is often used unofficially.

In some courts, the chief justice has a different title, e.g. president of the supreme court. In other courts, the title of chief justice is used, but the court has a different name, e.g. the Supreme Court of Judicature in colonial (British) Ceylon, and the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia (in the US state of West Virginia).

Jeffery Hart Bent

Jeffery Hart Bent, occasionally known as Geoffrey Hart Bent (1781 – 29 June 1852) was the first judge in the colony of New South Wales and the first Australian judge to be removed from office.

Joseph Turner Hutchinson

Sir Joseph Turner Hutchinson (28 March 1850 – 20 January 1924) was an English judge who served as the 19th Chief Justice of Ceylon.

Judicial independence in Australia

Judicial independence is regarded as one of the foundation values of the Australian legal system, such that the High Court held in 2004 that a court capable of exercising federal judicial power must be, and must appear to be, an independent and impartial tribunal. Former Chief Justice Gerard Brennan described judicial independence as existing "to serve and protect not the governors but the governed", albeit one that "rests on the calibre and the character of the judges themselves". Despite general agreement as to its importance and common acceptance of some elements, there is no agreement as to each of the elements of judicial independence.Aspects of judicial independence can be seen as complementary, such as appeals serving to ensure that decisions are made on the facts and law, but which also serves to enhance public confidence in the judiciary. This however is not always the case as there are other elements that require balance, for example public confidence in the judiciary necessarily impacts on security of tenure in that it requires the ability to remove judges who are unfit for office. Similarly there may be tension between tenure of existing judges and the appointment of the best available candidate to a judicial position. The principle of judicial independence was not always observed in colonial Australia.

List of Australian judges whose security of tenure was challenged

Security of tenure, leaving a judge free from improper influence resulting from an unjustified threat of removal, is generally said to be an important feature of judicial independence in Australia. The emergence of responsible government in the Australian colonies in the 19th century saw the emergence of judicial independence, such that by Federation in 1901, federal judges and supreme court judges accused of judicial misconduct could, generally, only be removed from office as a result of an address passed by the relevant houses of parliament.

List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka

This is a list of Justices of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka. Justices are placed in the order in which they took the judicial oath of office and thereby started their term of office. While many of the justices' positions prior to appointment are simply listed as "lawyer", many had part-time positions, such as teaching, or acted as counsel to various levels of government.

National Liberal Club

The National Liberal Club (NLC) is a London private members' club, open to both men and women. It was established by William Ewart Gladstone in 1882 to provide club facilities for Liberal Party campaigners among the newly enlarged electorate following the Third Reform Act in 1884. The club's neo-Gothic building on the Embankment of the river Thames is the second-largest clubhouse ever built. Designed by Alfred Waterhouse, it was completed in 1887. Its current facilities include a dining room, a bar, function rooms, a billiards room, a smoking room, a library and an outdoor riverside terrace. It is located at Whitehall Place, close to the Houses of Parliament, the Thames Embankment and Trafalgar Square.

Richard Ottley (judge)

Sir Richard Ottley (1782–1845) was the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature of Ceylon.

He was the son of Drewry Ottley of St Vincent in the West Indies, and was married to 2nd baronet William Young's daughter, Sarah Elizabeth. He owned two slaves that had been left to him as a legacy of his grandmother, Mrs Jackson.

In 1814 he was appointed Chief Justice of Grenada. He sailed to Ceylon in 1820 to take up the position of judge after having been knighted (22 March 1820) and was promoted to Chief Justice of Ceylon on 1 November 1827, succeeding Ambrose Hardinge Giffard. He held that position until 1833, when he was succeeded by Charles Marshall.He resided at 50 York Street, Portman Square in London after retiring his judgeship. On his death he was survived by his four children, but left provision in his will to support Grace Furness of Grenada, who may have been a fifth.

Supreme Court of Seychelles

The Supreme Court of Seychelles is the highest trial court in Seychelles.

It was created in 1903 by Order in Council, when it consisted of one judge who was the Chief Justice of the Court. Appeal cases with final judgments of the court in civil matters were transferred to the Supreme Court of Mauritius.When Seychelles became a Republic in 1976, a new Seychelles Court of Appeal was constituted which consisted of a President, two Justices of Appeal and the Judges of the Supreme Court as ex-officio members. Appeals to the court of Civil Appeal of Mauritius were abolished.

In 1993, under the new constitution, the judicial power of Seychelles is vested in the Supreme Court, a Court of Appeal, and such subordinate courts or tribunals that may be established by legislature. The Attorney-General and the judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President from a list of candidates prepared by the Constitutional Appointments Authority. The head of the Supreme Court, who is also the head of the Judiciary, is entitled the Chief Justice. The other judges of the Supreme Court are referred to as Puisne Judges.

Thomas Haycraft

Sir Thomas Wagstaffe Haycraft (5 October 1858 – 16 July 1936) was an English barrister of the British Colonial Service. Haycraft served as Chief Justice of Grenada from 1916 to 1921 and Chief Justice of Palestine from 1921 to 1927.He served as the head of the Haycraft Commission of Inquiry which looked into the causes of the Arab rioting in Palestine in 1921.Haycraft was born in Islington, London, the son of physician John Berry Haycraft (1832– and his wife, Mary Wyatt Candler. John Berry Haycraft was his younger brother. He was educated at St. John's College, Oxford, and in 1885 was called to the Bar by the Inner Temple.He practised on the South Eastern Circuit and served as an arbitrator on the London Chamber of Arbitration and as an examiner of the High Court. In 1899, he was appointed President of the District Court of Larnaca. After 12 years in Cyprus, he was transferred as Police Magistrate to Gibraltar, before being transferred again in 1913 to be a Puisne Judge in Mauritius. In 1916, he was promoted to Chief Justice of Grenada. In 1921, he went to Palestine to serve as the first British Chief Justice of Palestine. He retired in 1927 and died in Surrey in 1936.In 1891, he married Pauline Richard, daughter of Captain Paul Richard of the French Imperial Guard. They had one son, Brigadier Thomas Wagstaffe Richard Haycraft.

William Hazlitt

William Hazlitt (10 April 1778 – 18 September 1830) was an English essayist, drama and literary critic, painter, social commentator, and philosopher. He is now considered one of the greatest critics and essayists in the history of the English language, placed in the company of Samuel Johnson and George Orwell. He is also acknowledged as the finest art critic of his age. Despite his high standing among historians of literature and art, his work is currently little read and mostly out of print.During his lifetime he befriended many people who are now part of the 19th-century literary canon, including Charles and Mary Lamb, Stendhal, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, and John Keats.

Chief Justices of British dependencies
Overseas territories
Crown dependencies
Former (Africa)
Former (Americas)
Former (Asia)
Former (Australasia)
Former (Europe)
Former (Oceania)

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