The Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan (内閣官房長官 Naikaku-kanbō-chōkan) is a Minister of State who is responsible for directing the Cabinet Secretariat of Japan. The main function of the Chief Cabinet Secretary is to coordinate the policies of ministries and agencies in the executive branch. The Chief Cabinet Secretary serves as the government's press secretary, conducts policy research, prepares materials to be discussed at cabinet meetings, and, in time of national crisis, coordinates ministries and agencies of the executive branch. The Chief Cabinet Secretary is customarily nominated as the first in line to serve as temporary Acting Prime Minister in case the Prime Minister is unable to serve due to death or other grave reasons until a new Prime Minister is appointed. The Chief Cabinet Secretary's office is located on the fifth floor of the Prime Minister's official residence in Tokyo.
Before and during World War II, the position was known in Japanese as 内閣書記官長 (naikaku-shokikan-chō). The modern position was created on May 3, 1947, shortly after the passage of the Constitution of Japan, and elevated to ministerial status in 1966.
Since 1947, the office of Chief Cabinet Secretary has been regarded as a stepping stone to the post of Prime Minister. The first Chief Cabinet Secretary to become Prime Minister was Ichirō Hatoyama, formerly Chief Cabinet Secretary to Tanaka Giichi. Since then, eight other former Chief Cabinet Secretaries have become Prime Ministers, most recently Shinzō Abe and Yasuo Fukuda.
|Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan|
Emblem of the Government of Japan
since 26 December 2012
|Appointer||The Prime Minister|
|Formation||3 May 1947|
|Chief Cabinet Secretary||Term of office||Prime Minister|
|Portrait||Name||Took Office||Left Office||Days|
|Jyōji Hayashi||May 29, 1946||May 24, 1947||360||Shigeru Yoshida|
|Suehiro Nishio||June 1, 1947||March 10, 1948||283||Tetsu Katayama|
|Gizō Tomabechi||March 10, 1948||October 15, 1948||219||Hitoshi Ashida|
|Eisaku Satō[n 1]||October 17, 1948||February 16, 1949||122||Shigeru Yoshida|
|Kaneshichi Masuda||February 16, 1949||May 6, 1950||444|
|Katsuo Okazaki||May 6, 1950||December 26, 1951||599|
|Shigeru Hori||December 26, 1951||October 30, 1952||309|
|Taketora Ogata||October 30, 1952||May 21, 1953||203|
|Kenji Fukunaga||May 21, 1953||December 10, 1954||568|
|Ryutarō Nemoto||December 10, 1954||November 22, 1955||744||Ichirō Hatoyama|
|November 22, 1955||December 23, 1956|
|Hirohide Ishida||December 12, 1956||July 10, 1957||210||Tanzan Ishibashi|
|Kiichi Aichi||July 10, 1957||June 12, 1958||337|
|Munenori Akagi||June 12, 1958||June 18, 1959||371|
|Etsusaburō Shiina||June 18, 1959||July 19, 1960||397|
|Masayoshi Ōhira[n 2]||July 19, 1960||July 18, 1962||729||Hayato Ikeda|
|Yasumi Kurogane||July 18, 1962||July 18, 1964||731|
|Zenkō Suzuki[n 3]||July 18, 1964||November 9, 1964||114|
|Tomisaburō Hashimoto||November 9, 1964||August 1, 1966||630||Eisaku Satō|
|Kiichi Aichi||August 1, 1966||December 3, 1966||124|
|Kenji Fukunaga||December 3, 1966||June 22, 1967||201|
|Toshio Kimura||June 22, 1967||November 30, 1968||527|
|Shigeru Hori||November 30, 1968||July 5, 1971||947|
|Noboru Takeshita[n 4]||July 5, 1971||July 7, 1972||368|
|Susumu Nikaidō||July 7, 1972||November 11, 1974||857||Kakuei Tanaka|
|Noboru Takeshita[n 4]||November 11, 1974||December 9, 1974||28|
|Ichitarō Ide||December 9, 1974||December 24, 1976||746||Takeo Miki|
|Sunao Sonoda||December 24, 1976||November 28, 1977||339||Takeo Fukuda|
|Shintaro Abe||November 28, 1977||December 7, 1978||374|
|Rokusuke Tanaka||December 7, 1978||November 9, 1979||337||Masayoshi Ōhira|
|Masayoshi Ito[n 5]||November 9, 1979||July 17, 1980||251|
|Kiichi Miyazawa[n 6]||July 17, 1980||November 27, 1982||863||Zenkō Suzuki|
|Masaharu Gotōda||November 27, 1982||December 27, 1983||395||Yasuhiro Nakasone|
|Takao Fujinami||December 27, 1983||December 28, 1985||732|
|Masaharu Gotōda||December 28, 1985||November 6, 1987||678|
|Chief Cabinet Secretary||Term of office||Prime Minister|
|Portrait||Name||Took Office||Left Office||Days|
|Keizō Obuchi[n 7]||November 6, 1987||June 3, 1989||575||Noboru Takeshita|
|Masajuro Shiokawa||June 3, 1989||August 10, 1989||68||Sōsuke Uno|
|Tokuo Yamashita||August 10, 1989||August 26, 1989||16||Toshiki Kaifu|
|Mayumi Moriyama||August 26, 1989||February 28, 1990||186|
|Misoji Sakamoto||February 28, 1990||November 5, 1991||615|
|Koichi Kato||November 5, 1991||December 12, 1992||403||Kiichi Miyazawa|
|Yōhei Kōno||December 12, 1992||August 9, 1993||240|
|Masayoshi Takemura||August 9, 1993||April 28, 1994||262||Morihiro Hosokawa|
|Hiroshi Kumagai||April 28, 1994||June 30, 1994||63||Tsutomu Hata|
|Kozo Igarashi||June 30, 1994||August 8, 1995||404||Tomiichi Murayama|
|Koken Nosaka||August 8, 1995||January 11, 1996||156|
|Seiroku Kajiyama||January 11, 1996||September 11, 1997||609||Ryutaro Hashimoto|
|Kanezo Muraoka||September 11, 1997||July 30, 1998||322|
|Hiromu Nonaka||July 30, 1998||October 10, 1999||432||Keizo Obuchi|
|Mikio Aoki||October 10, 1999||July 4, 2000||273|
|Hidenao Nakagawa||July 4, 2000||October 27, 2000||115|
|Yasuo Fukuda[n 8]||October 27, 2000||May 7, 2004||1288|
|Hiroyuki Hosoda||May 7, 2004||October 31, 2005||542|
|Shinzō Abe[n 9]||October 31, 2005||September 26, 2006||330|
|Yasuhisa Shiozaki||September 26, 2006||August 27, 2007||335||Shinzō Abe|
|Kaoru Yosano||August 27, 2007||September 26, 2007||30|
|Nobutaka Machimura||September 26, 2007||September 24, 2008||364||Yasuo Fukuda|
|Takeo Kawamura||September 24, 2008||September 16, 2009||357||Taro Aso|
|Hirofumi Hirano||September 16, 2009||June 8, 2010||265||Yukio Hatoyama|
|Yoshito Sengoku||June 8, 2010||January 4, 2011||210||Naoto Kan|
|Yukio Edano||January 4, 2011||September 2, 2011||241|
|Osamu Fujimura||September 2, 2011||December 26, 2012||481||Yoshihiko Noda|
|Yoshihide Suga||December 26, 2012||Incumbent||2242||Shinzō Abe|
General elections were held in Japan on 23 January 1949. The result was a victory for the Democratic Liberal Party, which won 269 of the 466 seats. Voter turnout was 74.0%. It was the first election held following the enactment of the current Constitution of Japan.
Future prime ministers Hayato Ikeda and Eisaku Satō and future Foreign Minister and Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsuo Okazaki were first elected in this election.
The second cabinet of Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida was formed following the election.Cabinet Secretariat (Japan)
The Cabinet Secretariat (内閣官房, Naikaku-kanbō) is an agency in the Japanese government, headed by the Chief Cabinet Secretary. It organizes the Cabinet's public relations, coordinates ministries and agencies, collects intelligence for the government, and organizes miscellaneous other tasks for the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister's office (Kantei) and residence (Kōtei).Hirofumi Hirano
Hirofumi Hirano (平野 博文, Hirano Hirofumi, born March 19, 1949) is a Japanese politician of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet (national legislature). He is a native of Katsuragi, Wakayama and he started working for Panasonic Corporation in 1971 after graduating from Chuo University. He was elected to the House of Representatives for the first time in 1996 as an independent. He was the Chief Cabinet Secretary in the Yukio Hatoyama administration.Hiroyuki Hosoda
Hiroyuki Hosoda (細田 博之, Hosoda Hiroyuki, born 5 April 1944) is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party, a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet (national legislature). In 2004–2005, he was the Chief Cabinet Secretary in Junichiro Koizumi's Cabinets, succeeded by Shinzō Abe on 31 October 2005.
A native of Matsue and graduate of the University of Tokyo, he worked at the Ministry of International Trade and Industry from 1967 to 1986. He was elected to the House of Representatives for the first time in 1990.Ibaraki 4th district
Ibaraki 4th district (茨城県第4区 Ibaraki-ken dai-yon-ku or 茨城4区 Ibaraki 4-ku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It is located in Northern Ibaraki and consists of the cities of Hitachinaka, Hitachiōta, Hitachiōmiya (without the former village of Gozenyama), Naka and the Naka and Kuji counties. As of 2012, 303,835 eligible voters were registered in the district.Before the electoral reform of 1994, the area was part of the multi-member Ibaraki 2nd district where three Representatives had been elected by single non-transferable vote.
Ibaraki 4th district is a "conservative kingdom" (hoshu ōkoku), a stronghold of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). It wasn't even contested by the main opposition Democratic Party in the 2000 and 2003 general elections and withstood the Democratic landslide victory in the election of 2009. Since its creation the district has been represented by the Kajiyama family for the LDP: former Trade, Home, Justice Minister and Chief Cabinet Secretary Seiroku Kajiyama (Obuchi faction) and his son Hiroshi (no faction).Kanagawa 2nd district
Kanagawa 2nd district (神奈川県第2区, Kanagawa-ken-dai-ni-ku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the national Diet of Japan. It is located in eastern Kanagawa Prefecture and consists of Yokohama city's Nishi (West), Minami (South) and Kōnan wards. As of 2012, 425,997 eligible voters were registered in the district giving it, like many urban districts, a vote weight well below the national average and more than twice as many voters as the highest vote weight district Kōchi 3.Before the electoral reform of the 1990s the area had been split between the four-member 1st district and the five-member 4th district.
The 2nd district's only representative since the electoral reform has been Liberal Democrat Yoshihide Suga (without factional affiliation), a former member of the Yokohama city council who entered the Diet as a newcomer in 1996. He was able to beat Akihiro Ueda (New Frontier Party, ex-Kōmeitō), one of the incumbents for the pre-reform 4th district. In subsequent elections he defended the seat against Democrats Akira Ōide and Kazuya Miura. Suga was Internal Affairs Minister in the First Abe cabinet and Chief Cabinet Secretary in the Second Abe Cabinet.Kaoru Yosano
Kaoru Yosano (与謝野 馨, Yosano Kaoru) (August 22, 1938 – May 23, 2017) was a Japanese politician. He was a member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), the Sunrise Party of Japan and former member of the House of Representatives, serving his ninth term in the Lower House representing Tokyo's first electoral district until his defeat in the Japanese general election, 2009. Yosano was Chief Cabinet Secretary to Prime Minister Shinzō Abe from August 2007 to September 2007 and was Minister of Economic and Fiscal Policy in Tarō Asō's administration from February to September 2009.Kono Statement
The Kono Statement refers to a statement released by Chief Cabinet Secretary Yōhei Kōno on August 4, 1993, after the conclusion of the government study that found that the Japanese Imperial Army had forced women, known as comfort women, to work in military-run brothels during World War II. The Japanese government had initially denied that the women had been coerced until this point. In the Kono Statement, the Japanese government acknowledged that:
"The then Japanese military was, directly or indirectly, involved in the establishment and management of the comfort stations".
"The recruitment of the comfort women was conducted mainly by private recruiters who acted in response to the request of the military."
"In many cases they were recruited against their own will, through coaxing, coercion, etc."
"At times, administrative/military personnel directly took part in the recruitments."
"They lived in misery at comfort stations under a coercive atmosphere."Masanao Ozaki
Masanao Ozaki (尾崎 正直, Ozaki Masanao, born September 14, 1967 in Kōchi, Kōchi) is a Japanese politician. He became governor of Kōchi Prefecture in Japan on December 7, 2007. He is a graduate of the University of Tokyo with the Bachelor of Economics degree in 1991 and a former bureaucrat of the Ministry of the Treasury (now the Ministry of Finance). He workd in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1998 to 2000. He worked as a secretary in the Embassy of Japan in Indonesia (firstly, Second Secretary and from 2001, First Secretary). He served as a secretary of the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary from 2006. He retired from the Ministry of Finance in October 2007.Masayoshi Takemura
Masayoshi Takemura (武村 正義, Takemura Masayoshi, born 26 August 1934) is a Japanese politician. Elected as a representative of the Liberal Democratic Party, in 1993 he broke away to form New Party Sakigake, before joining the newly formed Democratic Party of Japan in 1997. He served as chief cabinet secretary and then finance minister in the Japanese government of the mid-1990s.Mikio Aoki
Mikio Aoki (青木 幹雄, Aoki Mikio, born 8 June 1934 in present-day Izumo, Shimane) is a Japanese politician. He was Chief Cabinet Secretary in the cabinet of Yoshirō Mori also served as Secretary-General of the LDP in the House of Councillors. He studied at Waseda University but did not graduate. He served as acting Prime Minister of Japan following Keizō Obuchi's coma in 2000.Nobutaka Machimura
Nobutaka Machimura (町村 信孝, Machimura Nobutaka, 17 October 1944 – 1 June 2015) was a Japanese politician. He was a member of the House of Representatives of Japan and a member of the Liberal Democratic Party. He was Chief Cabinet Secretary in the government of Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda from 2007 to 2008 and twice Minister for Foreign Affairs, in the cabinets of Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzō Abe. He resigned as the Speaker of the House of Representatives on 21 April 2015 after suffering from a stroke.Obuchi Cabinet
The Obuchi Cabinet governed Japan from July 1998 to April 2000 under the leadership of Prime Minister Keizō Obuchi, who took office after winning the Liberal Democratic Party leadership. Initially a purely LDP government, it expanded to become a coalition involving first the Liberal Party and then the New Komeito over the course of its term. The government focused on economic revival, with former Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa recalled to the position of Finance Minister, and introduced policies designed to stimulate the economy through tax cuts and public spending increases.Obuchi reshuffled his cabinet twice, firstly in January 1999 after having negotiated a coalition agreement with the Liberal Party. This did not bring about any major change in personnel other than to bring Liberal Takeshi Noda into government as Home Minister, and reduce the number of ministers by doubling up portfolios. The second reshuffle in October 1999 was a more substantial reconstruction, and took place following Obuchi's re-election as LDP president. At the same time, the coalition expanded again to include the New Komeito, beginning the long-running LDP-NKP partnership. The coalition continued until April 2000 when Liberal Leader Ichirō Ozawa decided to withdraw from the arrangement, causing a section of the Liberal Party to break away and form the New Conservative Party, which remained in the government.The Obuchi cabinet ended in early April 2000 when Obuchi fell into a coma after suffering a serious, and ultimately fatal stroke. With the Prime Minister unable to discharge his duties, Chief Cabinet Secretary Mikio Aoki served as Acting Prime Minister for several days, until the cabinet determined to resign and Yoshirō Mori was chosen to replace Obuchi.Osaka 7th district
Ōsaka 7th district (大阪府第7区, Osaka-fu dai-nana-ku or simply 大阪7区, Ōsaka-nana-ku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives in the national Diet of Japan. It is located in Northern central Ōsaka and covers the cities of Suita and Settsu. As of 2012, 352,998 eligible voters were registered in the district.Before the introduction of parallel voting and single-member districts, the area had been part of the five-member Ōsaka 3rd district.
The current Representative for Ōsaka 7th district is Liberal Democrat Naomi Tokashiki (Nukaga faction) who won one of only three seats for the Liberal Democratic Party in Osaka in 2012. The previous incumbent, Osamu Fujimura, Chief Cabinet Secretary in the Noda cabinet, only ranked third – in 2012, the Democratic Party was reduced to third or even fourth party in many of Osaka's electoral districts, and nationwide seven sitting members of the Noda cabinet lost their seat in the House of Representatives. Fujimura had represented the pre-reform 3rd district for the Japan New Party since 1993 and won the new 7th district in 1996. He held onto the seat until the landslide election of 2005 when Tokashiki, then a newcomer in national politics, beat him for the first time. Fujimura regained his district seat in 2009.Takao Fujinami
Takao Fujinami (藤波 孝生, Fujinami Takao) (December 3, 1932 – October 28, 2007) was a Japanese politician, former Chief Cabinet Secretary and House of Representatives member.
Born in Ise, Mie Prefecture, Fujinami was first elected to the House of Representatives in 1967 as a Liberal Democratic Party member, and was elected to the House of Representatives eleven times.
Fujinami first obtained a Cabinet post in 1979 as Labor Minister under Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira when he was serving his fifth term as a House of Representatives member.
When the Nakasone government began in 1982, Fujinami was given the post of deputy chief Cabinet secretary before becoming chief Cabinet secretary in 1983. Fujinami was seen as a prospective prime minister while serving in the post of chief Cabinet secretary from 1983 to 1985, under Prime Minister Nakasone. During his two years as chief Cabinet secretary, he helped promote Nakasone's policies, including his official visit to Yasukuni Shrine and the cancellation of the cap on Japan's defense budget of one percent of the gross national product. He also helped with Nakasone's administrative reforms, including the privatization of telephone operation and tobacco businesses.
Fujinami resigned due to his involvement in the Recruit Company shares-for-favor scandal in the late 1980s. After Nakasone left the post of prime minister in 1987 and returned to the head of an LDP faction, Fujinami supported him as secretary general of the faction.
In 1989, Fujinami was indicted on charges of accepting more than 40 million yen in money and unlisted shares as bribes from Recruit, a Tokyo-based job information conglomerate. The Tokyo District Court acquitted Fujinami in 1994, but the Tokyo High Court reversed the decision in 1997, sentencing him to three years in prison, suspended for four years. The decision was finalized by the Supreme Court in 1999.
Fujinami retired from politics in 2003 citing health reasons. He died at a hospital in Mie Prefecture, according to the LDP.Yasuhisa Shiozaki
Yasuhisa Shiozaki (塩崎 恭久, Shiozaki Yasuhisa, b. November 7, 1950) is a Japanese politician who served as Chief Cabinet Secretary to Prime Minister Shinzō Abe until August 2007.Yasuo Fukuda
Yasuo Fukuda (福田 康夫, Fukuda Yasuo, born 16 July 1936) was the 58th Prime Minister of Japan, serving from 2007 to 2008. He was previously the longest-serving Chief Cabinet Secretary in Japanese history, serving for three and a half years (2000–2004) under Prime Ministers Yoshirō Mori and Junichiro Koizumi.Following the resignation of Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, Fukuda was elected as President of the Liberal Democratic Party and became Prime Minister in September 2007. Fukuda was the first son of a former Japanese Prime Minister (Takeo Fukuda) to also take up the post.On 1 September 2008, Fukuda announced his resignation, triggering another LDP leadership election.Although Japan hosted the G8 summit meeting without mishap during Fukuda's time in office, he himself earned little or no credit from ordinary Japanese, and when he resigned, he became the first of the G8 leaders to leave office.Yoshihide Suga
Yoshihide Suga (菅 義偉, Suga Yoshihide, born December 6, 1948) is a Japanese politician currently serving as Chief Cabinet Secretary. He previously served as Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications in the cabinet of Shinzō Abe until August 2007.
He was born in Ogachi (now Yuzawa), Akita Prefecture and obtained an LL.B. from Hosei University in Tokyo. He served as a secretary to Diet member Hikosaburō Okonogi for eleven years, then as secretary to the Minister of International Trade and Industry in 1984 and later as a member of the Yokohama city council.
Suga was elected to the Diet of Japan in 1996. Originally a member of the Obuchi faction, he left the faction after refusing to support Obuchi in the 1998 party elections. He also refused to participate in the no confidence motion against Yoshirō Mori in 2000 and better relations with China and Korea as leader.Affiliated to the openly negationist organisation Nippon Kaigi, Suga has formed a team to reexamine the "background" of the Kono Statement of 1993.Suga has been supportive of aggressive measures by the Bank of Japan to counter deflation.Yukio Edano
Yukio Edano (枝野 幸男, Edano Yukio, born 31 May 1964) is a Japanese politician and a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet. He served as Chief Cabinet Secretary and Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry in the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) cabinet between 2010 and 2012. He has served as the head of the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan since its formation in October 2017.