Chief Cabinet Secretary

The Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan (内閣官房長官 Naikaku-kanbō-chōkan) is a Minister of State who is responsible for directing the Cabinet Secretariat of Japan.[1] The main function of the Chief Cabinet Secretary is to coordinate the policies of ministries and agencies in the executive branch.[2] The Chief Cabinet Secretary serves as the government's press secretary,[3] conducts policy research,[4] prepares materials to be discussed at cabinet meetings,[5] and, in time of national crisis, coordinates ministries and agencies of the executive branch.[6] The Chief Cabinet Secretary is customarily nominated as the first in line to serve as temporary Acting Prime Minister in case the Prime Minister is unable to serve due to death or other grave reasons until a new Prime Minister is appointed.[7] The Chief Cabinet Secretary's office is located on the fifth floor of the Prime Minister's official residence in Tokyo.

Before and during World War II, the position was known in Japanese as 内閣書記官長 (naikaku-shokikan-chō). The modern position was created on May 3, 1947, shortly after the passage of the Constitution of Japan, and elevated to ministerial status in 1966.

The present incumbent, Yoshihide Suga, is the longest-serving Chief Cabinet Secretary in history, having overtaken the previous record of 1,289 days in office set by Yasuo Fukuda on July 7, 2016.[8]

Since 1947, the office of Chief Cabinet Secretary has been regarded as a stepping stone to the post of Prime Minister. The first Chief Cabinet Secretary to become Prime Minister was Ichirō Hatoyama, formerly Chief Cabinet Secretary to Tanaka Giichi. Since then, eight other former Chief Cabinet Secretaries have become Prime Ministers, most recently Shinzō Abe and Yasuo Fukuda.

Cabinet Office Government Buildings
The Cabinet Office Building is where the Cabinet Secretariat resides.
Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan
内閣官房長官
Naikaku-kanbō-chōkan
Goshichi no kiri
Emblem of the Government of Japan
Yoshihide Suga-1
Incumbent
Yoshihide Suga

since 26 December 2012
AppointerThe Prime Minister
Formation3 May 1947

List of Chief Cabinet Secretaries

  • Ichirō Hatoyama (1927–1929; later prime minister, 1954–1956)
  • Shigeru Yoshida (1936; An official of Ministry of Interior, not to be confused with another Shigeru Yoshida, who was a prime minister and diplomat.)
  • Hisatsune Sakomizu (7 April 1945 - 15 August 1945)
  • Daizaburō Tsugita (1945-1946)
  • Wataru Narahashi (1946)

Postwar Shōwa Era

  Liberal (1945)
  Socialist
  Democratic (1947)
  Democratic Liberal
  Liberal (1950)
  Democratic (1954)
  Liberal Democratic

Chief Cabinet Secretary Term of office Prime Minister
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
Joji hayashi Jyōji Hayashi May 29, 1946 May 24, 1947 360 Shigeru Yoshida
Suehiro nishio Suehiro Nishio June 1, 1947 March 10, 1948 283 Tetsu Katayama
TOMABECHI Gizo Gizō Tomabechi March 10, 1948 October 15, 1948 219 Hitoshi Ashida
Eisaku Sato 1960 Eisaku Satō[n 1] October 17, 1948 February 16, 1949 122 Shigeru Yoshida
Goshichi no kiri Kaneshichi Masuda February 16, 1949 May 6, 1950 444
Katsuo Okazaki Katsuo Okazaki May 6, 1950 December 26, 1951 599
Hori Shigeru Shigeru Hori December 26, 1951 October 30, 1952 309
Taketora Ogata 2 Taketora Ogata October 30, 1952 May 21, 1953 203
Kenji Fukunaga 01 Kenji Fukunaga May 21, 1953 December 10, 1954 568
Goshichi no kiri Ryutarō Nemoto December 10, 1954 November 22, 1955 744 Ichirō Hatoyama
November 22, 1955 December 23, 1956
Hirohide Ishida Hirohide Ishida December 12, 1956 July 10, 1957 210 Tanzan Ishibashi
Nobusuke Kishi
Kiichi Aichi Kiichi Aichi July 10, 1957 June 12, 1958 337
Goshichi no kiri Munenori Akagi June 12, 1958 June 18, 1959 371
SHIINA Etsusaburo Etsusaburō Shiina June 18, 1959 July 19, 1960 397
Masayoshi Ohira at Andrews AFB 1 Jan 1980 cropped 1 Masayoshi Ōhira[n 2] July 19, 1960 July 18, 1962 729 Hayato Ikeda
Goshichi no kiri Yasumi Kurogane July 18, 1962 July 18, 1964 731
Zenko Suzuki Zenkō Suzuki[n 3] July 18, 1964 November 9, 1964 114
Goshichi no kiri Tomisaburō Hashimoto November 9, 1964 August 1, 1966 630 Eisaku Satō
Kiichi Aichi Kiichi Aichi August 1, 1966 December 3, 1966 124
Kenji Fukunaga 01 Kenji Fukunaga December 3, 1966 June 22, 1967 201
Toshio Kimura Toshio Kimura June 22, 1967 November 30, 1968 527
Hori Shigeru Shigeru Hori November 30, 1968 July 5, 1971 947
Noboru Takeshita cropped Noboru Takeshita 198711 Noboru Takeshita[n 4] July 5, 1971 July 7, 1972 368
Nikaido Susumu Bust Susumu Nikaidō July 7, 1972 November 11, 1974 857 Kakuei Tanaka
Noboru Takeshita cropped Noboru Takeshita 198711 Noboru Takeshita[n 4] November 11, 1974 December 9, 1974 28
Goshichi no kiri Ichitarō Ide December 9, 1974 December 24, 1976 746 Takeo Miki
Sunao Sonoda, Jul. 1979 (3) Sunao Sonoda December 24, 1976 November 28, 1977 339 Takeo Fukuda
Shintarō Abe cropped Shintaro Abe November 28, 1977 December 7, 1978 374
Goshichi no kiri Rokusuke Tanaka December 7, 1978 November 9, 1979 337 Masayoshi Ōhira
Masayoshi Ito Masayoshi Ito[n 5] November 9, 1979 July 17, 1980 251
Himself (Acting)
Goshichi no kiri Kiichi Miyazawa[n 6] July 17, 1980 November 27, 1982 863 Zenkō Suzuki
Goshichi no kiri Masaharu Gotōda November 27, 1982 December 27, 1983 395 Yasuhiro Nakasone
Goshichi no kiri Takao Fujinami December 27, 1983 December 28, 1985 732
Goshichi no kiri Masaharu Gotōda December 28, 1985 November 6, 1987 678

Heisei Era

  Liberal Democratic
  Japan New Party
  New Party Sakigake
  Japan Renewal Party
  Socialist
  Democratic

Chief Cabinet Secretary Term of office Prime Minister
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
Keizo Obuchi cropped Keizō Obuchi[n 7] November 6, 1987 June 3, 1989 575 Noboru Takeshita
Masajuro Shiokawa cropped 2 Finance Ministers of G7 20030412 Masajuro Shiokawa June 3, 1989 August 10, 1989 68 Sōsuke Uno
Goshichi no kiri Tokuo Yamashita August 10, 1989 August 26, 1989 16 Toshiki Kaifu
Goshichi no kiri Mayumi Moriyama August 26, 1989 February 28, 1990 186
Goshichi no kiri Misoji Sakamoto February 28, 1990 November 5, 1991 615
Goshichi no kiri Koichi Kato November 5, 1991 December 12, 1992 403 Kiichi Miyazawa
Yōhei Kōno cropped Yōhei Kōno December 12, 1992 August 9, 1993 240
Goshichi no kiri Masayoshi Takemura August 9, 1993 April 28, 1994 262 Morihiro Hosokawa
Goshichi no kiri Hiroshi Kumagai April 28, 1994 June 30, 1994 63 Tsutomu Hata
Goshichi no kiri Kozo Igarashi June 30, 1994 August 8, 1995 404 Tomiichi Murayama
Goshichi no kiri Koken Nosaka August 8, 1995 January 11, 1996 156
Goshichi no kiri Seiroku Kajiyama January 11, 1996 September 11, 1997 609 Ryutaro Hashimoto
Goshichi no kiri Kanezo Muraoka September 11, 1997 July 30, 1998 322
Hiromu Nonaka 199807 Hiromu Nonaka July 30, 1998 October 10, 1999 432 Keizo Obuchi
Goshichi no kiri Mikio Aoki October 10, 1999 July 4, 2000 273
Yoshiro Mori
Goshichi no kiri Hidenao Nakagawa July 4, 2000 October 27, 2000 115
Yasuo Fukuda (Cropped) Yasuo Fukuda[n 8] October 27, 2000 May 7, 2004 1288
Junichiro Koizumi
Goshichi no kiri Hiroyuki Hosoda May 7, 2004 October 31, 2005 542
Shinzo Abe 2006 10 19 cropped Shinzō Abe[n 9] October 31, 2005 September 26, 2006 330
Yasuhisa Shiozaki cropped 2 Caroline Kennedy Penny Pritzker and Yasuhisa Shiozaki 20141020 Yasuhisa Shiozaki September 26, 2006 August 27, 2007 335 Shinzō Abe
Kaoru Yosano cropped 1 Timothy Geithner and Kaoru Yosano 20090424 Kaoru Yosano August 27, 2007 September 26, 2007 30
Machimura Nobutaka 2015 Nobutaka Machimura September 26, 2007 September 24, 2008 364 Yasuo Fukuda
Goshichi no kiri Takeo Kawamura September 24, 2008 September 16, 2009 357 Taro Aso
Hirofumi Hirano in Kadena Air Base cropped Hirofumi Hirano September 16, 2009 June 8, 2010 265 Yukio Hatoyama
Yoshito Sengoku - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2010 Yoshito Sengoku June 8, 2010 January 4, 2011 210 Naoto Kan
Yukio Edano Minshu IMG 5979 20130715 Yukio Edano January 4, 2011 September 2, 2011 241
Osamu Fujimura Osamu Fujimura September 2, 2011 December 26, 2012 481 Yoshihiko Noda
Yoshihide Suga-1 Yoshihide Suga December 26, 2012 Incumbent 2242 Shinzō Abe

See also

References

Footnotes
  1. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1964-72
  2. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1978-80
  3. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1980-82
  4. ^ a b Later served as Prime Minister 1987-89
  5. ^ Served as Acting Prime Minister on the death of Ōhira, 12 June - 17 July 1980
  6. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1991-93
  7. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1998-2000
  8. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 2007-08.
  9. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 2006-07, 2012-present.
Notes
  1. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 13.
  2. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 12, Paragraph 2, Item 4 and 5
  3. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 17
  4. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 12, Paragraph 2, Item 6
  5. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 12, Paragraph 2, Item 1
  6. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 15
  7. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 9
  8. ^ "Government strongman Suga set to become Japan's longest-serving chief Cabinet secretary". Japan Times. Jiji Press. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
1949 Japanese general election

General elections were held in Japan on 23 January 1949. The result was a victory for the Democratic Liberal Party, which won 269 of the 466 seats. Voter turnout was 74.0%. It was the first election held following the enactment of the current Constitution of Japan.

Future prime ministers Hayato Ikeda and Eisaku Satō and future Foreign Minister and Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsuo Okazaki were first elected in this election.

The second cabinet of Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida was formed following the election.

Cabinet Secretariat (Japan)

The Cabinet Secretariat (内閣官房, Naikaku-kanbō) is an agency in the Japanese government, headed by the Chief Cabinet Secretary. It organizes the Cabinet's public relations, coordinates ministries and agencies, collects intelligence for the government, and organizes miscellaneous other tasks for the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister's office (Kantei) and residence (Kōtei).

Hirofumi Hirano

Hirofumi Hirano (平野 博文, Hirano Hirofumi, born March 19, 1949) is a Japanese politician of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet (national legislature). He is a native of Katsuragi, Wakayama and he started working for Panasonic Corporation in 1971 after graduating from Chuo University. He was elected to the House of Representatives for the first time in 1996 as an independent. He was the Chief Cabinet Secretary in the Yukio Hatoyama administration.

Hiroyuki Hosoda

Hiroyuki Hosoda (細田 博之, Hosoda Hiroyuki, born 5 April 1944) is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party, a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet (national legislature). In 2004–2005, he was the Chief Cabinet Secretary in Junichiro Koizumi's Cabinets, succeeded by Shinzō Abe on 31 October 2005.

A native of Matsue and graduate of the University of Tokyo, he worked at the Ministry of International Trade and Industry from 1967 to 1986. He was elected to the House of Representatives for the first time in 1990.

Ibaraki 4th district

Ibaraki 4th district (茨城県第4区 Ibaraki-ken dai-yon-ku or 茨城4区 Ibaraki 4-ku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It is located in Northern Ibaraki and consists of the cities of Hitachinaka, Hitachiōta, Hitachiōmiya (without the former village of Gozenyama), Naka and the Naka and Kuji counties. As of 2012, 303,835 eligible voters were registered in the district.Before the electoral reform of 1994, the area was part of the multi-member Ibaraki 2nd district where three Representatives had been elected by single non-transferable vote.

Ibaraki 4th district is a "conservative kingdom" (hoshu ōkoku), a stronghold of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). It wasn't even contested by the main opposition Democratic Party in the 2000 and 2003 general elections and withstood the Democratic landslide victory in the election of 2009. Since its creation the district has been represented by the Kajiyama family for the LDP: former Trade, Home, Justice Minister and Chief Cabinet Secretary Seiroku Kajiyama (Obuchi faction) and his son Hiroshi (no faction).

Kanagawa 2nd district

Kanagawa 2nd district (神奈川県第2区, Kanagawa-ken-dai-ni-ku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the national Diet of Japan. It is located in eastern Kanagawa Prefecture and consists of Yokohama city's Nishi (West), Minami (South) and Kōnan wards. As of 2012, 425,997 eligible voters were registered in the district giving it, like many urban districts, a vote weight well below the national average and more than twice as many voters as the highest vote weight district Kōchi 3.Before the electoral reform of the 1990s the area had been split between the four-member 1st district and the five-member 4th district.

The 2nd district's only representative since the electoral reform has been Liberal Democrat Yoshihide Suga (without factional affiliation), a former member of the Yokohama city council who entered the Diet as a newcomer in 1996. He was able to beat Akihiro Ueda (New Frontier Party, ex-Kōmeitō), one of the incumbents for the pre-reform 4th district. In subsequent elections he defended the seat against Democrats Akira Ōide and Kazuya Miura. Suga was Internal Affairs Minister in the First Abe cabinet and Chief Cabinet Secretary in the Second Abe Cabinet.

Kaoru Yosano

Kaoru Yosano (与謝野 馨, Yosano Kaoru) (August 22, 1938 – May 23, 2017) was a Japanese politician. He was a member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), the Sunrise Party of Japan and former member of the House of Representatives, serving his ninth term in the Lower House representing Tokyo's first electoral district until his defeat in the Japanese general election, 2009. Yosano was Chief Cabinet Secretary to Prime Minister Shinzō Abe from August 2007 to September 2007 and was Minister of Economic and Fiscal Policy in Tarō Asō's administration from February to September 2009.

Kono Statement

The Kono Statement refers to a statement released by Chief Cabinet Secretary Yōhei Kōno on August 4, 1993, after the conclusion of the government study that found that the Japanese Imperial Army had forced women, known as comfort women, to work in military-run brothels during World War II. The Japanese government had initially denied that the women had been coerced until this point. In the Kono Statement, the Japanese government acknowledged that:

"The then Japanese military was, directly or indirectly, involved in the establishment and management of the comfort stations".

"The recruitment of the comfort women was conducted mainly by private recruiters who acted in response to the request of the military."

"In many cases they were recruited against their own will, through coaxing, coercion, etc."

"At times, administrative/military personnel directly took part in the recruitments."

"They lived in misery at comfort stations under a coercive atmosphere."

Masanao Ozaki

Masanao Ozaki (尾崎 正直, Ozaki Masanao, born September 14, 1967 in Kōchi, Kōchi) is a Japanese politician. He became governor of Kōchi Prefecture in Japan on December 7, 2007. He is a graduate of the University of Tokyo with the Bachelor of Economics degree in 1991 and a former bureaucrat of the Ministry of the Treasury (now the Ministry of Finance). He workd in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1998 to 2000. He worked as a secretary in the Embassy of Japan in Indonesia (firstly, Second Secretary and from 2001, First Secretary). He served as a secretary of the Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary from 2006. He retired from the Ministry of Finance in October 2007.

Masayoshi Takemura

Masayoshi Takemura (武村 正義, Takemura Masayoshi, born 26 August 1934) is a Japanese politician. Elected as a representative of the Liberal Democratic Party, in 1993 he broke away to form New Party Sakigake, before joining the newly formed Democratic Party of Japan in 1997. He served as chief cabinet secretary and then finance minister in the Japanese government of the mid-1990s.

Mikio Aoki

Mikio Aoki (青木 幹雄, Aoki Mikio, born 8 June 1934 in present-day Izumo, Shimane) is a Japanese politician. He was Chief Cabinet Secretary in the cabinet of Yoshirō Mori also served as Secretary-General of the LDP in the House of Councillors. He studied at Waseda University but did not graduate. He served as acting Prime Minister of Japan following Keizō Obuchi's coma in 2000.

Nobutaka Machimura

Nobutaka Machimura (町村 信孝, Machimura Nobutaka, 17 October 1944 – 1 June 2015) was a Japanese politician. He was a member of the House of Representatives of Japan and a member of the Liberal Democratic Party. He was Chief Cabinet Secretary in the government of Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda from 2007 to 2008 and twice Minister for Foreign Affairs, in the cabinets of Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzō Abe. He resigned as the Speaker of the House of Representatives on 21 April 2015 after suffering from a stroke.

Obuchi Cabinet

The Obuchi Cabinet governed Japan from July 1998 to April 2000 under the leadership of Prime Minister Keizō Obuchi, who took office after winning the Liberal Democratic Party leadership. Initially a purely LDP government, it expanded to become a coalition involving first the Liberal Party and then the New Komeito over the course of its term. The government focused on economic revival, with former Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa recalled to the position of Finance Minister, and introduced policies designed to stimulate the economy through tax cuts and public spending increases.Obuchi reshuffled his cabinet twice, firstly in January 1999 after having negotiated a coalition agreement with the Liberal Party. This did not bring about any major change in personnel other than to bring Liberal Takeshi Noda into government as Home Minister, and reduce the number of ministers by doubling up portfolios. The second reshuffle in October 1999 was a more substantial reconstruction, and took place following Obuchi's re-election as LDP president. At the same time, the coalition expanded again to include the New Komeito, beginning the long-running LDP-NKP partnership. The coalition continued until April 2000 when Liberal Leader Ichirō Ozawa decided to withdraw from the arrangement, causing a section of the Liberal Party to break away and form the New Conservative Party, which remained in the government.The Obuchi cabinet ended in early April 2000 when Obuchi fell into a coma after suffering a serious, and ultimately fatal stroke. With the Prime Minister unable to discharge his duties, Chief Cabinet Secretary Mikio Aoki served as Acting Prime Minister for several days, until the cabinet determined to resign and Yoshirō Mori was chosen to replace Obuchi.

Osaka 7th district

Ōsaka 7th district (大阪府第7区, Osaka-fu dai-nana-ku or simply 大阪7区, Ōsaka-nana-ku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives in the national Diet of Japan. It is located in Northern central Ōsaka and covers the cities of Suita and Settsu. As of 2012, 352,998 eligible voters were registered in the district.Before the introduction of parallel voting and single-member districts, the area had been part of the five-member Ōsaka 3rd district.

The current Representative for Ōsaka 7th district is Liberal Democrat Naomi Tokashiki (Nukaga faction) who won one of only three seats for the Liberal Democratic Party in Osaka in 2012. The previous incumbent, Osamu Fujimura, Chief Cabinet Secretary in the Noda cabinet, only ranked third – in 2012, the Democratic Party was reduced to third or even fourth party in many of Osaka's electoral districts, and nationwide seven sitting members of the Noda cabinet lost their seat in the House of Representatives. Fujimura had represented the pre-reform 3rd district for the Japan New Party since 1993 and won the new 7th district in 1996. He held onto the seat until the landslide election of 2005 when Tokashiki, then a newcomer in national politics, beat him for the first time. Fujimura regained his district seat in 2009.

Takao Fujinami

Takao Fujinami (藤波 孝生, Fujinami Takao) (December 3, 1932 – October 28, 2007) was a Japanese politician, former Chief Cabinet Secretary and House of Representatives member.

Born in Ise, Mie Prefecture, Fujinami was first elected to the House of Representatives in 1967 as a Liberal Democratic Party member, and was elected to the House of Representatives eleven times.

Fujinami first obtained a Cabinet post in 1979 as Labor Minister under Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira when he was serving his fifth term as a House of Representatives member.

When the Nakasone government began in 1982, Fujinami was given the post of deputy chief Cabinet secretary before becoming chief Cabinet secretary in 1983. Fujinami was seen as a prospective prime minister while serving in the post of chief Cabinet secretary from 1983 to 1985, under Prime Minister Nakasone. During his two years as chief Cabinet secretary, he helped promote Nakasone's policies, including his official visit to Yasukuni Shrine and the cancellation of the cap on Japan's defense budget of one percent of the gross national product. He also helped with Nakasone's administrative reforms, including the privatization of telephone operation and tobacco businesses.

Fujinami resigned due to his involvement in the Recruit Company shares-for-favor scandal in the late 1980s. After Nakasone left the post of prime minister in 1987 and returned to the head of an LDP faction, Fujinami supported him as secretary general of the faction.

In 1989, Fujinami was indicted on charges of accepting more than 40 million yen in money and unlisted shares as bribes from Recruit, a Tokyo-based job information conglomerate. The Tokyo District Court acquitted Fujinami in 1994, but the Tokyo High Court reversed the decision in 1997, sentencing him to three years in prison, suspended for four years. The decision was finalized by the Supreme Court in 1999.

Fujinami retired from politics in 2003 citing health reasons. He died at a hospital in Mie Prefecture, according to the LDP.

Yasuhisa Shiozaki

Yasuhisa Shiozaki (塩崎 恭久, Shiozaki Yasuhisa, b. November 7, 1950) is a Japanese politician who served as Chief Cabinet Secretary to Prime Minister Shinzō Abe until August 2007.

Yasuo Fukuda

Yasuo Fukuda (福田 康夫, Fukuda Yasuo, born 16 July 1936) was the 58th Prime Minister of Japan, serving from 2007 to 2008. He was previously the longest-serving Chief Cabinet Secretary in Japanese history, serving for three and a half years (2000–2004) under Prime Ministers Yoshirō Mori and Junichiro Koizumi.Following the resignation of Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, Fukuda was elected as President of the Liberal Democratic Party and became Prime Minister in September 2007. Fukuda was the first son of a former Japanese Prime Minister (Takeo Fukuda) to also take up the post.On 1 September 2008, Fukuda announced his resignation, triggering another LDP leadership election.Although Japan hosted the G8 summit meeting without mishap during Fukuda's time in office, he himself earned little or no credit from ordinary Japanese, and when he resigned, he became the first of the G8 leaders to leave office.

Yoshihide Suga

Yoshihide Suga (菅 義偉, Suga Yoshihide, born December 6, 1948) is a Japanese politician currently serving as Chief Cabinet Secretary. He previously served as Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications in the cabinet of Shinzō Abe until August 2007.

He was born in Ogachi (now Yuzawa), Akita Prefecture and obtained an LL.B. from Hosei University in Tokyo. He served as a secretary to Diet member Hikosaburō Okonogi for eleven years, then as secretary to the Minister of International Trade and Industry in 1984 and later as a member of the Yokohama city council.

Suga was elected to the Diet of Japan in 1996. Originally a member of the Obuchi faction, he left the faction after refusing to support Obuchi in the 1998 party elections. He also refused to participate in the no confidence motion against Yoshirō Mori in 2000 and better relations with China and Korea as leader.Affiliated to the openly negationist organisation Nippon Kaigi, Suga has formed a team to reexamine the "background" of the Kono Statement of 1993.Suga has been supportive of aggressive measures by the Bank of Japan to counter deflation.

Yukio Edano

Yukio Edano (枝野 幸男, Edano Yukio, born 31 May 1964) is a Japanese politician and a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet. He served as Chief Cabinet Secretary and Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry in the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) cabinet between 2010 and 2012. He has served as the head of the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan since its formation in October 2017.

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