Chichibu Tama Kai National Park

Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park (秩父多摩甲斐国立公園 Chichibu Tama Kai Kokuritsu Kōen) is a national park in Japan at the intersection of Saitama, Yamanashi, Nagano and Tokyo Prefectures.

With eight peaks over 2000 m scattered over 1250 km², there are numerous hiking trails and ancient shrines. The best known landmarks are Mount Mitsumine (三峰山 Mitsumine-san), home to the 2000-year-old Mitsumine Shrine;[1] and Mount Mitake, with the Musashi-Mitake Shrine. The park has sources of major rivers such as the Arakawa River, Shinano River, Tama River, and Fuefuki River (Fuji River).

Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park
秩父多摩甲斐国立公園
IUCN category II (national park)
Mt.Kobushigatake and Mt.Sanpou from Mt.Tokusa
Mount Kobushi-ga-take and Mount Sanpo
LocationKantō and Chūbu regions, Honshū, Japan
Coordinates35°54′N 138°43′E / 35.900°N 138.717°ECoordinates: 35°54′N 138°43′E / 35.900°N 138.717°E
Area1,216 km2 (470 sq mi)
EstablishedJuly 10, 1950

Popular areas

Tokyo Metropolis side

The major points of interest are Mount Mitake (929 m) and Mount Mito (1528 m).

Mount Mitake is positioned on the eastern border of the national park. It has been worshiped as a sacred mountain from the time of antiquity. On its peak stands a Shinto shrine, Musashi-Mitake Shrine (武蔵御嶽神社 Musashi Mitake Jinja), which was established during the reign of Emperor Sujin in 90 B.C.[2] The building houses a Zaōgonge Statue made in 736.[3] At present, a cable-car service allows visitors easy access.

Mount Mito consists of three peaks: the Western Peak (1,527 m), Central Peak (1,531 m), and Eastern Peak (1,528 m). The mountain is part of a northern section of the Oku-takao Ridge (奥高尾縦走路 Oku-takao Jūsōro) that runs northeast from Mount Takao, Hachiōji, Tokyo. The mountain is famous for its forest of Fagus japonica and was voted to be one of the best 100 mountains in Japan in 1997.[4] It is also the source of the Akigawa River, a major tributary of the Tama River.

Saitama Prefecture side

The main attractions are the Tochimoto Sekisho Historical Site (栃本関所跡 Tochimoto Sekisho-ato) and Nakatsu Canyon (中津峡 Nakatsu-kyō).

The location of the Tochimoto Sekisho Historical Site sits at the junction of the Chichibu Trail that goes through the Karisaka Pass toward Kōshū and the Shinshū Route heading for Shinshū through the Jūmonji Pass. Although the site at present is located in a small settlement on the mountains, at its heyday, many travelers went through this location. The historic site offers a glimpse of that period when the path was frequented by travelers.[5]

Nakatsu Canyon is a canyon that extends roughly 10 km and is carved by the Nakatsu River, a tributary of the Arakawa River. In particular, around in November many visitors are attracted to this location for fall foliage.[5]

Yamanashi Prefecture side

Major attractions include the Daibosatsu Pass (大菩薩峠 Daibosatsu-tōge), Mitake Shosēn Gorge (御岳昇仙峡 Mitake Shosēn-kyō), and Nishizawa Canyon (西沢渓谷 Nishizawa-keikoku).

The Daibosatsu Pass is a pass that is famous from the novel The Sword of Doom by Kaizan Nakazato. The pass resides between Kōshū, Yamanashi and Kosuge, Yamanashi and rises to 1897 m. North of the pass along the ridge stands Mount Daibosatu (大菩薩嶺 Daibosatsu-rei), 2,057 m in height above sea level. The pass is sometimes called the “Hagiwara Road”, “Daibosatu Road”, or “Oume Way”. Historically, it was used as an important but most strenuous leg of the Oume Route, an alternate route to Kōshū Kaidō, which connects Musashi Province and Kai Province. In 1878, a renovation to the nearby Yanagisawa Pass shifted traffic away from the Daibosatsu Pass. In recent years, a mountain hut has been constructed. The ridge provides magnificent vistas with a grass land with fireweed flowers. Around May and October the site is visited by many hikers to see fireweed flowers and autumn foliage with the cable car extending to the Kamihikawa Pass.

The Mitake Shosēn Gorge is a gorge carved by a tributary of the Fuefuki River located on the northern side of the Kōfu Basin. It is often shortened to the Shosēn Gorge. Granite rocks curved into various shapes by the river embellish the gorge. In 2008, the location was ranked in the best 100 waterways by the Ministry of the Environment. The location is inhabited by a large population of birds. Visitors started to come to the gorge through the Kōshū Kaidō during the Edo period. In 1964 and in 1972 opened Shosēn Gorge Ropeway and Mitake Shosēn Gorge Turnpike, respectively, making it a major tourist destination year around. During the holidays seasons, traffic jam on the turnpike and difficulty with parking due to limited availability often take place. In 1992, the Shosēnkyō Museum of Art, which mainly displays shadow play and kirigami exhibits, was built nearby.

The Nishisawa Canyon is a canyon carved by the Fuefuki River located upstream of Hirose Lake. It is situated at the northern part of Yamanashi Prefecture to the northeast of Hirose Lake, to the north of Mount Kurogane, to the east of Mt. Kokushi, Mt. Kita Okusenjō, and Mt. Okusenjō, and to the south of Mt. Tosaka and Mt. Kobushi. The entrance to the canyon is located along National Route 140. In the proximity a rest area, the Roadside Station Mitomi, and the Karisaka Tunnel. The canyon features falls and stream pools with a well-maintained trail. Toward the end of the trail is the Nanatsugama-godan Fall (七ツ釜五段ノ滝), one of the best 100 falls in Japan.[6] A portion of old railway tracks, Shirnrin Railway, is visible on the opposite side of the river.[5]

Nagano Prefecture side

The major point of interest is the Chikuma River Upstream Course (千曲川源流コース). The popular route is a mountainous trail stretching from Mōkiba (毛木場) to Mount Kobushi (甲武信岳). Mōkiba is famous for azaleas in June and an entrance to the Jūmonji Pass (十文字峠). Mount Kobushi is a mountain that sits between the border between Saitama Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture, rising to 2,475 m above sea level. One theory for the origins of the name accounts that the three characters Ko (), Bu (), and Shin () stand for the initial characters of the old provinces Kōshū (甲州), Bushū (武州), and Shinshū (信州). The mountain is also known as the source of the Chikuma River, the Nagano Prefecture portion of the Shinano River.[5]

Visitor centers

There are three visitor centers.

Mitake Visitor Center

The Mitake Visitor Center is located in Mitake village, half way between the top of the Mitake-Tozan Railway cable car and the Musashi-Mitake Shrine. It is located by following the left hand path named Maint Street from the cable car station.

Japanese and English guides and maps are available, as well as public restrooms. A small nature center is also located here.

Yama-no-furusato Visitor Center

See also

References

  1. ^ "秩父 三峯神社". Mitsuminejinja.or.jp. 2002-07-21. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  2. ^ ja:御岳山 (東京都) Retrieved from the Japanese Wikipedia, 2008 September 7, 2008.
  3. ^ Web Design Works8 IXLA Japan K.K. "武蔵御嶽神社menu". Musashimitakejinja.jp. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  4. ^ ja:山梨百名山
  5. ^ a b c d "みどころ紹介 || 秩父多摩甲斐国立公園 [環境省]". Env.go.jp. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  6. ^ ja:日本の滝百選

External links

100 Landscapes of Japan (Shōwa era)

The 100 Landscapes of Japan (日本百景) is a list of famous scenic sites in Japan. The 100 Landscapes or Views were selected alongside further sets of 8 Views and 25 Winning Sites in 1927, a year after Hirohito became Emperor. The selection was intended to "reflect the new taste of the new era". The nomination and voting process was sponsored by the Tokyo Nichi Nichi Shimbun and Osaka Mainichi Shimbun.The landscapes or views are divided into eight classes (1) Coastlines (2) Lakes (3) Mountains (4) Rivers (5) Gorges (6) Waterfalls (7) Onsen (8) Plains. Many of these landscapes are now included among Japan's National Parks.

Akigawa River

The Akigawa River (also, the Akikawa River,, the Aki River,) flows west of Tokyo Metropolitan Area. It is a major tributary of the Tama River.

Akikawa Kyūryō Prefectural Natural Park

Akikawa Kyūryō Prefectural Natural Park (都立秋川丘陵自然公園, Toritsu Akikawa Kyūryō shizen kōen) is a Prefectural Natural Park in Tokyo, Japan. Established in 1953, it is in the foothills on the right bank of the Aki River (秋川). It is adjacent to the Chichibu Tama Kai National Park and Takiyama Prefectural Natural Park.

Chichibu, Saitama

Chichibu (秩父市, Chichibu-shi) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2015, the city had an estimated population of 63,358, and a population density of 110 persons per km2. Its total area is 577.83 km2.

Chichibu was incorporated as a city on April 1, 1950, although the region had already existed for hundreds of years and had developed many local traditions. Since that time, the area of the city has grown through a series of mergers, the most recent in 2005.

Kawakami, Nagano

Kawakami (川上村, Kawakami-mura) is a village located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2016, the village had an estimated population of 4,664, and a population density of 22.3 persons per km². Its total area is 209.61 square kilometres (80.93 sq mi). Its village office is located at 1,185 meters, the highest of any municipality in Japan. Kawakami is famous for its lettuce, as well as the Kawakami breed of dogs, Kawakami Inu.

Kosuge, Yamanashi

Kosuge (小菅村, Kosuge-mura) is a village located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. As of November 2015, the village had an estimated population of 720, and a population density of 13.6 persons per km². The total area is 52.65 square kilometres (20.33 sq mi).

Kōfu

Kōfu (甲府市, Kōfu-shi, Japanese: [ko̞ːɸɯᵝ]) is the capital city of Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan.

As of November 1, 2015, the city had an estimated population of 193,127, and a population density of 909 persons per km2. The total area is 212.41 square kilometres (82.01 sq mi). Kōfu's name means "capital of Kai Province". During the Sengoku period, it was famous as the stronghold of Takeda Shingen.

List of national parks of Japan

National Parks (国立公園, Kokuritsu Kōen) and Quasi-National Parks (国定公園, Kokutei Kōen) in Japan are places of scenic beauty designated for protection and sustainable usage by the Minister of the Environment under the Natural Parks Law (自然公園法) of 1957. National Parks are designated and in principle managed by the Ministry of the Environment. Quasi-National Parks, of a slightly lesser beauty, size, diversity, or state of preservation, are recommended for ministerial designation and managed by the Prefectures under the supervision of the Ministry.

List of parks and gardens in Tokyo

Tokyo, Japan contains many parks and gardens.

Mount Daibosatsu

Mount Daibosatsu (大菩薩嶺) stands in the Yamanashi side of Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park. The peak itself is in Kōshū, Yamanashi. It is 2,057 metres (6,749 ft) high. Daibosatsu Pass divides Kōshū from Kosuge Village. Trails lead to the top from Kōshū, Tabayama, and Kosuge.Daibosatsu is one of the 100 Famous Mountains of Japan.

Mount Mitake (Tokyo)

Mount Mitake (御岳山, Mitake-san) is a mountain in the Chichibu Tama Kai National Park near Tokyo, Japan. It stands 929 m (3,048 ft) tall. On the mountain is a Shinto shrine where practices such as Futomani divination take place.

It is one of the many highlights of the Chichibu Tama Kai National Park, which covers more than 1,250 km2 (483 sq mi) of forested mountains, hills, gorges and some rural towns in the prefectures of Yamanashi, Saitama, Nagano and Tokyo.

The trip from Tokyo's Shinjuku Station to Mitake Station on the Ōme Line takes about 95 minutes.

A shuttle bus, located 50 meters to the left of Mitake Station, travels to Takimoto village every half-hour between 07:30 to 18:00. From Takimoto village, the Mitake-Tozan Railway cable car operates every half-hour between 07:30 to 18:30 and leads to Mitakesan village at its top. Mitake summit and the Musashi-Mitake Shrine (武蔵御嶽神社, Musashi Mitake Jinja) can then be reached by trail—approximately 1000 meters.

Many hikers access the mountain via Kori Station (two stops past Mitake Station from Ome). There is a hiking trail that takes approximately two and half hours to reach the summit, which passes Otsukayama (920 metres).

There is also a festival every year on May 8.

Mount Takao

Mount Takao (高尾山, Takao-san) is a mountain in the city of Hachiōji, Tokyo, Japan. It is protected within Meiji no Mori Takao Quasi-National Park.

Standing 599 metres (1,965 ft) tall and located within an hour of downtown Tokyo, it is a popular hiking spot, with eight hiking courses and more than 2.5 million annual visitors. The Tama Forest Science Garden is also located at the mountain's base.

Mount Takao is closely associated with the Shinto-Buddhist tengu, minor kami from Japanese folklore, and the daitengu Naigubu. The mountain is also renowned for Shugendō, the mountain asceticism focusing on strict discipline. A Buddhist temple, Takaosan Yakuōin Yūkiji, is located on the mountain, and attracts many visitors who pray to the tengu for good fortune. The temple belongs to the Shingon Buddhist sect.

Ogano, Saitama

Ogano (小鹿野町, Ogano-machi) is a town located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the town had an estimated population of 11,987, and a population density of 70.0 persons per km². Its total area is 171.26 km². Parts of the town are within the borders of the Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park.

Okuchichibu Mountains

Okuchichibu Mountains (奥秩父山塊, Okuchichibu Sankai) or the Okuchichibu Mountainous Region (奥秩父山地, Okuchichibu Sanchi) is a mountainous district in the Kantō region and Kōshin'etsu region, Japan. It covers the western part of Tokyo, the western part of Saitama Prefecture, the southwestern part of Gunma Prefecture, the southeastern part of Nagano Prefecture, and the northern part of Yamanashi Prefecture. Oku (奥, oku) means the interior, Okuchichibu means the interior of chichibu (秩父, chichibu). The meaning of the word Okuchichibu is based on the point of view from the Kantō region. This mountain area consists of folded mountains and ranges from 1000 to 2600 meters in height. Mount Kita Okusenjō (北奥千丈岳, Kita Okusenjō-dake) is the highest at 2601m. Most of the range lies in the Chichibu Tama Kai National Park (秩父多摩甲斐国立公園, Chichibu Tama Kai Kokuritsu Kōen).

Some of the mountains in the Okuchichibu Mountains include:

Mt. Kumotori (雲取山, Kumotori-yama) (2017 m)

Mt. Hiryū (飛竜山, Hiryū-san) (2077 m)

Mt. Karamatsuo (唐松尾山, Karamatsuo-san) (2109 m)

Mt. Kasatori (笠取山, Kasatori-san) (1953 m)

Mt. Suisho (水晶山, Suisho-san) (2158 m)

Karisaka Pass (雁坂峠, Karisaka Tōge) (2082 m)

Mt. Tokusa (木賊山, Tokusa-yama) (2468 m)

Mt. Kobushi (甲武信ヶ岳, Kōbushi-dake) (2475 m)

Mt. Sanpō (三宝山, Sanpō-zan) (2483 m)

Mt. Kokushi (国師岳, Kokushi-dake) (2591 m)

Mt. Kita Okusenjō (北奥千丈岳, Kita Okusenjō-dake) (2601 m)

Mt. Asahi (朝日岳, Asahi-dake) (2579 m)

Mt. Kimpu (金峰山, Kinpu-san) (2599 m)

Mt. Mizugaki (瑞牆山, Mizugaki-yama) (2230 m)

Mt. Ogawa (小川山, Ogawa-yama) (2418 m)

Mt. Yokō (横尾山, Yokō-san) (1818 m)

Mt. Meshimori (飯盛山, Meshimori-san) (1643 m)

Mt. Azumaya (四阿屋山, Azumaya-san) (772 m)

Mt. Ryōkami (両神山, Ryōkami-san) (1723 m)

Mt. Nanten (南天山, Nanten-san) (1483 m)

Mt. Chichibu-ontake (秩父御岳山, Chichibu Ontake-san) (1081 m)

Nakatsu Valley (中津峡, Nakatsu-kyō)

Mt. Mitsumine (三峰山, Mitsumine-san)

(Mt. Myōhō 1332 m, Mt. Shiraiwa 1921 m, Mt. Kumotori 2017 m)

Mt. Hakutai (白泰山, Hakutai-san) (1794 m)

Mt. Myōhō (妙法が岳, Myōhō-san) (1332 m)

Mt. Kirimo (霧藻ヶ峰, Kirimogamine) (1523 m)

Mt. Shiraiwa (白岩山, Shiraiwa-san) (1921 m)

Mt. Kumakura (熊倉山, Kumakura-san) (1427 m)

Mt. Wanakura (和名倉山, Wanakura-san) (2036 m)

Mikuni Pass (三国峠, Mikuni Tōge) (1740 m)

Jūmonji Pass (十文字峠, Jūmonji Tōge) (2000 m)

Mt. Gorō (五郎山, Gorō-san) (2132 m)

Nishizawa Gorge (西沢渓谷, Nishizawa Keikoku)

Higashizawa Gorge (東沢渓谷, Higashizawa Keikoku)

Mt. Kurogane (黒金山, Kurogane-san) (2232 m)

Mt. Kentoku (乾徳山, Kentoku-san) (2031 m)

Mt. Kurakake (倉掛山, Kurakake-san) (1777 m)

Mikubo Plateau (三窪高原, Mikubo Kōgen) (1650 m)

Saitama Prefecture

Saitama Prefecture (埼玉県, Saitama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region. The capital is the city of Saitama.This prefecture is part of the Greater Tokyo Area, and most of Saitama's cities can be described as suburbs of Tokyo, to which a large number of residents commute each day.

Tabayama

Tabayama (丹波山村, Tabayama-mura) is a village located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. As of November 2015, the village had an estimated population of 587, and a population density of 5.79 persons per km². The total area is 101.30 square kilometres (39.11 sq mi).

Tama Kyūryō Prefectural Natural Park

Tama Kyūryō Prefectural Natural Park (都立多摩丘陵自然公園, Toritsu Tama Kyūryō shizen kōen) is a Prefectural Natural Park in Western Tokyo, Japan. Established in 1950, the park takes its names from the Tama Hills, celebrated in the Man'yōshū. There are views towards the Chichibu Tama Kai National Park.

Tama River

The Tama River (多摩川, Tama-gawa) is a major river in Yamanashi, Kanagawa and Tokyo Prefectures on Honshū, Japan. It is officially classified as a Class 1 river by the Japanese government. Its total length is 138 kilometres (86 mi), and the total of the river's basin area spans 1,240 square kilometres (480 sq mi).

The river flows through Tokyo, on the dividing line between Tokyo and Kanagawa. In the city, its banks are lined with parks and sports fields, making the river a popular picnic spot.

Yamanashi Prefecture

Yamanashi Prefecture (山梨県, Yamanashi-ken) is a prefecture located in the Chūbu region of Japan.The prefecture is landlocked, featuring a fertile central valley, the Kōfu Basin, surrounded by many of the highest mountains in Japan including the highest, Mount Fuji located on the southern border with Shizuoka.

The capital is the city of Kōfu.

National Parks
Quasi-National Parks

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