Chicago Record-Herald

The Chicago Record-Herald was a newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois from 1901 until 1914. It was the successor to the Chicago Morning Herald, the Chicago Times Herald and the Chicago Record.[1]

H. H. Kohlsaat, owner of the Times-Herald, bought the Chicago Record from Chicago Daily News publisher Victor F. Lawson in 1901 and merged it with the Times-Herald to form the Record-Herald. Frank B. Noyes became part-owner of the new newspaper at the time and served as publisher, with Kohlsaat as editor.[2] Kohlsaat retired from the paper in 1902, but re-purchased it from Noyes in 1910 to serve as editor and publisher.[3]

In May 1914, the circulation of the Chicago Record-Herald was reported to be 149,776 daily and 209,105 on Sunday.[4] It was then acquired by James Keeley, then general manager of the Chicago Tribune, who also bought the Chicago Inter Ocean out of receivership at the same time.[5] Readers decided that Keeley's new consolidated newspaper should be named The Chicago Herald, which name it held until it was bought by William Randolph Hearst's Chicago Examiner in 1918,[6][7] and named the Chicago Herald and Examiner.[8]

Notes and references

  1. ^ The Editorial Review, New York: The Editorial Review Co., v. 7 (1912), pp. 631-634.
  2. ^ "The Chicago Record sold" (PDF). New York Times. March 27, 1901. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  3. ^ "Chicago Record-Herald sold" (PDF). New York Times. January 1, 1910. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  4. ^ (5 May 1914). May Get Record-Herald, The New York Times
  5. ^ (8 May 1914). Big Change in Chicago Press, Lewiston Morning Tribune
  6. ^ (14 June 1914). It's the Chicago Herald, 'The New York Times
  7. ^ (1 May 1918). Chicago Herald Is Sold, The New York Times
  8. ^ Library of Congress: Chronicling America: Chicago Herald and Examiner.
1901 Illinois Fighting Illini football team

The 1901 Illinois Fighting Illini football team was an American football team that represented the University of Illinois during the 1901 Western Conference football season. In its first season under head coach Edgar Holt, the team compiled an 8–2 record, finished in fourth place in the Western Conference, and outscored opponents by a total of 243 to 39.Tackle Justa Lindgren was the team captain. Two Illinois players received honors on the 1901 All-Western college football team:

Guard Jake Stahl - first-team honors from the Chicago American, Chicago Daily News, Chicago Record-Herald, and Chicago Tribune

Center Fred Lowenthal - first-team honors from the Chicago American, Chicago Tribune, and Walter Camp.

1901 Minnesota Golden Gophers football team

The 1901 Minnesota Golden Gophers football team was an American football team that represented the University of Minnesota in the 1901 Western Conference football season. In its second year under head coach Henry L. Williams, the team compiled a 9–1–1 record (3–1 against Western Conference opponents), finished in third place in the conference, shut out 10 of their 11 opponents, and outscored all opponents by a total of 183 to 18. The only loss came against Wisconsin, which was the only team to score against Minnesota.Four Minnesota players received honors on the 1901 All-Western college football team:

Guard John G. Flynn - first-team honors from the Chicago American, Chicago Record-Herald, and Walter Camp

Center Leroy Albert Page, Jr. - first-team honors from the Chicago Daily News and Chicago Record-Herald

Tackle Charles W. Fee - first-team honors from the Chicago Daily News

End Eddie Rogers - first-team honors from the Chicago Tribune

1903 Michigan Wolverines football team

The 1903 Michigan Wolverines football team represented the University of Michigan in the 1903 college football season. The team's head football coach was Fielding H. Yost. The Wolverines played their home games at Regents Field. The 1903 team compiled a record of 11–0–1 and outscored opponents 565 to 6. The only points allowed came on a touchdown in a 6–6 tie with Minnesota. All eleven wins were shutouts. The 1903 Michigan team was the third of Yost's "Point-a-Minute" teams and has been recognized retrospectively as a co-national champion by the National Championship Foundation.The team captain was Curtis Redden, and the high scorer was fullback Tom Hammond who scored 163 points. Halfback Willie Heston was the only member of the team selected as a first-team All-American, receiving the honor from both Walter Camp in Collier's Weekly and Caspar Whitney in Outing magazine.

1904 Michigan Wolverines football team

The 1904 Michigan Wolverines football team represented the University of Michigan in the 1904 Western Conference football season. In the team's fourth season under head coach Fielding H. Yost, the Wolverines compiled a perfect 10–0 record and outscored opponents 567–22. The 1904 team was the fourth of Yost's legendary "Point-a-Minute" teams. Michigan's games were of varying length from 22½ minutes to 70 minutes. Over the course of ten games, Michigan played 476 minutes of football and averaged a point scored for every 50.3 seconds played. The team included future College Football Hall of Fame inductee Willie Heston, who scored 20 touchdowns for 100 points that season; touchdowns were worth five points under 1904 rules.

1904 Western Conference football season

The 1904 Western Conference football season was the ninth season of college football played by the member schools of the Western Conference (later known as the Big Ten Conference) and was a part of the 1904 college football season.

1908 All-Western college football team

The 1908 All-Western college football team consists of American football players selected to the All-Western teams chosen by various selectors for the 1908 college football season.

America (airship)

The America was a non-rigid airship built by Mutin Godard in France in 1906 for the journalist Walter Wellman's attempt to reach the North Pole by air. Wellman first conceived of using a balloon to fly to the pole during a failed polar attempt by boat and sledge from Svalbard in 1894. He then visited Paris to review the state of balloon technology but left disappointed by the lack of acceptable steering and propulsion capability. A decade later while at the 1905 Portsmouth Peace Conference he learned of recent innovations in French dirigible design and believed a solution might be at hand for his Arctic aerial plan. After receiving the backing of newspaper publisher Victor F. Lawson, the Wellman Chicago Record-Herald Polar Expedition was announced, and Wellman traveled to Paris in search of a suitable design and manufacturer. In the meantime a public company was established to raise the $US 250,000 required for the expedition and airship (to which Lawson contributed $60,000).

As originally constructed, the America was 165 ft (50 m) long and 51 ft 10 in (15.80 m) wide at its greatest diameter and enclosed a volume of 258,000 cubic feet (7,300 m3) of hydrogen. The envelope was of three layers of fabric and three of rubber, and contained no internal framework. The gondola could hold a crew of five, and power was supplied by three internal-combustion engines delivering a total of 80 hp (60 kW) to two propellers, one fore and one aft. It was delivered by ship to Spitsbergen on July 8, 1906 where Wellman and his team attempted to erect it. Their efforts met with failure when the engines fell apart. In September, the America was dismantled and returned by ship to France.

Wellman returned to Spitsbergen with the America in June the following year, 1907. The airship had a new centre-section sewn into it to increase its length to 185 ft (56 m) and volume to 272,000 cubic feet (7,700 m3). The weather was very unfavourable, however, and it was 2 September before the America could even leave the hangar. Wasting no time, Wellman launched later that day with mechanic Melvin Vaniman and navigator Felix Riesenberg in an attempt to reach the pole. Unfortunately, more bad weather forced this to be abandoned after only a few miles and the America was deflated to avoid a crash landing. America once again returned to France for repairs.

She returned to Spitsbergen one more time in July 1909, and at 10 AM on 15 August, launched with Wellman, Vaniman, Russian balloonist Nicolas Popov and Vaniman's brother-in-law Albert Louis Loud on board. The flight began well enough, but two hours and 40 miles (64 km) later, a device Wellman called the "equilibrator" failed. This was a long, leather tube filled with ballast that was intended to help gauge and maintain a fixed altitude over the ice. America gained altitude rapidly, until brought under control at 5,000 ft (1,500 m) and gradually lowered back to the ground by venting hydrogen. The crew was rescued by the Norwegian steamer Farm. Wellman began plans to extend the hangar so that he could return the following year with a larger airship, but on learning of Dr. Frederick Cook's claim to have reached the pole, abandoned the adventure.

Instead, Wellman resolved to make the first aerial crossing of the Atlantic Ocean. He had the America enlarged again, now to 345,000 cu ft (9,800 m3). A spark gap radio set was added to the underhanging life boat and operator Jack Irwin used it during the flight, callsign "W", and with the frame of the airship as the antenna. Given the hydrogen used for lifting the craft this was a very dangerous system. The unit made some of the very first air-to-ground transmissions, when the airship's engineer Melvin Vaniman sent one of the first aerial radio transmissions urging the launch boat to "come and get this goddam cat!" – the cat Kiddo who was (at first) not happy about being airborne.On 15 October 1910, takeoff was made from Atlantic City. Condensing water on the airship's skin added excess weight, and it was difficult to gain height. A passing storm also made forward navigation difficult. The engines failed 38 hours into the flight, apparently due to contamination by beach sand, and America drifted. The crew jettisoned all excess weight, including one of the defunct engines. The ship had gone as far as a point east of New Hampshire and south of Nova Scotia before floating generally south.

After another 33 hours, and having now traveled a total distance of 1,370 miles (2,200 km) from launching, they sighted the Royal Mail steamship Trent west of Bermuda. After attracting the ship's attention by a signaling lamp using Morse code, Irwin made the first aerial distress call by radio. The crew, and mascot cat Kiddo, got into the lifeboat and, after opening the gas valves on the airship, abandoned the America. The airship drifted out of sight and was never seen again. Trent, having barely avoided running down the lifeboat in a high crosswind, was able to rescue the crew and returned them to New York. The first successful aerial crossings of the Atlantic came nine years later.

Chicago American

The Chicago American was an afternoon newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, under various names until 1974.

Chicago Herald

The Chicago Herald may refer to the following newspapers:

The Chicago Herald (1881–95), merged with the Chicago Times in 1895 to form the Chicago Times-Herald

The Chicago Record-Herald, its successor, published from 1901 to 1914

The Chicago Herald (1914–18), its successor, known as the Chicago Herald-Examiner from 1918 to 1939

The Chicago Herald-American, its successor from 1939 to 1953

The Daily Herald (Arlington Heights), published since 1871

Chicago Inter Ocean

The Chicago Inter Ocean, also known as the Chicago Inter-Ocean, is the name used for most of its history for a newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, from 1865 until 1914. Its editors included Charles A. Dana and Byron Andrews.

Chicago Times

The Chicago Times was a newspaper in Chicago from 1854 to 1895, when it merged with the Chicago Herald.The Times was founded in 1854 by James W. Sheahan, with the backing of Democrat and attorney Stephen A. Douglas, and was identified as a pro-slavery newspaper. In 1861, after the paper was purchased by Democratic journalist Wilbur F. Storey, the Times began espousing the Copperhead point of view, supporting Southern Democrats and denouncing the policies of Abraham Lincoln. During the Civil War, General Ambrose Burnside, head of the Department of the Ohio, suppressed the paper in 1863 because of its hostility to the Union cause, but Lincoln lifted the ban when he received word of it.

Storey and Joseph Medill, editor of the Republican-leaning Chicago Tribune, maintained a strong rivalry for some time. In 1888, the newspaper saw the brief addition of Finley Peter Dunne to its staff. Dunne was a columnist whose Mr. Dooley satires won him national recognition. After just one year, Dunne left the Times to work for the rival Chicago Tribune.

In 1895, the Times became the Chicago Times-Herald after a merger with the Chicago Herald, a newspaper founded in 1881 by James W. Scott. After Scott's sudden death in the weeks following the merger, H. H. Kohlsaat took over the new paper. He changed its direction from a "democratic" publication to an "independent republican" one. It supported "sound money" policies (against free silver) in the 1896 election.Kohlsaat bought the Chicago Record from Chicago Daily News publisher Victor F. Lawson in 1901 and merged it with the Times-Herald to form the Chicago Record-Herald. Frank B. Noyes acquired an interest in the new newspaper at the time and served as publisher, with Kohlsaat as editor.

Edward Price Bell

Edward Price Bell (March 1, 1869 – 1943) was a Chicago journalist, best known for his work with the Chicago Daily News. He began his career as a newsman at the Terre Haute Evening Gazette at the age of 13. After attending Wabash College, he married May Alice Mills in 1897 and moved to Chicago in 1898, where he wrote for the Chicago Record Herald. Shortly thereafter, he was transferred to London as a foreign correspondent for the Record and then the Chicago Daily News, where he served for 20 years.

Bell covered U.S. President Herbert Hoover's good will tour through Latin America, and developed a strong friendship with Hoover. He used this close relationship to the advantage of British-American relations by organizing the London Naval Conference and Treaty, attended and signed by President Hoover and UK Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald in 1930. Bell was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize due to his role in this conference.

Bell died in 1943 at his home in Pass Christian, Mississippi of complications of Beriberi.

Helen Bennett (journalist)

Helen Bennett was an American journalist, businesswoman, and writer who organized the four women's world's fairs of the 1920s. She worked as a journalist for the Chicago Record-Herald and was the author of "Women and Work". She served as manager of the Chicago Collegiate Bureau of Occupations and is credited with envisioning the Woman's World's Fair with Ruth Hanna McCormick.

James Keeley

James Keeley (October 14, 1867 – June 7, 1934) was an American newspaper editor and publisher. He served as managing editor of the Chicago Tribune from 1898 to 1914.Keeley was born in London, England. His mother was a teacher who had been deserted by her husband, who was Irish Catholic. He immigrated to the United States on his own, settling in Kansas at age 16. His career in the newspaper business started as a correspondent for the Kansas City Times. He also worked at a number of other papers and by the late 1880s was at the Chicago Tribune, rising to the positions of managing editor and general manager from 1898 to 1914. He served as Dean of the school of journalism at the University of Notre Dame, in South Bend, Indiana, from 1911.After the deadly Iroquois Theatre fire in 1903, Keeley famously listed all the victims on the front page of the paper, leaving the story of what happened to the inside of the paper, believing that readers wanted to see the names of the dead first. He was also known for lobbying for a "sane Fourth" of July to stop fireworks deaths, and for tracking down fugitive Chicago bank president Paul O. Stensland.In 1914, Keeley bought two papers, the Chicago Record Herald and Chicago Inter Ocean, and named the combined paper the Chicago Herald. The Herald was bought by William Randolph Hearst's Chicago Examiner in 1918, and named the Chicago Herald and Examiner. Keeley also did war reporting from Europe during World War I.Keeley also was a vice-president of the Pullman Company in the 1920s.

Keeley died at his home in Lake Forest, Illinois on June 7, 1934, after being ill since January with heart disease. His wife, a former newspaper writer in Boston and for the Tribune whom he married in 1895, died in 1927. Their daughter Dorothy Aldis was a children's author and poet.

James O'Donnell Bennett

James O'Donnell Bennett (1870-1940) was an American journalist and author.

He was born in Jackson, Michigan, in 1870 and became a journalist and author while living in Chicago, Illinois. He wrote for the Chicago Record Herald during the Spanish–American War and the First World War, moving into dramatic and literary criticism as a writer for the Chicago Tribune.

Bennett died in his home in Chicago in 1940.

John Jacob Astor IV

John Jacob "Jack" Astor IV (July 13, 1864 – April 15, 1912) was an American businessman, real estate builder, investor, inventor, writer, lieutenant colonel in the Spanish–American War, and a prominent member of the Astor family.

Astor died in the sinking of RMS Titanic during the early hours of April 15, 1912. Astor was the richest passenger aboard the RMS Titanic and was thought to be among the richest people in the world at that time with a net worth of nearly $87 million when he died (equivalent to $2.26 billion in 2018).

Lincoln MacMillan

Lincoln C. MacMillan (c. 1864 – September 12, 1950) was an American baseball and football player and newspaper editor. He played football and baseball for the University of Michigan and served as an editor at several Chicago newspapers, including the Chicago Record Herald and Chicago Daily News for more than 40 years.

Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz

Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz was a newspaper comic strip written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by Walt McDougall, a political cartoonist for the Philadelphia North American. Queer Visitors appeared in the North American, the Chicago Record-Herald and other newspapers from 28 August 1904 to 26 February 1905. The series chronicles the misadventures of the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman, the Woggle-Bug, Jack Pumpkinhead, and the Sawhorse, as the Gump flies them to various cities in the United States. The comic strip in turn produced its own derivation, The Woggle-Bug Book (1905).

William Schmedtgen

William Herman Schmedtgen (May 18, 1862 – December 29, 1936) was an American illustrator and painter known as a pioneer in Chicago newspaper illustrating. Born in Chicago, he studied at the Art Institute of Chicago. His first work was with the Chicago Mail in 1883, he then spent two years in St. Louis and New York doing commercial art. He was chief of the art department at the Chicago Record from 1886 to 1901; and later on staff of the Chicago Record-Herald. He was a field artist for the Record during the Spanish–American War, stationed with U.S. troops in Cuba. He died at his home in Wilmette, aged 74.

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