Chhatrapur

Chatrapur (also spelt as Chhatrapur) is a town and a notified area committee in Ganjam district in the state of Odisha, India. It is the headquarters town of Ganjam district. There are two railway stations in Chatrapur; they are Chatrapur Station and Chatrapur Court Station.

Chatrapur
Town
Chatrapur is located in Odisha
Chatrapur
Chatrapur
Location in Odisha, India
Chatrapur is located in India
Chatrapur
Chatrapur
Chatrapur (India)
Coordinates: 19°21′N 84°59′E / 19.35°N 84.98°ECoordinates: 19°21′N 84°59′E / 19.35°N 84.98°E
Country India
StateOdisha
DistrictGanjam
Government
 • TypeNAC
 • BodyNAC
Area
 • Total10 km2 (4 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
Elevation
17 m (56 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total138,288
 • Rank100
 • Density14,000/km2 (36,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
761020[1]
Telephone code06811
Vehicle registrationOR-07/ OD-07
Websiteodisha.gov.in

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Chhatarpur had a population of 20,288 (fourth biggest city in the district of Ganjam after Brahmapur, Hinjilicut and Asika). Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chhatarpur has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 85% and female literacy of 73%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport

Chatrapur is the commercial capital of state and gateway to south Odisha, and has a well-developed transportation network. All express trains of Indian railway has a halt here. Well connected with the Howrah madras highway so all luxury busses also passing through.

Road

Chatrapur city is connected with National Highways NH-16 (ChennaiKolkata), NH-59 (KhariarBrahmapur) and State Highway 36 (Odisha) with other cities and towns of Odisha. The three-wheeler auto taxis are the most important mode of transportation in this city. Taxis also ply on the city's roads. The Ganjam Urban Transport Services Limited (GUTSL) with joint partnership with Odisha State Road Transport Corporation (OSRTC) have come up with an agreement, valid for one year, to run a city-bus service for Berhampur to Chatrapur and urban centres on its periphery (Gopalpur, and Hinjli) on 27 February 2014.[3][4]

Rail

Chatrapur railway station is situated on the East coast railway line which is a major route connecting the two metros Kolkata and Chennai of India. It is directly connected to New Delhi, Ahmadabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Berhampur, Chennai, Cuttack, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Puri, Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Raipur, Sambalpur and many more cities of India. Bhubaneswar – Chatrapur connectivity (DMU) is popular connectivity to reach capital city Bhubaneswar. In this route approx. 74 train running including fast train PRASANTHI EXP (18463).[5]

Politics

In 2014 MLA from Chatrapur Assembly Constituency is Dr. Priyansu of BJD, who won the seat in State elections of 2014. Previous MLAs from this seat include Adikanta sethi of CPI who won this seat in 2009, Narayan Reddy of CPI who won this seat in 2004 Rama Chandra Panda of BJP who won this seat in 2000, Daitari Behera of INC in 1995, Parsuram Panda of CPI in 1990, Ashok Kumar Choudhury of INC in 1985, and Biswanath Sahu of CPI in 1980 and in 1977.[6]

in 2014

In this year five political party was standing in election of MLA in Chhatrapur (Odisha Vidhan Sabha constitution).[7]

  • BJD-PRIYANSU PRADHAN. (Won MLA in Chatrapur)
  • BJP-DHERANI DHARA BEHERA
  • CONG- BONAMALI SETHY
  • CPI-KRUSNA CHANDRA NAYAK
  • AAP-mis SETHY

MP are standing in Chatrapur

  • CONG-CHANDRASAKHER SAHU
  • BJD-SIDHANT MAHAPATRA (Won MP seat in Chatrapur)
  • BJP-RAMA PANDA
  • CPI M-ALI PATNAYAK
  • APP- JANASWER MISHRA
  • SWADHENA- SYAMBABU SUBUDHI

Chatrapur is part of Berhampur (Lok Sabha constituency).[8]

References

  1. ^ "PinCode: CHATRAPUR, GANJAM, ORISSA, India, Pincode.net.in". pincode.net.in. 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012. PinCode: 761020
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  3. ^ Staff Reporter (27 February 2014). "Naveen inaugurates bus service". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  4. ^ Staff Reporter. "City bus service to Berhampur, urban centres soon". The Hindu.
  5. ^ status, Train running. "PRASANTHI EXP (18463) Train Live Running status". trainsrunningstatus.net. Retrieved 2017-05-31.
  6. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 72-Chatrapur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
  7. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
  8. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2008-09-25.
Adruti Laxmibai

Adruti Laxmibai (born 12 October 1899 - date and year of death unknown) was an Indian freedom movement activist and politician. She received her bachelor's degree from Dayacician College in Calcutta and later enrolled to study Medicine at Christian Medical College in Vellore, but she stopped attending due to ill health. During the Indian freedom movement, she was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment for one year with a fine of 700 Rupees, by Chhatrapur Court. India achieved independence while Laxmibai was in prison in Cuttack. She was elected to the Berhampur constituency in 1937 and 1946. She was the Deputy Speaker of the Odisha Legislative Assembly in 1946. She introduced a policy of free education for girls in Odisha.

Centurion University of Technology and Management

Centurion University of Technology and Management is a multi-sector, private state university from Odisha, India. With its main campus at Paralakhemundi in the Gajapati district and another constituent campus located at Jatni, on the fringes of Bhubaneswar, it was accorded the status of a university in the year 2010. The university has been accredited by NAAC with 'A' Grade, thereby becoming the youngest private university to have earned the distinction. In 2016, the Bhubaneswar campus of the university was ranked 81 among the institutions offering engineering education in India by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India under the NIRF.

The university offers under-graduate, post-graduate and doctoral courses in the fields of engineering & technology, agricultural sciences, architecture planning and design, mining, teachers' education, media and communication, paramedics and allied Health Sciences, pharmacy and life sciences, management, applied sciences and a number of vocational trades in its two major campuses. It also has regional campuses at Balangir, Rayagada and Chhatrapur.

The university actively works in the field of sustainable community development through its various social responsibility initiatives.

Chatrapur railway station

Chhatrapur railway station is one of two railway stations in Chatrapur, this being the main railway station in Ganjam district, Odisha. Its code is CAP. It serves Chhatrapur city and another one is Chatrapur court halt, which code is CAPC. It is situated in the heart of the town, where only DMU, EMU, and passenger trains are stopping.

Chhatrapur (Odisha Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Chhatrapur (Sl. No.: 127) is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Ganjam district, Odisha.This constituency includes Chhatrapur, Ganjam, Rambha, Chhatrapur block and Ganjam block.

Dihapadhal, Ganjam

Dihapadhal is a Village located near Bhanjanagar of Ganjam district in Orissa. It is located 89 km towards North from District Headquarters Chhatrapur. 158 km from State capital Bhubaneswar. Bhanjanagar, Lalsingi, Jilundi, Baunsalundi, Inginathi, Sanakodanda are the nearby Villages to Dihapadhal. Oriya is the Local Language here.

Ganjam Kewda Flower

Kewda, also spelt Kewra is an extract from the male flowers of the screw-pine tree. A native to the tropics, the Ganjam Kewda Flower is registered (on Application No. 229) under the Geographical Indications (GI) of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act by Government of India. Kewda scent is produced in Chhatrapur, Brahmapur, Gopalpur and Jagannathpur in district of Ganjam, Odisha. Although kewda plants can be found through most of India, 90% of the commercial production of the kewda flower is estimated to occur in the Odisha state.The flower of the kewda plant (Pandanus odoratissimus) grows on a small tree or shrub; it is both cultivated and grows wild in coastal areas. The plant can also be found in some inland districts but the flowers seem to create their most exquisite floral bouquet in certain coastal localities, the most famous being the Ganjam district of Odisha. The tree can reach a height of 18 feet, with dense branches supported by aerial roots that can form a thick, almost impenetrable jungle. The long leaves possess prickly spines along the edges and mid-ribs making the plant tough to handle for those not familiar with the handling and harvesting techniques. The male flower "spikes" (or inflorescence) are 10-20 inches long. Along the central stalk of each spike one can find many flowers, each encased in a fragrant cream-colored spathe (a spathe is a protective leaf enclosing a flower). A fully mature kewda tree produces about 30 to 40 flower spikes each year weighing 5 to 6 each ounces each.

Ganjam district

Ganjam district is a district in the Indian state of Odisha. Ganjam's total area is 8,070 km² (3,116 mi²).

The district headquarters is Chhatrapur. Ganjam is divided into three sub-divisions Chhatrapur, Berhampur, and Bhanjanagar. The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908 lists Ganjam, along with the Thanjavur and South Canara districts, as the three districts of the Madras Presidency where Brahmins were most numerous.

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Odisha (out of 30).

Goparaju Ramachandra Rao

Goparaju Ramachandra Rao (nickname: Gora) (15 November 1902 – 26 July 1975) was an Indian social reformer, atheist activist and a participant in the Indian independence movement. He authored many books on atheism and proposed atheism as self-confidence. He propagated positive atheism by his articles, speeches, books and his social work. He is the founder of Atheist Centre along with his wife Saraswathi Gora and a few volunteers.

Indian Rare Earths

Indian Rare Earths Limited (IREL) is a government-owned corporation in India based in Mumbai. It was incorporated as a private limited company and jointly owned by the Government of India. Government of India took control of IREL in 1963 under the administrative control of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). It was incorporated with the primary intention of taking up commercial scale processing of monazite sand at its first unit namely Rare Earths Division (RED), Aluva, Kochi for the recovery of thorium.IREL commissioned its largest division called Orissa Sand Complex (OSCOM) at Chhatrapur, Orissa. Today IREL operates these four units along with a corporate office in Mumbai and a unit located in Manavalakurichi of Kanyakumari district. It produces/sells six heavy minerals namely ilmenite, rutile, zircon, monazite, sillimanite, and garnet as well as various value added products. From 1 May 2015 it started commercial operation of Monazite Processing Plant at Orissa to process 10000tpa monazite to produce 11220tpa of rare earth chloride, 13500 tri-sodium phosphate, 26tpa NGADU etc. Similarly High Pure Rare Earth facility also commenced operation to refine pure rare earth compounds.

The Corporate Research Centre is located at Kollam, Kerala and carries out research in the field of value added products from beach sand minerals, undertakes consultancy projects on mineral separation and flow sheet development, carrying out mineral analysis and caters to the needs of internal and external customers.

Kewra

Kewra, keora or kewda (Hindi: केवड़ा, Bengali: কেওড়া, Odia: କିଆ, Urdu: کیوڑہ‬‎in Punjabi ਕੇਵੜਾ/کیوڑہ )is an extract distilled from the flower of the Pandanus plant. It is primarily used to flavour South Asian cuisine. Pandanus is native to tropical South Asia, Southeast Asia, Australasia and is used as flavoring agent throughout much of these regions.

The male pandanus flower is almost exclusively used for kewra distillation. Approximately 95% of total kewra flower exported from India is collected from areas surrounding Berhampur city in Ganjam district. The coastal areas of Chhatrapur, Rangeilunda, Patrapur and Chikiti are famous for their aromatic pandanus plantations. Arguably, flowers from coastal locales have an exquisite floral note that rival inland varieties with the most famous varieties being those endemic and cultivated in Gopalpur-on-Sea. Cultivation of kewra flower is a major source of income in Ganjam district and there are nearly 200 registered kewra distillation factories.

Kewra is also used in traditional Indian perfumery, both as functional fragrance and in Ittar.

Kulada, Ganjam

Kulada is a small village located near Bhanjanagar of Ganjam district in Odisha. It is located 108 km towards North from District Headquarters Chhatrapur. 159 km from State capital Bhubaneswar. Asika, Hinjilicut, Phulabani, Berhampur are the nearby Cities to Kulada. Odia is the native Language here.

List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly

The following is the list of Vidhan sabha Constituencies of Odisha and the Elected Members

* representatives had contested the election with NCP ticket.

Lubhu, Lalitpur

Lubhu (Nepal Bhasa: लुभू) is a village and former Village Development Committee that is now part of Mahalaxmi Municipality in Province No. 3 of central Nepal. Lubhu is a sub-urban Newar village situated seven kilometers east of Kathmandu in northern part of Lalitpur, Nepal.

Mausimaa Temple

Mausimaa Temple is an ancient shrine in Ganjam District of Orissa. The temple can be approached by road from Bhubaneswar (140 km) and Chhatrapur (102 km). The nearest railway station is at Berhampur (88 km). It is about 8 km from Bhanja Nagar.

The presiding deity of the temple is aunty (Mother's Sister) of Lord Jagannath.

The temple celebrates its festival during the Rath Yatra held in the Jagannath Temple (Puri). Upper Bagh Devi Temple and Ratneswar Mahadev temple are important shrines nearby.

This temple is located in Kullada, a village also famous for its Bagdevi temple in Ganjam district.

Odisha semi-evergreen forests

The Odisha semi-evergreen forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of eastern India. The ecoregion covers an area of 22,300 square kilometers (8,600 sq mi) on the coastal plain of Odisha state, bounded on the north and west by the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests and on the south and west by the Bay of Bengal.

The ecoregion has been extensively cleared for agriculture use and urbanization. Several of Odisha's largest cities, including Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Puri, Chhatrapur, Kendrapara, and Bhadrak, lie within the ecoregion. According to the WWF, 96% of the ecoregion's area has been cleared, and only 4% remains in the original semi-evergreen rain forest. Much of the remaining forest has been degraded by grazing and fuelwood harvesting.

Rama Chandra Panda

Rama Chandra Panda casually known as Rama Panda (born 15 June 1949) was a member of the 12th Odisha Legislative Assembly. He represented the Chhatrapur constituency of Odisha and is a member of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) political party. He is a former Deputy Speaker of Odisha Legislative Assembly from 27 March 2000 to 6 February 2004.

Rushikulya River

The Rushikulya River is one of the major rivers in the state of Odisha and covers entire catchment area in the districts of Kandhamal and Ganjam district of Odisha. The Rushikulya originates at an elevation of about 1000 metres from Daringbadi hills of the Eastern Ghats range. The place from where the river originates, Daringbadi is called the ' Kashmir of Odisha '. The river lies within the geographical coordinates of 19.07 to 20.19 north latitude and 84.01 to 85.06 east longitude. It meets the Bay of Bengal at Puruna Bandha in Ganjam. Its tributaries are the Baghua, the Dhanei, the Badanadi etc. It has no delta as such at its mouth.

State Highway 36 (Odisha)

Odisha State Highway 36 is a state highway of Odisha. It connects Surada to Chhatrapur via Hinjilicut. It begins from National Highway 59 (India) and ends at National Highway 16 (India).

Upper Bagh Devi Temple

Upper Bagh Devi Temple is an ancient shrine at Kulada, Ganjam District in the state of Odisha in India. The temple is about 8 km from Bhanjanagar, 102 km from Chhatrapur and 140 km from Bhubaneswar. The nearest railway station is at Berhampur, 88 km away.

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