Chhatarpur

Chhatarpur is a city and a municipality in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Chhatarpur District.

Chhatarpur

City of Chhatrasal
City
Chhatarpur is located in Madhya Pradesh
Chhatarpur
Chhatarpur
Chhatarpur is located in India
Chhatarpur
Chhatarpur
Coordinates: 24°38′N 79°30′E / 24.63°N 79.5°ECoordinates: 24°38′N 79°30′E / 24.63°N 79.5°E
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictChhatarpur
Founded byMaharaja Chhatrasal
Named forChhatrasal
Area
 • Total78 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation
305 m (1,001 ft)
Population
 • Total1,42,476
 • Density2,554/km2 (6,610/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
471001
Telephone code07682
Vehicle registrationMP-16
Sex ratio920 /
Websitechhatarpur.nic.in

History

Chhatarpur was founded in 1785 and is named after the Bundela Rajput leader Chhatrasal, the founder of Bundelkhand independence, and contains his cenotaph. The state was ruled by his descendants until 1785. At that time the Ponwar clan of the Rajputs took control of Chhatarpur. The state was guaranteed to Kunwar Sone Singh Ponwar[1] in 1806 by the British Raj. In 1854 Chhatarpur would have lapsed to the British government for want of direct heirs under the doctrine of lapse, but was conferred on Jagat Raj as a special act of grace. The Ponwar Rajas ruled a princely state with an area of 1,118 square miles (2,900 km2), and population of 156,139 in 1901, which was part of the Bundelkhand agency of Central India.

In 1901 the town of Chhatarpur had a population of 10,029, a high school and manufactured paper and coarse cutlery. The state also contained the British cantonment of Nowgong.[2]

Rajas

  • 1785 -1816 Kunwar Sone Shah(d. 1816)
  • 1816 -1854 Partab Singh(d. 1854)
  • 1854 -1867 Jaghat Singh(b. 1846 - d. 1867)
  • 1867 -1895 Vishvanath Singh(b. 1866 - d. 1932)

Maharajas

  • (4 May 1649 – 20 December 1731) Maharaja Chhatrasal
  • 1895-1932 Vishvanath Singh (b. 1866 – d. 1932)
  • 1932-1947 Bhawani Singh (b. 1921 – d. 2006)[3]

After the independence of India in 1947, the Rajas of Chhatarpur acceded to India, and Chhatarpur, together with the rest of Bundelkhand, became part of the Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was later merged into the state of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

Geography

Chhatarpur is located at 24°54′N 79°36′E / 24.9°N 79.6°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 305 metres (1000 feet). It is located on the far north-east border of Madhya Pradesh, sharing its borders with the Banda district of Uttar Pradesh. It is 133 km from Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh and 233 km from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh.

Panoramic view of Chhatarpur
Panoramic view of Chhatarpur
Chhatarpur during Diwali
Chhatarpur during Diwali

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[5] Chhatarpur had a population of 147 669. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Chhatarpur has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 62%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy

There is no large scale industry in Chhatarpur apart from a few small scale industries available, but these industries are not sufficient for giving enough employment to local people. The economy is mostly dependent on farming. The city however, has a growing private commercial sector, mainly retail businesses. There are many granite mining industries operating in Chhatarpur district.

Most depend for their livelihood on farming. This region is in a drought-affected area, so the whole district faces a water crisis for farming and potable drinking water.

Administration

Chhatarpur Police is a Law enforcing unit of MP Police which protects the world heritage monument "KHAJURAHO GROUP OF TEMPLES". The district is divided into 5 police subdivisions, with 34 Police Stations and 21 outposts.

Education

Most of the colleges in Chhatarpur district are affiliated to Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundelkhand University, Chhatarpur. They offer graduate and post-graduate courses in the faculties of Arts, Science, Commerce, Education and Law. Government Maharaja P.G. College , Government Girls P.G. College and Digital Institute of Science & Technology are the premier institutions of graduate and post-graduate education in the city. Christian English College is the only CISCE- affiliated school of the city. Swami Pranawanand Homeopathic Medical College is affiliated to Madhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Jabalpur.

Transportation

Chhatarpur can be reached by road and railway. Chhatarpur station started in 2017. Chhatarpur has railway station named Maharaja chhatrasal station chhatarpur,MCSC.Their are direct trains to Jhansi,Bhopal,Indore,and Ujjain. The nearest railway stations are at Khajuraho (45 km), Lalitpur Junction railway station (135 km) Harpalpur (55 km) Jhansi (125 km), Mauranipur (65  km) and Satna (140 km). The nearest airport is Khajuraho Civil Aerodrome, located 45 km away [6] but has limited number of flights. The nearest major airport with flights to Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata is Kanpur Airport 190 km away.

Radio and television station

Chhatarpur has got its own radio station of All India Radio (आकाशवाणी) under Prasar Bharati. It transmits at 675 kHz. Chhatarpur also has a Doordarshan's Hi power transmitter for TV which is located at Deri Road.

Tourism

References

  1. ^ [1] Archived 23 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chhatarpur" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 116.
  3. ^ "Indian states before 1947 A-J". Rulers.org. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
  4. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chhatarpur". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  6. ^ "Great Circle Mapper". Retrieved 1 January 2016.

Bibliography

  • J. R. Ackerley, Hindoo Holiday, NYRB Classics, ISBN 978-0-940322-25-7

External links

Bada Malhera

Bada Malhera is a town and a nagar panchayat in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Chandla

Chandla is a town and a nagar panchayat in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Chhatarpur (Delhi Assembly constituency)

Chhatarpur Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of the 70 Vidhan Sabha constituencies of the National Capital Territory in northern India.

Chhatarpur State

Chhatarpur was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The state was founded in 1785 and its capital was located in Chhatarpur, Madhya Pradesh.

Chhatarpur's last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1950.

Chhatarpur Temple

Chhatarpur Temple (Officially: Shri Aadya Katyayani Shakti Peetham) is located in a down town area in south of Delhi - Chhatarpur. This temple is dedicated to Goddess, Katyayani. It is located at Chhatarpur, on the southwestern outskirts of the city of Delhi and is just 4 km (2.5 mi) from Qutub Minar, off Mehrauli-Gurgaon road.The temple was established in 1974, by Baba Sant Nagpal ji, who died in 1998. His samadhi shrine lies in the premises of the Shiv-Gauri Nageshwar Mandir within the temple complex.This temple was considered as the biggest temple in India and second largest in the world, before the Akshardham Temple was created in 2005 in Delhi. This temple is totally constructed from marble and on all the facets there is jaali (perforated stone or latticed screen) work. It can be classified a vesara style of architecture.

Chhatarpur district

Chhatarpur District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. The town of Chhatarpur is the district headquarters.

Chhatarpur metro station

Chhatarpur is an elevated station on the Yellow Line of the Delhi Metro. It is located in the Chhatarpur locality of the South West district of Delhi, India. Shree Adya Katyayani Shakti Peeth, popularly known as the Chhatarpur Temple is located near the station.

The station was to be opened in June 2010, along with the other stations of the completely elevated corridor of the Yellow Line from Qutub Minar–HUDA City Centre. However, construction on the station was delayed due to land acquisition issues. To make the station operational before the 2010 Commonwealth Games, the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation adopted a special design to construct the Chhatarpur station, using pre-fabricated structures. The station was finally opened to public on 26 August 2010, being built in a record time of nine months. Chhatarpur is the only station in the Delhi Metro network to be made completely of steel.

Gaurihar State

Gaurihar State was a princely state in India, ruling a territory that is now in Madhya Pradesh. Gaurihar is a tehsil of Chhatarpur district.

Harpalpur

Harpalpur is a town and a nagar panchayat in Chhatarpur District in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Before the inauguration of Khajuraho railway station, Harpalpur was the only railway station in Chhatarpur district. The municipality borders with Uttar Pradesh from three sides.

It has attracted many businessmen from the nearby UP town of Rath who have settled here. Although its a small town it has a relatively large number of mustard oil mills and various pulse mills.

Khajuraho (Lok Sabha constituency)

Khajuraho Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 29 Lok Sabha constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency came into existence in 2017 Presently it covers the entire Panna district and parts of Chhatarpur and Katni districts.

Khajuraho Airport

Khajuraho Airport (IATA: HJR, ICAO: VEKO) is an airport in Khajuraho, Chhatarpur district, Madhya Pradesh, India. The terminal is 3 km south of Khajuraho Town, 4 km from Khajuraho Railway Station and 40 km from the district centre at Chhatarpur. The airport covers an area of 590 acres.

Khajuraho railway station

Khajuraho railway station is located in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh and serves as an entry point for the Khajuraho Group of Monuments, medieval Hindu famous for their erotic sculptures. Between 950 and 1150, the Chandela monarchs built these temples.

Lavkushnagar

Lavkushnagar, formerly known as Laundi (Hindi:लौंड़ी), is a town/city/tehshil and a nagar panchayat in Chhatarpur district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is about 55 km away from Chhatarpur and 37 km. from the temple town Khajuraho. The Urmil and Kail Rivers flow through this town. The Civil Airport Khajuraho and Dumra, Harpalpur and Khajuraho Railway Station located nearby, links it to some major towns and cities of Madhya Pradesh. It also has a Civil Court, a Sub Jail and a Police Station.

Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundelkhand University

Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundelkhand University (MCBU) is a state university in Chhatarpur, India. It serves as an affiliating university for colleges of six districts. The institution affiliates the colleges of Chhatarpur district and other neighbouring districts like Damoh, Panna, Sagar,Tikamgarh and Niwari. Dr. Priyavrat Shukla is appointed as first vice-chancellor.

Maharajpur, Madhya Pradesh

Maharajpur is a town and a nagar panchayat in Mandla district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Nowgong, Chhatarpur

Nowgon is a City district of Madhya Pradesh. The city was an important center during British rule. The town had a population of 11,507 in 1952 and 82,452 as per 2014 Census. This city has as astonishing as 19 four-squares. Vindhya Pradesh was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956. Nowgong was initially declared the capital of Madhya Pradesh, but after six month Bhopal became the capital of Madhya Pradesh.

Nowgong is well connected by roads and is on National Highway 39 (India) about 110 km away from Jhansi. The nearest railway station is Harpalpur, 30 km away and nearest airport is Khajuraho, 68 km away. The town has an old British era church. Nowgong has a big cricket stadium.

A Little Distillery in Nowgong, a book by Ashok Mathur, is set in this

Rajnagar, Chhatarpur

Rajnagar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Chhatarpur district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

It is 4 km from Khajuraho.

Satai

Satai is a town and a nagar panchayat in Chhatarpur district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Tikamgarh (Lok Sabha constituency)

Tikamgarh Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: टीकमगढ़ लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 29 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of the implementation of the delimitation of parliamentary constituencies. It is reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes This constituency covers the entire Tikamgarh district and part of Chhatarpur district. Before delimitation, Tikamgarh, Jatara, Niwari, Khargapur, Maharajpur, Chhatarpur and Bijawar Vidhan Sabha segments were part of the erstwhile Khajuraho Lok Sabha constituency.

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