The Chevalier Guard Regiment (Russian: Кавалергардский полк) was a Russian heavy cavalry guard regiment, created in 1800 by the reformation of the Chevalier Guard corps, itself created in 1764 by Catherine the Great. As other Russian heavy cavalry guard regiments (the Life-Guards Horse Regiment, His Majesty's Life-Guards Cuirassier Regiment, and Her Majesty's Life-Guards Cuirassier Regiment), the Chevalier Guards were equipped as cuirassiers (with some differences in uniform and equipment from army cuirassiers and other guard cuirassier regiments).
|Chevalier Guard Regiment|
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Chevalier Guard Regiment in the Battle of Austerlitz
|Part of||1st Guard Cavalry division|
The regiment was disbanded in 1918.
Many famous men served as Chevalier Guards including Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès, Grigory Potemkin, Denis Davydov, Mikhail Skobelev, Alexander Rodzyanko, Pavlo Skoropadskyi, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim and Alexander Ypsilantis.
Events from the year 1800 in Russia1st Guards Cavalry Division (Russian Empire)
The 1st Guards Cavalry Division was a Guards heavy cavalry division of the Imperial Russian Army.Alexander Julius Klünder
Alexander Julius Klünder (Russian: Александр Иванович Клюндер; 20 February 1802, Tallinn – 8 January 1875, Tallinn) was a Baltic-German painter and lithographer, known primarily for his portraits.Alexander Pushkin
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (English: ; Russian: Александр Сергеевич Пушкин, tr. Aleksándr Sergéyevich Púshkin, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr sʲɪrˈɡʲe(j)ɪvʲɪtɕ ˈpuʂkʲɪn] (listen); 6 June [O.S. 26 May] 1799 – 10 February [O.S. 29 January] 1837) was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.Pushkin was born into Russian nobility in Moscow. His father, Sergey Lvovich Pushkin, belonged to Pushkin noble families. His matrilineal great-grandfather was Abram Petrovich Gannibal. He published his first poem at the age of 15, and was widely recognized by the literary establishment by the time of his graduation from the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. Upon graduation from the Lycee, Pushkin recited his controversial poem "Ode to Liberty", one of several that led to his being exiled by Tsar Alexander the First. While under the strict surveillance of the Tsar's political police and unable to publish, Pushkin wrote his most famous play, the drama Boris Godunov. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, was serialized between 1825 and 1832.
Pushkin was fatally wounded in a duel with his brother-in-law, Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès, also known as Dantes-Gekkern, a French officer serving with the Chevalier Guard Regiment, who attempted to seduce the poet's wife, Natalia Pushkina.Alexander Rodzyanko
Alexander Pavlovich Rodzyanko (Russian: Александр Павлович Родзянко; 26 August 1879 – 6 May 1970) was an officer of the Imperial Russian Army during the World War I and lieutenant-general and a corps commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War.Alexander Vasilchikov
Alexander Semyonovich Vasilchikov (Александр Семёнович Васильчиков; 1744–1813) was a Russian aristocrat who became the lover of Catherine the Great from 1772 to 1774.
Vasilchikov was an ensign in the Chevalier Guard Regiment when he was noted by Catherine and was appointed gentleman of the bedchamber on 1 August 1772. When Catherine's then-lover Grigory Grigoryevich Orlov left court, Catherine was informed about his adultery, and 12 August, Vasilchikov was made general aide-de-camp and lover of Catherine. Vasilchikov was expected to be available to attend on her at all times, and was not allowed to leave the palace without permission.
The relationship was short-lived. Catherine found Vasilchikov's gentleness cloying, saying "His tenderness made me weep." When Vasilchikov was away on a journey, sent by the empress, Grigory Potemkin replaced him as her lover. She wrote to her friend Friedrich Melchior, Baron von Grimm about Vasilchikov's dismissal: "Why do you reproach me because I dismiss a well-meaning but extremely boring bourgeois in favour of one of the greatest, the most comical and amusing, characters of this iron century?"Vasilchikov later complained that he felt like a hired gigolo: "I was nothing more to her than a kind of male cocotte and I was treated as such. If I made a request for myself or anyone else, she did not reply, but the next day I found a bank-note for several thousand rubles in my pocket. She never condescended to discuss with me any matters that lay close to my heart."Catherine characteristically rewarded her former lover richly. Vasilchikov was given a pension of twenty thousand rubles and valuable properties. He lived the rest of his life in Moscow. He never married. He built a notable collection of Western European paintings and sculptures, including a "Self Portrait" by Velasquez and works by Philips Wouwerman and Andries Botha.Alexander Ypsilantis
Alexander Ypsilantis, Ypsilanti, or Alexandros Ypsilantis (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Υψηλάντης Alexandros Yipsilantis; Romanian: Alexandru Ipsilanti; Russian: Александр Константинович Ипсиланти Aleksandr Konstantinovich Ipsilanti; 12 December 1792 – 31 January 1828) was a Greek nationalist politician who was member of a prominent Phanariot Greek family, a prince of the Danubian Principalities, a senior officer of the Imperial Russian cavalry during the Napoleonic Wars, and a leader of the Filiki Eteria, a secret organization that coordinated the beginning of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire.Alexey Stakhovich
Alexey Alexandrovich Stakhovich (Russian: Алексей Александрович Стахович, 2 February 1856 — 10 March 1919) was a high-ranking Imperial Russian Chevalier Guard Regiment officer who in the early 1900s became a popular stage actor, associated with Moscow Art Theatre.Bruce (Russian nobility)
Bruce (Russian: Брюсы) is the name of noble family of Scottish origin. The family members bear the title of Count.Fyodor Keller
Theodor Graf von Keller (Russian: Фёдор Эдуа́рдович Ке́ллер, Fyodor Eduardovich Keller; 1850 – 31 July 1904), better known as Fyodor Keller, was a general in the Imperial Russian Army, noted for his role in the Battle of Motien Pass during the Russo-Japanese War.Imperial Guard (Russia)
The Russian Imperial Guard, officially known as the Leib Guard (Russian: Лейб-гвардия leyb-gvardiya, from German Leib "Body"; cf. Life Guards / Bodyguard) were military units serving as personal guards of the Emperor of Russia. Peter the Great founded the first such units following the Prussian practice in the 1690s, to replace the politically motivated Streltsy. The Imperial Guard subsequently increased in size and diversity to become an elite corps of all branches within the Imperial Army rather than Household troops in direct attendance on the Tsar. Numerous links were however maintained with the Imperial family and the bulk of the regiments of the Imperial Guard were stationed in and around Saint Petersburg in peacetime.Imperial Russian Army
The Imperial Russian Army (Russian: Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия, tr. Rússkaya imperátorskaya ármiya) was the land armed force of the Russian Empire, active from around 1721 to the Russian Revolution of 1917. In the early 1850s, the Russian army consisted of more than 900,000 regular soldiers and nearly 250,000 irregulars (mostly Cossacks).
The last living veteran of the Russian Imperial Army was Ukrainian supercentenarian Mikhail Krichevsky, who died in 2008.Karl Gustav von Strandmann
Karl Gustav von Strandmann (Russian: Штрандман, Карл Густавович; 1786–1855) was a Russian German military officer, a general of the Imperial Russian Army. Born in the Governorate of Livonia to Gustav Ernst von Strandmann, governor-general of Siberia and a general of infantry of the Russian Army, Karl Gustav von Strandmann joined the Page Corps at an early age. He did not graduate from it however, as in 1803 he joined the Chevalier Guard Regiment to fight in the Napoleonic Wars. After the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, he took part in suppressing the November Uprising in Poland and continued to serve in various command duties until his death in 1855.Konstantine Bagration of Mukhrani (1889–1915)
Prince Konstantine Bagration of Mukhrani (Georgian: კონსტანტინე ბაგრატიონ-მუხრანელი) (1889 – 1915) was a Georgian nobleman from the House of Mukhrani. A member of the Russian Imperial Guard, Konstantine fought with distinction and died in World War I - actions for which he posthumously received the Order of St. George, the highest military decoration of the Empire. Konstantine was in a brief but controversial marriage with Princess Tatiana Constantinovna of Russia, a member of the Russian Imperial Family.Novo-Diveevo
Novo-Diveevo Convent (it is often spelled as Novo-Diveyevo, Novo-Diveievo or Novodiveevo, Russian: Ново-Дивеево - "New Diveyevo") is a female monastic community in Nanuet, Rockland County, New York in the United States. It is under the auspices of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. It is also called the Stavropighial Convent of the Holy Dormition. Locally and officially it is simply called The Russian Orthodox Convent.Reinhold von Anrep-Elmpt
Reinhold Philipp Johann Graf von Anrep-Elmpt (30 January 1834 – 26 August 1888) was a Baltic German officer in Russian service, and an explorer.Stachowicz
Stachowicz is a Polish surname. The Russian and Belarusian language version is Stakhovich, Ukrainian: Stakhovych
Notable people with the surname include:
Damian Stachowicz (1658–1699), Polish composer
Mary Stachowicz (born 1951), American murder victim
Michał Stachowicz (1768–1825), Polish painter and graphic artist
Ray Stachowicz (born 1959), American football playerStakhovich
Alexey Stakhovich, high-ranking Imperial Russian Chevalier Guard Regiment officer
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Stakhovich, Russian politicianValentin Platonovich Musin-Pushkin
Count Valentin Platonovich Musin-Pushkin (Russian: Граф Валенти́н Плато́нович Му́син-Пу́шкин; 17 December [O.S. 6 December] 1735 – 20 July [O.S. 8 April] 1804) was a Russian military and government official who reached the rank of field marshal.Woldemar Freedericksz
Baron (From 21 February [O.S. 9] 1913, Count) Adolf Andreas Woldemar Freedericksz (Russian: Влади́мир Бори́сович Фредери́кс, Vladimir Borisovich Frederiks; 28 November [O.S. 16] 1838 – 1 July 1927) was a Finno-Russian statesman who served as Imperial Household Minister between 1897 and 1917 under Nicholas II. He was responsible for the administration of the Imperial family's personal affairs and living arrangements, as well as the awarding of Imperial honors and medals.