Cherwell District

Cherwell (/ˈtʃɑːrwɛl/ CHAR-wel)[1][2] is a local government district in northern Oxfordshire, England. The district takes its name from the River Cherwell, which drains south through the region to flow into the River Thames at Oxford.

Towns in Cherwell include Banbury and Bicester. Kidlington is a contender for largest village in England.

The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the municipal borough of Banbury, Bicester urban district, Banbury Rural District and Ploughley Rural District.

Cherwell

Cherwell District
Coat of arms of Cherwell

Coat of arms
Cherwell shown within Oxfordshire
Cherwell shown within Oxfordshire
Coordinates: 51°57′N 1°15′W / 51.95°N 1.25°WCoordinates: 51°57′N 1°15′W / 51.95°N 1.25°W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countyOxfordshire
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQBodicote
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodyCherwell District Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPs
Area
 • Total227.3 sq mi (588.8 km2)
Area rank73rd (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total149,161
 • Rank137th (of 317)
 • Density660/sq mi (250/km2)
 • Ethnicity
94.5% White
2.3% S.Asian
1.0% Black
1.4% Mixed Race
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code38UB (ONS)
E07000177 (GSS)
OS grid referenceSP5153928258
Websitewww.cherwell.gov.uk

Geography

The Northern half of the Cherwell district consists mainly of soft rolling hills going down towards the River Cherwell, however the southern half of the district around Bicester is much flatter. Much of the district is soft rolling hills with the northwest of the district lying at the northern extremity of the Cotswolds.

Transport

Much of the district is within easy reach of the M40, with junctions 9, 10 and 11 in the district. It also has good rail links with London, Birmingham, Oxford and the South.

Settlements in Cherwell district

Recycling in Cherwell

Cherwell district has one of the country's highest recycling rates at over 40% (2005). The district used to have a recycling rate of just 9%. This changed with the introduction of the blue box scheme for recycling paper, which has since grown to include plastic, cardboard and cans. Kidlington has its own freecycling group.

Food safety enforcement

Cherwell District came top of a Which? study that ranked 395 local authorities in Britain on their record of enforcement of food safety regulations.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ BBC Oxford How do you pronounce Cherwell?
  2. ^ Ann Spokes Symonds; Nigel Morgan (2010). The Origins of Oxford Street Names. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-899536-99-3.
  3. ^ How does your council score on enforcing food safety?
  4. ^ "Civic Heraldry of England". Robert Young. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
1998 Cherwell District Council election

The 1998 Cherwell District Council election took place on 7 May 1998 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control.17 seats were contested in the election with the three main political parties standing in most of the seats along with 2 independent candidates. The results saw the Labour party lose 2 seats but remain the largest party on the council, while the Conservatives gained 2 seats.After the election, the composition of the council was

Labour 24

Conservative 17

Liberal Democrat 7

Independent 4

1999 Cherwell District Council election

The 1999 Cherwell District Council election took place on 6 May 1999 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the council stayed under no overall control.The result saw the Conservative party make gains from both Labour and the Liberal Democrats to become the largest party on the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 26

Labour 19

Liberal Democrat 5

Independent 2

2000 Cherwell District Council election

The 2000 Cherwell District Council election took place on 4 May 2000 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party gained overall control of the council from no overall control.The results saw the Conservatives gain 7 seats, 6 of them from the Labour party, to win a majority on the council for the first time since 1995. Conservative gains came mainly in the Banbury and Bicester areas, with the biggest name Labour councillor to lose in the election being the former mayor, John Hanna. One of the Conservative winners in the election was Mary Young, who won in South East Kidlington ward to become a councillor for the first time at the age of 81. Turnout in the election varied from a high of 53% in Ruscote to a low of 11% in Neithrop.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 33

Labour 13

Liberal Democrat 4

Independent 2

2002 Cherwell District Council election

The 2002 Cherwell District Council election took place on 2 May 2002 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. The whole council was up for election with boundary changes since the last election in 2000 reducing the number of seats by 2. The Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.The election saw the two independent councillors and one independent Socialist councillor stand down from the council after deciding not to seek re-election. When the candidates were announced, five Conservatives including the leader of the council, George Reynolds, were unopposed in the election. The results saw the Conservative party consolidate their control of the council after winning 37 of the 50 seats on the council including all of the seats in Bicester.

2003 Cherwell District Council election

The 2003 Cherwell District Council election took place on 1 May 2003 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.Before the election the Conservatives were expected to lose seats after a recent large council tax rise. The results saw the Conservative keep a majority but suffer a net loss of 3 seats after losing 2 seats each to Labour and the Liberal Democrats. The Labour winners included John Hanna who won by 44 votes after losing in the 2002 election by 8 votes. However the Conservatives did gain a seat in Banbury Grimsbury & Castle from Labour for the first in over 20 years. Meanwhile, the National Front stood a candidate for the first time to Cherwell Council and said that they would stand in all of the Bicester wards in the next election in 2004.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 34

Labour 12

Liberal Democrat 4

2004 Cherwell District Council election

The 2004 Cherwell District Council election took place on 10 June 2004 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 36

Labour 10

Liberal Democrat 4

2006 Cherwell District Council election

The 2006 Cherwell District Council election took place on 4 May 2006 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.In total 45 candidates stood in the election competing for the 18 seats which were up for election. The results saw the Conservatives win 15 of the 18 seats contested. They gained 2 seats from Labour in the Banbury wards of Neithrop and Grimsbury and Castle. Their victory in Neithrop was the first time in over 30 years that Labour had not won the ward and saw the first muslim councillor, Alyas Ahmed, elected to Cherwell council. The Liberal Democrats also picked up a seat from Labour in Kidlington South where the Labour group leader on the council, Andrew Hornsby-Smith, stood down at the election. Labour only managed to keep one of their seats in the election, in Banbury Ruscote, where George Parish was re-elected. Turnout in the election ranged from a low of 20% to a high of 51%.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 38

Labour 8

Liberal Democrat 4

2007 Cherwell District Council election

The 2007 Cherwell District Council election took place on 3 May 2007 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.In all 16 seats were contested with one independent candidate, David Chapman, standing in Ambrosden and Chesterton ward after resigning from the Conservative party in protest at plans to build 1,585 houses near Bicester. The results saw the Conservatives strengthen their control of the council going from 39 to 42 seats. They gained three seats from Labour in Banbury Ruscote, Kidlington South and Yarnton, Gosford and Water Eaton wards. Consequently, Labour only managed to hold on to one of their seats in Bicester West. The Conservatives also gained one seat from the Liberal Democrats in The Astons and Heyfords, but lost Bicester South back to them by one vote. The results meant that Labour and the Liberal Democrats only had 4 seats each in opposition on the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 42

Labour 4

Liberal Democrat 4

2008 Cherwell District Council election

The 2008 Cherwell District Council election took place on 1 May 2008 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.The results saw the Conservatives win all of the seats that were contested in the election in a clean sweep. They gained 2 seats from Labour to have 44 of the 50 seats on the council, while the Liberal Democrats were not defending any seats in the election. In Banbury Neithrop ward, Martin Weir, a former Labour party member who joined the Conservatives earlier in the year, defeated his former colleague and mayor Surinder Dhesi to take the seat. The other gain came in Banbury Ruscote, with the defeats for Labour being blamed on the national political situation. The results meant that Labour were reduced to holding only 2 seats on the council behind the Liberal Democrats on 4.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 44

Liberal Democrat 4

Labour 2

2011 Cherwell District Council election

The 2011 Cherwell District Council election took place on 5 May 2011 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.In all 16 seats were contested, out of 50 on the council. The Conservative party remained in overall control with 43 seats, a net loss of just one seat. There was one Conservative gain, the Bicester South ward taken by Lynn Pratt from Liberal Democrat leader Nick Cotter, but Labour gained two seats from Conservative, with Patrick Cartledge regaining the Banbury Ruscote seat which he had lost to the Conservatives in 2008, and Andrew Beere taking Banbury Grimsbury and Castle by 15 votes, also from the Conservatives. Labour increased their council seats from two to four, whereas the loss of the Bicester South ward by the Liberal Democrat party left them with three councillors, and so were replaced by Labour as official opposition on the council.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 43

Labour 4

Liberal Democrat 3

2012 Cherwell District Council election

The 2012 Cherwell District Council election was held on 3 May 2012 to elect members of the Cherwell Council in England. This was the same day as other 2012 United Kingdom local elections.

2014 Cherwell District Council election

The 2014 Cherwell District Council election took place on 22 May 2014 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

2015 Cherwell District Council election

The 2015 Cherwell District Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of the Cherwell District Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

2016 Cherwell District Council election

The 2016 Cherwell District Council election took place on 5 May 2016 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

2018 Cherwell District Council election

The 2018 Cherwell District Council election was held on 3 May 2018 to elect members of Cherwell District Council in England. This was on the same day as other local elections.

Elections were held for 16 of the seats on the council. The Conservative Party won one seat from an independent councillor. Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats each won one seat from the Conservatives. The Conservative Party remained in overall control of the council, with its majority reduced to 29. The Labour Party remained the largest opposition group, with their seats increased to nine. The Liberal Democrats became the third party with one seat.

Ardley, Oxfordshire

Ardley is a village and civil parish in Oxfordshire, England, about 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Bicester.

The parish includes the village of Fewcott that is now contiguous with Ardley. The two villages are either side of a stream that rises at Fritwell, flows south to Ardley, then turns east through Stoke Lyne to Fringford. There it joins Crowell Brook, which continues east into Buckinghamshire and ultimately becomes part of the Great Ouse.

The 2011 Census recorded the population of Ardley parish as 751.

Cherwell District Council elections

One third of Cherwell District Council in Oxfordshire, England is elected each year, followed by one year without election. Since the last boundary changes in 2002, 50 councillors have been elected from 28 wards.

Grade II* listed buildings in Cherwell (district)

There are over 20,000 Grade II* listed buildings in England. This page is a list of these buildings in the district of Cherwell in Oxfordshire.

Thrupp, Oxfordshire

Thrupp is a hamlet just north of Kidlington in Oxfordshire. It is beside the Oxford Canal and close to the River Cherwell.

Coat of arms of Cherwell District
Notes
Granted 21 March 2016
Crest
On a Wreath Or and Vert in front of a Rainbow proper an Oak Tree eradicated Sable leaved Vert and fructed Or, Mantled Vert and Azure lined Or and Argent.
Escutcheon
Vert a Pale wavy Or thereon a Pale wavy Azure all between two Pallets Argent on each a Pallet Azure.
Motto
From Cherwell Flows Prosperity [4]
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