Chernigov Governorate

The Chernigov Governorate (Russian: Черниговская губерния; translit.: Chernigovskaya guberniya), also known as the Government of Chernigov, was a guberniya in the historical Left-bank Ukraine region of the Russian Empire, which was officially created in 1802 from the Malorossiya Governorate with an administrative centre of Chernihiv. The Little Russian Governorate was transformed into the General Government of Little Russia and consisted of Chernigov Governorate, Poltava Governorate, and later Kharkov Governorate.

Chernigov Governorate borders are roughly consistent with the modern Chernihiv Oblast, but also included a large section of Sumy Oblast and smaller sections of the Kiev Oblast of Ukraine, in addition to most of the Bryansk Oblast, Russia.

Chernigov Governorate
Черниговская губернія
Governorate of Russian Empire

1802–1918
Coat of arms of Chernigov
Coat of arms
Location of Chernigov
Chernigov Governorate 1903
Capital Chernihiv
History
 •  Established February 27, 1802 1802
 •  Disestablished August 1, 1918 1918
Area
 •  (1897) 52,396 km2 (20,230 sq mi)
Population
 •  (1897) 2,298,000 
Density 43.9 /km2  (113.6 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions uezds: 15
Today part of Chernihiv Oblast
Kiev Oblast
Bryansk Oblast
Chernigiv gub blank
Chernigov Governorate map

Administrative division

The governorate consisted of 15 uyezds:

  • Borznyansky Uyezd
  • Glukhovsky Uyezd
  • Gorodnyansky Uyezd
  • Kozeletsky Uyezd
  • Konotopsky Uyezd
  • Krolevetsky Uyezd
  • Mglinsky Uyezd
  • Nezhinsky Uyezd
  • Novgorod-Seversky Uyezd
  • Novozybkovsky Uyezd
  • Ostersky Uyezd
  • Sosnitsky Uyezd
  • Starodubsky Uyezd
  • Surazhsky Uyezd
  • Chernigovsky Uyezd

The Chernigov Governorate covered a total area of 52,396 km², and had a population of 2,298,000, according to the 1897 Russian Empire census. In 1914, the population was 2,340,000. In 1918 it became part of Ukraine and transformed into Chernihiv Governorate.

Principal cities

  • Russian Census of 1897
  • Nizhyn – 32,113 (Ukrainian – 21,733, Jewish – 7,578, Russian – 2,366)
  • Chernihiv – 27,716 (Ukrainian – 10,085, Jewish – 8,780, Russian – 7,985)
  • Konotop – 18,770 (Ukrainian – 10,290, Jewish – 4,415, Russian – 3,565)
  • Novozybkov – 15,362 (Russian – 11,055, Jewish – 3,787, Belorussian – 303)
  • Hlukhiv – 14,828 (Ukrainian – 8,621, Jewish – 3,837, Russian – 2,217)
  • Borzna – 12,526 (Ukrainian – 10,846, Jewish – 1,515, Russian – 109)
  • Starodub – 12,381 (Russian – 7,255, Jewish – 4,897, Ukrainian – 133)
  • Krolevets – 10,384 (Ukrainian – 8,328, Jewish – 1,815, Russian – 209)
  • Berezna – 9,922 (Ukrainian – 8,349, Jewish – 1,354, Russian – 144)
  • Novgorod-Seversky – 9,182 (Ukrainian – 4,884, Jewish – 2,941, Russian – 1,296)
  • Mhlyn – 7,640 (Russian – 4,840, Jewish – 2,675, Belorussian – 75)
  • Sosnytsia – 7,087 (Ukrainian – 5,068, Jewish – 1,840, Russian – 158)
  • Korop – 6,262 (Ukrainian – 5,309, Jewish – 865, Russian – 77)
  • Oster – 5,370 (Ukrainian – 3,229, Jewish – 1,596, Russian – 399)
  • Kozelets – 5,141 (Ukrainian – 2,834, Jewish – 1,632, Russian – 468)
  • Pogar – 4,965 (Russian – 3,800, Jewish – 1,159, Germans – 6)
  • Gorodnya – 4,310 (Ukrainian – 2,349, Jewish – 1,248, Russian – 604)
  • Surazh – 4,006 (Jewish – 2,400, Belorussian – 978, Russian – 559)
  • Novoye Mesto – 1,488 (Russian – 1,421, Jewish – 67)

Language

1897 Gov Chernigov ethno
Imperial census of 1897.
  • By the Imperial census of 1897.[1] In bold are languages spoken by more people than the state language.

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Language Statistics of 1897 Archived 22 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  2. ^ Languages, number of speakers which in all gubernia were less than 1000

External links

Coordinates: 51°30′00″N 31°18′00″E / 51.5000°N 31.3000°E

Borzna

Borzna (Ukrainian: Борзна, Ukrainian pronunciation: [bɔrzˈnɑ]; also referred to as Borsna), is an historic town in northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Borzna Raion (Borzna district) in Chernihiv Oblast. Population: 10,319 (2015 est.)

Chernihiv

Chernihiv (Ukrainian: Чернігів, pronounced [t͡ʃɛrˈnʲiɦiw]) also known as Chernigov (Russian: Черни́гов, IPA: [tɕɪrˈnʲiɡəf], Polish: Czernihów) is a historic city in northern Ukraine, which serves as the administrative center of the Chernihiv Oblast (province), as well as of the surrounding Chernihiv Raion (district) within the oblast. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Population: 294,727 (2015 est.)

Horodnia

Horodnia (Ukrainian: Городня, Ukrainian pronunciation: [ɦoˈrɔdnʲɑ]) is a town in Chernihiv Raion, Chernihiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It has a city status since 1957. Population: 12,356 (2015 est.)Horodnia is situated on both banks of the Chibrizh-river.

For the first time Horodnia was mentioned in historical literature at the beginning of the 17th century. There are different ideas about the origin of its name.

The pride of citizens is three cannons presented by Peter I for the heroism of the people of Horodnia during the Swedish invasion in 1709.

The town has two secondary schools, two boarding schools, a music school and a sport school.

Many famous people were born, lived and studied in Horodnia. Among them are poets Vasyl Chumak, Abram Katsnelson, Petro Pynytsia, ethnographer Stepan Nis; Mykola Volkovych, doctor and professor; and politician and Hero of Ukraine Levko Lukyanenko.

A great Ukrainian writer and artist Taras Shevchenko visited Horodnia in the spring of 1846.

Ichnia

Ichnia (Ukrainian: І́чня, Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈitʃnʲɑ]), also written as Ichnya, is a town in Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine, located on the Ichenka River. It is the center of Ichnia Raion.

Isaak Mazepa

Isaak Prokhorovych Mazepa (Ukrainian: Ісаак Мазепа) (16 August 1884 in Kostobobriv – 18 March 1952 in Augsburg) was a Ukrainian politician.

Ivan Durnovo

Ivan Nikolayevich Durnovo (Russian: Иван Николаевич Дурново, the patronymic is also transcribed as Nikolaevich; 13 March [O.S. 1 March] 1834 – 11 June [O.S. 29 May] 1903) was a Russian political figure. He served as Chairman of the Committee of Ministers between 1895 and 1903, the precursor to the post of prime minister.

Joseph Serebriany

Jasef Alexandrovich Serebriany (Russian: Иосиф Александрович Серебряный) (April 25, 1907, Horodnia, Chernigov Governorate – 1979, Leningrad) was a Soviet Russian painter and stage decorator, who lived and worked in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, People's Artist of the Russian Federation, professor of the Repin Institute of Arts, regarded as one of the leading representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, well known for his portrait paintings.

Krolevets

Krolevets (Ukrainian: Кролевець, [kroɫeˈʋɛtsʲ] (listen), Polish: Królewiec) is a city in Sumy Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Krolevets Raion. Population: 23,313 (2015 est.) In 2001, population was 25,183.

Maria Zubreeva

Maria Abramovna (Avraamovna) Zubreeva (Russian: Мари́я Абра́мовна Зубре́ева; August 21, 1900, village Korukovka, the Chernigov Governorate, Ukraine, Russian Empire – October 8, 1991, Saint Petersburg, USSR) was a Russian Soviet realist painter, watercolorist, graphic artist, and designer, who lived and worked in Leningrad. She was regarded as one of the representatives of the Leningrad school of painting.

Mark Bernes

Mark Naumovich Bernes (Russian: Ма́рк Нау́мович Берне́с) (October 8 [O.S. September 25] 1911, Nezhin, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire - August 16, 1969, Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Soviet actor and singer of Jewish ancestry (his father's last name was Neumann), who performed some of the most poignant songs to come out of World War II, including Tyomnaya noch (Russian: Тёмная ночь, Dark Night; 1943) and Zhuravli (Russian: Журавли, Cranes; 1969). His voice had some similarities to Bing Crosby, but his style was closer to French chansonniers such as Yves Montand.

Mena, Ukraine

Mena (Ukrainian: Мена, Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈmɛnɑ]) is a city in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Mena Raion. Population: 12,004 (2015 est.)

Nikolay Goloded

Nikolay Matveyevich Goloded (Belarusian: Мікалай Мацвеевіч Галадзед; March 1894 – 1937) was a first secretary of the Byelorussian SSR from December 1925 to May 1927.

Nizhyn

Nížyn (Ukrainian: Ні́жин, Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈnʲiʒɪn], Russian: Не́жин, Nezhin, Polish: Nieżyn) is a city located in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine, along the Oster River, 150 km (93 mi) north-east of the nation's capital, Kiev. It is the administrative center of Nizhyn Raion, though the city itself is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Once it was a major city of the Chernigov Governorate.

Nosivka

Nósivka (Ukrainian: Но́сівка, Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈnɔsʲiwka], Russian: Носóвка) is a city in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Nosivka Raion. Population: 13,856 (2015 est.)

Oster

Ostér (Ukrainian: Осте́р, Ukrainian pronunciation: [osˈtɛr], Russian: Остёр) is a city located where the Oster River flows into the Desna, in Kozelets Raion, Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine. Its population is 6,180 (2015 est.)Today Oster is a river port with a cotton-textile factory and a food industry. Some parts of the old fortress in Oster have been preserved, as have the remains of the Saint Michael's Church, constructed in 1098 and the only preserved church of the medieval principality of Pereyaslav.

Seredyna-Buda

Seredyna-Buda (Ukrainian: Середина-Буда) is a city in Sumy Oblast of northeastern Ukraine, the administrative center of the Seredyna-Buda Raion. It is located on Bryansk to Konotop branch line and is served by the railway station Zernove. Seredyna-Buda was founded in the 17th century by Old Believers migrated from Russia. It has had town status since 1964. Population: 7,160 (2015 est.) In 2001, population was 7,500.

Shostka

Shostka (Ukrainian: Шостка) is a city in Sumy Oblast in the north-east of Ukraine. Shostka serves as the administrative center of Shostka Raion. It is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Population: 77,134 (2015 est.)The town lies on the Shostka River, a tributary of the Desna, from which it gets its name. Shostka is an important centre of industry: in chemicals (see Svema) and in dairy, the Shostka City Milk Plant was recently acquired by the Bel Group.

Snovsk

Snovsk (Ukrainian: Сновськ, Ukrainian pronunciation: [snɔwsʲk]) is a city in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Snovsk Raion. Population: 11,343 (2015 est.) The population was 12,315 in 2001.

Vitaly Primakov

Vitaliy Markovich Primakov (Russian: Виталий Маркович Примаков; Ukrainian: Віталій Маркович Примаков) (3 December 1897 – 12 June 1937) was a Soviet military leader, commander of the Red Cossacks corps, and part of the Red Army. He was a close friend of Kotsiubynsky family and a son-in-law of Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky.

Governorates
(List)
Oblasts
Oblasts of Stepnoy Krai
Oblasts of Turkestan Krai
Caucasus Viceroyalty
Baltic Governorates³
Governorates of Finland
Governorates of Poland
Governorates of Galicia and Bukovina
Dependencies
Volhynian Governorate
Yekaterinoslav Governorate
Poltava Governorate
Podolia Governorate
Odessa Governorate
Kiev Governorate
Kharkov Governorate
Donetsk Governorate
Chernigov Governorate

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