Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport (IATA: CTU, ICAO: ZUUU) is the major international airport serving Chengdu, the capital of China's Sichuan Province. Located about 16 kilometres (10 mi) southwest of downtown Chengdu to the north of Shuangliu District, Shuangliu airport is an important aviation hub for Western China. Shuangliu Airport is one of the two core hubs for Air China, together with Beijing, as well as the main hub and headquarters for Sichuan Airlines and Chengdu Airlines. China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Lucky Air and Tibet Airlines also have bases at Shuangliu Airport.

Chengdu airport is also a 72-hour transit visa-free airport for foreigners from many countries (Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Russia, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republic of Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, United States, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Brunei, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar).

Shuangliu Airport handled 42.2 million passengers in 2015. It was among world's top 30 busiest airport in 2015, the fourth-busiest in mainland China, and the busiest in western China.[1] It was also the fifth-busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic in China for 2013.

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
成都双流国际机场
Chengdu (- Shuangliu) (CTU - ZUUU) AN2201186
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Sichuan Province Airport Group Co., Ltd.
Serves Chengdu
Location ShuangliuWuhou
Hub for Air China
Chengdu Airlines
Sichuan Airlines
China Southern Airlines
China Eastern Airlines
Tibet Airlines
Lucky Air
Shenzhen Airlines
Elevation AMSL 495 m / 1,624 ft
Coordinates 30°34′42″N 103°56′49″E / 30.57833°N 103.94694°ECoordinates: 30°34′42″N 103°56′49″E / 30.57833°N 103.94694°E
Website www.cdairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart

CAAC airport chart
CTU is located in Sichuan
CTU
CTU
CTU is located in China
CTU
CTU
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02R/20L 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02L/20R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 46,039,037
Cargo (tons) 611,590
Aircraft movements 319,382
Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
Simplified Chinese 成都双流国际机场
Traditional Chinese 成都雙流國際機場
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Chéngdū Shuāngliú Guójì Jīchǎng

Overview

History

The airport, formerly named Shuangguisi Airport, opened as an auxiliary military airfield in 1938 during the Second Sino-Japanese War/World War II. At the time, its runway was only large enough for small biplanes. It was also where the Republic of China Air Force Polikarpov I-15 fighters of the 5th Pursuit Group were based for aerial defense of the Chengtu area against Imperial Japanese bomber raids;[2] this following the Chinese retreat from Wuhan to Chungking(now Chongqing) as the new provisional capital in aftermath of the Battle of Wuhan against the Imperial Japanese onslaught. Civilian targets were indiscriminately bombed, and ace fighter pilot of the Chinese Air Force Major Wong Sun-shui and Lieutenant Lin Heng (younger brother of renowned architect and poet Lin Huiyin) flying in their I-15 fighter planes were both killed near Shuangliu air base as a result of battling against the world's best fighter aircraft of the time, the A6M "Zero" (Reisen) fighter, in defense of Chengdu on 14 March 1941.[3][4][5][6]

During World War II, the airport was known as Shwangliu (Shuangliu) Airfield and was later used by the United States Army Air Forces Fourteenth Air Force as part of the China Defensive Campaign (1942–1945). It was used as a fighter base by the 33d Fighter Group, which flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bombers from the airport in 1944 to support Chinese ground forces, and also by reconnaissance units that operated camera-equipped P-38 Lightnings that located Japanese forces and provided intelligence to the fighter-bombers. The Americans closed their facilities at Shwangliu Airfield at the end of August 1945.[7][8]

On December 12, 1956, the Shuangguisi Airport was put under civil aviation, which was then formally listed as a civil aviation airport and renamed Chengdu Shuangliu Airport. In 1957, the flights of Chengdu civil aviation were shifted to Shuangliu Airport from Guanghan Airport. The flight courses from Chengdu were thus opened to various cities within China including Beijing, Taiyuan, Xi'an, Chongqing, Kunming, Guiyang, and Nanchong.[9] The airport went through several earlier expansions in 1959, 1967, 1983 and 1991 respectively.

Current status

A large-scale expansion was conducted on flight area and navigation area from 1994 to 2001. The runway was extended to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft) with Class 4E rating, allowing for larger jumbo jets including the Boeing 747-400. The newly built terminal building was incorporated with a three-parallel-porch design, accommodating an hourly capacity of 3,500 passengers during rush hours, while the previous terminal building was only designated for regional flights within Sichuan and Chongqing.

The airport is now an international civil airport with flights to more than 50 international destinations and over 170 domestic airports, and is a hub for Chengdu Airlines, Air China and Sichuan Airlines. It is linked to downtown Chengdu by the Airport Expressway, the Chengdu–Mianyang–Leshan Intercity Railway and the newly built Chengdu Metro line 10 which has stations in both terminals.[10]

The construction of its second runway started from late 2008, and service commenced in December 2009. The completed new runway, 3,600 metres (11,811 ft) in length and 60 metres (197 ft) in width, upgraded the previous flight area rating from 4E to 4F, capable of handling the Airbus A380.[11] The new Terminal 2 has started construction in June 2009; trial operations began on July 28, 2012 with limited airlines and was officially opened on August 9, 2012 for all domestic airlines other than Sichuan Airlines. T1 is split into Domestic and International wings, and retained all international flights from airlines within and outside China. The new terminal is twice the size of the current T1, and allows the airport to handle up to 50 million passengers annually.

Prior to 2014, the airport had no nonstop flights to the United States. Passengers traveling from Chengdu to the United States had to connect at Beijing–Capital and/or Shanghai–Pudong, and it would take two or more stops to travel to many U.S. cities. This shortcoming in service at Chengdu was resolved on June 9, 2014, as United Airlines began operating a nonstop service from San Francisco to Chengdu.[12] Service to the US has since expanded, as Hainan Airlines now offers nonstop service from Chengdu to Los Angeles[13] and began nonstop service to New York–JFK in October 2017.[14]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Aksu, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Colombo, Dali, Dalian, Daocheng, Dongying, Frankfurt, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hami, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Hotan, Hong Kong, Hongyuan, Huai'an, Huizhou, Jieyang, Jinan, Karamay, Kashgar, Kathmandu, Korla, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Linfen, London–Gatwick,[15] Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Qamdo, Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shihezi, Singapore, Sydney, Taiyuan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Ulanqab, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xichang, Xining, Yangon, Yantai, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Yulin, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Air Macau Macau
Air Mauritius Mauritius
Air Seychelles Charter: Mahé
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Bangkok Airways Charter: Koh Samui
Beijing Capital Airlines Guangzhou, Hangzhou,[16] Madrid,[16] Qingdao, Urumqi
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Baotou, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Jinchang, Jinggangshan, Jining, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Lüliang, Nanjing, Nantong, Nanning, Ningbo, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shangrao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tianjin, Ulanhot, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xingyi, Xining, Yancheng, Yinchuan, Zhangye, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei, Zhuhai, Zunyi-Xinzhou
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Baoshan,[17] Cebu, Changchun, Changde, Changzhou, Dali, Dalian, Diqing, Fukuoka, Fuzhou,[18] Golmud, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jeju, Jieyang, Jinan,[19] Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shiyan,[20] Taiyuan, Tengchong, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xining, Yantai, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yingkou, Yushu, Zhanjiang,[21] Zhuhai
China Eastern Airlines operated by Shanghai Airlines Huangshan, Shanghai–Hongqiao
China Express Airlines Bijie, Guiyang, Libo
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Daqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Jieyang, Jinan, Korla, Linyi, Nanning, Nanyang, Qianjiang, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xuzhou, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan, Ordos, Shijiazhuang
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Guiyang
Donghai Airlines Nantong
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Far Eastern Air Transport Kaohsiung
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali
GX Airlines Nanning
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Lanzhou, Los Angeles,[13] New York–JFK,[14] Sanya, Shenzhen, Urumqi
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Hongtu Airlines Kunming
Juneyao Airlines Chizhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao
KLM Amsterdam
Kunming Airlines Changsha, Kunming
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane[22]
Lion Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali, Manado
Loong Air Dalian, Hangzhou, Handan, Jinan, Kaili, Xiangyang
Lucky Air Fuzhou, Haikou, Hohhot, Irkutsk,[23] Jinan, Jinzhou, Kangding, Kunming, Lhasa, Lijiang, Ninglang, Sanya, Urumqi, Xishuangbanna, Zhaotong, Zhengzhou
Maldivian Charter: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Malé
Malindo Air Kota Kinabalu, Langkawi
Nok Air Phuket
Okay Airways Changsha, Tianjin
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Charter: Cebu,[24] Kalibo[24]
Qatar Airways Doha
Qingdao Airlines Lijiang, Qingdao
Ruili Airlines Harbin, Kunming, Qingyang, Qinhuangdao, Zhangjiakou
Shandong Airlines Guilin, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Qingdao, Xiamen
Shenzhen Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Huaihua, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Wuxi
Sichuan Airlines Altay, Anshan, Auckland, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Boston (begins 17 December 2018),[25] Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Dalian, Daocheng, Datong, Dazhou, Dongying, Dubai–International, Dunhuang, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Kangding, Kashgar, Kathmandu, Krabi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Linyi, Longyan, Los Angeles, Malé, Melbourne, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Phuket, Prague, Pu'er, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Rizhao, Saint Petersburg, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Taipei–Songshan, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 29 July 2018),[26] Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Turpan, Urumqi, Vancouver, Wanzhou, Wenshan,[27] Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiahe, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xichang, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Xuzhou, Yangzhou, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yichun, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zurich[28]
Charter: Saipan
SilkAir Singapore
Sky Angkor Airlines Charter: Siem Reap, Sihanoukville
Spring Airlines Krabi, Phuket,[29] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shijiazhuang, Surat Thani
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin
Tibet Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Harbin, Jinan, Kathmandu, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Nyingchi, Qamdo, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse, Tianjin, Tongren, Wanzhou, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xining
United Airlines San Francisco
Urumqi Air Urumqi
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi, Nha Trang
Charter: Phu Quoc
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen

Cargo

CTU airport diagram
Airport diagram
AirlinesDestinations
Air China Cargo Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Novosibirsk,[30] Zhengzhou[31]
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Postal Airlines Nanjing
DHL Shanghai–Pudong
FedEx Express Anchorage, Delhi, Guangzhou
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Shanghai–Pudong
Korean Air Cargo Chennai, Hanoi, Seoul–Incheon
SF Airlines Lhasa, Shenzhen
Shenzhen Donghai Airlines Hong Kong, Shenzhen
UPS Airlines Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Warsaw–Chopin[32]
Yangtze River Express Châlons-en-Champagne, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Prague, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen

Other facilities

China Southwest Airlines once had its headquarters on the airport property.[33]

Ground transportation

Airport Bus

Airport Bus No.1, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - City Centre (Minshan Hotel, Section 2 of Renmin Road South, Metro station of Jinjiang Hotel); single ticket: ¥10.

Airport Bus No.2, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - Chengdu Railway Station (North Railway Station); single ticket: up to ¥10.

Airport Bus No.3, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - Chengdu East Railway Station (Chengdu Dong Railway Station); single ticket: ¥12.

Airport Bus No.4, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - Century City (Chengdu Int'l Exhibition Centre); single ticket: ¥10.

Taxi

It costs about RMB 60 Yuan from Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport to the city centre of Chengdu.

High-speed train (CRH)

Passengers can take the CRH train at Shuangliu Airport Railway Station (-1F of Terminal 2) to Chengdu Nan (South) Railway Station and Chengdu Dong (East) Railway Station; single tickets are about ¥11. The CRH trains at Shuangliu Airport Station are also bound for Mianyang Railway Station, Deyang Railway Station, Meishan Dong(East) Railway Station, Leshan Railway Station and Emeishan Railway Station.

Underground

Chengdu Metro Line 10 is a subway line that links Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport with Taipingyuan Station (the transfer station for Chengdu Metro Line 3 and Chengdu Metro Line 7). It opened on 6 September 2017.

Gallery

Airport, Terminal JP6619845

Terminal 1 exterior

Airport, Terminal JP6616157

Terminal 1 airside concourse

Airport, Terminal JP6622430

Terminal 1 departure hall

Airport, Terminal JP6782491

CTU T1 International

Outside of CTU Terminal 2

Terminal 2 of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

Terminal 2 of CTU under construction

Terminal 2 airside Concourse

Interior of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport T2 20161123

Terminal 2 of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

Airport, Terminal JP7500485

CTU T2 International

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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External links

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