Cheltenham

Cheltenham (/ˈtʃɛltənəm/) is a regency spa town and borough on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Gloucestershire, England. Cheltenham has been a health and holiday spa town resort since the discovery of mineral springs in 1716 and has a number of internationally renowned and historic schools.

The town hosts several festivals of culture, often featuring nationally and internationally famous contributors and attendees, including the Cheltenham Literature Festival, the Cheltenham Jazz Festival, the Cheltenham Science Festival, the Cheltenham Music Festival, the Cheltenham Cricket Festival, and the Cheltenham Food & Drink Festival.[1][2] In steeplechase horse racing, the Gold Cup is the main event of the Cheltenham Festival, held every March.

Cheltenham
Cheltenham from Leckhampton Hill
Cheltenham from Leckhampton Hill
Coat of arms of Cheltenham

Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Salubritas et Eruditio ("Health and Education")
Cheltenham within Gloucestershire
Cheltenham within Gloucestershire
Coordinates: 51°53′N 002°04′W / 51.883°N 2.067°WCoordinates: 51°53′N 002°04′W / 51.883°N 2.067°W
CountryUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial CountyGloucestershire
BoroughCheltenham
Government
 • Governing BodyCheltenham Borough Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
 • ExecutiveLiberal Democrat
 • MPsAlex Chalk Laurence Robertson
Area
 • Borough18.00 sq mi (46.61 km2)
Area rankRanked 275th
Population
(mid-2017 est.)
 • Borough117,100
 • RankRanked 198th
 • Density6,510/sq mi (2,513/km2)
Postcode
GL50, GL51, GL52, GL53, GL54
Area code(s)01242
OS grid referenceSO945225
Websitewww.cheltenham.gov.uk

History

Cheltenhammap 1933
Cheltenham in 1933

Cheltenham stands on the small River Chelt, which rises nearby at Dowdeswell and runs through the town on its way to the Severn.[3] It was first recorded in 803, as Celtan hom; the meaning has not been resolved with certainty, but latest scholarship concludes that the first element preserves a pre-British noun cilta, 'steep hill', here referring to the Cotswold scarp; the second element may mean 'settlement' or 'water-meadow'.[4] As a royal manor, it features in the earliest pages of the Gloucestershire section of Domesday Book[5] where it is named Chintenha[m]. The town was awarded a market charter in 1226.

Though little remains of its pre-spa history, Cheltenham has been a health and holiday spa town resort since the discovery of mineral springs there in 1716. Captain Henry Skillicorne (1678–1763), is credited with being the first entrepreneur to recognise the opportunity to exploit the mineral springs.[6] The retired "master mariner" became co-owner of the property containing Cheltenham's first mineral spring upon his 1732[7] marriage to Elizabeth Mason.[8] Her father, William Mason, had done little in his lifetime to promote the healing properties of the mineral water apart from limited advertising and building a small enclosure over the spring.[6] Skillicorne's wide travels as a merchant had prepared him to see the potential lying dormant on this inherited property. After moving to Cheltenham in 1738, he immediately began improvements intended to attract visitors to his spa. He built a pump to regulate the flow of water and erected an elaborate well-house complete with a ballroom and upstairs billiard room to entertain his customers. The beginnings of Cheltenham's famous tree-lined promenades and gardens surrounding its spas were first designed by Captain Skillicorne with the help of "wealthy and traveled" friends who understood the value of relaxing avenues. The beautiful walks and gardens were naturally adorned with sweeping vistas of the countryside. Soon the gentry and nobility from across the county were enticed to come and investigate the beneficial waters of Cheltenham's market town spa.[8]

The visit of George III with the queen and royal princesses in 1788 set a stamp of fashion on the spa.[9] The spa waters can still be sampled at the Pittville Pump Room, built for this purpose and completed in 1830;[10] it is a centrepiece of Pittville, a planned extension of Cheltenham to the north, undertaken by Joseph Pitt, who laid the first stone 4 May 1825.[11]

Cheltenham's success as a spa town is reflected in the railway station, which is still called Cheltenham Spa, and spa facilities in other towns that were inspired by or named after it.[12]

Alice Liddell and Lewis Carroll were regular visitors to a house in Cudnall Street, Charlton Kings – a suburb of Cheltenham. This house was owned by Alice Liddell's grandparents, and still contains the mirror, or looking glass, that was purportedly the inspiration for Lewis Carroll's novel Through the Looking-Glass, published in 1871.[13]

Horse racing began in Cheltenham in 1815, and became a major national attraction after the establishment of the Festival in 1902.[14] Whilst the volume of tourists visiting the spa has declined, the racecourse attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors to each day of the festival each year,[15] with such large numbers of visitors having a significant impact on the town.

In the Second World War, the United States Army Service of Supply,[16] European Theatre of Operations established its primary headquarters at Cheltenham under the direction of Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee,[17] with the flats of the Cheltenham Racecourse[18] becoming a giant storage depot for countless trucks, jeeps, tanks and artillery pieces. Most of this materiel was reshipped to the continent for and after the D-Day invasion. Lee and his primary staff had offices and took residence at Thirlestaine Hall in Cheltenham.[19]

On 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the borough of Cheltenham was merged with Charlton Kings urban district to form the non-metropolitan district of Cheltenham. Four parishes—Swindon Village, Up Hatherley, Leckhampton and Prestbury—were added to the borough of Cheltenham from the borough of Tewkesbury in 1991.[20]

The first British jet aircraft prototype, the Gloster E.28/39, was manufactured in Cheltenham. Manufacturing started in Hucclecote near Gloucester, but was later moved to Regent Motors in Cheltenham High Street (now the Regent Arcade), considered a location safer from bombing during the Second World War.

Geography

Cheltenham is on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the South-West region of England. The small River Chelt flows under and through the town.

Cleeve Hill overlooks the town and is the highest point in the county of Gloucestershire at 1,083 feet (330 m).

The town is near the northeastern edge of the South West of England region being 88 miles (140 km) west-northwest of London, 38 miles (61 km) northeast of Bristol and 41 miles (65 km) south of Birmingham.[21]

Neighbourhoods

The districts of Cheltenham include: Arle, Benhall, Charlton Kings, Fairview, Fiddler's Green, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Leckhampton, Lynworth, Montpellier, Oakley, Pittville, Prestbury, the Reddings, Rowanfield, St Luke's, St Mark's, St Paul's, St Peter's, Springbank, Swindon Village, Tivoli, Up Hatherley, Whaddon and Wyman's Brook.

Montpellier

Located at the end of the Promenade South of the town centre, affluent Montpellier is known for its vibrant bars, restaurants and specialist shops. Surrounded by many grade one listed buildings, Montpellier Gardens are part of the Cheltenham Central Conservation Area.[22]

Lansdown Crescent

Lansdown Crescent is a Regency period terrace, designed by John Buonarotti Papworth for R.W. and C. Jearrad and constructed in the 1830s. The terrace is convex, and opposite the north-eastern part stands Lansdown Court, an Italianate villa possibly designed by Papworth but more probably by the Jearrads and built about 1830.

Charlton Park

Charlton Park is a former 72-acre (29 ha) historic park with mansion house,[23] about a mile south-east of the town centre. From 1935 the parkland gradually became a private residential area, the main housing development taking place between 1976 and 1983. The original mansion house dated from the 13th century; alterations throughout the centuries transformed it from a medieval, timber-framed hall-house into an 18th-century brick-faced mansion in the classical style. In the 1780s the estate was emparked for deer and had magnificent Dutch-style water gardens. After 1935 the old house became part of Charlton Park Convent, and since 1987 has been part of St Edward's School.

Green belt

Parts of the town has green belt along its fringes, and this extends into the surrounding Tewkesbury district, helping to maintain local green space, prevent further urban sprawl and unplanned expansion towards Gloucester and Bishop's Cleeve, as well as protecting smaller villages in between. West of the Greenfield Way and Fiddlers Green Lane roads, along with much of the open space up to the Civil Service Sports Ground, as well as the Cheltenham Racecourse and surrounding green park, along with St Peter Leckhampton parish church and Brizen Playing Fields/Haven and Greenmead parks along the south of the borough, are covered.

Government

Cheltenham Borough Council is the local authority for Cheltenham, which is split into 20 wards, with a total of 40 councillors elected to serve on the borough council. Since 2002 elections have been held every two years with half of the councillors elected at each election.

GCHQ

'The Doughnut', the head office of the British Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is located in Cheltenham.

Climate

As with the rest of the British Isles, Cheltenham experiences a maritime climate. In comparison to many other areas in Britain, Cheltenham has warm summers and mild winters. The town held the British maximum temperature record from 1990 to 2003—temperatures reached 37.1 °C (98.8 °F).[24] The absolute minimum is −20.1 °C (−4.2 °F), set during December 1981. During a typical year, 145.6 days will report at least 1 mm of rain, and some 42.2 nights will record air frost.

Climate data for Cheltenham 1981–2010, 65 m asl
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
13.8
(56.8)
17.5
(63.5)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.1
(71.8)
19.1
(66.4)
14.9
(58.8)
10.6
(51.1)
8.0
(46.4)
14.7
(58.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
1.7
(35.1)
3.6
(38.5)
4.8
(40.6)
7.8
(46.0)
10.8
(51.4)
13.1
(55.6)
12.7
(54.9)
10.3
(50.5)
7.7
(45.9)
4.6
(40.3)
2.1
(35.8)
6.8
(44.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 71.6
(2.82)
61.9
(2.44)
57.4
(2.26)
67.7
(2.67)
67.9
(2.67)
67.9
(2.67)
66.4
(2.61)
66.2
(2.61)
74.0
(2.91)
81.1
(3.19)
80.5
(3.17)
80.8
(3.18)
843.4
(33.2)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.5 11.2 12.7 11.9 12.2 11.4 10.5 10.9 11.2 13.9 13.5 12.8 145.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.6 74.9 107.6 154.2 184.9 183.0 199.2 186.6 137.2 107.1 64.3 48.9 1,503.5
Source: Met Office[25]

Economy

Cavendish-house-cheltenham-20081003
Cavendish House department store on the Promenade.

Cheltenham has light industry, including food processing, aerospace, electronics and tourism businesses. The Government's electronic surveillance operation Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), renowned for its "doughnut-shape" building, is in Cheltenham. Vertex Data Science, GE-Aviation, Chelsea Building Society, Endsleigh Insurance, Archant, Nelson Thornes, UCAS (Universities & Colleges Admissions Service), Kohler Mira, Barnett Waddingham LLP, Zürich Financial Services, Douglas Equipment and Spirax-Sarco Engineering all have sites in and around Cheltenham.

SuperGroup plc, owner of the Superdry label, have their headquarters in Cheltenham.

Cheltenham is a regional shopping centre, home to department stores, the oldest being Cavendish House, from 1823,[26] and the Regent Arcade.

The Beechwood Shopping Centre in the town centre was demolished in 2017 to make way for a £30million, 115,000 square foot John Lewis store.[27]

Cheltenham is well-known for its nightlife, with a wide range of pubs, wine bars, clubs and restaurants. It has a Michelin two-star restaurant, Le Champignon Sauvage.

In 2006, a house valuation web site rated Cheltenham the most desirable property location in Britain.[28]

In 2014, The Daily Telegraph newspaper named Cheltenham as the best place in the United Kingdom to raise a family.[29]

Employment and salary

The unemployment rate in Cheltenham was 2.7%[30] in 2010 compared to the UK national unemployment level of 7.9%.[31] The average GVA per head in Cheltenham was £21,947.27 in 2011[30] compared to the national average of £26,200.[32]

In 2012, The Guardian found that, at the end of 2011, 41 multi-millionaires lived in Cheltenham, which was the fourth-highest rate in the UK of multi-millionaires per 100,000 people at 35.44.[33]

Culture

Cheltenham Municiapl Offices
Cheltenham's Municipal Offices, an example of Regency architecture.
Wishing Fish Clock Cheltenham 1
The mechanical clock in the Regent Shopping Arcade, designed by Kit Williams. The distance from the duck to the fish is 14 metres.
Architecture

The town is famous for its Regency architecture and is said to be "the most complete regency town in England".[34] Many of the buildings are listed, including the Cheltenham Synagogue, judged by Nikolaus Pevsner to be one of the architecturally "best" non-Anglican ecclesiastical buildings in Britain.[35] Cheltenham Town Hall was built in 1902 to commemorate the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

Art

The Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum, also called The Wilson, hosts a programme of art exhibitions running throughout the year. In 2014 many of the town's historic cultural and leisure buildings were put under the control of The Cheltenham Trust,[36] a charity set up to manage and develop the buildings on behalf of the town. Along with The Wilson, the Trust now manages the Town Hall, the Pittville Pump Room, the Prince of Wales Stadium and Leisure @, a large fitness and swimming complex. A volunteer board of Trustees, chaired by media entrepreneur Peter Harkness,[37] controls the Trust. The Trust's CEO is Julie Finch[38] former director museums in Bristol.

Cheltenham features several sculptural artworks of note, including:

  • Neptune's Fountain in the Promenade, built in 1893 and designed by Joseph Hall[39]
  • The Hare and the Minotaur, also in the Promenade, created in 1995 by Sophie Ryder[40]
  • A life-size bronze of an Emperor Penguin by Nick Bibby and placed in the foyer of The Wilson art gallery and museum in 2015[41]
  • The Wishing Fish Clock in the Regent Shopping Arcade, unveiled in 1987 and designed by Kit Williams
Music

Cheltenham hosts the annual Cheltenham Music Festival, Cheltenham Jazz Festival and the Ukulele Festival of Great Britain.

In 2010, Cheltenham was named the UK's fifth "most musical" City by PRS for Music.[42]

History

The Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum has a notable collection of decorative arts from the era of the Arts and Crafts Movement. The collection enjoys National Designation by the Arts Council of England.[43] The Holst Birthplace Museum contains personal belongings of the composer of The Planets, including his piano. It also includes a working Victorian kitchen and laundry, Regency drawing room and an Edwardian nursery.

The Cheltenham Civic Society has been responsible for erecting commemorative plaques in the town since 1982: blue plaques to celebrate well-known people and green plaques to celebrate significant places and events.

Festivals

Every year, Cheltenham Festivals organises music, jazz, literature and science festivals in the town, attracting names with national and international reputations in each field. Events take place at venues including the town hall, the Everyman Theatre, the Playhouse Theatre and the Pittville Pump Room.

Several other cultural festivals, including the Cheltenham Paranormal Festival, the Cheltenham Design Festival, Cheltenham Folk Festival, Cheltenham Poetry Festival, The True Believers Comic Festival and Cheltenham Comedy Festival are separately organised but also attract international performers and speakers. A more local event, the Cheltenham Festival of the Performing Arts (formerly Cheltenham Competitive Festival) is a collection of more than 300 performance competitions that is the oldest of Cheltenham's arts festivals, having been started in 1926.

Greenbelt, a Christian arts and music festival, and Wychwood Festival, a family-friendly folk and world music festival, were held at Cheltenham Racecourse.[44] The town also hosts the multi-venue Walk the line festival.

Two sporting events are also routinely described as the "Cheltenham Festival" or "the Festival": the Cheltenham Cricket Festival, which features Gloucestershire County Cricket Club, and National Hunt racing's Cheltenham Festival.

Film and television

Cheltenham has played host to and featured in a number of film and TV series:[45][46]

The Thistle Golden Valley Hotel (now the Jurys Inn) was used by the ITV soap opera Crossroads for outdoor location filming from 1982 to 1985.[47]

Theatre

Cheltenham has four theatres: the Everyman, the Playhouse, the Bacon and the Parabola Arts Centre.

Demography

Population

According to 2010 estimates from the Office for National Statistics, Cheltenham's population is 115,300, ranked 186th out of 326 English districts based on population, with a population density of 6,410 people per square mile (2,473/km2), placing it 72 out of 326 English districts based on population density. Inhabitants of Cheltenham are known as "Cheltonians".

Ethnicity

According to the 2011 census,[48] the ethnic breakdown of the population of Cheltenham is as follows:

White British: 88.3%
White Irish: 0.9%
White, other: 5.0%
Mixed: 1.6%
Asian or Asian British: 3.2%
Black or Black British: 0.6%
Other: 0.3%

Crime and public safety

In 2013, Cheltenham was named one of the safest towns for university students to live in the UK by the Complete University Guide.[49]

Police

Gloucestershire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the town covering 14 neighbourhoods in the Cheltenham area.[50]

Education

The oldest school in Cheltenham is Pate's Grammar School (founded in 1574).[51] Cheltenham College (founded in 1841) was the first of the public schools of the Victorian period.[52] The school was the setting in 1968 for the classic Lindsay Anderson film if.....[53] It also hosts the annual Cheltenham Cricket Festival, first staged in 1872, and the oldest cricket festival in the world.[54]

The most famous school in the town, according to The Good Schools Guide, is Cheltenham Ladies' College (founded in 1853).[55][56] Dean Close School was founded in 1886 in memory of the Reverend Francis Close (1797–1882), a former rector of Cheltenham.[57] The town also includes several campuses of the University of Gloucestershire, two other public and six other state secondary schools, plus institutions of further education.

Sport and leisure

Cheltenham Racecourse, in the nearby village of Prestbury, is the home of National Hunt, or jumps, racing in the UK. Meetings are hosted from October to April. The highlight of the season is the Cheltenham Gold Cup, which is normally held in the middle of March, during the Cheltenham Festival.

The local football teams are Cheltenham Town F.C. who play in the Football League Two, Bishop's Cleeve who play in the Southern League South & West Division, Cheltenham Saracens F.C. in the Hellenic League Premier and Cheltenham Civil Service F.C. who play in the local Gloucester Northern Senior League, and Falcons AFC who play in the Cheltenham 1st and 3rd Division.

Amateur rugby union clubs include Cheltenham R.F.C., Cheltenham Saracens RFC, Cheltenham North R.F.C., Old Patesians R.F.C., Smiths Rugby and Cheltenham Civil Service R.F.C.

In rugby league university side Gloucestershire All Golds were admitted into the semi-professional Championship 1. The Cheltenham Rugby Festival is a rugby league nines event held in May.

The town has one golf course, Lilley Brook, in Charlton Kings.

Cheltenham has one of the largest croquet clubs in the country, and is home to the headquarters of the national body of the sport, the Croquet Association. The East Glos tennis, squash and women's hockey club, which was founded in 1885, is also located in the town.

Sandford Parks Lido is one of the largest outdoor pools in England. There is a 50 m (164 ft) main pool, a children's pool and paddling pool, set in landscaped gardens. Sandford Parks Lido is the home of Cheltenham Swimming and Water Polo Club.

Cheltenham Festival

Cheltenham Festival is a significant National Hunt racing meeting,[58] and has race prize money second only to the Grand National. It is an event where many of the best British and Irish trained horses race against each other, the extent of which is relatively rare during the rest of the season.

The festival takes place annually in March at Cheltenham Racecourse. The meeting is often very popular with Irish visitors,[59] mostly because of that nation's affinity with horse racing, but also because it usually coincides with St. Patrick's Day, a national holiday in celebration of the patron saint of Ireland.

Large amounts of money are bet during festival week, with hundreds of millions of pounds being gambled over the four days.[60] Cheltenham is often noted for its atmosphere, most notably the "Cheltenham roar", which refers to the enormous amount of noise that the crowd generates as the starter raises the tape for the first race of the festival.

Transport

Railways

Cheltenham Spa railway station is located on the Bristol-Birmingham main line, with services to Gloucester, Bristol, Swindon, London Paddington, Cardiff Central, Bridgend, Maesteg, Plymouth and the South West, Birmingham, Derby, the North West, the North East and Scotland. The station is located in the Montpellier area of the town, to the west of the town centre.

The Cheltenham Spa Express, once known as the "Cheltenham Flyer", is a named passenger train connecting Cheltenham with London.

The restored station at Cheltenham Racecourse is the southern terminus of the Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway heritage railway. The Honeybourne Line is being extended to Broadway.

Road

Cheltenham is adjacent to the M5 motorway (between Bristol and Birmingham) and its junction with the A417 to Swindon, and the A40 runs from across the M5 through the town towards Oxford and London.

National Express operate a number of coach services from Cheltenham including route 444 to London and Heathrow airport.

Tramroad

Cheltenham was a terminus of the Gloucester and Cheltenham Tramroad.

Churches

The first parish church is Cheltenham Minster, St Mary's, which is the only surviving medieval building in the town. As a result of expansion of the population, absorption of surrounding villages, and the efforts of both evangelical and Anglo-Catholic missions, the town has a large number of other parish churches, including Trinity Church and All Saints', Pittville, where the composer Gustav Holst's father was the organist.

St Gregory's Roman Catholic church is an example of the work of the architect Charles Hansom.[61] The Gothic Revival building was built 1854–57, the porch was added in 1859, the tower and spire were completed in 1861 and the nave was extended to join the tower in 1877.[61] The church's s stained glass is by Hardman & Co.[61]

Bell ringing

The town has two notable rings of bells hung for change ringing. One is at St. Christopher's (Warden Hill), the lightest ring of church bells in the world.[62] The other is a ring of 12 bells hung in St. Mary's Church (the Minster). These were the venue in 2008 for the eliminators of the National 12 Bell Striking contest, in which teams of campanologists from around the world compete to win the Taylor Trophy. In 2017 the old ring of 12 was completely replaced with new bells cast by John Taylor & Co. The tenor bell is just over a ton in weight, and the new ring also includes a thirteenth bell, a sharp 2nd, to provide a lighter 8. The towers in the locality of Cheltenham belong to the Cheltenham branch of the Gloucester & Bristol Diocesan Association of Church Bell Ringers.

Twin towns

Cheltenham is twinned with:

Twinning emblems

The twinning emblems for Cheltenham, Göttingen and Toruń

Cheltenhamtwp 10

The Twinning Fingerpost in Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania, United States, highlighting Cheltenham as the "Official Twin." The signpost points to other cities in the world named "Cheltenham".

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Jazz, Science, Music & Literature". Cheltenham Festivals. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  3. ^ "Chedgrave – Cheltenham | A Topographical Dictionary of England (pp. 562–569)". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  4. ^ R Coates, English Place-Name Society Journal 16 (1983-4)
  5. ^ John Morris (ed.), Domesday Book, 15 Gloucestershire (1982) p162 ISBN 0850333210
  6. ^ a b Goding, John (1863). Norman's History of Cheltenham. London: Longman. pp. 124–25.
  7. ^ at Long Ashton, Somerset on 4 January; note in family bible
  8. ^ a b Hembry, Phyllis May (1900). The English Spa, 1560–1815: A Social History. Madison, New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 179. ISBN 0838633919.
  9. ^ Lewis 1848.
  10. ^ [1] Archived 15 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Lewis, 1848.
  12. ^ For example, the Cheltenham Baths at Ossett#Spa, see History of Ossett Spa Archived 21 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
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  15. ^ "Sports News – Sporting Chronicle: Cheltenham Festival Attendance Figures 2005". Sporting Chronicle. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  16. ^ United States Army Services of Supply
  17. ^ John C. H. Lee
  18. ^ "Cheltenham Racecourse". wikimedia.org.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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  31. ^ "Labour Market Statistics , December 2010". Ons.gov.uk. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
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  47. ^ Geake, Simon. "Crossroads". SimonGeake.co.uk. Archived from the original on 13 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016. After the in-story destruction of the motel by fire, the revamped motel was filmed from 1982 at The Golden Valley Hotel in Cheltenham; from 1985 filming moved to the Penns Hall Hotel (now Ramada Jarvis Birmingham) in Sutton Coldfield, the changed appearance explained as being due to rebuilding.
  48. ^ https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/sources/census_2011_ks/report?compare=1946157372
  49. ^ "Cheltenham ranked one of safest student towns in UK". Gloucestershire Echo. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014.
  50. ^ "Cheltenham". www.gloucestershire.police.uk.
  51. ^ A Concise Description of the Endowed Grammar Schools in England and Wales. Baldwin, Cradock and Joy. 1818. p. 446.
  52. ^ "Cheltenham Education: Cheltenham College". Cheltenham4u.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  53. ^ "BFI Screenonline: Anderson, Lindsay (1923–1994) Biography". Screenonline.org.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  54. ^ "Cheltenham Events – Festivals: Cheltenham Cricket Festival". Cheltenham4u.co.uk. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  55. ^ . Cheltenham Ladies' College – Welcome Archived 21 April 2013 at Archive.today
  56. ^ The Good Schools Guide 2008. Lucas Publications. January 2008. ISBN 0-9552821-2-8.
  57. ^ "Cheltenham Education: Dean Close School". Cheltenham4u.co.uk. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  58. ^ "Going is good for Cheltenham". BBC Sport. 17 March 1998. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
  59. ^ "Cheltenham festival gets underway this afternoon". The Belfast Telegraph. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
  60. ^ "Cheltenham Festival 2015 in numbers: £150million in bets, 10,745 bottles of champagne and 250 chefs". Gloucestershire Echo. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015.
  61. ^ a b c Verey, David (1970). Gloucestershire: The Vale and the Forest of Dean. The Buildings of England. 2. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 128.
  62. ^ "St. Christopher's Church". Tciwh.org.uk. 13 July 2001. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  63. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  64. ^ "Cheltenham Twinning Association". Cheltenhamtwinning.wordpress.com. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  65. ^ "Information on other Cheltenhams around the world – Other Cheltenhams – Cheltenham Borough Council". Cheltenham.gov.uk. 20 November 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  66. ^ "Cheltenham Twinning – Cheltenham, PA". Cheltenhamtownship.org. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
Bibliography
  • David Verey, Gloucestershire: The Vale and the Forest of Dean, The Buildings of England edited by Nikolaus Pevsner, 2nd ed. (1976) ISBN 0-14-071041-8
  • Commemorative Plaques of Cheltenham by Peter Smith & Sue Rowbotham (Reardon, 2009) ISBN 1-873877-93-5.

External links

Following the Cotswold Way
Towards
Bath
Towards
Chipping Campden
16 km (10 mi) (10 miles) to
Leckhampton, from White's Barn
13.5 km (8 mi) (8 miles) to
Winchcombe, from White's Barn
Badminton World Federation

The Badminton World Federation (BWF) is the international governing body for the sport of badminton recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Founded in 1934 as the International Badminton Federation (IBF) with nine member nations (Canada, Denmark, England, France, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales), the BWF has since expanded to 176 member nations around the world. On 24 September 2006, at the Extraordinary General Meeting in Madrid, it was decided to adopt the new name Badminton World Federation (BWF).Its head office was located in Cheltenham, UK since its founding, but on 1 October 2005, was relocated to Kuala Lumpur. Its current president is Poul-Erik Høyer Larsen.

Cheltenham, Pennsylvania

Cheltenham is an unincorporated community in Cheltenham Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States, with a ZIP code of 19012. It located directly over the city line (Cheltenham Avenue) of Philadelphia. It also borders Northeast Philadelphia over the Fox Chase Line on the east and over Cottman Avenue (PA 73) on the north side.

By the mid-1980s, many Korean Americans moved out of Logan and moved into Cheltenham and other communities.Cheltenham is represented by Brendan Boyle in the 13th Congressional District.

As of 2016, Taiwanese airline EVA Air provides a private bus service to and from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City for customers based in the Philadelphia area. It stops in Cheltenham.

Cheltenham College

Cheltenham College is a co-educational independent school, located in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England. One of the public schools of the Victorian period, it was opened in July 1841. A Church of England foundation, it is well known for its classical, military and sporting traditions, and currently has approximately 640 pupils.

Cheltenham Festival

The Cheltenham Festival is a meeting in the National Hunt racing calendar in the United Kingdom, with race prize money second only to the Grand National. It is an event where many of the best British- and Irish-trained horses race to an extent which is relatively rare during the rest of the season.

The festival takes place annually in March at Cheltenham Racecourse in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. The meeting usually coincides with Saint Patrick's Day, and is particularly popular with Irish visitors.It features several Grade I races including the Cheltenham Gold Cup, Champion Hurdle, Queen Mother Champion Chase and Stayers' Hurdle, held over four days. Large amounts of money are gambled during Cheltenham Festival week, with hundreds of millions of pounds being bet over the week. Cheltenham is often noted for its atmosphere, most notably the "Cheltenham roar", which refers to the enormous amount of noise that the crowd generates as the starter raises the tape for the first race of the festival.

Cheltenham Gold Cup

The Cheltenham Gold Cup is a Grade 1 National Hunt horse race run on the New Course at Cheltenham Racecourse in England, over a distance of 3 miles 2½ furlongs (5,331 m), and during its running there are 22 fences to be jumped. The race takes place each year during the Cheltenham Festival in March.

The steeplechase, which is open to horses aged five years and over, is the most prestigious of all National Hunt events and it is sometimes referred to as the Blue Riband of jump-racing. Its roll of honour features the names of such chasers as Arkle, Best Mate, Golden Miller, Kauto Star and Mill House. The Gold Cup is the most valuable non-handicap chase in Britain, and in 2014 it offered a total prize fund of £550,000.

Cheltenham Ladies' College

Cheltenham Ladies' College is an independent boarding and day school for girls aged 11 to 18 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England.

Cheltenham Racecourse

Cheltenham Racecourse is a racecourse for horse racing events, located at Prestbury Park, near Cheltenham in Gloucestershire. Its most prestigious meeting is the Cheltenham Festival, held in March, which features several Grade I races including the Cheltenham Gold Cup, Champion Hurdle, Queen Mother Champion Chase and the Stayers' Hurdle.

The racecourse has a scenic location in a natural amphitheatre just below the escarpment of the Cotswold Hills, at Cleeve Hill, with a capacity of 67,500 spectators. The racecourse also has its own steam railway station (of the same name), although this no longer connects to the national rail network but has since rather been the current southern terminus of the preserved Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway.

The main racecourse has two separate courses alongside each other, the Old Course and the New Course. The New Course has a tricky downhill fence and a longer run-in for steeplechases than the Old Course. Hurdle races over two miles on the New Course also have a slight peculiarity in that most of the hurdles are jumped early on in the race with only two hurdles being jumped in the last seven furlongs. There is also a cross-country course which is laid out inside the main racecourse and is used for cross-country steeplechases.

The racecourse is the home of The Centaur, one of the largest auditoria in the South West of England. This multiple-use complex seats over 2,000 people for conferences and around 4,000 standing for concerts.[1] It is also home to the Steeplechasing Hall of Fame. From 1999 to 2013 the racecourse was the venue for the annual Greenbelt festival and remains the venue for the Wychwood Music Festival. The University of Gloucestershire holds its graduation ceremony and summer ball at the racecourse.

From 2008, the racecourse and "The Jockey Club" were in talks with Cheltenham Town F.C. about a possible move to the racecourse. This would have meant the building of a new stadium with a double sided stand, one side in the stadium and the other for watching the races. Talks went on for a while but in December 2011, Cheltenham Town F.C. decided against the move due to the financial gap, which the football club's chairman Paul Baker described as "in the millions".

On Friday 13 November 2015 Cheltenham Racecourse opened its new £45m 6,500-capacity Princess Royal Stand which completed the redevelopment of the course.

Cheltenham Town F.C.

Cheltenham Town Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England. The team compete in League Two, the fourth tier of English football. Founded in 1887, the team has played at three grounds: Agg-Gardner's Recreation Ground, Carter's Field, and now Whaddon Road, which is known for commercial reasons as The Jonny-Rocks Stadium. Their nickname is The Robins, and the club is affiliated to the Gloucestershire County FA.

Promoted to The Football League as Conference Premier champions in 1999, Cheltenham have played as high as League One, the third tier of English football, spending four seasons there. Their best FA Cup run saw them reach the last 16 (fifth round) in 2002. The last piece of silverware won by the club was the National League title in 2015–2016. Its league status was lost with relegation in 2015, only for the team to return, as champions, a year later.

Cheltenham Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania

Cheltenham Township is a home rule township bordering North Philadelphia in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States. Cheltenham's population density ranges from over 10,000 per square mile in rowhouses and high-rise apartments along Cheltenham Avenue to historic neighborhoods in Wyncote and Elkins Park. It is the most densely populated township in Montgomery County. The population was 36,793 at the 2010 U.S. Census, making it the third most populous township in Montgomery County and the 27th most populous municipality in Pennsylvania. It was originally part of Philadelphia County, and it became part of Montgomery County upon that county's creation in 1784.

Cheltenham is located 5 miles from Center City Philadelphia and surrounded by the North and Northeast sections of Philadelphia, Abington, Jenkintown, and Springfield. The SEPTA Main Line passes through Cheltenham via 5 regional rail stations, some of which are the busiest in the SEPTA system. Cheltenham is served by the SEPTA City Division and is adjacent to Fern Rock Transportation Center and the Broad Street Line subway which terminates at the South Philadelphia Sports Complex and also the Frankford Transportation Center and the El, which terminates at 69th Street in Upper Darby Township. The northern terminus of Broad Street is in Cheltenham, at its intersection with Cheltenham Avenue (PA 309).

EFL League Two

The English Football League Two (often referred to as League Two for short or Sky Bet EFL League Two for sponsorship reasons) is the third and lowest division of the English Football League (EFL) and fourth-highest division overall in the English football league system.

Football League Two was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known as the Football League Third Division. Before the advent of the Premier League, the fourth-highest division was known as the Football League Fourth Division.

At present (2018–19 season), Morecambe hold the longest tenure in League Two, last being outside the division in the 2006–07 season when they were promoted from the league then known as the Conference National (now the National League). There are currently two former Premier League clubs competing in League Two, namely Oldham Athletic and Swindon Town.

Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire ( (listen), (listen); formerly abbreviated as Gloucs. in print but now often as Glos.) is a county in South West England. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn, and the entire Forest of Dean.

The county town is the city of Gloucester, and other principal towns include Cheltenham, Stroud, Tewkesbury, Cirencester and Dursley.

Gloucestershire borders Herefordshire to the northwest, Wiltshire to the south, Bristol and Somerset to the south west, Worcestershire to the north, Oxfordshire to the east, Warwickshire to the northeast, and the Welsh county of Monmouthshire to the west.

Gloucestershire Rugby Football Union

The Gloucestershire Rugby Football Union is the union responsible for rugby union in the county of Gloucestershire, England and is one of the constituent bodies of the national Rugby Football Union. Formed in 1878, it has won the county championship on numerous occasions.

Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway

The Gloucestershire Warwickshire Steam Railway (GWR, GWSR or Gloucs-Warks Steam Railway) is a volunteer-run heritage railway which runs along the Gloucestershire/Worcestershire border of the Cotswolds, England.

The GWSR initially restored and reopened around 14 miles (23 km) of track, operating between Cheltenham Racecourse and Broadway. The company had raised £1.38 million to extend northwards to Broadway, and completed the project in 2017–18 (see below).

In the foreseeable future, the GWSR will eventually begin working on plans to extend a further 6 miles (9.7 km) to Honeybourne (where one half of an island platform has since been partly rebuilt for future usage). In mid 2018, the railway was offering a round trip of 28 miles on steam and heritage diesel trains between Cheltenham Racecourse and Broadway; it was using part of the route of the former Great Western main line from Birmingham to Cheltenham.

List of Acclaim Entertainment subsidiaries

Acclaim Entertainment was an American video game publisher from Long Island, active from 1987 until filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy on September 1, 2004. Through a series of acquisitions between 1990 and 2002, Acclaim built itself a large portfolio of subsidiaries acting in the fields of development and publishing.

List of British National Hunt races

A list of notable National Hunt horse races which take place annually in Great Britain, under the authority of the British Horseracing Authority, including all races which currently hold Grade 1, 2 or 3 status.

National Hunt racing

In horse racing in the United Kingdom, France and Ireland, National Hunt racing requires horses to jump fences and ditches. National Hunt racing in the UK is informally known as "jumps" and is divided into two major distinct branches: hurdles and steeplechases. Alongside these there are "bumpers", which are National Hunt flat races. In a hurdles race, the horses jump over obstacles called hurdles; in a steeplechase the horses jump over a variety of obstacles that can include plain fences, water jump or an open ditch. In the UK the biggest National Hunt events of the year are generally considered to be the Grand National at Aintree and the Cheltenham Gold Cup.

Steve Cotterill

Stephen John Cotterill (born 20 July 1964) is an English former footballer who played as a striker. He was most recently manager of Championship club Birmingham City.

Cotterill had a nine-year career as a footballer playing for Burton Albion, Wimbledon, Brighton & Hove Albion and Bournemouth before deciding to take up football management. He began with Irish side Sligo Rovers and after a year he returned to England and took over at his home town club, Cheltenham Town. He did well at Whaddon Road guiding the club from the fifth tier to the third in five years. His success at Cheltenham led to Stoke City appointing him as their manager prior to the 2002–03 season.

After 13 games as manager, he left to become assistant manager to Howard Wilkinson at Sunderland only to be dismissed from this post with Wilkinson in March 2003 after 27 games in the role. He joined Burnley in June 2004. After three years at Turf Moor he moved on to have a short spell at Notts County in 2010 and spent a season-and-a-half at cash-strapped Portsmouth. In October 2011 he was appointed manager at Nottingham Forest guiding the club out of a relegation battle. He was dismissed by Forest in July 2012 after the club was taken over by the Al-Hasawi family. In January 2013, he joined Queens Park Rangers' coaching staff remaining until the end of the 2012–13 season. Cotterill was appointed manager of Bristol City in December 2013, taking them to the Championship before being dismissed in January 2016. He was manager of Championship club Birmingham City from September 2017 to March 2018.

University of Gloucestershire

The University of Gloucestershire is a public university based in Gloucestershire, England. It is located over three campuses, two in Cheltenham and one in Gloucester, namely Francis Close Hall, The Park and Oxstalls and a Centre for Fashion, Art and Photography in Cheltenham.The university is the recent successor of a large number of merged, name-changed and reformed institutions of further and higher education. Its history spans nearly two centuries. It originates from the merger of two distinct strands of educational provision in Gloucestershire being that provided by Local Government and that founded by the Anglican Church. The university traces its earliest Civic history to the Cheltenham Mechanics' Institute in 1834, and to the Cheltenham Training College in its Church history, established in 1847, by the Reverend Francis Close. Cheltenham and Gloucester College of Higher Education was created in 1990 from the two distinct strands. In October 2001, the college was awarded University status.The university provides almost 100 undergraduate courses and around 57 taught post-graduate courses within two faculties: the Faculty of Applied Sciences and Business and the Faculty of Art and Technology.A 10-year Memorandum of Understanding exists between the university, Gloucestershire College and South Gloucestershire and Stroud College to support access to higher education.The University has announced a £57 million investment programme for its estates including a new £38m 794 bed village in Cheltenham and a new business school and sports facilities in Gloucester.

Whaddon Road

Whaddon Road, known as the Jonny-Rocks Stadium for sponsorship reasons, is a football stadium in Cheltenham, England. It is the home ground of Cheltenham Town F.C. It has a total capacity of 7,066, with a mixture of seating and terracing. The ground's official name was the Victory Sports Ground until April 2009 when it was renamed the Abbey Business Stadium through a sponsorship deal.It was announced on 13 July 2015 that the club had agreed a three-year deal to rename the stadium The World of Smile Stadium, however the deal ended after only one year and the stadium was renamed LCI Rail Stadium in 2016–17 before taking its current name in 2018–19.

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