Chauvency-le-Château

Chauvency-le-Château is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

The Chauvency tournament took place in 1285. The story of the tournament has been told by trouvère Jacques Bretel, and is kept in a manuscript (reference: Douce 308) at the Bodleian Library.

Chauvency-le-Château
Location of Chauvency-le-Château
Chauvency-le-Château is located in France
Chauvency-le-Château
Chauvency-le-Château
Chauvency-le-Château is located in Grand Est
Chauvency-le-Château
Chauvency-le-Château
Coordinates: 49°31′11″N 5°18′38″E / 49.5197°N 5.3106°ECoordinates: 49°31′11″N 5°18′38″E / 49.5197°N 5.3106°E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMeuse
ArrondissementArrondissement of Verdun
CantonCanton of Montmédy
IntercommunalityCommunauté de communes du pays de Montmédy
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Claude Lallemand
Area
1
8.82 km2 (3.41 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
252
 • Density29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
55109 /55600
Elevation172–327 m (564–1,073 ft)
(avg. 181 m or 594 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
FR-55-Chauvency-le-Château
Chauvency-le-Château

See also

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
Arnold IV, Count of Loon

Arnold IV of Loon (Looz) (died between November 1272 and October 1273; most likely on February 22, 1273), was Count of Loon from 1227 to 1273 and Count of Chiny (as Arnold II) from 1228 to 1268. He was the son of Gérard III, Count of Rieneck and Cunegonde von Zimmern.

His marriage to Jeanne de Chiny brought him the County of Chiny. In 1227, his brother Louis III gave him the County of Loon. In 1234, he took part in a crusade at the request of Pope Gregory IX against the Statingers, heretics, probably Cathar, located in the diocese of Bremen. Then he helped Jean d'Eppes, bishop of Liege in repelling attacks Waleran, Lord of Valkenburg, in 1238. The following year he reconciles Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Wautier Bertout, Lord of Mechelen. In 1240, he joined forces with the dukes of Brabant and Limburg an attempt to reconcile Pope Gregory IX with the Emperor Frederick II.

In 1244, a war is contrasted with Henry of Heinsberg. The dispute between the pope and the emperor festered, the pope excommunicated the emperor, and called on voters to choose another: William of Holland and Arnold attended his coronation. To keep their fiefdoms from suffering the disorders of anarchy following the death of Frederick II, Bishop of Liege, the Duke of Brabant, and Count of Gelderland entered a confederation entrusted with their common defense.

Arnold enjoyed the esteem and confidence of his contemporaries, and arbitrated several disputes to this title. He granted freedom to Hasselt and Kuringen, granted city status in Bilzen and made several donations to monasteries.

Arnold and Jeanne had the following children:

John, Count of Chiny and Loon

Arnaul II (d. 1273), Bishop of Châlons (1272-1273)

Henri de Looz, Seigneur d’Agimont

Gerard de Looz (d. after Apr 1284), Seigneur de Chauvency le-Château, married Marguerite de Meurs

Elisabeth (d. before 1251) married first Thomas III of Coucy, Seigneur of Vervins, and second Albert, Seigneur of Voorne

Adelaide (d. after 1268), married to Thierry II, Seigneur of Valkenburg

Juliane, married to Nicolas, Seigneur of Quiévrain

Louis V, Count of Chiny

Marguerite (d. 1292), married Willem IV, Seigneur of Horn.Arnold was succeeded by his son John as Count of Looz and his son Louis as Count of Chiny.

Avocourt

Avocourt is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France.

Brabant-en-Argonne

Brabant-en-Argonne is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.

This commune was merged with Récicourt 1 January 1973. It was then re-established as a commune 1 January 2004.

Chaillon

Chaillon is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Châtillon-sous-les-Côtes

Châtillon-sous-les-Côtes is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Delouze-Rosières

Delouze-Rosières is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Harville

Harville is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.Harville is ruled by the mighty King David and his beautiful queen Melody and entertained by the court jester the Mysterious Raja.

Jacques Bretel

Jacques Bretel or Jacques Bretex (dates of birth and death unknown) was a French language trouvère, best known for having written le Tournoi de Chauvency.

His only known work, signed and dated in 1285, le Tournoi de Chauvency is a long poem of about 4,500 verses recounting the events of a tournament held during six days of feasting given by Louis V, Count of Chiny, in October 1285 at Chauvency-le-Château. It is without doubt a masterpiece of French Middle Ages literature and, in any case, one of the best digests of courtly art of the period.

His origin is unknown, but Tournoi de Chauvency is written in Old French combined with words in the western Lorraine dialect.

Le Tournoi de Chauvency is kept in a manuscript (reference: Douce 308) at the Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford.

Joan, Countess of Chiny

Joan (c. 1205 – 17 January 1271) was the Countess of Chiny. Joan was the daughter of Louis IV, Count of Chiny, and Matilda of Avesnes, and became ruler of the county upon her father’s death on 7 October 1226. She married Arnold IV, Count of Loon, son of Gerard III, Count of Rieneck, and Kunigunde von Zimmern, in 1228, whereupon he assumed the role of Count of Chiny.

Joan and Arnold had the following children:

John I, Count of Chiny and Loon

Arnaul II (died 1273), Bishop of Châlons (1272–73)

Henry, Seigneur d’Agimont

Gerard (died after April 1284), Seigneur de Chauvency le-Château, married Marguerite de Meurs

Elisabeth (died before 1251), married Thomas III of Coucy, Seigneur of Vervins, and Albert, Seigneur of Voorne

Adelaide (died after 1268), married to Thierry II, Seigneur of Valkenburg

Juliana, married to Nicolas, Seigneur of Quiévrain

Louis V, Count of Chiny

Margaret (died 1292)?, married William IV, Lord of HornShe was succeeded as ruler of Chiny by her husband, Arnold II, Count of Chiny.

Louis V, Count of Chiny

Louis V (1235-1299), Count of Chiny (1268-1299), the youngest son of Arnold IV, Count of Looz and Chiny, and Jeanne, Countess of Chiny. He became Count of Chiny in 1268 when his parents entrusted him with the county before their death.In 1285, he brought to Chauvency-le-Château one of the most famous jousting tournaments (a “tournament of chivalry”) of the Middle Ages, which pitted knights from the Empire, France, Lotharingia, Hainault, Flanders, and England, against each other in two days of solo-contest jousting and a final day of massed mêlée fighting. The Tournament of Chauvency (Tournament of Chauvency) was described in verse by the French poet Jacques Bretel. A list of the participants at the tournament, which includes nearly 100 named individuals, can be found here.

Before 22 July 1257, he married Jeanne de Bar (1225-1299), widow of Frederick de Blâmont (d. 1255/6) and daughter of Henry II, Count of Bar, and Philippa de Dreux. Her dowry was the castle of Salm. Jeanne already had three children from her first marriage: Henry (d.1331) sire de Blâmont and seneschal of Lorraine, Joffroi (mentioned in 1253) and Thomas (princier of Verdun and subsequently Bishop, d.1305). Until she became Countess of Chiny in spring 1268 she was styled as 'dame de Blâmont' and used her own seal.Louis and Jeanne had no children and, after his death, Chiny reverted to his nephew Arnold V of Looz.

Malancourt

Malancourt is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Manheulles

Manheulles is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Marre

Marre is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Montfaucon-d'Argonne

Montfaucon-d'Argonne is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. It is home to the Meuse-Argonne American Memorial.

Tournament of Chauvency

The Tournament of Chauvency was held in 1285 to bring together the greatest knights of France and Germany for six days of jousting and other activities, a social event of primary importance at the end of the thirteenth century. Dedicated to Henry IV, Count of Salm, the tournament was organized by Louis V, Count of Chiny, and held in the small village of Chauvency-le-Château, near Montmédy.

The tournament was documented in the poem le Tournoi de Chauvency by the thirteenth century trouvère Jacques Bretel. The miniatures of the Oxford manuscript show knights struggling during the jousting and other activities of the tournament.

Nearly 500 knights and other royalty and their wives participated in the tournament. Most notably are:

Rudolf I, King of Germany

Ottokar II, King of Bohemia (see below)

Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine

John I, Duke of Brabant

Theobald II, Count of Bar

Henry III, Count of Bar, son of the previous

John of Bar, brother of the previous

Louis V, Count of Chiny

Jeanne de Bar, wife of the previous

Gerard de Looz, Seigneur de Chauvency le-Château, brother of Louis V

Henry V the Blond, Count of Luxembourg

Margaret of Bar, wife of the previous

Henry VI the Condemned, Count of Luxembourg

Béatrice d'Avesnes, wife of Henry VI of Luxembourg

Waleran I, Lord of Ligny

Thomas of Blankenberg, step-son of Louis V (son of Jeanne of Bar and her first husband Frederick de Blâmont)

Guy of Dampierre, Count of Flanders

Philip of Chieti, youngest child of Guy

John I, Count of Hainaut

John II, Count of Holland, son of John I

Florent of Hainaut

Renaud I, Count of Dammartin.Note that Ottokar II was killed on 26 August 1278 at the Battle on the Marchfeld (by the troops of Rudolf) as so was clearly not at the tournament as reported by Bretel.

A fanciful description of the tournament activities can be found in the book The Reign of Chivalry by Barber.According to Laret-Kayser, Louis V used to tournament to promote his family's illustrious history, from being descended from Charlemagne to his ancestor Arnold I, Count of Chiny, sending his sons to fight in the First Crusade.

Vacherauville

Vacherauville is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Vaux-lès-Palameix

Vaux-lès-Palameix is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Vavincourt

Vavincourt is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

Communes of the Meuse department

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