Charlottesville, colloquially known as C'ville and officially named the City of Charlottesville, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. In 2016, an estimated 46,912 people lived within the city limits. It is the county seat of Albemarle County, which surrounds the city, though the two are separate legal entities. This means a resident will list Charlottesville as both their county and city on official paperwork. It is named after the British Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the City of Charlottesville with Albemarle County for statistical purposes, bringing its population to approximately 150,000. Charlottesville is the heart of the Charlottesville metropolitan area, which includes Albemarle, Buckingham, Fluvanna, Greene, and Nelson counties.
Charlottesville was the home of two Presidents, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe. During their terms as Governor of Virginia, they lived in Charlottesville, and traveled to and from Richmond, along the 71-mile (114 km) historic Three Notch'd Road. Orange, located 26 miles (42 km) northeast of the city, was the hometown of President James Madison. The University of Virginia, founded by Jefferson and one of the original Public Ivies, straddles the city's southwestern border. Monticello, 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of the city, is, along with the University of Virginia, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, attracting thousands of tourists every year.
Charlottesville skyline with the University of Virginia Health System in the foreground
A great place to live for all of our citizens
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
2007 census map of Charlottesville
|County||None (Independent city)|
|• Type||Mayor–council government|
|• Mayor||Nikuyah Walker, (I)|
|• Independent city||10.3 sq mi (26.6 km2)|
|• Land||10.3 sq mi (26.6 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||594 ft (181 m)|
|• Independent city||48,019|
|• Density||4,599/sq mi (1,776/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1498463|
An Act of the Assembly of Albemarle County established Charlottesville in 1762. Thomas Walker was named its first trustee. It was situated along a trade route called Three Notched Road (present day U.S. Route 250), which led from Richmond to the Great Valley. The town took its name from Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who became queen consort of Great Britain when she married King George III in 1761.
During the American Revolutionary War, Congress imprisoned the Convention Army in Charlottesville at the Albemarle Barracks between 1779 and 1781. The Governor and legislators had to temporarily abandon the capitol and on June 4, 1781, Jack Jouett warned the Virginia Legislature meeting at Monticello of an intended raid by Colonel Banastre Tarleton, allowing a narrow escape.
Unlike much of Virginia, Charlottesville was spared the brunt of the American Civil War. The only battle to take place in Charlottesville was the skirmish at Rio Hill, an encounter in which George Armstrong Custer briefly engaged local Confederate Home Guards before retreating. The mayor surrendered the city to Custer's men to keep the town from being burned. The Charlottesville Factory, founded c. 1820–30, was accidentally burnt during General Sheridan's 1865 raid through the Shenandoah Valley. The factory had been taken over by the Confederacy and used to manufacture woolen clothing for the soldiers. It caught fire when some coals taken by Union troops to burn the nearby railroad bridge dropped on the floor. The factory was rebuilt immediately and was known as the Woolen Mills until its liquidation in 1962.
After the Civil War, emancipated enslaved persons who stayed in Charlottesville established communities in neighborhoods such as Vinegar Hill.
In 1943, there were at least three theaters in Charlottesville: Paramount, Jefferson, and La Fayette.
In July 1957, the first real estate firm owned and operated by African Americans, opened for business. The company, named Ideal Realty Company, was owned and operated by James N. Fleming, Roy C. Preston, and Vassar Tarry. It was located in the Preston Building, 115 Fourth Street, N.W. James Fleming was a graduate of Jefferson High School.
After Reconstruction ended, Charlottesville's black population suffered under Jim Crow laws that segregated public places and limited opportunity. Schools were segregated by race and blacks were not served in many local businesses. Public parks were planned separately for the white and black populations: four for the whites, and one, built on the site of a former dump, for blacks. The Ku Klux Klan had chapters in the Charlottesville area beginning at least in the early twentieth century, and events such as lynchings and cross burnings occurred in the Charlottesville area. In 1898, Charlottesville resident John Henry James was lynched in the nearby town of Ivy. In August 1950, three white men were observed burning a cross on Cherry Avenue, a street in a mostly African-American neighborhood in Charlottesville. It was speculated that the cross burning might be a reaction to "a white man [who] had been known to socialize with one of the young Negro women in that vicinity." In 1956, crosses were burned outside a progressive church and the home of white integration activist Sarah Patton Boyle.
In the fall of 1958, Charlottesville closed its segregated white schools as part of Virginia's strategy of massive resistance to federal court orders requiring integration as part of the implementation of the Supreme Court of the United States decision Brown v. Board of Education. The closures were required by a series of state laws collectively known as the Stanley plan. Negro schools remained open, however. The first African American member of the Charlotteville School Board was Raymond Bell in 1963.
In 1963, later than many southern cities, civil rights activists in Charlottesville began protesting segregated restaurants with sit-ins, such as one that occurred at Buddy's Restaurant near the University of Virginia.
In the summer of 1940 the first Field Day event was held in Washington Park.
In 1965, the city government razed the downtown African American neighborhood Vinegar Hill as an urban renewal project, after the city council passing a law that "unsanitary and unsafe" properties could be taken over by a housing authority. One hundred thirty homes, thirty Black-owned businesses, and a church were destroyed. Many displaced community members moved into the Westhaven public housing project. The land was not redeveloped until the late 1970s.
Despite the destruction of Vinegar Hill, Charlottesville maintained a vibrant black community. Neighborhood civic associations, social clubs and church groups sponsored activities for its residents. The Blue Mints Social Club met at the home of Mrs. Reva Shelton on December 1, 1974. At this meeting, the group planned their annual "Baskets of Cheer," hosted a Cabaret Dance on New Year's Eve at Carver Recreation Center, with the Randolph Brothers performing. In the 1974, other social clubs listed are the Bethune Art and Literary Club, The Lucky Twenty Club, and the Les Amies Club.
In August 2017, the city was the site of the "Unite the Right rally", organized by white supremacist groups to protest against the removal of the Robert E.Lee statue from then Lee Park, subsequently renamed Emancipation Park. After the rally, a white nationalist drove a car into protesters, resulting in the death of protester Heather Heyer and causing injuries to 19 others. The incident became national news and Charlottesville became a symbol of political turbulence nationwide.
The first black church in Charlottesville was established in 1864. Previously, it was illegal for African-Americans to have their own churches, although they could worship in white churches. A current predominantly African-American church can trace its lineage to that first church. Congregation Beth Israel's 1882 building is the oldest synagogue building still standing in Virginia. In 1974, some of the Baptist churches in Charlottesville included the Union Run Baptist Church, the South Garden Baptist Church and the Ebenezer Baptist Church.
Charlottesville is located in the center of the Commonwealth of Virginia along the Rivanna River, a tributary of the James, just west of the Southwest Mountains, itself paralleling the Blue Ridge about 20 miles (32 km) to the west.
Charlottesville has a four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with all months being well-watered, though the period from May to September is the wettest. Winters are somewhat cool, with a January average of 35.9 °F (2.2 °C), though lows can fall into the teens (< −7 °C) on some nights and highs frequently (11 days in January) reach 50 °F (10 °C). Spring and autumn provide transitions of reasonable length. Summers are hot and humid, with July averaging 77.2 °F (25.1 °C) and the high exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) on 33 or more days per year. Snowfall is highly variable from year to year but is normally light, averaging 17.3 inches (44 cm). What does fall does not remain on the ground for long. Extremes have ranged from −10 °F (−23 °C) on January 19, 1994 up to 107 °F (42 °C), most recently on September 7, 1954.
|Climate data for Charlottesville, Virginia (1981–2010 normals)|
|Record high °F (°C)||81
|Average high °F (°C)||45.2
|Average low °F (°C)||26.6
|Record low °F (°C)||−10
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.10
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||4.6
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||9.2||9.3||10.7||11.3||12.6||10.6||12.2||11.1||9.7||8.3||8.9||9.6||123.6|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||2.1||2.2||.8||.1||0||0||0||0||0||0||.3||1.5||7.0|
As of the census of 2010, there were 43,475 people, 17,778 households, and 7,518 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,220.8 people per square mile (1,629.5/km²). There were 19,189 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 69.1% White, 19.4% Black American, 0.3% Native American, 6.4% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. 5.1% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
There were 17,778 households out of which 17.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.1% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 57.7% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.91.
The age distribution was 14.9% under the age of 18, 24.3% from 20 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27.8 years. The population was 52.3% female and 47.7% male. The city's low median age and the "bulge" in the 18-to-24 age group are both due to the presence of the University of Virginia.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,535, and the median income for a family was $63,934. The per capita income for the city was $26,049. About 10.5% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
20% of Charlottesville residents have a graduate or professional degree, compared with 10% in the United States as a whole.
Federally, Charlottesville is part of Virginia's 5th congressional district, represented by Republican Denver Riggleman, elected in 2018.
The total crime index for Charlottesville was 487.9 crimes committed per 100,000 citizens for the year of 2006, the national average for the United States was 320.9 crimes committed per 100,000 citizens. For the year of 2006, Charlottesville ranked higher on all violent crimes except for robbery, the city ranked lower in all categories of property crimes except for larceny theft. As of 2013 there were a total of 371 crimes reported, of these 38 were violent crimes and 333 were property crimes. A downward trend in the number of reported crimes within Charlottesville occurred from 2009 up to the year of 2013.
Charlottesville is the home of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory headquarters, the Leander McCormick Observatory and the CFA Institute. It is served by two area hospitals, the Martha Jefferson Hospital founded in 1903, and the University of Virginia Hospital. The National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) is in the Charlottesville area. Other large employers include Crutchfield, GE Intelligent Platforms, PepsiCo and SNL Financial.
18% of people employed in Charlottesville live there, while 82% commute into the city. 42% of those commuting to Charlottesville live in Albemarle County. Additionally, 11,497 people commute from Charlottesville outside of the city for employment. 51% of those commuting from Charlottesville work in Albemarle County. In 2016, Charlottesville had a 3.3% unemployment rate.
According to the City's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the largest employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||University of Virginia Medical Center||1,000+|
|2||City of Charlottesville||1,000+|
|3||UVA Health Services Foundation||1,000+|
|4||Charlottesville City School Board||500–999|
|5||WorldStrides (Lakeland Tours)||500–999|
|6||Servicelink Management Com Inc||500–999|
|8||Aramark Campus LLC||500–999|
|10||Atlantic Coast Athletic Club||250–499|
As of 2016, 11,129 people work for the government, with 376 working for the federal government, 7,796 working for the state government, and 2,957 working for the local government.
Charlottesville has seven breweries within or near its city limits: South Street Brewery (owned by Blue Mountain Brewery), Champion Brewing Company, Three Notch'd Brewing Company, Random Row Brewing, Hardywood Brewery (based in Richmond, VA), Reason Beer and Brasserie Saison. The first brewery in the City was Blue Ridge Brewery, located on West Main Street, and was owned and managed by grandchildren of writer William Faulkner. Starr Hill Brewery was originally based in Charlottesville but is today located in Crozet, Virginia, 13 miles west of the city.
Charlottesville has a large series of attractions and venues for its relatively small size. Visitors come to the area for wine and beer tours, ballooning, hiking, and world-class entertainment that perform at one of the area's four larger venues. The city is both the launching pad and home of the Dave Matthews Band as well as the center of a sizable indie music scene.
The Charlottesville area was the home of Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe. Monticello, Jefferson's plantation manor, is located just a few miles from downtown. The home of James Monroe, Ash Lawn-Highland, is down the road from Monticello. About 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Charlottesville lies the home of James and Dolley Madison, Montpelier. During the summer, the Ash Lawn-Highland Opera Festival is held at the downtown Paramount Theater with a performance at Ash Lawn-Highland.
The nearby Shenandoah National Park offers recreational activities and beautiful scenery, with rolling mountains and many hiking trails. Skyline Drive is a scenic drive that runs the length of the park, alternately winding through thick forest and emerging upon sweeping scenic overlooks. The Blue Ridge Parkway, a similar scenic drive that extends 469 miles (755 km) south to Great Smoky Mountains National Park in North Carolina, terminates at the southern entrance of Shenandoah, where it turns into Skyline Drive. This junction of the two scenic drives is only 22 miles (35 km) west of downtown Charlottesville.
Charlottesville's downtown is a center of business for Albemarle County. It is home to the Downtown Mall, one of the longest outdoor pedestrian malls in the nation, with stores, restaurants, and civic attractions. The renovated Paramount Theater hosts various events, including Broadway shows and concerts. Local theatrics downtown includes Charlottesville's community theater Live Arts. Outside downtown are the New Lyric Theatre and Heritage Repertory Theatre at UVa. Other attractions on the Downtown Mall are the Virginia Discovery Museum and a 3,500 seat outdoor amphitheater, the Sprint Pavilion (formerly the nTelos Wireless Pavilion). Court Square, just a few blocks from the Downtown Mall, is the original center of Charlottesville and several of the historic buildings there date back to the city's founding in 1762.
Charlottesville also is home to the University of Virginia (most of which is legally in Albemarle County). During the academic year, more than 20,000 students pour into Charlottesville to attend the university. Its main grounds are located on the west side of Charlottesville, with Thomas Jefferson's Academical Village, known as the Lawn, as the centerpiece. The Lawn is a long esplanade crowned by two prominent structures, The Rotunda (designed by Jefferson) and Old Cabell Hall (designed by Stanford White). Along the Lawn and the parallel Range are dormitory rooms reserved for distinguished students. The University Programs Council is a student-run body that programs concerts, comedy shows, speakers, and other events open to the students and the community, such as the annual "Lighting of the Lawn". One block from The Rotunda, the University of Virginia Art Museum exhibits work drawn from its collection of more than 10,000 objects and special temporary exhibitions from sources nationwide. It is also home to the Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School where all U.S. Army military lawyers, known as "JAGs", take courses specific to military law.
The Corner is the commercial district abutting the main grounds of the University of Virginia along University Avenue. This area is full of college bars, eateries, and University merchandise stores, and is busy with student activity during the school year. Pedestrian traffic peaks during the University's home football games and graduation ceremonies. Much of the University's Greek life is on the nearby Rugby Road, contributing to the nightlife and local bar scene. West Main Street, running from the Corner to the Downtown Mall, is a commercial district of restaurants, bars, and other businesses.
Charlottesville is host to the annual Virginia Film Festival in October, the Charlottesville Festival of the Photograph in June, and the Virginia Festival of the Book in March. In addition, the Foxfield Races are steeplechase races held in April and September of each year. A Fourth of July celebration, including a Naturalization Ceremony, is held annually at Monticello, and a First Night celebration has been held on the Downtown Mall since 1982.
Charlottesville has no professional sports teams, but is home to the University of Virginia's athletic teams, the Cavaliers, who have a wide fan base throughout the region. The Cavaliers field teams in sports from soccer to basketball, and have modern facilities that draw spectators throughout the year. Cavalier football season draws the largest crowds during the academic year, with football games played in Scott Stadium. The stadium hosted large musical events, including concerts by the Dave Matthews Band, The Rolling Stones and U2.
John Paul Jones Arena, which opened in 2006, is the home arena of the Cavalier basketball teams, in addition to serving as a site for concerts and other events. The arena seats 14,593 for basketball. In its first season in the new arena concluded in March 2007, the Virginia men's basketball team tied with UNC for 1st in the ACC. Virginia Cavaliers men's basketball won the ACC outright in the 2013–14 season, as well as the 2014 ACC Tournament. The team finished the season ranked #3 in the AP poll before losing to Tom Izzo's Spartans by two points in the Sweet Sixteen held in Brooklyn, New York.
Lacrosse has become a significant part of the Charlottesville sports scene. The Virginia Men's team won their first NCAA Championship in 1972; in 2006, they won their fourth National Championship and were the first team to finish undefeated in 17 games (then a record for wins). The team won its fifth National Championship in 2011. Virginia's Women's team has three NCAA Championships to its credit, with wins in 1991, 1993, and 2004. The soccer program is also strong; the Men's team shared a national title with Santa Clara in 1989 and won an unprecedented four consecutive NCAA Division I Championships (1991–1994). Their coach during that period was Bruce Arena, who later won two MLS titles at D.C. United and coached the U.S. National Team during the 2002 and 2006 World Cups. The Virginia Men's soccer team won the NCAA Championship again in both 2009 and 2014 under coach George Gelnovatch. Virginia's baseball team, has enjoyed a resurgence in recent years, under Head Coach Brian O'Connor, after hosting several regionals and Super Regionals in the post-season, and playing in the 2009, 2011, and 2014 College World Series. They finished as runners-up in the 2014 edition, despite outscoring Vanderbilt 17-12 in the three-game series. The team then avenged this loss the following year, beating Vanderbilt in 2015 for its first NCAA baseball title.
Charlottesville area high school sports have been prominent throughout the state. Charlottesville is a hotbed for lacrosse in the country, with teams such as St. Anne's-Belfield School, The Covenant School, Tandem Friends School, Charlottesville Catholic School, Charlottesville High School, Western Albemarle High School and Albemarle High School. Charlottesville High School won the VHSL Group AA soccer championship in 2004. St. Anne's-Belfield School won its fourth state private-school championship in ten years in football in 2006. The Covenant School won the state private-school title in boys' cross country in the 2007–2008 school year, the second win in as many years, and that year the girls' cross country team won the state title. Monticello High School won the VHSL Group AA state football title in 2007.
Charlottesville is also home to the Charlottesville Tom Sox of the Valley Baseball League who won the 2017 championship. Their home stadium is Cville weekly park at Charlottesville high school.
Voters elect a five-member council to serve as the legislative and governing body. Elected through at-large districts, the members serve four-year terms. Every two years, they select a councilor to serve as mayor. The mayor presides over meetings, calls special meetings, makes some appointments to advisory boards, and serves as the ceremonial head of government.
In 2016, Charlottesville was the second-most Democratic political subdivision in Virginia, following Petersburg.
The City Council appoints the City Manager, the Director of Finance, the City Assessor, the Clerk of the Council, and members of major policy-making Boards and Commissions. The City Manager serves as the Chief Administrative Officer for the City.
According to the official page the current city council are:
|Nikuyah Walker, Mayor||Independent||2017|
|Heather Hill, Vice-Mayor||Democratic||2017|
|1993||54.0% 5,660||45.3% 4,748|
|1997||60.2% 5,352||37.7% 3,354|
|2001||72.9% 6,781||24.9% 2,316|
|2005||79.4% 8,018||18.5% 1,870|
|2009||73.6% 7,406||26.2% 2,636|
|2013||75.6% 9,440||15.4% 1,922|
|2017||84.8% 13,943||14.1% 2,315|
|2000||69.5% 9,177||30.4% 4,012|
|2006||77.3% 9,159||21.7% 2,575|
|2008||83.7% 16,470||14.9% 2,923|
|2012||78.4% 16,800||21.4% 4,589|
|2014||76.9% 8,241||19.2% 2,054|
|2016||13.2% 2,960||79.7% 17,901||7.1% 1,606|
|2012||22.2% 4,844||75.7% 16,510||2.0% 443|
|2008||20.4% 4,078||78.4% 15,705||1.3% 261|
|2004||27.0% 4,172||71.8% 11,088||1.2% 190|
|2000||30.5% 4,034||58.7% 7,762||10.8% 1,428|
|1996||32.0% 4,091||61.9% 7,916||6.1% 782|
|1992||31.6% 4,705||58.3% 8,685||10.1% 1,509|
|1988||42.6% 5,817||56.2% 7,671||1.2% 164|
|1984||48.6% 6,947||51.2% 7,317||0.3% 42|
|1980||40.6% 5,907||47.2% 6,866||12.3% 1,789|
|1976||48.1% 6,673||49.4% 6,846||2.5% 350|
|1972||59.4% 7,935||39.2% 5,240||1.3% 178|
|1968||49.4% 5,601||33.8% 3,831||16.8% 1,903|
|1964||45.5% 4,415||53.6% 5,205||0.9% 84|
|1960||55.1% 3,651||43.7% 2,894||1.3% 83|
|1956||62.2% 3,746||29.6% 1,783||8.2% 494|
|1952||60.1% 3,292||39.7% 2,174||0.2% 8|
|1948||42.1% 1,419||45.4% 1,527||12.5% 421|
|1944||32.4% 1,055||67.2% 2,188||0.4% 12|
|1940||29.5% 743||69.9% 1,759||0.5% 13|
|1936||19.2% 335||80.0% 1,393||0.8% 14|
|1932||24.0% 409||75.5% 1,287||0.5% 8|
|1928||41.7% 708||58.4% 992|
|1924||18.8% 218||71.6% 831||9.6% 111|
|1920||25.0% 351||74.0% 1,041||1.1% 15|
|1916||15.8% 117||83.6% 618||0.5% 4|
|1912||7.5% 39||87.0% 454||5.6% 29|
Charlottesville is served by the Charlottesville City Public Schools. The school system operates six elementary schools, Walker Upper Elementary School, Buford Middle School and Charlottesville High School. It operated Lane High School jointly with Albemarle County from 1940–1974, when it was replaced by Charlottesville High School. Jackson P. Burley High School, a segregated school for African American students, was in operation from 1951-1967 and served students from both the City of Charlottesville and Albemarle County. Burley High School was purchased by Albemarle County soon after it closed, and reopened in 1974 as Jackson P. Burley Middle School.
Charlottesville also has the following private schools, some attended by students from Albemarle County and surrounding areas:
City children also attend several private schools in the surrounding county.
Jefferson-Madison Regional Library is the regional library system that provides services to the citizens of Charlottesville.
Charlottesville has a main daily newspaper: The Daily Progress, which is owned by BH Media. Weekly publications include C-Ville Weekly along with the monthly magazines Blue Ridge Outdoors, Charlottesville Family Living and Albemarle Magazine. A daily newspaper, The Cavalier Daily, is published by an independent student group at UVa. Additionally, the alternative newsmagazine of UVa, The Declaration, is printed every other week with new online content every week. The monthly newspaper Echo covers holistic health and related topics. Charlottesville Tomorrow, an online nonprofit news organization, covers land use, transportation, business and education. The Healthy Living Directory is a guide to natural health services in the area. Other lifestyle publications include the quarterly Locally Charlottesville, The Charlottesville Welcome Book. and the biannual Charlottesville Welcome Book Wedding Directory.
Charlottesville is served by major television networks through stations WVIR 29 (NBC/CW on DT2), WHTJ 41 (PBS), WCAV 19 (CBS), WAHU-CD 27 (FOX), and WVAW-LD 16 (ABC). News-talk radio in Charlottesville can be heard on WINA 1070 and WCHV 1260. Sports radio can be heard on WVAX 1450. Country can be heard on WKAV 1400. National Public Radio stations include WMRA 103.5 FM and WVTF 89.7 FM. Commercial FM stations include WQMZ Lite Rock Z95.1 (AC), WWWV (3WV) (classic rock) 97.5, WCYK (country) 99.7, WHTE (CHR) 101.9, WZGN (Generations) 102.3, WCNR (The Corner) 106.1 and WCHV-FM 107.5. Charlottesville community broadcasters include WNRN and WTJU radio and CPA-TV and Charlottesville's Own TV10 television stations.
Charlottesville is served by Charlottesville-Albemarle Airport, the Charlottesville Amtrak Station, and a Greyhound Lines intercity bus terminal. Direct bus service to New York City is also provided by the Starlight Express. Charlottesville Area Transit provides area bus service, augmented by JAUNT, a regional paratransit van service. University Transit Service provides mass transit for students and residents in the vicinity of the University of Virginia. The highways passing through Charlottesville are I-64, its older parallel east-west route US 250, and the north-south US 29. Also Virginia State Route 20 passes north-south through downtown. US 29 and US 250 bypass the city. Charlottesville has four exits on I-64.
Amtrak, the national passenger rail service, provides service to Charlottesville with three routes: The Cardinal (service between Chicago and New York City via central Virginia and Washington, D.C.), select Northeast Regional trains (service between Boston and Roanoke) and the Crescent (service between New York City and New Orleans). The Cardinal operates three times a week, while the Crescent and Northeast Regional both run daily in both directions.
Charlottesville was once a major rail hub, served by both the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) and the Southern Railway. The first train service to Charlottesville began in the early 1850s by the Louisa Railroad Company, which became the Virginia Central Railroad before becoming the C&O. The Southern Railway started service to Charlottesville around the mid-1860s with a north-south route crossing the C&O east-west tracks. The new depot that sprang up at the crossing of the two tracks was called Union Station. In addition to the new rail line, Southern located a major repair shop that produced competition between the two rail companies and bolstered the local economy. The Queen Charlotte Hotel went up on West Main street along with restaurants for the many new railroad workers.
The former C&O station on East Water Street was turned into offices in the mid-1990s. Charlottesville Union Station, still a functional depot for Amtrak, is located on West Main street between 7th and 9th streets where the tracks of the former C&O Railway (leased by C&O successor CSX to Buckingham Branch Railroad) and Southern (now Norfolk Southern Railway) lines cross. Amtrak and the city of Charlottesville finished refurbishing the station just after 2000, upgrading the depot and adding a full-service restaurant. The Amtrak Crescent travels on Norfolk Southern's dual north-south tracks. The Amtrak Cardinal runs on the Buckingham Branch east-west single track, which follows U.S. Route 250 from Staunton to a point east of Charlottesville near Cismont. The eastbound Cardinal joins the northbound Norfolk Southern line at Orange, on its way to Washington, D.C.
Charlottesville also had an electric streetcar line, the Charlottesville and Albemarle Railway (C&A), that operated during the early twentieth century. Streetcar lines existed in Charlottesville since the late 1880s under various names until organized as the C&A in 1903. The C&A operated streetcars until 1935, when the line shut down due to rising costs and decreased ridership.
There are proposals to extend Virginia Railway Express, the commuter rail line connecting Northern Virginia to Washington, D.C., to Charlottesville. Also, the Transdominion Express steering committee has suggested making Charlottesville a stop on the proposed statewide passenger rail line.
Since the city's early formation, it has been home to numerous notable individuals, from historic figures Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe, to literary giants Edgar Allan Poe, John Grisham, and William Faulkner, to NFL player Ralph Horween. In the present day, Charlottesville's Albemarle County is or has been the home of movie stars Rob Lowe, Sissy Spacek, and Sam Shepard, novelist John Grisham, the poet Rita Dove, the Dave Matthews Band, and the pop band Parachute, as well as multi-billionaires John Kluge and Edgar Bronfman, Sr. Between 1968 and 1984, Charlottesville was also the home of Anna Anderson, best known for her false claims to be Grand Duchess Anastasia and lone survivor of the 1918 massacre of Nicholas II's royal family.
The city was also home of the Tibetan lama Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche, but he and his family have since moved to California. His Ligmincha Institute headquarters, Serenity Ridge, is in nearby Shipman, Virginia.
Alexander Mattheus Michel (born August 10, 1970 in Charlottesville, Virginia) is an American businessman, producer, and television personality, best known for being the first star of The Bachelor during its premiere season in 2002.Camila Mendes
Camila Carraro Mendes (born June 29, 1994) is an American actress, known for portraying Veronica Lodge on The CW teen drama series Riverdale.Charlottesville, Virginia metropolitan area
The Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).Charlottesville Derby Dames
The Charlottesville Derby Dames (CDD) is a women's flat-track roller derby league based in Charlottesville, Virginia. Founded in 2007, CDD is a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA).Coran Capshaw
Robert Coran Capshaw is the manager of Dave Matthews Band, Phish, Lady Antebellum, Trey Anastasio and Chris Stapleton among others. He also is the founder of Red Light Management, co-founder of ATO Records, former CEO of Musictoday LLC, and a real estate mogul in Charlottesville, Virginia. His early management model adopted emerging technologies, which, combined with tried and true music industry management techniques, have placed him at the top of the industry.Dick Stockton (tennis)
Richard LaClede Stockton (born February 18, 1951 in Charlottesville, Virginia), is a former professional tennis player from the United States. In addition to his playing career, he was the head coach of the men's tennis team at the University of Virginia. for three years, from 1998-2001.
Stockton's highest world ranking was World No. 8. He reached the semifinals of Wimbledon in 1974, the quarterfinals of the U.S. Open in 1976 and '77 and the semifinals in the 1978 French Open. Stockton played on the U.S. Davis Cup Team five times (1973, '75, '76, '77, '79), including the U.S. Davis Cup Championship Team in 1979.Eugene Puryear
Eugene Puryear (born February 28, 1986 in Charlottesville, Virginia) is an American journalist, author, activist, and politician. In 2014 he was a candidate for the at-large seat in the DC Council with the D.C. Statehood Green Party. In the 2008 and 2016 United States presidential elections, Puryear was the vice presidential nominee of the Party for Socialism and Liberation (PSL).National Register of Historic Places listings in Charlottesville, Virginia
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Charlottesville, Virginia.
This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in the independent city of Charlottesville, Virginia, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in an online map.There are 65 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the city.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted December 21, 2018.Piedmont region of Virginia
The Piedmont region of Virginia is a part of the greater Piedmont physiographic region which stretches from the falls of the Potomac, Rappahannock, and James Rivers to the Blue Ridge Mountains. The region runs across the middle of the state from north to south, expanding outward to a width of nearly 190 miles at the border with North Carolina. To the north, the region continues from Virginia into central Maryland and southeastern Pennsylvania.The Corner (Charlottesville, Virginia)
The Corner is a seven-block collection of bars, restaurants, bookstores, and night spots on University Avenue in Charlottesville, Virginia, extending from 121⁄2 Street Southwest to Chancellor Street. located across the street from the University of Virginia. It is bounded by Graduate Charlottesville on the east and Bank of America on the west.
While the university is in session, The Corner is especially active at lunchtime, when faculty, staff, and students adjourn there for the midday meal. Patrons of the Corner's sidewalk cafés can be found spending time over a good book or simply sipping coffee and people watching. Of the 67 businesses in the district, all but sixteen are locally owned, though there has been an increase in chain stores recently. The Corner is encompassed by a Charlottesville historic district, limiting redevelopment and demolition.As of 2000, The Corner had 26 restaurants, eleven bars, three coffee shops, one hotel, and one apartment building.The Daily Progress
The Daily Progress is the sole daily newspaper in the vicinity of Charlottesville, Virginia. It has been published daily since September 14, 1892. The paper was founded by James Hubert Lindsay and his brother Frank Lindsay. The Progress was initially published six days a week; the first Sunday edition was printed in September 1968. Lindsay's family owned the paper for 78 years. On November 30, 1970, the family announced a sale to the Worrell Newspaper group, which took over on January 1, 1971.T. Eugene Worrell, of Bristol, Virginia, owned about two dozen rural weekly newspapers and a few dailies, all with less circulation than the Daily Progress. The Progress immediately became the group's flagship paper, and Worrell moved his newspaper group headquarters to Charlottesville.
Faced with major newspaper industry change, in 1995 Worrell sold his newspaper properties to Richmond-based Media General, which was later purchased by Nexstar Media Group, as a part of a larger $230M deal.
In the 21st century, Media General sold the Progress' printing press, and reorganized its operations to print multiple newspapers from other printing plants it controlled.
On May 17, 2012 Media General, Inc. announced signed agreements with Berkshire Hathaway, Inc., whereby a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway, BH Media Group, will purchase newspapers owned by Media General, including the Progress.Following the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville in August 2017, Paul Chadwick of The Guardian wrote that the staff of the Progress "demonstrate in a practical, relatable way the importance of journalism to community, civil society and functioning democracy."Ryan M. Kelly, who worked for the newspaper at the time, took a photograph of the Aug 12 vehicular attack that resulted in the death of Heather Heyer won the 2018 Pulitzer Prize for breaking news photography.University Hall (University of Virginia)
University Hall is an 8,457-seat multi-purpose arena on the University of Virginia Grounds in Charlottesville, Virginia. The arena opened in 1965 as a replacement for Memorial Gym, which is still used as the home to the volleyball and wrestling teams. Like many arenas built at the time, the arena is circular, with a ribbed concrete roof and blue and orange seats (the orange seats arranged in a "V" near the top of each section) surrounding the arena. Unlike many other facilities, however, the floor was never lowered for additional seating around the court, leaving large areas behind press row, the team benches, and the announcer's table empty during games.
University Hall was replaced by the John Paul Jones Arena as the home to the men's and women's basketball teams in 2006.
UVa's athletic department held "final game" ceremonies for University Hall in connection with the men's basketball game against the Maryland Terrapins on March 5, 2006, which Maryland won 71–70. UVA legend Ralph Sampson sank ceremonial "last baskets" at U-Hall, dunking twice during postgame festivities. 
However, the women's basketball team made the Women's National Invitational Tournament and played and won two WNIT games in University Hall.Virginia–Virginia Tech football rivalry
The Virginia–Virginia Tech football rivalry is an American college football rivalry between the Virginia Cavaliers football team of the University of Virginia and Virginia Tech Hokies football team of Virginia Tech. The two schools first met in 1895 and have played annually since 1970.
Since 1964, the game has always been played at either Lane Stadium or Scott Stadium on the campuses of the two universities. But the series has at times been played in Richmond (1903, 1904, and 1957); Norfolk (1940, 1941, and 1942); and at Victory Stadium in Roanoke (in 17 of the 19 years between 1945 and 1963). Since 2000, the game has been held in late November, often on Thanksgiving weekend.
Virginia Tech leads the series 58–37–5, and the Cup series 20–3. Virginia Tech has held the Commonwealth Cup for the past 15 years with UVa's last win coming in 2003 (UVa's only win this century). Virginia Tech holds one of the longest active winning streaks against a conference rival in all of college football.
The game counts for 1 point in the Commonwealth Clash each year, and is part of the greater Virginia–Virginia Tech rivalry.WCAV
WCAV is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Charlottesville, Virginia, United States. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and UHF channel 19 from a transmitter on Carters Mountain south of Charlottesville. The station can also be seen on Comcast Xfinity channel 6 and in high definition on digital channel 806. Owned by Gray Television, WCAV is a sister station to low-powered ABC affiliate WVAW-LD (channel 16) and Class A Fox affiliate WAHU-CD (channel 27). All three stations share studios, known as the "Charlottesville Newsplex", on 2nd Street Southeast in downtown Charlottesville.
The Newsplex stations have a resource sharing alliance with sister station WHSV-TV in Harrisonburg, and some behind-the-scenes operations are shared between them.WQMZ
WQMZ is an Adult Contemporary formatted broadcast radio station licensed to Charlottesville, Virginia, serving Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Virginia. WQMZ is owned and operated by Saga Communications.WVAW-LD
WVAW-LD is a low-powered ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Charlottesville, Virginia, United States. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and UHF channel 16 from a transmitter on Carters Mountain south of Charlottesville. The station can also be seen on Comcast Xfinity channel 3 and in high definition on digital channel 803. Owned by Gray Television, WVAW is a sister station to CBS affiliate WCAV (channel 19) and Class A Fox affiliate WAHU-CD (channel 27). All three stations share studios, known as the "Charlottesville Newsplex", on 2nd Street Southeast in downtown Charlottesville.
The Newsplex stations have a resource sharing alliance with sister station WHSV-TV in Harrisonburg, and some behind-the-scenes operations are shared between them.WVAX
WVAX is a Sports formatted broadcast radio station licensed to Charlottesville, Virginia, serving Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Virginia. WVAX is owned and operated by Saga Communications.WWWV
WWWV (97.5 FM) is a classic rock formatted broadcast radio station licensed to Charlottesville, Virginia, and serves Central Virginia and the Central Shenandoah Valley. WWWV is owned and operated by Saga Communications.WXTJ-LP
WXTJ-LP is a Freeform formatted broadcast radio station licensed to and serving Charlottesville, Virginia, owned and operated by the University of Virginia.WXTJ-LP was founded by the staff of WTJU (91.1 FM) in 2013 as a response to low and declining student involvement at the University of Virginia's long-established college radio station. WXTJ is now entirely administered and programmed by students, with WTJU's staff providing only studio space and technical support.The station first went live on the Internet in the fall of 2013 under the fictitious callsign WTJX. A planned Part 15 AM transmitter on 1620 kHz while the station raised money for an FM signal was publicized, but never materialized. WXTJ gained its current callsign as a side effect of applying for an LPFM license in 2015. Although the suffixed callsign WTJX-LP is not in use, FCC rules require approval if any station is already using the base callsign – in this case, WTJX-TV of Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands, who expressed their opposition.