Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman, (12 January 1860 – 23 June 1946) was a British KBE, FBA military historian. His reconstructions of medieval battles from the fragmentary and distorted accounts left by chroniclers were pioneering. Occasionally his interpretations have been challenged, especially his widely copied thesis that British troops defeated their Napoleonic opponents by firepower alone. Paddy Griffith, among modern historians, claims that the British infantry's discipline and willingness to attack were equally important.
Oman was born in
Muzaffarpur district, India, the son of a British planter, and was educated at  Winchester College and at Oxford University, where he studied under William Stubbs. Here, he was invited to become a founding member of the Stubbs Society, which was under the patronage of Oman's don. In 1881 he was elected to a Prize Fellowship at All Souls College, where he remained for the rest of his academic career. He was elected the Chichele Professor of Modern History at Oxford in 1905, in succession to Montagu Burrows. He was also elected to the FBA that year, and served as President of the Royal Historical Society (1917–1921), the Numismatic Society and the Royal Archaeological Institute.
Oman's academic career was interrupted by the
First World War, during which he was employed by the government's Press Bureau and the Foreign Office.
Oman was the
Conservative Member of Parliament for the University of Oxford constituency from 1919 to 1935, and was knighted KBE in the 1920 civilian war honours list.
He became an honorary fellow of
New College in 1936, and received the honorary degrees of DCL (Oxford, 1926) and LL.D ( Edinburgh, 1911 and Cambridge, 1927). He died at Oxford aged 86.
He was awarded the
Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society in 1928.
Two of Oman's children became authors. His son Charles (C. C. Oman) wrote several volumes on British silverware and similar houseware, worked as a Keeper of the Department of Metalwork in the
Victoria and Albert Museum, and was active in the  Folklore Society (and was in turn father to  Julia Trevelyan Oman). His daughter Carola Oman was notable for her historical biographies.
The Art of War in the (1885) Middle Ages "The Anglo-Norman and Angevin Administrative System (1100–1265)", in
Essays Introductory to the Study of English Constitutional History (1887)
A History of Greece From the Earliest Times to the Death of Alexander the Great (1888; 7th ed., 1900; 8th ed., rev., 1905)
(1891) Warwick the Kingmaker 
(1892) The Story of the Byzantine Empire
The Dark Ages 476–918, Period I of Periods of European History (1893; 5th ed. 1905)
(1895; 2nd ed. 1919) A History of England
A History of the Art of War in the (1898; 2nd ed. 1924) Middle Ages, Vol. I: A.D. 378–1278
A History of the Art of War in the (1898; 2nd ed. 1924) Middle Ages, Vol. II: A.D. 1278–1485
England and the (1898), No. III of Hundred Years War, 1327–1485 A.D. The Oxford Manuals of English History, Charles Oman, ed. "Alfred as a Warrior", in
Alfred The Great, Alfred Bowker, ed. (1899)
Reign of George VI, 1900-1925. A Forecast Written in the Year 1763 (preface and notes) (1763; republished 1899)
(1900) England in the Nineteenth Century
History of the (1902) Peninsular War, Vol. I: 1807–1809
(1902) Seven Roman Statesmen of the Later Roman Republic
History of the (1903) Peninsular War, Vol. II: Jan. 1809-Sep. 1809  "The
Peninsular War, 1808–14", in , Vol. IX, The Cambridge Modern History Napoleon (1906) "The
Hundred Days, 1815", in The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. IX, Napoleon (1906)
"Inaugural lecture on the study of history" (1906), in Oxford Lectures On University Studies, 1906–1921 (1924)
(1906) The Great Revolt of 1381 (See  The Great Revolt of 1381.)
The History of England from the Accession of Richard II. to the Death of Richard III. (1377–1485), Vol. IV of The Political History of England (1906), William Hunt & Reginald Poole, ed.
History of the (1908) Peninsular War, Vol. III: Sep. 1809 – Dec. 1810
A History of England Before the (1910; 8th ed. 1937), Vol. I of Norman Conquest A History of England in Seven Volumes (1904–), Charles Oman, ed.
History of the (1911) Peninsular War, Vol. IV: Dec. 1810 – Dec. 1811
(1912) Wellington's Army, 1809–1814
History of the (1914) Peninsular War, Vol. V: Oct. 1811 – Aug. 1812
The Outbreak of the War of 1914–18: A Narrative Based Mainly on British Official Documents (1919)
History of the (1922) Peninsular War, Vol. VI: Sep. 1812 – Aug. 1813
(1922) The Unfortunate Colonel Despard & Other Studies
Castles (1926) "The
Duke of Wellington", in Political Principles of Some Notable Prime Ministers of the Nineteenth Century, Fossey John Cobb Hearnshaw, ed. (1926)
Studies in the Napoleonic Wars (1929)
History of the (1930) Peninsular War, Vol. VII: Aug. 1813 – Apr. 1814
The Coinage of England (1931)
Things I Have Seen (1933) "The Necessity for the Reformation" (1933) (public lecture)
A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth century (1937)
The Sixteenth century (1937)
On the Writing of History (1939)
Memories of Victorian Oxford and of Some Early Years (1941) The Lyons Mail (1945) References
"OMAN, Charles William Chadwick". Who's Who,. 59. 1907. p. 332.
"No. 31840". (Supplement). 30 March 1920. p. 3759. The London Gazette
"The Royal Numismatic Society-The Society's Medal". The Royal Numismatic Society . Retrieved . 26 December 2016
"Society Meetings, 18 June 1958". . Folklore 69 (3): 216. 1958. JSTOR 1258870.
^ "Minutes of Meeting: June 15, 1949". . Folklore 60 (3): 305. 1949. JSTOR 1256648.
Tait, James (October 1892). "Review of . Warwick the Kingmaker by Charles W. Oman" The English Historical Review. 7: 761–767.
"Review of . History of the Peninsular War, Vol. II, January–September 1809 by Charles Oman" The Athenæum (3953): 145–146. 1 August 1903.
Tait, James. (January 1907). "Review of . The Great Revolt of 1381 by Charles Oman" The English Historical Review. 22: 161–164. External links
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