Charles I, Duke of Bourbon

Charles de Bourbon (1401 – 4 December 1456, Château de Moulins) was the oldest son of John I, Duke of Bourbon and Marie, Duchess of Auvergne.

He was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis from 1424, and Duke of Bourbon and Auvergne from 1434 to his death, although due to the imprisonment of his father after the Battle of Agincourt, he acquired control of the duchy more than eighteen years before his father's death.[1]

In 1425, Charles renewed his earlier betrothal by marrying Agnes of Burgundy (1407–1476), daughter of John the Fearless.[2] Charles entered a relationship with Jeanne de Bournan, together they had Louis de Bourbon, Count of Roussillon. Louis founded the House of Bourbon-Roussillon (Rossello). Louis is known for his many services to the State. As a reward for his loyalty and dedication to Louis XI during the League of the Public Weal conflict, Louis XI gave him in marriage his legitimized daughter Jeanne de Valois.

Charles served with distinction in the Royal army during the Hundred Years' War, while nevertheless maintaining a truce with his brother-in-law and otherwise enemy, Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. Both dukes were reconciled and signed an alliance by 1440.[3] He was present at the coronation of Charles VII where he fulfilled the function of a peer and conferred knighthood.[4]

Despite this service, he took part in the "Praguerie" (a revolt by the French nobles against Charles VII) in 1439–1440. When the revolt collapsed, he was forced to beg for mercy from the King, and was stripped of some of his lands.[5] He died on his estates in 1456.

Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
TombeauCharlesIdeBourbon
Stone statue of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon in the abbey church of Souvigny
Born1401
Died4 December 1456 (aged 54–55)
Château de Moulins
Noble familyBourbon
Spouse(s)Agnes of Burgundy
FatherJohn I, Duke of Bourbon
MotherMarie, Duchess of Auvergne

Children

Charles and Agnes had eleven children:

Illegitimate children

  • Louis de Bourbon, one of the first Knights of the Order of Saint-Michel, appointed by letters patent of Louis XI in 1469.
  • Renaud de Bourbon, abbot of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, Archbishop of Narbonne from 1473 to 1482.

Notes

  1. ^ Pernoud, Régine, Marie-Véronique Clin, Prof. Jeremy duQuesnay Adams, and Bonnie Wheeler, Joan of Arc, (St.Martin's Press:New York, 1986), 177.
  2. ^ Vaughan, Richard, Philip the Good, (The Boydell Press: London, 2004), 123.
  3. ^ Vaughan, Richard, Philip the Good, 123.
  4. ^ Pernoud, Régine, Joan of Arc, 177.
  5. ^ Pernoud, Régine, Joan of Arc, 177

References

  • Pernoud, Régine, Marie-Véronique Clin, Prof. Jeremy duQuesnay Adams, and Bonnie Wheeler, Joan of Arc, (St.Martin's Press:New York, 1986)
  • Vaughan, Richard, Philip the Good, (The Boydell Press: London, 2004)
Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
Born: 1401 Died: 4 December 1456
French nobility
Preceded by
John I and Marie
Duke of Auvergne
1434–1456
Succeeded by
John II
Preceded by
John I
Duke of Bourbon
Count of Forez

1434–1456
Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1424–1456
1401 in France

Events from the year 1401 in France

1456 in France

Events from the year 1456 in France

Agnes of Burgundy, Duchess of Bourbon

Agnes of Burgundy (1407 – 1 December 1476), duchess of Bourbon (Bourbonnais) and Auvergne, countess of Clermont, was the daughter of John the Fearless (1371–1419) and Margaret of Bavaria. Her maternal grandparents were Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and Margaret of Brieg. Her paternal grandparents were Philip the Bold and Margaret III, Countess of Flanders.

Armorial d'Auvergne

The Armorial d'Auvergne is a 15th-century manuscript by Guillaume Revel, composed initially for Charles I, Duke of Bourbon but dedicated to Charles VII of France. It contains pages dedicated to the Duke's holdings in Auvergne, Forez, and Bourbon, with most pages containing a sketch and/or watercolor illuminations of the region named at the top of the page as well as sketches and/or colored miniatures of the associated heraldic arms in the form of a shield or helmets. It is housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France as ms. 22297.

Catharine of Bourbon

Catharine of Bourbon (1440 in Liège – 21 May 1469 in Nijmegen) was Duchess of Guelders from 1465-1469 by her marriage to Adolf, Duke of Guelders. She was a daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon and his wife Agnes of Burgundy.

Charles, Duke of Bourbon

Charles, Duke of Bourbon can refer to:

Charles I, Duke of Bourbon

Charles II, Duke of Bourbon

Charles III, Duke of Bourbon

Charles de Bourbon

Charles de Bourbon may refer to:

Charles I, Duke of Bourbon (1401–1456)

Charles II, Duke of Bourbon (1434–1488), also Cardinal and archbishop of Lyon

Charles III, Duke of Bourbon (1490–1527), Bourbon-Montpensier

Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (1489–1537), Bourbon-La Marche

Charles, Cardinal de Bourbon (1523–1590), Bourbon-La Marche, archbishop of Rouen and also Cardinal

Charles II de Bourbon, Archbishop of Rouen (1562-1594)

Charles III de Bourbon, Archbishop of Rouen (1554-1610)

Charles de Bourbon, comte de Soissons (1566–1612), Bourbon-Soissons

Charles de Bourbon, Duc de Berry (1686–1714)

Charles III of Spain, known as Charles of Bourbon (1716–1788), King of Spain, Naples, and Sicily

Château de Bostfranchet

The ruins of the Château de Bostfranchet can be found on the Bostfranchet estate in the Saillant commune of the Puy-de-Dôme département, France.

Occupied from the 12th century by the Pelet family, originally from the Narbonnais region, Bostfranchet is the cradle of the Beaufranchet (or Pelet de Beaufranchet) family. A manor house there was fortified under Charles I, Duke of Bourbon; walls, fortified towers and ditches were built.

All that remains now is a ruined tower of the castle. A farm occupies the main space. The arms of the Beaufranchet family can be seen carved into a stone well in the central courtyard.

Counts of Roussillon

This is a list of the counts of Roussillon (Catalan: Comtes de Rosselló).

Isabella of Bourbon

Isabella of Bourbon, Countess of Charolais (1434 – 25 September 1465) was the second wife of Charles the Bold, Count of Charolais and future Duke of Burgundy. She was a daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon and Agnes of Burgundy, and the mother of Mary of Burgundy, heiress of Burgundy.

Jacques Morel (artist)

Jacques Morel (1395–1459) was a French sculptor.

Morel was a widely traveled and prolific artist, and head of the Morel family of artists. His nephew was Antoine Le Moiturier. He was named Master of the Works of Lyon Cathedral in 1418 and was contracted to execute an elaborate tomb for a cardinal there in 1420 (destroyed 1562).After leaving Lyon in 1424 or 1425, Morel worked in the Rhone valley and elsewhere in southern and central France. He is cited as an inhabitant of Toulouse in a commission for a silver altarpiece for Avignon Cathedral (1429; apparently never completed), as active in Béziers (1433; work for Saint Aphrodise, and as collaborator of Simon de Beaujeu in Tarascon (c. 1433). This was followed by periods of residence in Avignon (1441-5), Montpellier (1445-8) and Rodez, where in 1448 he received a contract for the construction and sculptural decoration of the south portal of the cathedral (work left incomplete in 1456).

In 1448 he was commissioned to carve the alabaster tomb of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon (d 1456), and his wife Agnes of Burgundy, Duchess of Bourbon, for the Chapelle Neuve of St. Pierre, Souvigny. Completed in 1453, this is his only documented work to survive.

Morel spent his last years from 1453 in Angers, where he completed the tomb of King René of Anjou (d 1480) and his first wife Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (d 1453), in Angers Cathedral (begun 1450 by Jean Pocet (d 1452) and his son; destroyed).

John II, Duke of Bourbon

John de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon (1426 – 1 April 1488, Château de Moulins), sometimes referred to as John the Good and The Scourge of the English, was a son of Charles I of Bourbon and Agnes of Burgundy. He was Duke of Bourbon and Auvergne from 1456 to his death.

Louis de Bourbon, Bishop of Liège

Louis de Bourbon (1438 – 30 August 1482 in Liège) was Prince-Bishop of Liège from 1456 until his death.

Margaret of Bourbon (1438–1483)

Margaret of Bourbon (5 February 1438 – 24 April 1483) was the daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon (1401–1456) and Agnes of Burgundy (1407–1476).

On 6 April 1472, she became the first wife of Philip II, Duke of Savoy (1443–1497). Her children from this marriage were:

Louise (1476–1531), married Charles d'Orléans, Count of Angoulême, had children including:

Francis I of France whose daughter Margaret of Valois married to Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy.

Marguerite of Navarre (1492–1549); Queen consort of King Henry II of Navarre

Girolamo (1478)

Philibert II (1480–1504)She died on 24 April 1483 at the Chateau de Pont d'Ain.

Marie de Bourbon

Marie de Bourbon may refer to:

Marie of Bourbon, Latin Empress (c. 1315–1387)

Marie of Bourbon (1347–1401), Prioress Of Poissy

Marie de Bourbon (1428–1448), daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon

Mary of Bourbon (d. 1538), daughter of Charles, Duke of Vendôme,

Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier (1605–1627)

Marie de Bourbon, Countess of Soissons (1606–1692)

Maria of Bourbon (1849–1882)

Peter II, Duke of Bourbon

Peter II, Duke of Bourbon (1 December 1438 – 10 October 1503 in Moulins), was the son of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, and Agnes of Burgundy, and a member of the House of Bourbon. He and his wife Anne of France ruled as regents during the minority of Charles VIII of France.

Praguerie

The Praguerie was a revolt of the French nobility against King Charles VII in 1440.

It was so named because a similar rising had recently taken place in Prague, Bohemia, at that time closely associated with France through the House of Luxembourg, kings of Bohemia. Its causes lay in the reforms of Charles VII at the close of the Hundred Years' War, by which he sought to diminish the anarchy in France and its brigand-soldiery. The ordinances passed by the estates of langue d'oïl at Orléans in 1439 not only gave the king an aid of 100,000 francs (an act which was later used by the king as though it were a perpetual grant and so freed him from that parliamentary control of the purse so important in England), but demanded as well royal nominations to officerships in the army, marking a gain in the royal prerogative which the nobility resolved to challenge.

The main instigator was Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, who three years before had attempted a similar rising, and had been forced to ask pardon of the king. He and his bastard brother, John, were joined by the former favourite Georges de la Tremoille, John VI, duke of Brittany, who allied himself with the English, the duke of Alençon, the count of Vendôme, and mercenaries captains like Rodrigo de Villandrando, Antoine de Chabannes, or Jean de la Roche. The duke of Bourbon won over the dauphin Louis, —afterwards Louis XI, then only sixteen years old, and proposed to set aside the king in his favour, making him regent.Louis was readily induced to rebel; but the country was saved from a serious civil war by the energy of the king's officers and the solid loyalty of his "good cities". The constable de Richemont marched with the king's troops into Poitou, his old battleground with de la Tremoille, and in two months he had subdued the country. The royal artillery battered down the feudal strongholds. The dauphin and the duke of Alençon failed to bring about any sympathetic rising in Auvergne, and the Praguerie was over, except for some final pillaging and plundering in Saintonge and Poitou, which the royal army failed to prevent.

Charles then attempted to ensure the loyalty of the duke of Bourbon by the gift of a large pension, forgave all the rebellious gentry, and installed his son in Dauphiné. The ordinance of Orleans was enforced. The dauphin was forced to beg his father's forgiveness.

Rodrigo de Villandrando

Rodrigo de Villandrando (died c. 1457) was a Spanish routier from Castile and mercenary military leader in Gascony during the final phase of the Hundred Years' War. He was famous for his pillaging and was consequently known as the Emperor of Pillagers (empereur des brigands) or L'Écorcheur (the slaughterer).Originally from Biscay, he was the son of Pedro de Villandrando and Agnes de Corral. He became count of Ribaldo and Valladolid. Around 1410 he arrived in France and was admitted into the company of Amaury de Séverac. He rose to become captain of the routiers, veritable mercenaries in the pay of the seneschal or various other powerful lords and even bishops. When his protector Amaury died in 1427, he entered the service of Charles VII of France. In 1428 he was joined by Juan Salazar, who became his lieutenant. In his early career he is known to have pillaged Treignac, Meymac, and Tulle.

On 11 June 1430 he participated in the Battle of Anthon with around 400 men armed with such prosaic devices as billhooks, sledge hammers, and spades. He participated on the side of the French king against Louis II of Chalon-Arlay, Prince of Orange and a vassal of Philip the Good.

In 1431 he was rewarded by John II of Aragon with the county of Ribadeo and the right to eat at his table once a year. That same year he pillaged Saint-Clément-de-Régnat and was employed by the French to put down a peasant rebellion, which he did by massacring the refugees at Saint-Romain-le-Puy. In September 1432 his routiers, in the pay of Georges de la Trémoille, held Les Ponts-de-Cé against the assaults of Jean V de Bueil. Around 1433, at the height of his power, he had around 10,000 mercenaries, mostly Englishmen called Rodrigoys, under his command and he was the terror of the countryside of the Médoc, where his men habitually held the petty lords of the region for ransom and forced protection money from the populace; they were constantly pillaging and ransacking the bastides. In 1433 he took the castle of Lagarde Viaur and held it for a very high ransom. In the late 1430s he pillaged Bor-et-Bar, Salers, and Laparade.

On 24 May 1433 he married Margaret, the half-sister of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, and illegitimate daughter of Duke John I. For 6,000 écus he bought the castles of Ussel and then Châteldon from his brother-in-law. Between 1434 and 1439 he was subsequently installed in the fortress of Montgilbert.

In 1436 his men pillaged Cordes; in 1438 Lauzun, Fumel, Issigeac, and Blanquefort were hit. In 1437 his men violently despoiled the furriers of Charles VII at Hérisson. In 1438 he joined French forces under Charles II of Albret and Poton de Xaintrailles and embarked on a chevauchée in the Bordelais and Médoc. They were stopped only by the walls of Bordeaux itself.

In 1440 he fought with Charles of Bourbon against Charles VII in the revolt known as the Praguerie. In 1441 Changy and Pavie were pillaged by his men. In 1442 he again had the support of the French king for the depredation of northern Gascony. Later that year he and Albret threatened Bazas.In 1443 a party of his men on the command of Salazar returned to Spain, plundering upper Languedoc and the Lauragais on the way. Banned thenceforward from the realm, Rodrigo returned to Spain, where he was made marshal of Castile. He willed his worldly goods to the church of Castile and retired from the world to a monastery, where he died sometime around 1457.

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