Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank

Field Marshal Charles Ronald Llewelyn Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank, GCB, GCVO, OBE, DL (born 17 November 1938) is a retired senior officer of the British Army who served as Chief of the General Staff from 1994 to 1997 and Chief of the Defence Staff from 1997 until his retirement in 2001.

Guthrie's military career saw service with the Welsh Guards and the Special Air Service; he was closely involved in military operations in Northern Ireland and provided advice to the British Government during the Bosnian War and the Kosovo War.

The Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank
General Guthrie
Guthrie at a NATO defence ministers' meeting
Born17 November 1938 (age 80)
Chelsea, London, England
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1959–2001
RankField Marshal
Service number461440
UnitWelsh Guards
Commands heldChief of the Defence Staff
Chief of the General Staff
British Army of the Rhine
1st British Corps
2nd Infantry Division
4th Armoured Brigade
1st Battalion, Welsh Guards
Battles/warsOperation Banner
Bosnian War
Kosovo War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Officer of the Order of the British Empire

Early life

HarrowSchool-OldSchools-20051113
Harrow School where Guthrie was educated

Born in Chelsea, London into a Scottish landed family, Guthrie was the elder son of Ronald Guthrie and Nina Guthrie (née Llewelyn).[1][2] He was educated at Harrow School and the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst,[1]

Army career

Guthrie was commissioned into the Welsh Guards on 25 July 1959.[3] He was promoted to lieutenant on 1 June 1961[4] and captain on 25 July 1965.[5] In 1966 he became a troop commander with 22 Special Air Service Regiment serving in Aden, the Persian Gulf, Malaysia and East Africa and then in 1968 he became a squadron commander with 22 Special Air Service Regiment serving in the Persian Gulf and the United Kingdom.[6] He returned to the Welsh Guards in Münster in 1970 and, following his promotion to major on 31 December 1970,[7] he was given command of a mechanised infantry company in the 1st Battalion.[6] He became Military Assistant to the Chief of the General Staff in 1973 and, following a year as Second in Command of 1st Battalion Welsh Guards in London and Cyprus[6] and having been promoted to lieutenant colonel on 31 December 1975,[8] he became Brigade Major for the Household Division in 1976.[1] Guthrie was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order fourth class (MVO) in the 1977 Silver Jubilee and Birthday Honours; on 31 December 1984 this rank was reclassified as Lieutenant (LVO).[9]

Guthrie was appointed Commanding Officer of 1st Battalion Welsh Guards in 1977 in which role he was deployed to Berlin.[1] Promoted to colonel on 31 December 1979,[10] he undertook a tour of duty in Northern Ireland in Spring 1980 for which he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire.[11] In 1980 he was also briefly Commander of British Forces in the New Hebrides.[1] He then spent two years as Colonel on the General Staff for Military Operations at the Ministry of Defence.[1] Promoted to brigadier on 31 December 1981,[12] he became Brigade Commander of 4th Armoured Brigade in 1982.[1] In 1984 he was made Chief of Staff for 1st British Corps in Bielefeld.[6] Following his appointment as General Officer Commanding (GOC) North East District and Commander 2nd Infantry Division based in York on 18 January 1986,[13] he was given the substantive rank of major general on 31 March 1986.[14]

On 24 November 1987, Guthrie became Assistant Chief of the General Staff at the Ministry of Defence.[15] On 2 October 1989 he was promoted to lieutenant general and appointed GOC 1st British Corps,[16] and, having been appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 1990 New Year Honours,[17] he relinquished his command on 2 December 1991.[18]

Guthrie was appointed Commander of Northern Army Group and British Army of the Rhine on 7 January 1992[19] and, following promotion to (full) general on 14 February 1992,[20] became ADC to the Queen on 13 July 1993.[21] He then became Chief of the General Staff (CGS) on 15 March 1994,[22] being advanced to a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the Queen's Birthday Honours 1994.[23] As CGS, he was responsible for providing strategic military advice to the British Government on the deployment of troops for the Bosnian War.[24] He went on to become Chief of the Defence Staff on 2 April 1997.[25] In that position, he advised the British Government on the conduct of the Kosovo War.[26] He also warned against a British invasion of Zimbabwe to undertake regime change against Robert Mugabe, saying "Hold hard, you'll make it worse."[27] Guthrie retired from the British Army in 2001.[1]

Trooping the Colour, senior offices
Lord Guthrie (left) riding in the 2012 Trooping of the Colour as Colonel of the Life Guards

Guthrie was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Intelligence Corps on 1 March 1986 and Colonel Commandant of the Special Air Service in 2000.[28][1] For twenty years he served as Colonel of the Life Guards and Gold Stick-in-Waiting to The Queen, from 1 January 1999 to 7 June 2019.[29][30]

Post-career activities

After retiring from the British Army,[1] Guthrie was created a life peer as Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank, of Craigiebank in the City of Dundee, in June 2001. He sits as a crossbencher in the House of Lords.[31][32] He was one of several retired Chiefs of Defence Staff who spoke out in the House of Lords about the risk to servicemen facing liability for their actions before the International Criminal Court, particularly with respect to the invasion of Iraq.[33]

George Monbiot criticised Guthrie for an alleged lack of understanding of international law. Monbiot based his argument on Guthrie's September 2002 statement for an invasion of Iraq and subsequent comments, in which he appeared to support launching "surprise wars", something forbidden by the United Nations Charter.[34] Guthrie disagreed publicly with Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown in 2008 over military funding.[35]

In 2007 Guthrie co-authored a book on ethics in modern warfare with Michael Quinlan, former Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Defence.[36][37]

Guthrie was promoted to the honorary rank of field marshal in June 2012.[38][39] Guthrie represented HRH The Prince of Wales at the Cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday 2012 where he was photographed wearing the epaulettes of a field marshal and carrying his field marshal's baton.[40]

Guthrie has served as a non-executive director of Gulf Keystone Petroleum, Rivada Networks, Ashley Gardens Block 2 Ltd, Colt Defense LLC and Sciens Capital; he has served as a director of N M Rothschild & Sons, Gulf Keystone, and Petropavlovsk PLC; he has served as a non-executive chairman of Siboney Ltd.; he has been a shareholder of Palantir Technologies and the global strategic intelligence firm Arcanum, which is a subsidiary of Magellen Investment Holdings.[41][42][43]

Guthrie is also a member of the Top Level Group of UK Parliamentarians for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation, established in October 2009.[44]

Guthrie is president of several charities, including Action Medical Research, the Army Benevolent Fund, Soldier On!,[45] and the Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Association.[41] Until 2019, he was also the president of London Youth (Federation of London Youth Clubs). He is a Deputy Lieutenant for Dorset.[1]

A Roman Catholic convert,[46] Guthrie became a Knight of Malta[47] and is a Patron of the Catholic homeless charities Cardinal Hume Centre[48] and Caritas Anchor House.[49] He became Chancellor of Liverpool Hope University in July 2013.[50]

Guthrie was one of several contributors to a 2013 book on public sector management.[51]

In August 2014, Guthrie was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.[52]

Guthrie initially supported the continuance of the United Kingdom's presence in the European Union in the 2016 referendum on Britain's membership of the European Union, but suddenly switched to an advocacy of withdrawing from it less than a week before the vote was held, issuing a public warning of the ambitions inherent in the E.U. for the creation of a new "European Army", which he stated "would be a disaster".[53]

Since August 1, 2017, Guthrie is the Senior Advisor to Ron Wahid, Chairman of Arcanum, a subsidiary of Magellan Investment Holdings.[54][55] Established 23 March 2015, Magellan Investment Holdings is a holding company with investments in natural resources, energy, real estate, fine arts, aerospace and defense and technology. Magellan is the parent company of two subsidiaries: Arcanum, a global intelligence firm, and RJI Capital, a merchant banking and strategic advisory company.[56][57]

On 9 June 2018 it was reported that, at the annual Trooping the Colour event, Guthrie fell from his horse and had been admitted to hospital.[58]

On 8 January 2019, in an extraordinary intervention in the political sphere by figures from the military and intelligence services quarter, Guthrie sent a letter, co-signed by Sir Richard Dearlove, to Conservative Party Parliamentary Constituency Association Chairs, stating that the passage through the House of Commons of Prime Minister Theresa May's Withdrawal Agreement of the United Kingdom from the European Union contained decisions which fundamentally undermined the integrity of the Defence of the Realm, and requested they take measures to discourage their parliamentary representatives from voting for it imminently in the Commons. The letter as an alternative advocated the case upon national security grounds that the United Kingdom should fully withdraw from the European Union without an Intergovernmental relationship between the two persisting after the process.[59]

On relinquishing his appointment as Colonel of The Life Guards and Gold Stick-in-Waiting, The Queen appointed Guthrie a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order on 7 June 2019.[30]

Guthrie's interests include tennis, opera and travel.[1]

Family

Guthrie descends from an ancient Scottish landowning family: his kinsman is David Guthrie, 7th of Craigie. He married, on 11 September 1971, Catherine Worrall, daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Claude Worrall, Coldstream Guards. The couple have two sons.[1][31]

Arms

Lord Guthrie matriculated his family armorial bearings at the Lyon Office in 1999 (and was granted supporters for life).

Honours

Guthrie's honours and decorations include:

Order of the Bath UK ribbon Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) 1994[23]
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) 1990[17]
Royal Victorian Order UK ribbon Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) 2019[60]
Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order (LVO) 1977[9]
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) 1980[11]
Badge of Honour ribbon Badge of Honour 1980 (New Hebrides)[61]
Us legion of merit officer rib Officer of the Legion of Merit (United States)[62]
Ordine di San Gregorio Magno.COMM Knight Commander of the Order of St. Gregory the Great (KCSG) 2008 (Holy See)[63]
SMOM Knight of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (KM) 1999 (SMOM)[64]
Justicia - Konstantinischer St. Georgs-Orden Knight Grand Cross of Justice of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (GCJCO) 2013 (House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies)[65]
Knight Commander of Justice of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (KCJCO) 2003 (House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies)[66][67]

References

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  2. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  3. ^ "No. 41826". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 September 1959. p. 6045.
  4. ^ "No. 42419". The London Gazette (Supplement). 21 July 1961. p. 5495.
  5. ^ "No. 43721". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 July 1965. p. 7137.
  6. ^ a b c d "Nato biography". Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  7. ^ "No. 45271". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1971. p. 119.
  8. ^ "No. 46773". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1975. p. 16370.
  9. ^ a b "No. 47234". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7084.
  10. ^ "No. 48080". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 January 1980. p. 1438.
  11. ^ a b "No. 48346". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 October 1980. p. 14607.
  12. ^ "No. 48852". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 January 1982. p. 157.
  13. ^ "No. 50426". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 February 1986. p. 1965.
  14. ^ "No. 50515". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 May 1986. p. 6487.
  15. ^ "No. 51136". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 November 1987. p. 14769.
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  17. ^ a b "No. 51981". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1989. p. 2.
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  20. ^ "No. 52838". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 February 1992. p. 2789.
  21. ^ "No. 53369". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 July 1993. p. 11759.
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  23. ^ a b "No. 53696". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 June 1994. p. 2.
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  25. ^ "No. 54726". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 April 1997. p. 4170.
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  27. ^ "Lord Guthrie: 'Tony's General' turns defence into an attack". The Independent. 11 November 2007.
  28. ^ "No. 50452". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 March 1986. p. 3441.
  29. ^ "No. 55365". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 January 1999. p. 54.
  30. ^ a b Court Circular, 7 June 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Burkes Peerage". Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  32. ^ "No. 56260". The London Gazette. 2 July 2001. p. 7767.
  33. ^ "Armed Forces: Chain of Command". Hansard. 14 July 2005. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  34. ^ Monbiot, George (1 January 2008). "How Britain became party to a crime that may have killed a million people". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  35. ^ Thomson, Alice (25 July 2009). "Guthrie attacks Gordon Brown over helicopters for Afghanistan troops". The Times.
  36. ^ Charles Guthrie and Michael Quinlan (2007). Just War: The Just War Tradition: Ethics in Modern Warfare. Walker. ISBN 9780802717030.
  37. ^ Richard Norton-Taylor (3 November 2007). "Immoral victories". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  38. ^ "Announcement". AFP. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
  39. ^ "No. 60350". The London Gazette. 7 December 2012. p. 23557.
  40. ^ Duell, Mark (11 November 2012). "Lest we forget: Queen, Kate and William pay their respects at the Cenotaph as Britain comes to standstill on Remembrance Sunday". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  41. ^ a b "House of Lords: Register of Interests". Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  42. ^ "Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank". parliament.uk. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  43. ^ "Field Marshal Charles Roland Llewelyn Guthrie: Senior Adviser to the Chairman". Arcanum. 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  44. ^ Borger, Julian (8 September 2009). "Nuclear-free world ultimate aim of new cross-party pressure group". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  45. ^ "Our Patrons". Soldier on!. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  46. ^ "General tells pupils about history and leadership". Catholic Herald. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  47. ^ Moreton, Cole (11 November 2008). "Lord Guthrie: 'Tony's General' turns defence into an attack". The Independent. London. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  48. ^ "About Us: Patrons". Cardinal Hume Centre. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  49. ^ "Our Supporters". Caritas Anchor House.
  50. ^ "SAS veteran Lord Guthrie becomes new Liverpool Hope University chancellor". Liverpool Echo. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  51. ^ Stevenson, Alexander (2013). The Public Sector:Managing the Unmanageable. Kogan Page. ISBN 978-0-7494-6777-7.
  52. ^ "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories". 7 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  53. ^ "EU referendum: Ex-army chief Lord Guthrie switches to Leave". BBC News. 18 June 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  54. ^ "United Kingdom: Lord Guthrie Comes Aboard at Arcanum – Intelligence Online". Intelligence online. 23 August 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  55. ^ "Former Head of the British Army and Defence Chief Joins Arcanum". Arcanum. 1 August 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  56. ^ "Magellan Investment Holdings Limited". gbr.business.com. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  57. ^ "Magellan Holdings". Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  58. ^ "Trooping the Colour: Former Chief of Defence staff Lord Guthrie falls from horse during ceremony". The Telegraph. 9 June 2018. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  59. ^ "Theresa May's Brexit deal threatens national security says former head of MI6". Daily Telegraph. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  60. ^ "CENTRAL CHANCERY OF THE ORDERS OF KNIGHTHOOD". www.thegazette.co.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  61. ^ Mackay, James, Editor; Mussell, John W. (2004). The Medal Yearbook 2004. Devon, UK: Token Publishing Ltd. p. 236. ISBN 9781870192620.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  62. ^ "Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank". Debrett's People of Today. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  63. ^ "Acta Apostolicae Sedis, 5 Septembris 2008" (PDF). Holy See. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  64. ^ "The International Who's Who 2004". Europa Publications. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  65. ^ "New promoted Delegation Knights and Dames invested at London ceremony". Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George, Delegation of Great Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  66. ^ "Constantinian Order 2003 – Westminster Cathedral Investiture Ceremony". Constantinian Order at Youtube. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  67. ^ "Announcements: Investiture in Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George". The Times. Retrieved 21 June 2017.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Peter Inge
General Officer Commanding North East District
and Commander 2nd Infantry Division

1985–1987
Succeeded by
Murray Naylor
Preceded by
John MacMillan
Assistant Chief of the General Staff
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Richard Swinburn
Preceded by
Sir Peter Inge
GOC 1st (British) Corps
1989–1991
Succeeded by
Sir Jeremy Mackenzie
Commander-in-Chief of the British Army of the Rhine
1992–1994
Command disbanded
Chief of the General Staff
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Sir Roger Wheeler
Chief of the Defence Staff
1997–2001
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Boyce
Action Medical Research

Action Medical Research, previously The National Fund for Research into Crippling Diseases, is a British medical research charity, founded in 1952, that focusses on funding research to prevent and treat disease and disability in babies and children.Action Medical Research (Registered Charity No. 208701) is based in Horsham, West Sussex. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is their patron; their president is Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank. Paddington Bear has been the charity's mascot since 1976.

Badge of Honour

The Badge of Honour or Queen's Certificate and Badge of Honour is a civil award presented by the governments of British Overseas Territories. Established in 1928, it was presented to recognize loyal and valuable service by native chiefs and other non-European dignitaries within the British Empire. It is currently awarded for meritorious services to the local community of an exceptional or outstanding nature. The Certificate and Badge of Honour continues to be awarded in Gibraltar, the Falkland Islands, the Cayman Islands, and Bermuda.

Charles Guthrie

Charles Guthrie may refer to:

Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank (born 1938), British Field Marshal, former Chief of the Defence Staff

Charles Claude Guthrie (1880–1963), American physiologist

Charles John Guthrie, Lord Guthrie (1849–1920), Scottish judge

Field marshal (United Kingdom)

Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736. A five-star rank with NATO code OF-10, it is equivalent to an Admiral of the Fleet in the Royal Navy or a Marshal of the Royal Air Force in the Royal Air Force (RAF). A Field Marshal's insignia consists of two crossed batons surrounded by yellow leaves below St Edward's Crown. Like Marshals of the RAF and Admirals of the Fleet, Field Marshals traditionally remain officers for life, though on half-pay when not in an appointment. The rank has been used sporadically throughout its history and was vacant during parts of the 18th and 19th centuries (when all former holders of the rank were deceased). After the Second World War, it became standard practice to appoint the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (later renamed Chief of the General Staff) to the rank on his last day in the post. Army officers occupying the post of Chief of the Defence Staff, the professional head of all the British Armed Forces, were usually promoted to the rank upon their appointment.In total, 141 men have held the rank of field marshal. The majority led careers in the British Army or the British Indian Army, rising through the ranks to eventually become a field marshal. Some members of the British Royal Family—most recently Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, and Charles, Prince of Wales—were promoted to the rank after shorter periods of service. Three British monarchs—George V, Edward VIII, and George VI— assumed the rank on their accessions to the throne, while Edward VII was already a field marshal, and two British consorts—Albert, Prince Consort and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh—were appointed by their respective queens. Other ceremonial appointments were made as diplomatic gestures. Twelve foreign monarchs held the honour, though three (Wilhelm II, German Emperor; Franz Joseph I, Austrian Emperor; and Hirohito, Emperor of Japan) were stripped of it when their countries became enemies of Britain and her allies in the two world wars. Also awarded the rank were one Frenchman (Ferdinand Foch) and one Australian (Sir Thomas Blamey), honoured for their contributions to World War I and World War II respectively, and one foreign statesman (Jan Smuts).A report commissioned by the Ministry of Defence in 1995 made a number of recommendations for financial savings in the armed forces' budget, one of which was the abolition of the five-star ranks. Part of the rationale was that these ranks were disproportionate to the size of the forces commanded by these officers and that none of the United Kingdom's close allies, such as the United States (which reserves the rank of general of the army for officers who have commanded large armies in major wars), used such ranks. The recommendation was not taken up in full, but the practice of promoting service chiefs to five-star ranks was stopped and the ranks are now reserved for special circumstances. Sir Peter Inge was, in 1994, the last active officer to be promoted to the rank. Inge relinquished the post of Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) in 1997 and his successor, Sir Charles Guthrie, was the first officer not to be promoted upon appointment as CDS.The most recent promotions to field marshal came in 2012, eighteen years after the moratorium on routine promotions to the rank, when Queen Elizabeth II promoted Prince Charles, her son and heir apparent, to the five-star ranks in all three services, in recognition of support provided for her in her capacity as Commander-in-Chief of the British Armed Forces. At the same time, Guthrie, who relinquished the post of CDS and retired from active service in 2001, was promoted to honorary field marshal. In June 2014 former Chief of the Defence Staff Lord Walker of Aldringham was also promoted to honorary field marshal.Although the rank of field marshal is not used in the Royal Marines, the insignia is used on the uniform of the Captain General, the ceremonial head of the corps (equivalent to colonel-in-chief).

Guthrie (surname)

Guthrie is an English-language surname with several independent origins. In some cases the surname is derived from a place in Scotland, located near Forfar, Guthrie, Angus, which is derived from the Gaelic gaothair, meaning "windy place". Another origin of the name is from the Scottish Gaelic MagUchtre, meaning "son of Uchtre". The personal name Uchtre is of uncertain origin. Another origin of the surname Guthrie is as an Anglicisation of the Irish Ó Fhlaithimh, meaning "descendant of Flaitheamh".

International Institute for Strategic Studies

The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs. Since 1997 its headquarters have been Arundel House, in London, England. The 2017 Global Go To Think Tank Index ranked IISS as the tenth-best think tank worldwide and the second best Defense and National Security think tank globally, while Transparify ranked it third largest UK think tank by expenditure, but gave it its lowest rating, 'deceptive', on funding transparency.

List of British Army full generals

This is a list of full generals in the British Army since the Acts of Union 1707. The rank of general (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers in the British Army. It ranks above lieutenant-general and below field marshal which is now only awarded as an honorary rank. The annotation "Held rank in the East Indies." indicates that the officer served in India in the East India Company's army.

This list is incomplete after 1874; you can help by expanding it.

List of British generals and brigadiers

This is a list of people who held general officer rank or the rank of brigadier (together now recognized as starred officers) in the British Army, Royal Marines, British Indian Army or other military force.

It does not include English Army generals or Scottish Army generals. Neither England nor Scotland has had its own army since the Acts of Union in 1707. Generals promoted by the Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922-present) are included.

See also Category:British generals - note that a "Brigadier" is not classed as a "general" in the British Army, despite being a NATO 1-star equivalent rank.Hence, in the lists below:

1* = Brigadier General/Brigadier

2* = Major General

3* = Lieutenant General

4* = General(dates after the name are birth and death)A

List of Old Harrovians

The following is a list of some notable Old Harrovians, former pupils of Harrow School in the United Kingdom.

List of barons in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

This is a list of the 1187 present and extant Barons (Lords of Parliament, in Scottish terms) in the Peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. Note that it does not include those extant baronies which have become merged (either through marriage or elevation) with higher peerage dignities and are today only seen as subsidiary titles. For a more complete list, which adds these "hidden" baronies as well as extinct, dormant, abeyant, and forfeit ones, see List of Baronies.

This page includes all life barons, including the Law Lords created under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876. However hereditary peers with the rank of viscount or higher holding also a life peerage are not included.

List of military veterans in British politics

This is a list of currently serving (2016) members House of Commons, House of Lords, Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales, Northern Ireland Assembly, Police and Crime Commissioner and UK members of the European Parliament who are Military veterans.

Liverpool Hope University

Liverpool Hope University is a public university in Liverpool, England. ‌Growing out of its first founding colleges (The Church of England's Warrington Training College [1844] and the Sisters of Notre Dame's Our Lady's Training College [1856]) - one of the first UK institutions to provide teacher education for women - Liverpool Hope University now has three faculties: Arts and Humanities, Education, and Science. These faculties are organised into 19 departments. The university has received a Gold standing in UK's Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF). The University's philosophy is to ‘educate in the round’ – mind, body and spirit – in the quest for Truth, Beauty and Goodness.The university has two campuses – the main Hope Park Campus in the suburb of Childwall and the Creative Campus just over the border in Everton, approximately 15 minutes walk to Liverpool city centre and approximately 22 minutes walk to Liverpool Central train station.

November 17

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Rivada Networks

Rivada Networks is a US-based communications technology business with offices in the US and Ireland. The name Rivada is derived from the acronym, "Radio Interoperable Voice and Data Applications." The company specialises in the provision of wireless and interoperable telecommunications systems to public safety agencies and other emergency/disaster response agencies including the National Guard, US Coastguard, and Customs and Border Protection. The firm has pioneered the development of technologies designed to enable public safety agencies to fund and operate their own dedicated mobile communications networks. Rivada Networks was founded on July 6, 2004 and its current CEO and chairman is Irish businessman Declan Ganley.

UK Defence Forum

The UK Defence Forum exists to enable politicians, industrialists, members of the armed forces, academics and others with an interest in defence and security issues to exchange information and views on the future needs of Britain's defence and security.

Put at its simplest, the Forum looks at where future conflicts may occur or threats evolve, why, what the UK should do about it, and how the nation and its defence industrial base would be affected. The Forum represents an opportunity for politicians, including those in Government and from Opposition parties, to meet people from relevant diverse backgrounds and to exchange information with them and others interested in defence and security.

The UK Defence Forum possesses no corporate view of its own, meetings are strictly conducted under the Chatham House Rule, and there is a strong "no lobbying" policy. Papers are delivered by academics, military, diplomats, politicians, civil servants or industrialists. From the perspective of politicians, the unique value of the UK Defence Forum is that they are able to obtain insights into matters of concern to them and to question a wide range of experts privately. The UK Defence Forum was urged by former Prime Minister Blair to "think the unthinkable". Some papers following moderating are placed on the UK Defence Forum website and made available to the public domain. Additional papers are published in writing and on the website (with a policy of general public domain release some three years after initial publication).

The website also hosts the Tim Garden Archives and EURODEFENSE UK [1] archives. The U K Defence Forum conducts an annual Tim Garden Essay Competition. The UKDF produces Defence Viewpoints, with articles, opinion pieces and news with a national and international perspective which is updated daily, and which has a comment and contribution facility. Defence Viewpoints also contains links to blogs in USA, Russia, China, India and others. It contains a feed from Twitter Defence Red Box

The UK Defence Forum meets on a regular basis in London: meetings are attended by invited politicians, academics, senior industrialists, and others. The Forum is a non-partisan, not-for-profit organisation, based in Newcastle upon Tyne.

The Forum's patrons include The Rt Hon Dr David Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere, The Rt Hon Menzies Campbell CBE QC MP, The Rt Hon Tom King, Baron King of Bridgwater, and Field Marshal Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank GCB OBE.

Veterans for Britain

Veterans for Britain is a pro-Brexit organisation formed in 2016 in the context of the referendum of that year on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union (EU). It has had links to the Vote Leave campaign.

Veterans for Britain was set up “to put forward the Defence and Security arguments for the UK to vote to leave the European Union”.Veterans for Britain has attracted the support of senior figures with a military background. Supporters listed on its website include Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank, retired Chief of the Defence Staff.

Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers

The Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. An organisation of painters of metals and wood is known to have existed as early as 1283. A similar organisation of stainers, who generally worked on staining cloth for decorative wall hangings, existed as early as 1400. The two bodies merged in 1502; the new organisation was incorporated under a Royal Charter in 1581.

Today, the Company is less a trade association of painters and more a charitable company, with the promotion of education in the fine and decorative arts and crafts as its main theme. The Painters' Company Scholarship Scheme was established in 2012 to support undergraduates every year at London Art Colleges. Each student receives £5,000 annually from the beginning of their second year until they complete their studies, and they are known as a Painters' Company Scholar. The students are selected entirely on merit, and this is the most meritocratically-awarded scholarship for art students in London today.The Painters Company also co-sponsors one of the largest UK open art competitions: the Lynn Painter-Stainers Prize was created in 2005 by the Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers and the Lynn Foundation to encourage the very best creative representational painting and promote the skill of draftsmanship. It awards prize money of £30,000.

Eleven Liverymen have served the office of Lord Mayor since 1922.

The Company ranks twenty-eighth in the order of precedence of Livery Companies. The Company's motto is Amor Queat Obedientiam, Latin for Love Can Compel Obedience.

The Master for the year ensuing 19 October 2015 is Anthony John Ward, son of the late Liveryman and scribe to the Company, John Ward. The Clerk is Christopher John Twyman.

The livery company's hall is situated between Huggin Hill and Little Trinity Lane, in the ward of Queenhithe.

Coat of arms of Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank
Crest
A Demi-lion Gules, armed and langued Azure, holding in its dexter Paw a Cross-Crosslet fitchée Azure.
Escutcheon
1st and 4th, Argent, a Cross Sable; 2nd and 3rd, Argent, three Garbs Or, banded Gules, all within a bordure wavy Gules, charged with three Pheons Or.
Supporters
Dexter: a Lion Gules, armed and langued Azure, charged on the shoulder with a Pheon Or.

Sinister: a Griffin Gules, winged, beaked, legged and armed Azure, charged on the shoulder with a Pheon Or.

Motto
Nec Timidus Nec Tumidus (Neither timid nor rash)
Commanders-in-Chief of the Forces
Chief of the General Staff
Chiefs of the Imperial General Staff
Chiefs of the General Staff

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