Charles Gates Dawes (August 27, 1865 – April 23, 1951) was an American banker, general, diplomat, and Republican politician who was the 30th vice president of the United States from 1925 to 1929. For his work on the Dawes Plan for World War I reparations, he was a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1925.
Born in Marietta, Ohio, Dawes attended Cincinnati Law School before beginning a legal career in Lincoln, Nebraska. After serving as a gas plant executive, he managed William McKinley's 1896 presidential campaign in Illinois. After the election, McKinley appointed Dawes as the Comptroller of the Currency, and he remained in that position until 1901 before forming the Central Trust Company of Illinois. Dawes served as a general during World War I, holding the position of chairman of the general purchasing board for the American Expeditionary Forces. In 1921, President Warren G. Harding appointed Dawes as the first Director of the Bureau of the Budget. Dawes also served on the Allied Reparations Commission, where he helped formulate the Dawes Plan to aid the struggling German economy, though the plan was eventually replaced by the Young Plan.
The 1924 Republican National Convention nominated President Calvin Coolidge without opposition. After Frank Lowden declined the vice presidential nomination, the convention chose Dawes as Coolidge's running mate. The Republican ticket won the 1924 presidential election and Dawes was sworn in as vice president in 1925. Dawes helped pass the McNary–Haugen Farm Relief Bill in Congress, but the bill was vetoed by President Coolidge. Dawes was a candidate for re-nomination at the 1928 Republican National Convention, but Coolidge's opposition to Dawes helped ensure that Charles Curtis was nominated for the vice presidency instead. In 1929, President Herbert Hoover appointed Dawes to be the Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Dawes also briefly led the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, which organized a government response to the Great Depression. He resigned from that position in 1932 to return to banking, and he died in 1951 of coronary thrombosis.
|30th Vice President of the United States|
March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1929
|Preceded by||Calvin Coolidge|
|Succeeded by||Charles Curtis|
|United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom|
June 15, 1929 – December 30, 1931
|Preceded by||Alanson B. Houghton|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Mellon|
|Director of the Bureau of the Budget|
June 23, 1921 – June 30, 1922
|President||Warren G. Harding|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Herbert Lord|
|10th Comptroller of the Currency|
January 1, 1898 – September 30, 1901
|Preceded by||James H. Eckels|
|Succeeded by||William Ridgely|
|Born||August 27, 1865|
Marietta, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||April 23, 1951 (aged 85)|
Evanston, Illinois, U.S.
|Resting place||Rosehill Cemetery|
Caro Blymyer (m. 1889)
|Children||2, 2 adopted|
|Relatives||Rufus Dawes (Father)|
|Education||Marietta College (BA)|
University of Cincinnati (LLB)
|Civilian awards||Nobel Peace Prize|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1917–1919|
|Unit||American Expeditionary Forces|
Liquidation Commission of the War Department
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Military awards||Army Distinguished Service Medal|
Dawes was born in Marietta, Ohio, in Washington County, son of Civil War General Rufus Dawes and his wife Mary Beman Gates. Rufus Dawes had commanded the 6th Wisconsin Regiment of the Iron Brigade from 1863 to 1864 during the American Civil War. His Uncle Ephraim C. Dawes, younger brother to Rufus, was a Major who served under Ulysses S. Grant at the Battles of Shiloh and Vicksburg.
Dawes's brothers were Rufus C. Dawes, Beman Gates Dawes, and Henry May Dawes, all prominent businessmen or politicians. He also had two sisters, Mary Frances Dawes Beach, and Betsey Gates Dawes Hoyt.
Dawes was admitted to the bar in Nebraska, and he practiced in Lincoln, Nebraska, from 1887 to 1894. When Lieutenant John Pershing, the future Army general, was appointed as a military instructor at the University of Nebraska while attending its law school, he and Dawes met and formed a lifelong friendship. Dawes also met Democratic Congressman William Jennings Bryan, forming a friendship with Bryan despite his opposition to Bryan's free silver policies.
Dawes relocated from Lincoln to Chicago during the Panic of 1893. In 1894, Dawes acquired interests in a number of Midwestern gas plants, and he became the president of both the La Crosse Gas Light Company in La Crosse, Wisconsin and the Northwestern Gas Light and Coke Company in Evanston, Illinois.
Dawes was a self-taught pianist and a composer. His composition Melody in A Major became a well-known piano and violin song in 1912. Marie Edwards made a popular arrangement of the work in 1921. Also, in 1921, it was arranged for a small orchestra by Adolf G. Hoffmann. Melody in A Major was played at many official functions which Dawes attended.
In 1951, Carl Sigman added lyrics to Melody in A Major transforming the song into It's All in the Game. Tommy Edwards's recording of "It's All in the Game" was a number-one hit on the American Billboard record chart for six weeks in the fall of 1958. Edwards's version of the song also hit number one on the United Kingdom chart that year.
Since then, it has since become a pop standard. It has been recorded by numerous artists, including Cliff Richard, The Four Tops, Isaac Hayes, Jackie DeShannon, Van Morrison, Nat "King" Cole, Brook Benton, Elton John, Mel Carter, Donny and Marie Osmond, Barry Manilow, and Keith Jarrett.
Dawes is the only vice president to be credited with a No. 1 pop hit. Dawes and Sonny Bono are the only people credited with a No. 1 pop hit who were also members of the United States Senate or House of Representatives. Dawes and Bob Dylan are the only persons credited with a No. 1 pop hit to have also won a Nobel Prize.[a]
Dawes's prominent positions in business caught the attention of Republican party leaders. They asked Dawes to manage the Illinois portion of William McKinley's bid for the Presidency of the United States in 1896. Following McKinley's election, Dawes was rewarded for his efforts by being named Comptroller of the Currency, United States Department of the Treasury. Serving in that position from 1898 to 1901, he collected more than $25 million from banks that had failed during the Panic of 1893, and also changed banking practices to try to prevent a similar event in the future.
Upon the death of his father in 1899, Dawes became a First Class Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
In October 1901, Dawes left the Department of the Treasury in order to pursue a U.S. Senate seat from Illinois. He thought that, with the help of the McKinley Administration, he could win it. McKinley was assassinated and his successor, President Theodore Roosevelt, preferred Dawes's opponent. In 1902, following this unsuccessful attempt at legislative office, Dawes declared that he was done with politics. He organized the Central Trust Company of Illinois, where he served as its president until 1921.
On September 5, 1912, Dawes's 21-year-old son Rufus drowned in Geneva Lake, while on summer break from Princeton University. In his memory, Dawes created homeless shelters in both Chicago and Boston.
Dawes helped support the first Anglo-French Loan to the Entente powers of $500 million. Dawes's support was important because the House of Morgan needed public support from a non-Morgan banker. The Morgan banker Thomas Lamont said that Dawes's support would "make a position for him in the banking world such as he otherwise could never hope to make." (Loans were seen as possibly violating neutrality, and Wilson was still resisting permitting loans.)
During the First World War, Dawes was commissioned major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel of the 17th Engineers. In October 1918 he was promoted to brigadier general. From August 1917 to August 1919, Dawes served in France during World War I as chairman of the general purchasing board for the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), as a member representing the AEF on the Military Board of Allied Supply, and, after the war, as a member of the Liquidation Commission of the United States War Department. He was decorated with the Distinguished Service Medal and the French Croix de Guerre in recognition of his service. He returned to the United States on board the SS Leviathan in August 1919.
In February 1921, the U.S. Senate held hearings on war expenditures. During heated testimony, Dawes burst out, "Hell and Maria, we weren't trying to keep a set of books over there, we were trying to win a war!" He was later known as "Hell and Maria Dawes" (although he always insisted the expression was "Helen Maria").
Dawes resigned from the Army in 1919 and became a member of the American Legion. He supported Frank Lowden at the 1920 Republican National Convention, but the presidential nomination went to Warren G. Harding. When the Bureau of the Budget was created, he was appointed in 1921 by President Harding as its first director. Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover appointed him to the Allied Reparations Commission in 1923. For his work on the commission's Dawes Plan, a program to enable Germany to restore and stabilize its economy, Dawes shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1925. The Dawes Plan provided significant US funds, raised through bond sales, to the German economy, and permitted Germany to recover its industrial production while making reparation payments. In 1929 the Reparations Commission, under Owen Young, replaced the plan with the more permanent Young Plan, which reduced the total amount of reparations and called for the removal of occupying forces.
I should hate to think that the Senate was as tired of me at the beginning of my service as I am of the Senate at the end.— Charles G. Dawes
At the 1924 Republican National Convention, President Calvin Coolidge was quickly selected almost without opposition to be the Republican presidential nominee. The vice presidential nominee was more contested. Illinois Governor Frank Lowden was nominated, but declined. Coolidge's next choice was Idaho Senator William Borah, but he also declined the nomination. The Republican National Chairman, William Butler, pledged to nominate then Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover, but he was not sufficiently popular. Eventually, the delegates chose Dawes to be the vice presidential nominee. Coolidge quickly accepted the delegates' choice and felt that Dawes would be loyal to him and make a strong addition to his campaign.
Dawes traveled throughout the country during the campaign, giving speeches to bolster the Republican ticket. He frequently attacked Progressive nominee Robert M. La Follette Sr. as a dangerous radical who sympathized with the Bolsheviks. Dawes was elected Vice President of the United States on November 4, 1924 with more popular votes than the candidates from the Democratic and Progressive parties combined. The inauguration was held on March 4, 1925.
On March 10, the president's nomination of Charles B. Warren to be United States Attorney General was being debated. In the wake of the Teapot Dome scandal and other scandals, Democrats and Progressive Republicans objected to the nomination because of Warren's close association with the Sugar Trust. At midday, six speakers were scheduled to address Warren's nomination. Desiring to take a break for a nap, Dawes consulted the majority and minority leaders, who assured him that no vote would be taken that afternoon. After Dawes left the Senate, however, all but one of the scheduled speakers decided against making formal remarks, and a vote was taken. When it became apparent that the vote would be tied, Republican leaders hastily called Dawes at the Willard Hotel and he immediately left. While waiting for Dawes to arrive, the only Democratic senator who had voted for Warren switched his vote. The nomination had failed by a single vote resulting in the first such rejection of a president's nominee in nearly 60 years. This incident was chronicled in a derisive poem, based on the Longfellow poem "Paul Revere's Ride;" it began with the line, "Come gather round children and hold your applause for the afternoon ride of Charlie Dawes." The choice of poem was based on Charles Dawes being descended from William Dawes, who rode with Paul Revere.
Dawes and Coolidge quickly became alienated from one another. Dawes declined to attend Cabinet meetings and annoyed Coolidge with his attack on the Senate filibuster. Dawes championed the McNary–Haugen Farm Relief Bill, which sought to alleviate the 1920s farm crisis by having the government buy surplus farm produce and sell that surplus in foreign markets. Dawes helped ensure the passage of the bill through Congress, but it was vetoed by President Coolidge.
In 1927, Coolidge announced that he would not seek re-election. Dawes again favored Frank Lowden at the 1928 Republican National Convention, but the convention chose Herbert Hoover. Rumors circulated about Dawes being chosen as Hoover's running mate. Coolidge made it known that he would consider an affront the renomination of Dawes as vice president, and Charles Curtis of Kansas, known for his skills in collaboration, was chosen as Hoover's running mate.
After Dawes had finished his term as vice president, he served as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom (i.e., to the Court of St. James's) from 1929 to 1932. Overall, Dawes was considered to be a very effective U.S. ambassador, as George V's son, the future Edward VIII, would later confirm in his memoirs. Dawes was rather rough-hewn for some of his duties, disliking having to present American débutantes to the King. On his first visit to the royal court, in deference to American public opinion, he refused to wear the customary Court dress, which then included knee breeches. This episode was said to upset the King, who had been prevented by illness from attending the event.
As the Great Depression continued to ravage the United States, Dawes accepted President Herbert Hoover's appeal to leave diplomatic office and head the newly created Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC). But after a few months, Dawes resigned from the RFC. As a board member of the failing City National Bank and Trust Company of Chicago, he felt obligated to work for its rescue. Political opponents alleged that, under Dawes's leadership, the RFC had given his bank preferential treatment. This marked the end of Dawes's career in public service. For the 1932 election, Hoover considered the possibility of adding Dawes to the ticket in place of Curtis, but Dawes declined the potential offer.
Dawes resumed a role in the banking business, serving for nearly two decades as chairman of the board of the City National Bank and Trust Co., from 1932 until his death.
James H. Eckels
| Comptroller of the Currency
|New office|| President of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
|New office|| Director of the Bureau of the Budget
| Vice President of the United States
|Party political offices|
Frank Orren Lowden
| Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States
|Awards and achievements|
Title last held byFridtjof Nansen
| Laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize
With: Austen Chamberlain
Alanson B. Houghton
| United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
The 1924 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States presidential election. Arizona voters chose three representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Arizona was won by incumbent President Calvin Coolidge (R–Massachusetts), running with Director of the Bureau of the Budget Charles G. Dawes, with 41.26 percent of the popular vote, against former U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom John W. Davis (D–West Virginia), running with Governor of Nebraska Charles W. Bryan, with 35.47 percent of the popular vote, and U.S. Senator from Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette Sr. (P-Wisconsin) running with U.S. Senator from Montana Burton K. Wheeler.1924 United States presidential election in Maine
The 1924 United States presidential election in Maine took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States Presidential Election which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose six representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Maine voted for the Republican nominee, incumbent President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts, over the Democratic nominee, Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia. Coolidge ran with former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois, while Davis ran with Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska. Also in the running that year was the Progressive Party nominee, Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin and his running mate Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana. La Follette’s support base was primarily among rural German and Scandinavian Americans, and he possessed little appeal in the Northeast outside a few New York and Boston anti-Prohibition precincts. Excluding the former Confederacy – where the lower classes were almost entirely disfranchised – Maine was La Follette’s seventh-weakest of thirty-seven states, and he exceeded seven percent only in heavily Québecois Androscoggin County.
Coolidge won Maine by a landslide margin of 50.20 percent. His victory was also enjoyed a unique personal popularity which helped him in the state and the rest of New England. He was the epitome of a traditional New England Yankee, having been born in the small-town of Plymouth Notch, Vermont, and establishing his political career nearby as Governor of Massachusetts. Thus Coolidge remained especially popular with voters across the New England region.
With 72.03% of the popular vote, Maine would prove to be Coolidge's third strongest state in the 1924 election in terms of popular vote percentage after Vermont and Michigan.1924 United States presidential election in Massachusetts
The 1924 United States presidential election in Massachusetts took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States presidential election, which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose eighteen representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Massachusetts was won in a landslide by incumbent Republican President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts, who was running against Democratic Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia and the Progressive Party’s Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin. Coolidge’s running mate was former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois and Davis ran with Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska, while La Follette ran with Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana.
Coolidge carried his home state overwhelmingly with 62.26% of the vote to Davis's 24.86%, a Republican victory margin of 37.41%. La Follette finished a strong third in the state with 12.50%.
Massachusetts had long been a typical Yankee Republican bastion in the wake of the Civil War, having voted Republican in every election since 1856, except in 1912, when former Republican President Theodore Roosevelt had run as a third party candidate against incumbent Republican President William Howard Taft, splitting the Republican vote and allowing Democrat Woodrow Wilson to win Massachusetts with a plurality of only 35.53 percent of the vote.
Calvin Coolidge, a traditional Yankee Republican born in Vermont, had served as a popular former Governor of Massachusetts, and thus easily was able to dominate the state on the presidential level. Even in the midst of the nationwide Republican landslide, Massachusetts weighed in as a solid 12% more Republican than the national average.
The 1920s were a fiercely Republican decade in American politics, and Massachusetts in that era was a fiercely Republican state in presidential elections. The economic boom and social good feelings of the Roaring Twenties under popular Republican leadership virtually guaranteed Calvin Coolidge an easy win in the state against the conservative Southern Democrat John Davis, who had little appeal in Northern states like Massachusetts. Coolidge won a strong majority statewide even with the Republican vote being split by the strong third party candidacy of Robert La Follette, a Republican Senator who ran as the Progressive Party candidate and peeled away the votes of many progressive Republicans.
Coolidge swept every county in the state of Massachusetts, and his 65.34% of the popular vote would prove to be his fifth strongest state in the 1924 election in terms of popular vote percentage after neighboring Vermont, Michigan, Maine and Pennsylvania. To date, this is the last time a Republican presidential candidate has carried every county in Massachusetts as well as the last election in which a Republican presidential candidate has won Suffolk County, home to the state's capital and largest city, Boston. From his time as governor, Coolidge remained relatively popular, for a Republican, among Irish Catholics and the other ethnic immigrant groups who populated Boston. Many of these voters would defect to the Democrats for Catholic Al Smith in 1928 and become reliable Democratic voters after that, making Boston a reliably Democratic city in every election that followed.1924 United States presidential election in New Hampshire
The 1924 United States presidential election in New Hampshire took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States Presidential Election which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose four representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
New Hampshire voted for the Republican nominee, incumbent President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts, over the Democratic nominee, Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia. Coolidge ran with former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois, while Davis ran with Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska. Also in the running that year was the Progressive Party nominee, Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin and his running mate Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana. La Follette’s support base was primarily among rural German and Scandinavian Americans, and he possessed little appeal in the Northeast outside a few New York and Boston anti-Prohibition precincts. Excluding the former Confederacy where the lower classes were almost entirely disfranchised, New Hampshire would prove La Follette’s third-weakest state – and overall the Granite State was La Follette’s tenth-weakest of 48.
Coolidge won New Hampshire by a margin of 25.11 percent of the vote, although this was marginally lower than his national margin of 25.22 percent over Davis, whilst New Hampshire was after Indiana and Rhode Island Davis’ third-strongest antebellum free state. Due to La Follette’s lack of appeal vis-à-vis his Midwest and Western support base, both Cooldidge and Davis exceeded their national vote share by around five percent in the Granite State.
Coolidge also enjoyed a unique personal popularity which helped him in the state and the rest of New England. He was the epitome of a traditional New England Yankee, having been born in the small-town of Plymouth Notch, Vermont, and establishing his political career nearby as Governor of Massachusetts. Thus Coolidge remained especially popular with voters across the New England region.1924 United States presidential election in North Dakota
The 1924 United States presidential election in North Dakota took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States Presidential Election which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose five representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
North Dakota voted for the Republican nominee, incumbent President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts, over Progressive Party nominee, Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin and Democratic nominee, Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia. Coolidge ran with former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois, while Davis ran with Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska while La Follette ran with Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana.
Coolidge won North Dakota by a narrow margin of 2.51 percent of the vote.
With 45.17% of the popular vote, North Dakota would prove to be La Follette's second strongest state in the 1924 election in terms of popular vote percentage after Wisconsin.1924 United States presidential election in South Carolina
The 1924 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States Presidential Election which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose nine representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
South Carolina voted for the Democratic nominee, Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia, over the Republican nominee, incumbent President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts. Davis ran with Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska, while Coolidge ran with former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois. Also in the running that year was the Progressive Party nominee, Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin and his running mate Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana.
Davis won South Carolina by a landslide margin of 94.35 percent of the vote.1924 United States presidential election in South Dakota
The 1924 United States presidential election in South Dakota took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States Presidential Election which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose five representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
South Dakota voted for the Republican nominee, incumbent President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts, over Progressive Party nominee, Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin and Democratic nominee, Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia. Coolidge ran with former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois, while Davis ran with Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska while La Follette ran with Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana.
Coolidge won South Dakota by a margin of 12.73 percent of the vote.
With 36.96% of the popular vote, South Dakota would prove to be La Follette's fifth strongest state in the 1924 election in terms of popular vote percentage after Wisconsin, North Dakota, Minnesota and Montana.1924 United States presidential election in Wyoming
The 1924 United States presidential election in Wyoming took place on November 4, 1924, as part of the 1924 United States presidential election. Wyoming voters chose three representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Wyoming was won by the 30th president of the United States Calvin Coolidge (R–Massachusetts), running with Director of the Bureau of the Budget Charles G. Dawes, with 52.39 percent of the popular vote, against the 20th Governor of Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette Sr. (P–Wisconsin), running with Senator Burton K. Wheeler, with 31.51 percent of the popular vote and the 14th Solicitor General of the United States John W. Davis (D–West Virginia), running with the 20th and 23rd governor of Nebraska Charles W. Bryan, with 16.11 percent of the popular vote.Wyoming was one of the thirteen Western and Midwestern states where Robert M. La Follette Sr. placed second, with 31.51% of the vote, but the only state that he succeeded in winning was his home state of Wisconsin.1926 United States elections
The 1926 United States elections were held on November 2, 1926, in the middle of President Calvin Coolidge's second (only full) term. The Republican Party lost nine seats to the Democratic Party in the House of Representatives but retained a majority. The Republicans also lost six seats to the Democrats in the U.S. Senate but retained their majority since Vice President Charles G. Dawes cast the tie-breaking vote.Beman Gates Dawes
Beman Gates Dawes (January 14, 1870 – May 15, 1953) was a politician and oil executive who served two terms as a Republican Congressman from Ohio.
Dawes, a descendant of American Revolution hero William Dawes and the son of American Civil War Brevet Brigadier General Rufus R. Dawes, was born in Marietta, Ohio. Three brothers also gained international prominence in politics and business: Charles G. Dawes, Rufus C. Dawes, and Henry May Dawes.
Beman attended the public schools of Marietta and graduated from Marietta College with the Class of 1890. He married Bertie Burr on October 3, 1894. Dawes engaged in agriculture and engineering, and became interested in public utilities. He was President of The Ohio River Bridge & Ferry Company in 1903 when the Williamstown - Marietta Bridge was constructed. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio's 15th District from 1905 to 1909, the Fifty-ninth and Sixtieth United States Congresses. After his retirement from Congress, Dawes became interested in the production of oil and the building of electric railways. Along with his wife, he founded the Dawes Arboretum, an endowed institution dedicated to the education of youth. In 1914, he was elected president and chairman of the board of directors of the Pure Oil Company.
Beman Gates Dawes died in Newark, Ohio. His body was entombed in a mausoleum at the Dawes Arboretum.Caro Dawes
Caro Dana Dawes, née Blymyer (January 6, 1866 – October 3, 1957), was the wife of former Vice President Charles G. Dawes, who served from 1925 to 1929, and was the Second Lady of the United States during that period.
Caro Blymyer married Charles Dawes on January 24, 1889. They had two children and adopted two more. After the death of their son Rufus in 1912, the Daweses retreated from social life and instead devoted much of their energies to charity work.
While serving as Second Lady, Dawes disappointed the social elite of Washington, D.C. because she declined many social invitations. Nonetheless, it was observed that her "manner was sweet and gentle, her conversation cultured, and her dignity unimpeachable."Dawes died on October 3, 1957, and is buried along with her husband in Rosehill Cemetery.Charles G. Dawes House
The Charles Gates Dawes House is a historic house museum at 225 Greenwood Street in Evanston, Illinois. Built in 1894, this Chateauesque lakefront mansion was from 1909 until his death the home of Charles Gates Dawes (1865-1951) and his family. Dawes earned the 1925 Nobel Peace Prize for his plan to alleviate the crushing burden of war reparations Germany was required to pay after World War I. Dawes served as U.S. Vice President under Calvin Coolidge, a general during World War I, and as United States Ambassador to Great Britain. Dawes was a descendant of William Dawes, who along with Paul Revere, rode to alarm the colonists that the British regulars were coming on the night before the Revolutionary War began. The house, a National Historic Landmark, is now owned by the Evanston History Center (formerly known as the Evanston Historical Society), which offers tours.Dawes Plan
The Dawes Plan (as proposed by the Dawes Committee, chaired by Charles G. Dawes) was a plan that was made in 1924 to resolve the World War I reparations that Germany had to pay, that had strained diplomacy following World War I and the Treaty of Versailles.
The occupation of the Ruhr industrial area by France and Belgium contributed to the hyperinflation crisis in Germany, partially because of its disabling effect on the German economy. The plan provided for an end to the Allied occupation, and a staggered payment plan for Germany's payment of war reparations. Because the Plan resolved a serious international crisis, Dawes shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1925 for his work.
It was an interim measure and proved unworkable. The Young Plan was adopted in 1929 to replace it.Electoral history of Herbert Hoover
Electoral history of Herbert Hoover, 31st President of the United States (1929–1933) and 3rd United States Secretary of Commerce (1921–1928).
1920 Democratic presidential primaries:
Unpledged delegates - 165,460 (29.85%)
A. Mitchell Palmer - 91,543 (16.51%)
James M. Cox - 86,194 (15.55%)
William McAdoo - 74,987 (13.53%)
Gilbert M. Hitchcock - 37,452 (6.76%)
Edward I. Edwards - 28,470 (5.14%)
Herbert Hoover - 28,042 (5.06%)
William Jennings Bryan - 20,893 (3.77%)
Robert G. Ross - 13,179 (2.38%)
James W. Gerard - 4,706 (0.85%)1920 Republican presidential primaries:
Hiram W. Johnson - 965,651 (30.30%)
Leonard Wood - 710,863 (22.30%)
Frank O. Lowden - 389,127 (12.21%)
Herbert Hoover - 303,815 (9.53%)
Unpledged delegates - 298,109 (9.35%)
Edward R. Wood - 257,841 (8.09%)
Warren G. Harding - 144,762 (4.54%)
John J. Pershing - 45,640 (1.43%)
Howard Sutherland - 33,849 (1.06%)1920 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):
1928 Republican presidential primaries:
Herbert Hoover - 2,045,928 (49.73%)
Frank O. Lowden - 1,317,799 (32.03%)
George W. Norris - 259,548 (6.31%)
James Eli Watson - 228,795 (5.56%)
Guy D. Goff - 128,429 (3.12%)
Frank B. Willis - 84,461 (2.05%)
Calvin Coolidge (inc.) - 12,985 (0.32%)
Charles G. Dawes - 12,297 (0.30%)1928 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):
Herbert Hoover - 837 (76.86%)
Frank O. Lowden - 74 (6.80%)
Charles Curtis - 64 (5.88%)
James Eli Watson - 45 (4.13%)
George W. Norris - 24 (2.20%)
Guy D. Goff - 18 (1.65%)
Calvin Coolidge (inc.) - 17 (1.56%)
Blank - 5 (0.46%)
Charles G. Dawes - 4 (0.37%)
Charles Evans Hughes - 1 (0.09%)United States presidential election, 1928:
Herbert Hoover/Charles Curtis (R) - 21,427,123 (58.2%) and 444 electoral votes (40 states carried)
Al Smith/Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) - 15,015,464 (40.8%) and 87 electoral votes (8 states carried)
Norman Thomas/James H. Maurer (Socialist) - 267,478 (0.7%)
William Z. Foster/Benjamin Gitlow (Communist) - 48,551 (0.1%)
Others - 48,396 (0.1%)1932 Republican presidential primaries:
Joseph I. France - 1,137,948 (47.50%)
Herbert Hoover (incumbent) - 861,602 (35.96%)
George W. Norris - 139,514 (5.82%)
Jacob S. Coxey - 100,844 (4.21%)
Hiram W. Johnson - 64,464 (2.69%)
Olin J. Ross - 48,867 (2.04%)
Unpledged delegates - 1,236 (0.05%)
Others - 6,126 (0.26%)1932 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):
Herbert Hoover (incumbent) - 1,127 (97.92%)
John J. Blaine - 13 (1.13%)
Calvin Coolidge - 5 (0.43%)
Joseph I. France - 4 (0.35%)
Charles W. Dawes - 1 (0.09%)
James W. Wadsworth - 1 (0.09%)United States presidential election, 1932
Franklin D. Roosevelt/John Nance Garner (D) - 22,821,277 (57.4%) and 472 electoral votes (42 states carried)
Herbert Hoover/Charles Curtis (R) (inc.) - 15,761,254 (39.7%) and 59 electoral votes (6 states carried)
Norman Thomas/James H. Maurer (Socialist) - 884,885 (2.2%)
William Z. Foster/James H. Ford (Communist) - 103,307 (0.3%)
William D. Upshaw/Frank S. Regan (Prohibition) - 81,905 (0.2%)
William Hope Harvey/Frank Hemenway (Liberty) - 53,425 (0.1%)
Verne L. Reynolds/J.W. Aiken (Socialist Labor) - 33,276 (0.1%)
Others - 12,569 (0.1%)1936 Republican presidential primaries:
William E. Borah - 1,478,676 (44.48%)
Alf Landon - 729,908 (21.96%)
Frank Knox - 527,054 (15.85%)
Earl Warren - 350,917 (10.56%)
Stephen A. Day - 155,732 (4.69%)
Warren E. Green - 44,518 (1.34%)
Leo J. Chassee - 18,986 (0.57%)
Herbert Hoover - 7,750 (0.23%)1940 Republican presidential primaries
Thomas E. Dewey - 1,605,754 (49.76%)
Jerrold L. Seawell - 538,112 (16.68%)
Robert A. Taft - 516,428 (16.00%)
Unpledged - 186,157 (5.77%)
Charles L. McNary - 133,488 (4.14%)
R. N. Davis - 106,123 (3.29%)
Arthur H. Vandenberg - 100,651 (3.12%)
Wendell Willkie - 21,140 (0.66%)
Franklin D. Roosevelt (inc.) - 9,496 (0.29%)
Arthur H. James - 8,172 (0.25%)
Herbert Hoover - 1,082 (0.03%)
John W. Bricker - 188 (0.01%)1940 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):First ballot:
Thomas E. Dewey - 360
Robert A. Taft - 189
Wendell Willkie - 105
Arthur H. Vandenberg - 76
Arthur H. James - 74
Joseph William Martin - 44
Scattering - 40
Hanford MacNider - 34
Frank E. Gannett - 33
Styles Bridges - 28
Herbert Hoover - 17Second ballot:
Thomas E. Dewey - 338
Robert A. Taft - 203
Wendell Willkie - 171
Arthur H. Vandenberg - 73
Arthur H. James - 66
Hanford MacNider - 34
Frank E. Gannett - 30
Scattering - 29
Joseph William Martin - 26
Herbert Hoover - 21
Styled Bridges - 9Third ballot:
Thomas E. Dewey - 315
Wendell Willkie - 259
Robert A. Taft - 212
Arthur H. Vandenberg - 72
Arthur H. James - 59
Herbert Hoover - 32
Hanford McNider - 28
Frank E. Gannett - 11
Scattering - 11
Styles Bridges - 1Fourth ballot:
Wendell Willkie - 306
Robert A. Taft - 254
Thomas E. Dewey - 250
Arthur H. Vandenberg - 61
Arthur H. James - 56
Herbert Hoover - 31
Scattering - 11
Frank E. Gannett - 4
Styles Bridges - 1Fifth ballot:
Wendell Willkie - 429
Robert A. Taft - 377
Arthur H. James - 59
Thomas E. Dewey - 57
Arthur H. Vandenberg - 42
Herbert Hoover - 20
Scattering - 11
Handorf MacNider - 4
Frank E. Gannett - 1Sixth ballot (before shifts):
Wendell Willkie - 655
Robert A. Taft - 318
Thomas E. Dewey - 11
Herbert Hoover - 10
Scattering - 5
Frank E. Gannett - 1It's All in the Game (song)
"It's All in the Game" was a 1958 hit for Tommy Edwards. Carl Sigman composed the lyrics in 1951 to a wordless 1911 composition titled "Melody in A Major," written by Charles G. Dawes, later Vice President of the United States under Calvin Coolidge. It is the only No. 1 single in the U.S. to have been co-written by a U.S. Vice President or a Nobel Peace Prize laureate (Dawes was both).
The song has become a pop standard, with cover versions by dozens of artists, some of which have been minor hit singles.
Edwards' song ranked at No. 47 on the 2018 list of The Hot 100's All-Time Top 100 Songs.James W. Dawes
James William Dawes (January 8, 1845 – October 8, 1918) was a Republican state politician. He served as the sixth Governor of Nebraska from 1883 to 1887.
He was born in McConnelsville, Ohio. He was the great-grandson of William Dawes, a first cousin of Rufus R. Dawes, and a first cousin once removed of Charles G. Dawes.
Dawes attended Western Reserve Academy in Ohio and The Milwaukee Business College. He studied law in his cousin's law firm and was admitted to the bar in 1871. Dawes married his cousin, Francis Anna Dawes, in 1871. She died in 1909.Rufus Dawes
For his son, see Rufus C. Dawes
Rufus Dawes is also the name of the protagonist in the Australian novel For the Term of his Natural Life.Rufus R. Dawes (July 4, 1838 – August 1, 1899) was a military officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He used the middle initial "R" but had no middle name. He was noted for his service in the famed Iron Brigade, particularly during the Battle of Gettysburg. He was a post-war businessman, Congressman, and author, and the father of four nationally known sons, one of whom, Charles G. Dawes, won the Nobel Peace Prize and served as Vice President of the United States, and of two daughters. He was himself a great-grandson of William Dawes, who alerted colonial minutemen of the approach of the British army prior to the Battles of Lexington and Concord at the outset of the American Revolution, and a maternal great-grandson of the Rev. Manasseh Cutler, who was instrumental in adoption of the Northwest ordinance of 1787, led the formation of the Ohio Company of Associates, and became "Father of Ohio University".Second inauguration of Calvin Coolidge
The second inauguration of Calvin Coolidge as President of the United States, was held on Wednesday, March 4, 1925 at the eastern portico of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.. The inauguration marked the commencement of the second (only full) term of Calvin Coolidge as President and the only term of Charles G. Dawes as Vice President. The Chief Justice, former president William Howard Taft administered the presidential oath of office. This was the first inauguration in which a former U.S. President administered the oath, and the first to be broadcast nationally on radio.The vice-presidential oath of office was administered by the President Pro Tempore of the United States Senate, George H. Moses. At the time, vice presidents were sworn into office in the Senate Chamber of the capitol, and would give an inaugural address before everyone headed on to the outside platform where the president would take the oath. Dawes made a fiery, half-hour address denouncing the rules of the Senate, the seniority system and many other things that Senators held dear. Coolidge's address was barely mentioned in the news reports the next day.University of Cincinnati College of Law
The University of Cincinnati College of Law was founded in 1833 as the Cincinnati Law School. It is the fourth oldest continuously running law school in the United States and a founding member of the Association of American Law Schools. Then-dean and future 27th President of the United States, William Howard Taft (1880), merged it with the University of Cincinnati in 1896.
The school has produced both a President of the United States (William Howard Taft) and two Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States (Taft and Willis Van Devanter). Also amongst its alumni are a Vice President of the United States (Charles G. Dawes), three Speakers of the US House of Representatives (Joseph Cannon, Champ Clark, and Nicholas Longworth), and a US Secretary of Commerce (Charles W. Sawyer).
UC Law offers a JD program as well as an LLM (Master of Laws) in the US Legal System for international attorneys. Graduate certificates in US Law are also available.