Charles G. Conn

Charles Gerard Conn (January 29, 1844 – January 5, 1931) was an entrepreneur, band instrument manufacturer, newspaper publisher, and U.S. Representative from Indiana.

Charles G. Conn
Conn, Charles Gerard - 53rd Congress
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 13th district
In office
March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1895
Preceded byBenjamin F. Shively
Succeeded byLemuel W. Royse
Member of the Indiana House of Representatives
for Elkhart, Noble, and DeKalb
In office
January 10, 1889 – January 8, 1891
Preceded byWilliam M. Van Slyke
Succeeded byNorman Teal
Personal details
BornJanuary 29, 1844
Phelps, New York, U.S.
DiedJanuary 5, 1931 (aged 86)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Years of service1861–1863
Unit15th Indiana Infantry and 1st Michigan Sharpshooters
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War


Charles Gerard Conn was born in Phelps, New York, on January 29, 1844. In 1850, he accompanied his family to Three Rivers, Michigan, and in the following year to Elkhart, Indiana. Little is known about his early life, other than that he learned to play the cornet. With the outbreak of the American Civil War he enlisted in the United States Army on May 18, 1861 at the age of seventeen, despite his parents' protests. On June 14, 1861, he became a private in Company B, 15th Regiment Indiana Infantry, and shortly afterwards was assigned to a regimental band. When his enlistment expired he returned to Elkhart, but re-enlisted on December 12, 1863, at Niles, Michigan, in Company G, 1st Michigan Sharpshooters. At the age of nineteen on August 8, 1863, he was elevated to the rank of Captain. During the Assault on Petersburg on July 30, 1864, Conn was wounded and taken prisoner. In spite of two imaginative and valiant attempts to escape, he was recaptured and spent the remainder of the war in captivity. At the end of hostilities, he was released from Columbia, South Carolina prison camp, and was honorably discharged on July 28, 1865. He was one of only six Union soldiers to be retroactively awarded the Silver Citation Star on the Civil War Campaign Medal for gallantry in action.

After the war he engaged in the grocery and bakery business. In 1871, while serving as a band leader in Buchanan, Michigan, Conn badly injured his hand while working at the local zinc horse collar-pad factory.[1] The accident forced Conn to switch from violin to cornet.

In 1877, Conn and his wife, Catherine, relocated to Elkhart, Indiana, where Conn worked various jobs for two years. During this time, Conn sold health care products under the tradename "Konn's Kurative Kream",[1] and invented parts for sewing machines. He also plated and engraved silverware, and manufactured rubber stamps.[1] Drawing from the skills learned at his previous jobs, he invented a cornet mouthpiece with a rubber rim, which began his career in the manufacture of band instruments[1] Conn was an important innovator in the development of modern wind instruments, and established the C.G. Conn Company, a major instrument manufacturer, in Elkhart.

Charles Conn was elected Mayor of Elkhart in 1880.[2] In 1884 Conn organized the 1st Regiment of Artillery in the Indiana Legion and became its first Colonel, a military title which stayed with him throughout the remainder of his life. He was also the first commander of the Elkhart Commandery of the Knights Templar. Colonel Conn also served as Lieutenant Colonel of the 2nd Regiment of Uniform Rank, Knights of Pythias, and was re-elected many times as Commander of the local G.A.R. post.

Conn served as mayor of Elkhart from 1880 until 1883, and as member of the Indiana state House of Representatives in 1889. He established the "Elkhart Daily Truth," which is still operating and is known as The Elkhart Truth, in 1889.[3]

C.G. Conn in his office, March 1910.

Conn was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-third Congress (4 March 1893 - 3 March 1895), but he was not a candidate for renomination in 1894. Conn bought the newly established Washington Times in 1894, during his congressional term.

After his term in Congress, Conn resumed the manufacture of band instruments at Elkhart, Indiana. In 1916 he retired and moved to Los Angeles, California. Conn authored books in his retirement, including The Sixth Sense, Prayer: Brain Cell Reformation (1916), For the Good of the World. Finding the Real God (1919), and The Wonder Book: How to Achieve Success (1923). Conn died 5 January 1931 in Los Angeles, and was interred in Grace Lawn Cemetery, Elkhart, Indiana.[4]



  1. ^ a b c d Banks, Margaret Downie (Ph.D.), Senior Curator of Musical Instruments, National Music Museum. "A Brief History of the Conn Company (1874-present)". Vermillion, South Dakota. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  2. ^ Ksander, Yaël (15 September 2008). "Conn Instruments". Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  3. ^ Banks, Margaret Downie (Ph.D.), Senior Curator of Musical Instruments, National Music Museum. "Col. Conn's Journalistic and Political Pursuits (1889-1897)". Vermillion, South Dakota. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Conn, Charles Gerard, (1844 - 1931)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 22 February 2012.


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Benjamin F. Shively
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 13th congressional district

Succeeded by
Lemuel W. Royse
1892 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1892 for members of the 53rd Congress, taking place at the same time as the election of Grover Cleveland as President for the second, non-continuous, time, defeating incumbent Benjamin Harrison.

In spite of the presidential results, Harrison's Republican Party gained back some of the seats that had been lost in 1890 to the Democratic Party, but was still deep in the minority. The Republican pickups were a result of a number of Republican-friendly Northern districts reverting to form after voting Democratic in the previous election cycle. The third party Populists, who had high support among farmers and laborers in the South and West, also gained two seats.

53rd United States Congress

The Fifty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1893, to March 4, 1895, during the first two years of Grover Cleveland's second presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Benjamin F. Shively

Benjamin Franklin Shively (March 20, 1857 – March 14, 1916) was a United States Representative and Senator from Indiana. Born near Osceola, Indiana, attended the common schools and the Northern Indiana Normal School at Valparaiso. He taught school from 1874 to 1880, engaged in journalism from 1880 to 1884, and was secretary of the National Anti-Monopoly Association in 1883. In 1884 he was president of the board of Indiana University and was elected as a National Anti-Monopolist to the Forty-eighth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William H. Calkins, serving from December 1, 1884, to March 3, 1885.

Shively graduated from the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1886, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in South Bend, Indiana. He was elected as a Democrat to the Fiftieth, Fifty-first, and Fifty-second Congresses, serving from March 4, 1887 to March 4, 1893; he was not a candidate for renomination in 1892, and resumed the practice of law in South Bend. He was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of Indiana in 1896, and was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1906 to the Sixtieth Congress; in 1909 he was elected to the U.S. Senate, was reelected in 1914 and served from March 4, 1909, until his death. While in the Senate he was chairman of the Committee on Pacific Railroads (Sixty-second Congress) and a member of the Committee on Pensions (Sixty-third and Sixty-fourth Congresses). Shively died in Washington, D.C.; interment was in the Brookville Cemetery, Brookville, Pennsylvania.

Charles Conn

Charles Conn may refer to:

Charles G. Conn (1844–1931), U.S. Representative from Indiana and the namesake of the musical instrument company C.G. Conn Inc.

Charles Paul Conn (born 1945), president of Lee University

Charles R. Conn (born 1961), Warden of Rhodes House and CEO of the Rhodes Scholarships

Charles W. Conn (1920–2008), author and prominent religious figure in the Church of God

C.G. Conn, a United States manufacturer of musical instruments

Frank Munsey

Frank Andrew Munsey (21 August 1854 – 22 December 1925) was an American newspaper and magazine publisher and author. He was born in Mercer, Maine, but spent most of his life in New York City. The village of Munsey Park, New York is named for him, along with the Munsey Building in downtown Baltimore, Maryland at the southeast corner of North Calvert Street and East Fayette Street.

Munsey is credited with the idea of using new high-speed printing presses to print on inexpensive, untrimmed, pulp paper in order to mass-produce affordable (typically ten-cent) magazines. Chiefly filled with various genres of action and adventure fiction, that were aimed at working-class readers who could not afford and were not interested in the content of the 25-cent "slick" magazines of the time. This innovation, known as pulp magazines, became an entire industry unto itself and made Munsey quite wealthy. He often shut down the printing process and changed the content of magazines when they became unprofitable, quickly starting new ones in their place.

Indiana's 13th congressional district

Indiana's 13th congressional district was a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in Indiana. It was eliminated as a result of the 1930 Census. It was last represented by Samuel B. Pettengill who was redistricted into the 3rd District.

Lemuel W. Royse

Lemuel Willard Royse (January 19, 1847 – December 18, 1946) was a U.S. Representative from Indiana.

Born near Pierceton, Indiana, Royse attended the common schools.

He studied law.

He was admitted to the bar in 1874 and commenced practice in Warsaw, Indiana.

He served as prosecuting attorney for the thirty-third judicial circuit of Indiana in 1876.

He served as mayor of Warsaw 1885-1891.

He served as member of the Republican State central committee from 1886 to 1890.

He served as delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1892.

Royse was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1899).

He served as chairman of the Committee on Elections No. 2 (Fifty-fifth Congress).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1898.

He resumed the practice of law in Warsaw, Indiana.

He served as judge of the Kosciusko County Circuit Court 1904-1908.

He resumed the practice of his profession.

He was reelected circuit judge and served from 1920 to 1932.

He again resumed the practice of law until his retirement in 1940.

He died in Warsaw, Indiana, December 18, 1946.

He was interred in Oakwood Cemetery.

List of United States Representatives from Indiana

The following is an alphabetical list of members of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Indiana. For chronological tables of members of both houses of the United States Congress from the state (through the present day), see United States Congressional Delegations from Indiana. The list of names should be complete, but other data may be incomplete.

List of euphonium players

The following is a list and biographical sketch of notable euphonists from around the world. Users are encouraged to create individual biographical pages of players and continue to add notable players to this list.

In American colleges, there are a number of euphonium professors who teach in a variety of different arrangements. Dr. Henry Howey, Dr. Brian Bowman, Demondrae Thurman, and Dr. Marc Dickman serve as the only four full-time euphonium college professors in the US, with professors like Dr. Matt Tropman, Dr. Stephen Arthur Allen and Dr. Daniel Burdick, also primarily euphonium players, teaching as lecturers. Other professors, such as Adam Frey, are adjunct faculty at multiple universities near one another. Another common arrangement is to have a professor of all low brass instruments.

List of former members of the United States House of Representatives (C)

This is a complete list of former members of the United States House of Representatives whose last names begin with the letter C.

List of members of the United States House of Representatives in the 53rd Congress by seniority

This is a complete list of members of the United States House of Representatives during the 53rd United States Congress listed by seniority.

As a historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 53rd Congress (March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895). Current seats and party affiliations on the List of current members of the United States House of Representatives by seniority will be different for certain members.Seniority depends on the date on which members were sworn into office. Since many members are sworn in on the same day, subsequent ranking is based on previous congressional service of the individual and then by alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.

Committee chairmanship in the House is often associated with seniority. However, party leadership is typically not associated with seniority.

Note: The "*" indicates that the representative/delegate may have served one or more non-consecutive terms while in the House of Representatives of the United States Congress.

List of members of the United States House of Representatives who served a single term

One-term congresspeople are members of the United States House of Representatives that spent only one two-year term (or less) in office usually either due to death, resignation, or defeat. In some rare cases freshmen members have decided to run for another office or not run for reelection. A good many members that serve in the House for only one term are viewed as accidental congressmen due to having been elected in a fluke election or by riding in on the coattails of a popular presidential candidate. Among the most famous one-term congressmen were Abraham Lincoln, who served as a Whig in the 30th Congress of 1847-1849 and was later the 16th President of the United States; John Marshall, who was elected as a Federalist to the 6th Congress and was later the 4th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; William Pennington, who served as a Republican in the 36th Congress and was the first sitting Speaker of the House to be defeated in a bid for re-election; Joseph Pulitzer, the famed newspaperman that resigned from office during his term; George Sutherland, who served as a Republican in the 57th Congress and was later an associate U.S. Supreme Court justice; Jefferson Davis, who became the only President of the Confederate States of America; and William M. "Boss" Tweed, who served as a Democrat to the 33rd Congress and later went on to become infamous for his leadership of Tammany Hall, the dominant political machine in New York City throughout the nineteenth century; and Isidor Straus, the co-owner of Macy's department store who died in the sinking of the Titanic.

Not included in this list are delegates, who are nonvoting in the Congress. People who served as a Congressperson in the United States Congress, but also served in the Congress of the Confederate States or as a delegate, are included.

List of people from Indiana

This is a list of notable people who were born or lived in the American state of Indiana.

Stilson Hutchins

Stilson Hutchins (November 14, 1838 – April 23, 1912) was an American newspaper reporter and publisher, best known as founder of The Washington Post.

The Elkhart Truth

The Elkhart Truth is a daily, digital-first news organization based in Elkhart, Indiana, that covers Elkhart County in northern Indiana. The newspaper was founded in 1889.

The Elkhart Truth operates as a multi-faceted media outlet. In 2014, The Elkhart Truth re-launched Truth Radio 1340 under the call letters WTRC-AM, which hosted a news show weekday mornings that included stories reported by the publication.

Another addition in 2014 was the creation of Flavor 574, a standalone digital magazine run by The Elkhart Truth's staff that was dedicated to covering Michiana's culinary scene.The Elkhart Truth celebrated the 125th anniversary of its first printing October 15, 2014.

Federated Media sold The Elkhart Truth to Paxton Media Group on May 1, 2016. Federated Media retained Truth Radio 1340 and Flavor 574 as part of the sales agreement.

United States congressional delegations from Indiana

These are tables of congressional delegations from Indiana to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate.

Since its statehood in 1816, the U.S. state of Indiana has sent congressional delegations to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. Each state elects two Senators statewide to serve for six years, and their elections are staggered to be held in two of every three even-numbered years—Indiana's Senate election years are to Classes I and III. Before the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, Senators were elected by the Indiana General Assembly. Members of the House of Representatives are elected to two-year terms, one from each of Indiana's nine congressional districts. Before becoming a state, the Indiana Territory elected delegates at-large and sent three to Congress, but the territorial delegates were restricted from voting on legislation.

The longest-serving of any of Indiana's Congressmen is Senator Richard Lugar, serving from 1977 to 2013. The longest-serving House member is Lee H. Hamilton, who served from 1965 to 1999. There have been 346 people who have represented Indiana in Congress: 320 in the House, 27 in the Senate, and 18 in both houses, with an average term of seven years. Indiana has elected seven women and three African Americans to Congress.

Washington Times-Herald

The Washington Times-Herald (1939–1954) was an American daily newspaper published in Washington, D.C. It was created by Eleanor "Cissy" Patterson of the Medill–McCormick–Patterson family (long-time owners of the Chicago Tribune and the New York Daily News and founding later Newsday on New York's Long Island) when she bought The Washington Times and The Washington Herald from the syndicate newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst (1863–1951), and merged them. The result was a "24-hour" newspaper, with 10 editions per day, from morning to evening.

Washington Times (1894–1939)

The Washington Times (1894–1939) was an American daily newspaper published in Washington, D.C. Founded in 1894, it was merged with the Washington Herald to create the Washington Times-Herald in 1939.

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