Charles Frederick Crisp

Charles Frederick Crisp (January 29, 1845 – October 23, 1896) was a United States political figure. A Democrat, he was elected as a Congressman from Georgia in 1882, and served until his death in 1896. From 1890 until his death, he was leader of the Democratic Party in the House, as either the House Minority Leader or the Speaker of the House. He was also the father of Charles R. Crisp who also served in Congress.

Charles Frederick Crisp
33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
December 8, 1891 – March 4, 1895
Preceded byThomas B. Reed
Succeeded byThomas B. Reed
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1883 – October 23, 1896
Preceded byPhilip Cook
Succeeded byCharles R. Crisp
Personal details
BornJanuary 29, 1845
Sheffield, England
DiedOctober 23, 1896 (aged 51)
Atlanta, Georgia
Political partyDemocratic


Crisp was born in Sheffield, England on January 29, 1845. Later in that year, his parents immigrated to the United States and settled in Georgia where he attended the common schools of Savannah and Macon, Georgia. At the outbreak of the American Civil War, he was temporarily residing in Luray, Virginia, with his parents, who were in the middle of a Shakespearean play tour. He enlisted in a local unit, the "Page Volunteers" of Company K, 10th Virginia Infantry, and was commissioned lieutenant. He served with that regiment until May 12, 1864, when he became a prisoner of war at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. He was held as one of the Immortal Six Hundred at Fort Pulaski, Georgia, and later transferred to Fort Delaware. After his release in June 1865, he joined his parents at Ellaville, Georgia.

Crisp studied law at Americus, Georgia. He was admitted to the bar in 1866 and commenced practice in Ellaville. He was appointed solicitor general of the southwestern judicial circuit in 1872 and reappointed in 1873 for a term of four years. Later, he was appointed judge of the superior court of the same circuit in June 1877. Crisp was elected by the general assembly to the same office in 1878 and reelected judge for a term of four years in 1880 when resigned that office in September 1882 to accept the Democratic nomination for the United States Congress.

Clara Bell Burton
Clara Bell Burton

He married Clara Bell Burton, born in Ellaville, a little town in the southwest of Georgia, of wealthy and religious parentage. Her father, Robert Burton, was a planter before the war, owning many slaves. Both he and her mother cherished high ambitions for the future of their two daughters, and they were greatly chagrined when Charles Crisp, then a poor embryo lawyer, and who was of a theatrical family, which was abhorrent to their religious ideas, desired to marry their youngest daughter, Clara Bell, and their grief knew no bounds when they discovered that her affections had been won. Mrs. Burton, especially, was overwhelmed with sorrow, for she felt that her beautiful daughter ought to make a more ambitious marriage. Crisp did nothing underhanded. He wrote a manly letter to Mr. Burton, and in after years, when Mr. Crisp had reached distinction, Mr. Burton declared that his son-in-law had never written anything better than this letter. But although every line breathed eloquence it was all to no purpose, Mr. and Mrs. Burton would not yield. Crisp then requested a friend to go to Mr. Burton and ask that they might be married at her home. But this her parents refused, and finally they decided to be married elsewhere. Clara Bell's sister, Ella, assisted her in providing a pretty trousseau, and one bright Sunday morning, when she was visiting her brother, who resided in the suburbs of Ellaville, Crisp drove out in his buggy and took her to his boarding place, where, in the presence of a few friends who had assembled in the little parlor, they were married. Just as the minister pronounced them man and wife a bright sunbeam came in and flooded the room. This was prophetic of their future life, which was most happy. The Sunday following Crisp and his wife united with the Methodist Church of Ellaville. Clara Bell said, "I felt I wanted to commence right, and I thought the best thing we could do, as a young married couple, was to get into the fold of a good institution like the Methodist Church." Soon Clara Bell's parents were reconciled and loved Crisp as a son, and he became the mainstay of their old age. They lived fifty-one years in the same place where they first kept house. Clara Bell, on her death-bed said: "My life would have been marred. As old as I am I cannot think what my life would have been without him. The moon and stars revolve around him to me. My father and mother came to love him very much. He has been the dearest, sweetest husband to me, and I have loved him better than anything else on earth."[1]

Crisp served as president of the Democratic gubernatorial convention at Atlanta, Georgia, in April 1883. he was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-eighth and to the six succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1883, until his death. In Congress, he served as chairman of the Committee on Elections in the Fiftieth Congress, Committee on Rules in the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses, and Speaker of the House of Representatives in the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses. He had been nominated for United States Senator in the Georgia primary of 1896, but he died in Atlanta on October 23, 1896, and was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery in his hometown of Americus. Georgia's Crisp County is named in his honor.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Hinman, Ida (1895). The Washington Sketch Book. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  2. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 54. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.


External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Philip Cook
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 3rd congressional district

March 4, 1883 – October 23, 1896
Succeeded by
Charles R. Crisp
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas B. Reed
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
December 8, 1891 – March 4, 1893;
August 7, 1893 – March 4, 1895
Succeeded by
Thomas B. Reed
10th Virginia Infantry

The 10th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia.

The 10th Virginia was assembled at Harper's Ferry during the late spring of 1861. Four companies of the 4th Regiment Virginia Volunteers, a militia unit, were united with other volunteer companies to make up the regiment. An eleventh company was added to the command in April, 1862. Its men were raised in the counties of Shenandoah, Rockingham, Page, and Madison. During the war it was attached to Elzey's, Taliaferro's, Fulkerson's, Colston's, Steuart's, and W. Terry's Brigade.

After fighting at First Manassas and McDowell, it was active in Jackson's Valley Campaign. The 10th participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor except when it was on detached duty during the Battle of Antietam. It was involved in Early's Shenandoah Valley operations and later the Appomattox Campaign.

This unit reported 16 casualties at First Manassas, 21 at McDowell, 43 at Cedar Mountain, 32 at Second Manassas, and 157 at Chancellorsville. Of the 276 engaged at Gettysburg more than twenty-five percent were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 2 officers and 43 men.

The field officers were Colonels Simeon B. Gibbons and Edward T.H. Warren, Lieutenant Colonels Dorilas H.L. Martz and Samuel T. Walker, and Majors Isaac G. Coffman and Joshua Stover.

Future Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Charles Frederick Crisp was a lieutenant in Company K of the 10th Virginia.

1890 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1890 for members of the 52nd Congress, taking place in the middle of President Benjamin Harrison's term.

A stagnant economy which became worse after the Panic of 1890, combined with a lack of support for then Representative William McKinley's (defeated in the election) steep tariff act, which favored large industries at the expense of consumers, led to a sharp defeat for Harrison's Republican Party, giving a large majority to the Democratic Party and presaging Harrison's defeat in 1892. The Republican-controlled Congress was highly criticized for its lavish spending, and it earned the unflattering nickname of The Billion Dollar Congress. Democrats promised to cut the outlandish budget.

Furthermore, aggressive Republican promotion of controversial English-only education laws enacted by Wisconsin and Illinois in 1889, accompanied by a surge in nativist and anti-Catholic sentiment within the state parties, had greatly hollowed out the party's support base in these former strongholds. A rare multi-confessional alliance of mainly German clergy rallied their flocks in defense of language and faith to the Democratic Party, which tore through incumbent Republican majorities in both states, capturing a total of 11 formerly Republican seats between them alone. Bitterly divisive struggles over temperance laws had also been alienating immigrants from the increasingly prohibitionist Republican Party across the Midwest more broadly. Dramatic losses in the previous year's gubernatorial elections in Iowa and Ohio (which would lose another 14 Republican congressional seats between them during this election) were due in no small part to wet immigrant communities, especially Germans, expressing their resentment toward Republican efforts to ban or otherwise curtail alcohol consumption by throwing their support behind the Democratic candidates.This election also saw the Populist Party, a coalition of farmers and laborers who wanted to overhaul the nation's financial system, make a small mark on Congress.

1891 in the United States

Events from the year 1891 in the United States.

1892 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1892 for members of the 53rd Congress, taking place at the same time as the election of Grover Cleveland as President for the second, non-continuous, time, defeating incumbent Benjamin Harrison.

In spite of the presidential results, Harrison's Republican Party gained back some of the seats that had been lost in 1890 to the Democratic Party, but was still deep in the minority. The Republican pickups were a result of a number of Republican-friendly Northern districts reverting to form after voting Democratic in the previous election cycle. The third party Populists, who had high support among farmers and laborers in the South and West, also gained two seats.

1892 in the United States

Events from the year 1892 in the United States.

1893 in the United States

Events from the year 1893 in the United States.

1894 in the United States

Events from the year 1894 in the United States.

1895 in the United States

Events from the year 1895 in the United States.

Charles Crisp

Charles Crisp may refer to:

Sir Charles Crisp, 5th Baronet, Member of Parliament for Woodstock

Charles Frederick Crisp (1845–1896), US Congressman from Georgia

Charles R. Crisp (1870–1937), US Representative from Georgia, son of Charles Frederick Crisp

Charles R. Crisp

Charles Robert Crisp (October 19, 1870 – February 7, 1937) was a U.S. Representative from Georgia, son of Charles Frederick Crisp.

Born in Ellaville, Georgia, Crisp attended the public schools of Americus, Georgia.

He served as clerk in the Interior Department, Washington, D.C. from 1889 to 1891.

Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives 1891-1895.

He studied law.

He was admitted to the bar in 1895 and commenced practice in Americus, Georgia.

Crisp was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-fourth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of his father, Charles F. Crisp, and served from December 19, 1896, to March 3, 1897.

He was not a candidate for renomination in 1896.

He resumed the practice of law in Americus, Georgia.

He served as judge of the city court of Americus 1900-1912.

Again parliamentarian of the House of Representatives in the Sixty-second Congress.

Parliamentarian of the Democratic National Convention in 1912.

Crisp was elected to the Sixty-third and to the nine succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1913, until October 7, 1932, when he resigned to become a member of the United States Tariff Commission, in which capacity he served until December 30, 1932.

He was not a candidate for renomination in 1932, but was an unsuccessful candidate for the nomination for United States Senator to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of William J. Harris.

He served as member of the American World War Debt Funding Commission.

He resumed the practice of his chosen profession in Washington, D.C..

He died in Americus, Georgia, February 7, 1937.

He was interred in Oak Grove Cemetery.

Crisp (surname)

Crisp, as a surname, may refer to:

Benjamin Crisp (1808–1901), New Zealand carrier, temperance reformer and character.

Bob Crisp (1911–1994), South African cricketer.

Charles Frederick Crisp (1845–1896), a U.S. Representative from Georgia.

Charles R. Crisp (1870–1937), U.S. politician.

Covelli Loyce "Coco" Crisp (1979– ), baseball center fielder.

Donald Crisp (1882–1974), English film actor.

Finlay Crisp (1917–1984), Australian academic and political scientist.

Fiona Crisp (born 1966), British photographer.

Frank Crisp (1843–1919), English lawyer and microscopist.

George Crisp (1911–1982), Welsh footballer who played for Coventry City.

Hank Crisp (1896–1970), American college sports coach.

Harold Crisp (1874–1942), Australian judge

Henry Crisp (by 1505–75), English landowner and politician.

Hope Crisp(1884–1950), English tennis player, first winner of Wimbledon mixed doubles.

Jack Crisp (born 1993), Australian rules football player at the Brisbane Lions.

James Crisp (born 1982), British Paralympic swimmer.

Joy Crisp, American planetary geologist specializing in Mars geology.

Mary Dent Crisp, American feminist and Republican Party official

N. J. Crisp (1923–2005), British television writer, dramatist and novelist.

Nathaniel Crisp (1762–1819), British prankster and baptizer.

Nicholas Crisp (c. 1599–1666), English Royalist and Member of Parliament

Nigel Crisp, Baron Crisp (born 1952), British civil servant.

Norman Crisp (1923–2005), English television writer.

Quentin Crisp (1908–1999), English writer, artist's model, actor.

Quentin S. Crisp (born 1972), British SF writer.

Ruth Crisp (1918–2007), crossword compiler.

Stephen Crisp (1628–1692), English Quaker activist and prolific writer.

Terry Crisp (1943– ), Canadian ice hockey centerman.

Thomas Crisp (1876–1917), English skipper, won VC.

Tobias Crisp (1600–1643), English clergyman and reputed antinomian.

William Crisp (1842–1910), English missionary priest who worked in South Africa.See also:

Crisp (disambiguation)

Crisp County, Georgia

Crisp County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,439. The county seat is Cordele. The county was created on August 17, 1905 and named for Charles Frederick Crisp.Crisp County comprises the Cordele, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

David B. Henderson

David Bremner Henderson (March 14, 1840 – February 25, 1906), a ten-term Republican Congressman from Dubuque, Iowa, was the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1899 to 1903. He was the first Congressman from west of the Mississippi River, the last Civil War veteran, the second foreign-born person (after Charles Frederick Crisp), and so far the only Iowan to serve as Speaker.

Dean of the United States House of Representatives

The Dean of the United States House of Representatives is the longest continuously serving member of the House. The current Dean is Don Young, a Republican Party representative from Alaska who has served since 1973, and is the first Republican Dean in more than eighty years, as well as the first from Alaska. The Dean is a symbolic post whose only customary duty is to swear in a Speaker of the House after he or she is elected. (This responsibility was first recorded in 1819 but has not been observed continuously - at times, the Speaker-elect was the current Dean or the Speaker-elect preferred to be sworn in by a member of his own party when the Dean belonged to another party.) The Dean comes forward on the House Floor to administer the oath to the Speaker-elect, before the new Speaker then administers the oath to the other members.While the Dean does swear in newly elected Speakers, he or she does not preside over the election of a Speaker, as do the Father of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom and the Dean of the Canadian House of Commons.

Because of other privileges associated with seniority, the Dean is usually allotted some of the most desirable office space, and is generally either chair or ranking minority member of an influential committee.

It is unclear when the position first achieved concrete recognition, though the seniority system and increasing lengths of service emerged in the early 20th century. As late as 1924, Frederick H. Gillett was Dean, and also Speaker, before becoming a Senator. Modern Deans move into their positions so late in their careers that a move to the Senate is highly unlikely. When Ed Markey broke Gillett's record for time in the House before moving to the Senate in 2013 he was still decades junior to the sitting Dean.

The Deanship can change hands unexpectedly. In the 1952 election, Adolph J. Sabath became the first Representative elected to a 24th term, breaking the record of 23 terms first set by former Speaker Joseph Gurney Cannon, whose service had been discontinuous, whereas Sabath's was not. North Carolina's Robert L. Doughton had not contested that election as he was retiring at the age of 89 years and two months, a House age record broken in 1998 by Sidney R. Yates, and again by Ralph Hall in 2012. Claude Pepper, who died early in his final term in 1989, held the record for oldest winner of a House election until Hall broke it in 2012. However, Sabath died before the new term began and Doughton was Dean for the old term's final months before Speaker Sam Rayburn became Dean in the new Congress.

In 1994, Texas Democrat Jack Brooks was defeated by Steve Stockman in the year he was expected to succeed Jamie Whitten as Dean.

Ellaville, Georgia

Ellaville is a city in Schley County, Georgia, United States. The population was 2,422 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Schley County.Ellaville is part of the Americus Micropolitan Statistical Area.

List of Speakers of the United States House of Representatives

The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. The speaker is the political and parliamentary leader of the House, and is simultaneously the body's presiding officer, the de facto leader of the body's majority party, and the institution's administrative head. Speakers also perform various administrative and procedural functions, all in addition to representing their own congressional district. Given these several roles and responsibilities, the Speaker usually does not personally preside over debates. That duty is instead delegated to members of the House from the majority party. Neither does the Speaker regularly participate in floor debates. Additionally, the speaker is second in the presidential line of succession, after the vice president and ahead of the president pro tempore of the Senate.The House elects a new speaker by roll call vote when it first convenes after a general election for its two-year term, or when a speaker dies, resigns or is removed from the position intra-term. A majority of votes cast (as opposed to a majority of the full membership of the House) is necessary to elect a speaker If no candidate receives a majority vote, then the roll call is repeated until a speaker is elected. The Constitution does not require the Speaker to be an incumbent member of the House, although every Speaker thus far has been.The current Speaker of the House, Democrat Nancy Pelosi of California, was elected to the office on January 3, 2019, the first day of the 116th Congress. Pelosi, who previously led the House from January 4, 2007 to January 3, 2011, is the only female to have served as speaker, and also the highest-ranking elected woman in American political history. Altogether, 54 individuals, from 23 of the 50 states, have served as Speaker of the House. The number from each state are:

Eight: Massachusetts;

Four: Kentucky and Virginia;

Three: Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Texas;

Two: Maine, New Jersey, New York, and South Carolina;

One: Alabama, California, Connecticut, Iowa, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Washington, and Wisconsin.One speaker, James K. Polk, subsequently served as President of the United States, and two, Schuyler Colfax and John Nance Garner, later became vice president. The longest serving speaker was Sam Rayburn – 17 years, 53 days. Elected 10 times, he led the House: September 1940 to January 1947; January 1949 to January 1953; and January 1955 to November 1961. Tip O'Neill had the longest uninterrupted tenure as speaker – 9 years, 350 days. Elected five times, he led the House from January 1977 to January 1987. Theodore M. Pomeroy had the shortest tenure; elected speaker on March 3, 1869, he served one day.

List of counties in Georgia

The U.S. State of Georgia is divided into 159 counties, more than any other state except for Texas, which has 254 counties. Under the Georgia State Constitution, all of its counties are granted home rule to deal with problems that are purely local in nature. Also, eight consolidated city-counties have been established in Georgia: Athens–Clarke County, Augusta–Richmond County, Columbus–Muscogee County, Georgetown–Quitman County, Statenville–Echols County, Macon–Bibb County, Cusseta–Chattahoochee County, and Preston-Webster County.

Luray, Virginia

Luray is a town in and the county seat of Page County, Virginia, United States, in the Shenandoah Valley in the northern part of the commonwealth. The population was 4,895 at the 2010 census.The town was started by Willian Staige Marye in 1812, a descendent of a family native to Luray, France.

Page County, Virginia

Page County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,042. Its county seat is Luray. Page County was formed in 1831 from Shenandoah and Rockingham counties and was named for John Page, Governor of Virginia from 1802 to 1805.

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