Charles Édouard Dutoit OC GOQ (born 7 October 1936) is a Swiss conductor. In September 2018, he was named principal guest conductor of the St Petersburg Philharmonic as of the season 2018-2019. In 2017, he became the 103rd recipient of the Royal Philharmonic Society Gold Medal Award. Dutoit is the former artistic director and principal conductor of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, conductor emeritus of the NHK Symphony Orchestra of Tokyo, and was conductor laureate of the Philadelphia Orchestra until the orchestra stripped him of the title after multiple allegations of sexual misconduct.
He is the former music director of the Orchestre Symphonique de Montréal and the Orchestre National de France, and as of 2017, conductor emeritus of the Verbier Music Festival Orchestra. He is an honorary member of the Ravel Foundation in France and the Stravinsky Foundation in Switzerland.
In December 2017, following allegations that Dutoit had sexually assaulted four women, orchestras either cancelled engagements or severed ties with Dutoit. He withdrew from his concerts with the Chicago Symphony, Cleveland Orchestra, and New York Philharmonic. The next month several other women came forward with further claims of sexual misconduct. Dutoit issued a statement denying the allegations.
Dutoit conducting in 1984
|Birth name||Charles Édouard Dutoit|
|Born||7 October 1936|
Dutoit was born in Lausanne, Switzerland. He studied there, and graduated from the Conservatoire de musique de Genève, where he won first prize in conducting. Then he went to the Accademia Chigiana in Siena at the invitation of Alceo Galliera. In his younger days, he frequently attended Ernest Ansermet's rehearsals and had a personal acquaintance with him. He also worked with Herbert von Karajan at Lucerne as a member of the festival youth orchestra and studied at Tanglewood.
Dutoit began his professional music career in 1957 as a viola player with various orchestras across Europe and South America. In January 1959, he made his debut as a professional conductor with an orchestra of Radio Lausanne and Martha Argerich. From 1959 he was a guest conductor of the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande and the Lausanne Chamber Orchestra. After this, he was the conductor for Radio Zurich until 1967, when he took over the Bern Symphony Orchestra from Paul Kletzki, where he stayed for 11 years.
While head of the Bern Symphony, he also conducted the National Symphony Orchestra of Mexico from 1973 to 1975, and Sweden's Gothenburg Symphony from 1975 to 1978. Dutoit was principal guest conductor of the Minnesota Orchestra in the early 1980s.
In 1977, Dutoit became the artistic director of the Orchestre Symphonique de Montréal (OSM). In the words of Glasgow-based music critic Kate Molleson: "A 20-year recording contract with Decca made the MSO the most recorded orchestra in the world, and the best of these recordings — Ravel's La Valse and Daphnis et Chloe, Debussy's La Mer, Stravinsky's French-period ballets — remain unsurpassed." Reaction to Dutoit joining the Montreal Symphony was positive. Peter G. Davis stated that Dutoit transformed the Montreal Symphony. New York Magazine wrote similarly about Dutoit, adding that he was noted for the championing of new Canadian music. Throughout these years, he called without success for a new symphony concert hall for Montréal. Dutoit resigned from the Montreal Symphony in April 2002, with immediate effect, after the Quebec Musicians Guild complained about what it called Dutoit's "offensive behaviour and complete lack of respect for the musicians". In January 2018, the OSM acknowledged ignoring complaints from musicians of verbal and 'psychological harassment' by Dutoit dating back to the 1990s. He did not return to the OSM as a guest conductor until 2016, in a concert at the new Maison Symphonique de Montréal.
Dutoit has received more than 40 international awards and distinctions, including two Grammy Awards (United States), several Juno Awards (Canada), the Grand Prix du Président de la République (France), the Prix mondial du disque de Montreux (Switzerland), the Amsterdam Edison Award, the Japan Record Academy Award, and the German Music Critics' Award. He and the OSM made many recordings for the Decca/London label.
Dutoit first conducted the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1980. From 1990 to 1999, he was music director of the orchestra's summer concerts at the Mann Center for the Performing Arts. From 1990 to 2010, he was artistic director and principal conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra's summer festival in Saratoga Springs, New York. In 1991, he was made an Honorary Citizen of the city of Philadelphia. In February 2007, Dutoit was named the orchestra's chief conductor and artistic adviser, for a contract of four years, effective September 2008.</ref> Following the conclusion of his contract in Philadelphia in 2012, the orchestra named him its conductor laureate, as of the 2012–13 season.
Since 1990, Dutoit has directed the Pacific Music Festival in Japan. From 1991 to 2001, Dutoit was Music Director of the Orchestre National de France, with whom he made a number of recordings and toured extensively. In 1996, he was appointed principal conductor and in 1998 music director of Tokyo's NHK Symphony Orchestra. For the NHK television network, he made a series of documentary films for the young people called "Cities of Music" in Venice, St Petersburg, Tokyo, Buenos Aires (plus Rio de Janeiro and Manhaus), New York, Vienna, Budapest, Leipzig, Dresden, Paris and London. In 1997, he was made an honorary Officer of the Order of Canada. He is also one of a handful of non-Canadian citizens to be a Grand Officer of the Ordre national du Québec.
In April 2007, Dutoit was named principal conductor and artistic director of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra as of 2009. In October 2019 he was scheduled to stand down as the RPO's principal conductor and to take the title of Honorary Conductor for Life of the orchestra, but instead he resigned in January 2018. Between 2009 and 2017, Dutoit also served as the music director of the Verbier Festival Orchestra in Switzerland. In April 2014, Dutoit received the Lifetime Achievement Award by the International Classical Music Awards. He was also made an honorary member of Fondation Igor Stravinsky in Geneva and Fondation Ravel in Monfort l'Amaury, France. In September 2018, Dutoit was named principal guest conductor of the St Petersburg Philharmonic, effective May, 2019.
Dutoit shuns publicity and protects his private life from the media. He has been married four times. His first marriage was to Ruth Cury, by whom he has a son, Ivan, who lives in Santa Monica, California, with his family, who in turn has two children: Anne-Sophie and Jean-Sebastian. He was also married to the world-renowned Argentine concert pianist Martha Argerich (with whom he has a daughter, Anne-Catherine) and to the Canadian economist Marie-Josée Drouin. He is currently married to Canadian violinist Chantal Juillet.
On 21 December 2017, Jocelyn Gecker of the Associated Press reported that four women had accused Dutoit of sexually assaulting them (subsequently six more women made similar accusations), with the alleged attacks having taken place between the late 1970s and 2010. The alleged incidents occurred in a variety of places (including a moving car, a hotel elevator, Dutoit's dressing room, and Dutoit's suite at the Four Seasons Hotel in Chicago), in Chicago, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Minneapolis, Tanglewood, Paris, Montreal, and Saratoga Springs, New York. They included claims that the conductor variously physically restrained the women, forced his body against theirs, put his tongue in their mouths, stuck one woman's hand down his pants, and an anonymous allegation of rape. One of these allegations has been contested by eyewitnesses.
Paula Rasmussen, a former mezzo-soprano reported that Dutoit pushed her against a wall and "shoved my hand down his pants and shoved his tongue down my throat" in his dressing room at the Los Angeles Opera in September 1991.
Sylvia McNair, a two-time Grammy Award-winning soprano and now a retired faculty member at Indiana University's Jacobs School of Music, alleged that when she was 28 years old, Dutoit "pressed his knee way up between my legs and pressed himself all over me" and "tried to have his way" with her in the elevator of a hotel, after a rehearsal with the Minnesota Orchestra in 1985. Miss McNair appeared again with Dutoit and the Montreal Symphony at Carnegie Hall in 1988 as a last-minute replacement.
Two more women made similar charges the next day. Pianist Jenny Q. Chai reported: "he ran his hands all over my body and tried to kiss me and stick his tongue in my mouth" after a concert with the Philadelphia Orchestra, in front of the public, his former wife and daughter.
Another woman, a singer performing with the Philadelphia Orchestra, claimed Dutoit had assaulted her on four occasions when she was in her 30s; first in 2006 at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center in upstate New York and then in 2010 in Philadelphia. The Philadelphia Orchestra Association released a statement saying: "We had no knowledge of these allegations." Furthermore, Joseph H. Kluger, who was the orchestra's president during much of Dutoit's time in Philadelphia said that he was "not aware of any occasion in which anybody brought, certainly not to my attention or anyone else's at the Philadelphia Orchestra, any complaints about his behavior throughout the time I was there."
A fourth accuser, who was a 24-year-old musician with the Civic Orchestra of Chicago when Dutoit visited in 2006 to guest-conduct the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, alleged that Dutoit forced himself on her while she was having lunch with him in his hotel room.
In January 2018 a fifth accuser, British theatre administrator Fiona Allan, came forward. The former intern said that Dutoit sexually assaulted her when he was a Boston Symphony Orchestra (BSO) guest conductor at Tanglewood and she delivered document to his dressing room, 20 years prior. She said he had maneuvered her up against a wall in his dressing room, and put his hand on her breast. She said she was later warned not to see him alone: "They had a system in place. And the system was called: Don't go in there by yourself. Like, we've had complaints, therefore the way we get around that is that we send people in, in pairs. Not: We don't employ that person anymore." Although the Boston Symphony replied "it had received no complaints against Dutoit, a regular guest conductor since 1981, prior to Allan's," it revoked an honorary title it had given the conductor in 2016 at Tanglewood and severed all ties with him, stating: "The Boston Symphony Orchestra is committed to a zero tolerance policy towards anyone who exhibits inappropriate behavior in the workplace, and behavior that runs counter to these core values will always be met with serious consequences." In March, 2018, the BSO announced that its investigators had determined that Ms. Allan's allegations were "credible", and also that investigators had interviewed three other women who "credibly described incidents in the 1980s and 1990s in which they, too, were victims of sexual misconduct by Mr. Dutoit."
A sixth accuser, French soprano Anne-Sophie Schmidt, said that when she was 31 in March 1995 in Paris, Dutoit pushed her up against a wall, forcibly kissed her, and groped her breasts and between her legs.
The number of women accusing Dutoit of sexual assault increased to 10 on January 11, 2018, as new women, several anonymous, came forward accusing him of attacks in the United States, Paris, and Montreal since the late 1970s. One new anonymous accuser was a 28-year-old female musician who had been auditioning for an orchestra in 1988, as Dutoit was guest-conducting. They were staying at the same hotel. Dutoit called her, said that his luggage was broken, and asked if she had a certain tool sometimes used to fix musical instruments. When she brought it to his hotel room, he invited her in and offered her a drink, which she declined. Within minutes: "He came closer to me and tried to kiss me, and held my head so strongly it ripped my earring out. He pinned my wrists to the wall and pushed me to the bed. His pants were down in a split second and he was inside me before I could blink." She cried, telling him to stop, and that she was married, but he continued. When she then cried out that she was not on birth control, he pushed her out the door, saying: "I'll get some condoms and I'll get you back." Two other musicians in the orchestra said that the woman confided in them after the encounter.
Musician Mary Lou Basaraba was in her early 20s and working as a journalist in 1977-78 when the Montreal Symphony Orchestra asked her to interview Dutoit. She said she was told Dutoit had specifically requested that she be the interviewer, and that it be conducted at his apartment. "When he answered the door, he looked totally dishevelled….I thought, Hmm, this is not looking promising. But I went in…." Within minutes of her arrival, she said, Dutoit forced himself on her, kissed her, and placed his hands on her breasts and crotch. After pushing him away, "she suggested they still do the interview, so they went to a nearby restaurant and then returned to the apartment."  A few days later, it was reported in the Journal de Montreal she had refused his invitation to the restaurant. Basaraba "said she felt compelled to tell her story of 1978 after reading the recent accusation of sexual assault against Dutoit made by mezzo-soprano Paula Rasmussen and getting in touch with her." "I have universal empathy for all the women who came forward.
Canadian soprano Pauline Vaillancourt said that Dutoit tried to force himself on her in 1981, after inviting her to dinner "to discuss work" after her performance as a soloist with the Montreal Symphony. While driving her home, she said, he pulled his car into a dark spot, groped her breasts and legs, and asked her to come back to his room. She said she pushed him away. Vaillancourt's brother, Jean-Eudes Vaillancourt, a pianist, conductor, and classical music professor at the University of Montreal, said his sister told him of the incident the next day. In January 2018, following physical and sexual assault allegations, he resigned from his position as artistic director and principal conductor of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.
Joe Kluger, who led the orchestra for 16 years through 2005, said that rumors of what he called Dutoit's flirtatious "inappropriate behavior" were widespread, and that the leadership "made it clear to everyone who worked on staff with the Philadelphia Orchestra to be careful and bring to us any examples of any behavior that was inappropriate. No one did while I was there."
The Royal Philharmonic initially announced in December 2017 that it and Dutoit agreed to cancel his pending engagements. The orchestra said "These accusations are taken very seriously by the orchestra and the RPO believes that the truth of the matter should be determined by the legal process. The immediate action taken by the RPO and Charles Dutoit allows time for a clear picture to be established. Charles Dutoit needs to be given a fair opportunity to seek legal advice and contest these accusations." Several other orchestras either cancelled engagements or severed ties with Dutoit, including the Boston Symphony Orchestra, the San Francisco Symphony, the New York Philharmonic, the Philadelphia Orchestra (which also removed his title of conductor laureate), the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.
Dutoit said in a statement: "Whilst informal physical contact is commonplace in the arts world as a mutual gesture of friendship, the serious accusations made involving coercion and forced physical contact have absolutely no basis in truth."
On December 24, 2017, the Montreal Symphony Orchestra announced that it had launched a sexual harassment investigation by an independent third party after receiving a complaint against Dutoit from a woman not named in earlier accounts. The Boston Symphony Orchestra also began an investigation.
The Royal Philharmonic announced subsequently, on January 10, 2018, that Dutoit had left all roles with the orchestra with immediate effect. It said: "Whilst Mr Dutoit continues to seek legal counsel to defend himself, the protracted uncertainty and media reporting makes Mr Dutoit's position with the orchestra untenable. The RPO is committed to the highest standards of ethical behaviour and takes very seriously its responsibility to maintain a safe working environment for all its artists, musicians and staff."
In January 2018, Canadian CBC Radio/CBC Radio Two adopted a policy of no longer crediting Dutoit as conductor when they played recordings of music he had conducted; they did this rather than remove the recordings entirely from their broadcasts. WRTI-FM (90.1), a local Philadelphia classical radio station, decided to not play his recordings, at least for now.
| Principal Conductor and Music Director, NHK Symphony Orchestra
1996–1998 (principal conductor), 1998–2003 (music director)
Selected recordings of compositions by Arthur HoneggerChantal Juillet
Chantal Juillet, (born December 19, 1960 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian violinist.
Born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Juillet won all the major Canadian music competitions in her category by the age of 16 and was launched into international renown when she received First Prize at the Young Concert Artists International Auditions in New York City. In 1979 she was awarded the Prix d'Europe. For many years, Juillet has been a regular collaborator with and musical assistant to conductor Charles Dutoit, whom she married in February 2010.Juillet founded the Saratoga Chamber Music Festival in 1991 and has served as its artistic director since its founding. Juillet is also involved with music teaching through her work as head of chamber music of the Pacific Music Festival, and director of the chamber music department of the Canton International Summer Music Academy (CISMA). In addition, in 2005, she was made a Knight of the National Order of Quebec. In 2006, she became an Officer of the Order of Canada.David Hayes (conductor)
David Hayes (born May 15, 1963 in Framingham, Massachusetts) is an American conductor.
Hayes was educated at the University of Hartford, Hartt School of Music (BM cum laude, musicology) and the Curtis Institute of Music (Diploma in Orchestral Conducting) where his teacher was Otto-Werner Mueller. In addition, he studied viola with Richard Rusack at Hartt and conducting with Charles Bruck at the Pierre Monteux School in Hancock, ME.
David Hayes serves on the Board of Directors of Chorus America, the national service organization for choruses.
He is currently Music Director of the New York Choral Society, Director of Orchestral and Conducting Studies at Mannes College The New School for Music in New York, Staff Conductor of the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia and a member of the conducting staff of the Philadelphia Orchestra having been appointed by Wolfgang Sawallisch. In addition to his other duties, he served as Artistic Advisor to The Washington Chorus during the 2007-2008 season. He was previously Music Director of The Philadelphia Singers, a professional chorus, until they were dissolved in 2015. With the New York Choral Society, Hayes has conducted New York and world premieres including works by Jennifer Higdon, James MacMillan and Joseph Vella. With The Philadelphia Singers, Hayes conducted numerous Philadelphia and World Premieres including works of Jennifer Higdon, Ezra Laderman, Robert Capanna, Thomas Whitman and Morton Feldman.
David Hayes is a conductor with an unusually broad range of repertoire, spanning the symphonic, oratorio/choral, and operatic genres. He has made his Philadelphia Orchestra conducting debut in May, 2003 sharing a program with Wolfgang Sawallisch. He has made conducting appearances with the Philadelphia Orchestra, Richmond Symphony Orchestra, Springfield (MA) Symphony, Lancaster (PA) Symphony, Louisiana Philharmonic, Warsaw Philharmonic, Chamber Orchestra of Philadelphia, Curtis Symphony Orchestra, Mannes Orchestra, Rutgers Orchestra, Relâche Ensemble, Los Angeles Master Chorale, The Washington Chorus, Mendelssohn Choir of Pittsburgh, Berkshire Choral Festival, Curtis Opera Theatre and the European Center for Opera and Voice (ECOV) in Belgium and Prague. He made his debut at the Verbier Festival in 1999 with a concert featuring percussionist Evelyn Glennie.
He has assisted and prepared orchestras for many of the world's leading conductors including Wolfgang Sawallisch, Kurt Masur, Christoph Eschenbach, Sir André Previn, Sir Simon Rattle, Charles Dutoit, Yuri Temirkanov, David Zinman, Leonard Slatkin, Sir Roger Norrington, Raphael Frühbeck de Burgos and Mstislav Rostropovich. He served as Assistant Conductor to Sir André Previn for the Curtis Symphony Orchestra's 1999 European Tour with Anne-Sophie Mutter and served as cover conductor for Kurt Masur with the New York Philharmonic.
Chorally, he has prepared ensembles for Wolfgang Sawallisch, Kurt Masur, Charles Dutoit, Christoph Eschenbach, James Levine, Sir Andrew Davis, Nicholas McGegan, Sir Simon Rattle, Yuri Temirkanov, Jeffrey Tate, Raphael Frühbeck de Burgos and Neeme Järvi.Dutoit
Dutoit is a French surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Charles Dutoit (born 1936), Swiss conductor
Frédéric Dutoit (born 1956), French politician from the French Communist Party
Gérald Dutoit (born 1959), Haitian Soccer Player from the BVAC TeamJuno Award for Classical Album of the Year – Large Ensemble or Soloist(s) with Large Ensemble Accompaniment
The Juno Award for "Classical Album of the Year" for ensembles has been awarded since 1985 (under four award headings), as recognition each year for the best classical music album in Canada.Juno Award for Classical Album of the Year – Vocal or Choral Performance
The Juno Award for "Classical Album of the Year" has been awarded since 1994, as recognition each year for the best vocal classical music album in Canada.Juno Awards of 1987
The Juno Awards of 1987, representing Canadian music industry achievements of the previous year, were awarded on 2 November 1987 in Toronto at a ceremony in the O'Keefe Centre. Howie Mandel was the host for the ceremonies, which were broadcast on CBC Television.
This was the last year the Juno presentations were held in the latter part of the calendar year. CARAS, which was responsible for the awards, chose to revert to an early-year scheduling, therefore no Junos were awarded 1988 but were rescheduled to March 1989.Juno Awards of 1989
The Juno Awards of 1989, representing Canadian music industry achievements of the previous year, were awarded on 12 March 1989 in Toronto at a ceremony in the O'Keefe Centre. André-Philippe Gagnon was the host for the ceremonies, which were broadcast on CBC Television.
Blue Rodeo won in three of its five nominations: Best Group, Best Single and Best Video. k.d. lang and Robbie Robertson were also notable winners in 1989.
The previous Juno Awards ceremonies were conducted on 2 November 1987. There was no awards event in 1988 due to a decision to restore the Juno scheduling to the earlier portion of each year. The awards had been conducted early each year from its 1970 inception until 1984.Juno Awards of 1995
The Juno Awards of 1995, representing Canadian music industry achievements of the previous year, were awarded on 26 March 1995 in Hamilton, Ontario at a ceremony in the Copps Coliseum. Mary Walsh, Rick Mercer and other regulars of the television series This Hour Has 22 Minutes were the hosts for the ceremonies, which were broadcast on CBC Television. Almost 10,000 people were in attendance, and over 6,500 public tickets were sold.
Nominees were announced on 1 February 1995. Susan Aglukark and Jann Arden were among the prominent nominees this year. Vancouver rock band 54-40's album Smilin' Buddha Cabaret was accidentally left off the nomination list for Best Alternative Album; after realizing the error, the Academy decided to add them to the category, and rather than remove another band's album simply widened the category to six nominees.Leonard Rambeau, the long-time manager of Anne Murray, received a special lifetime achievement award; Rambeau died later that year of cancer.Montreal Symphony Orchestra
Orchestre symphonique de Montréal (OSM; English translation, Montreal Symphony Orchestra) is a Canadian symphony orchestra based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The orchestra’s home is the Montreal Symphony House at Place des Arts.NHK Symphony Orchestra
The NHK Symphony Orchestra (NHK交響楽団, NHK Kōkyō Gakudan) is a Japanese orchestra based in Tokyo. The orchestra gives concerts in several venues, including the NHK Hall, Suntory Hall, and the Tokyo Opera City Concert Hall.
The orchestra began as the New Symphony Orchestra on October 5, 1926 and was the country's first professional symphony orchestra. Later, it changed its name to the Japan Symphony Orchestra. In 1951, after receiving financial support from NHK, the orchestra took its current name.The most recent music director of the orchestra was Vladimir Ashkenazy, from 2004 to 2007. Ashkenazy now has the title of conductor laureate. Charles Dutoit, the orchestra's music director from 1998 to 2003, is now its music director emeritus. Wolfgang Sawallisch, honorary conductor from 1967 to 1994, held the title of honorary conductor laureate until his death. The orchestra's current permanent conductors are Yuzo Toyama, since 1979, and Tadaaki Otaka, since 2010. Herbert Blomstedt holds the title of honorary conductor, since 1986. André Previn has the title of honorary guest conductor, since 2012. In June 2012, the orchestra named Paavo Järvi as its next chief conductor, as of the 2015–2016 season, with an initial contract of 3 years.Orquesta Filarmónica de Jalisco
Jalisco Philharmonic Orchestra (Orquesta Filarmónica de Jalisco) was established in 1912 by José Rolón as the Guadalajara Symphonic Orchestra in Guadalajara, Jalisco in Mexico. The Orchestra resides at Teatro Degollado located in the historic district of Guadalajara.
It has been conducted by Enrique Bátiz, Neeme Järvi, Plácido Domingo, Mu-Hai Tang, Claudio Abbado, Antal Doráti, Eduardo Mata and Charles Dutoit. Alondra de la Parra was the artistic director from 2012 to 2013.Salle Wagram
The Salle Wagram is a historic auditorium in the 17th arrondissement of Paris, France. It was built in 1865. It has been listed as an official historical monument by the French Ministry of Culture since March 2, 1981.First built in 1812 as the Bal Dourlans, the huge ballroom was designed by Adrien Alphonse Fleuret, and has been the setting for international congresses, political conferences, fashion exhibitions and dance competitions.From the 1950s the hall was much used as a classical recording venue, including a Beethoven symphony cycle with the Paris Conservatoire Orchestra conducted by Carl Schuricht, Stravinsky ballets with the same orchestra under Pierre Monteux, the complete Carmen with Maria Callas and Nicolai Gedda, and in the 1990s for many Poulenc recordings with the French National Orchestra under Charles Dutoit.In August 2000 La Traviata from Paris had the orchestra and conductor, Zubin Mehta in the Salle Wagram, while singers were on location around Paris.From 2016 the hall, then equipped for 800 spectators for orchestral concerts, became the home of the Orchestre Colonne.Sinfonia Varsovia
The Sinfonia Varsovia is an orchestra based in Warsaw, Poland. It was founded in 1984 by Yehudi Menuhin, Waldemar Dąbrowski and Franciszek Wybrańczyk, as a successor to the Polish Chamber Orchestra. Since 2003 the orchestra has been led by Krzysztof Penderecki as its artistic director.Menuhin had a close relationship with the orchestra that he helped to found, conducting them in the recording of a full cycle of Schubert's symphonies released in 1998. This followed a cycle of live performances of Beethoven's symphonies in 1994. The cycle was recorded and commercially released. Other conductors to have worked with the orchestra include Claudio Abbado, Charles Dutoit, Jerzy Maksymiuk, Marc Minkowski, Valery Gergiev and Lorin Maazel.Symphony No. 2 (Honegger)
The Symphony No. 2 in D for strings and trumpet (Symphony for Strings) by Arthur Honegger was commissioned in 1937 by Paul Sacher to mark the tenth anniversary of the chamber orchestra Basler Kammerorchester. Progress was slow, however, in part due to the interruption of the Second World War. The music is primarily for strings alone and is very turbulent and troubled until the trumpet soloist enters near the end of the music, giving this mostly tragic work a hopeful ending.
The first performance was given by the Collegium Musicum of Zurich under Sacher on 18 May 1942.
The work is in three movements:
Molto moderato - Allegro
Vivace non troppoThe work is for string orchestra, except for the addition of a trumpet in the concluding chorale: "like pulling out an organ stop", according to the composer. The trumpet part is marked ad libitum, and although occasionally performed by strings alone, most performances include the trumpet. The finale inspired Robert Hall Lewis' concerto for four trumpets.Numerous recordings have been made of the work, including performances conducted by Charles Munch, Serge Baudo, Ernest Ansermet, Herbert von Karajan, Mariss Jansons and Charles Dutoit.Symphony No. 3 (MacMillan)
The Symphony No. 3 (also known as Symphony No. 3 "Silence") is the third symphony by the Scottish composer James MacMillan. The piece was first performed on April 17, 2003 in NHK Hall, Tokyo, by the NHK Symphony Orchestra under the conductor Charles Dutoit.Three Russian Songs, Op. 41 (Rachmaninoff)
The Three Russian Songs, Op. 41 (Trois Chansons Russes; Tri Russkie Pesni) for chorus and orchestra (also seen as Three Russian Folk Songs) were written by Sergei Rachmaninoff in 1926. It is the last of Rachmaninoff's three works for chorus and orchestra, the others being the cantata Spring, Op. 20 (1902), and the choral symphony The Bells, Op. 35 (1913). The work takes about 15 minutes to perform.
The thematic material for the work came from three traditional folk songs:
Через речку (Cherez rechku; Across the River, Swift River), Moderato, was a song Rachmaninoff had probably heard for the first time by the touring Moscow Art Theatre's opera studio a year or so before
Ах ты, Ванька (Akh ty, Vanka; Ah, You Vanka! You Devil-May-Care Fellow), Largo, had been sung to him by Feodor Chaliapin
Белилицы, румяницы, вы мои (Belilitsy, rumyanitsy, vy moi; You, My Fairness, My Rosy Cheeks), Allegro moderato, was a favourite of Nadezhda Plevitskaya.The Three Russian Songs were dedicated to Leopold Stokowski, who conducted the first performance in Philadelphia on 18 March 1927 with the Philadelphia Orchestra and the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir. The program also included the world premiere of Rachmaninoff's Fourth Piano Concerto, with the composer as soloist. The Three Russian Songs were favourably received by the critics, the concerto less so. The pair of works was repeated on 19 March, and given in New York on 22 March, with similar critical reactions.The songs are scored for altos and basses only, and they sing mostly in unison. The orchestration is quite extensive, although all the instruments rarely play simultaneously: piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 2 trombones, bass trombone, tuba, percussion, harp, piano and strings.
It seems likely that the choir for the first three performances was augmented by local Russian Orthodox priests who could reach the bass notes required by Rachmaninoff. The conductor Igor Buketoff recalled that he attended the rehearsals as an eleven-year-old boy in the company of his father, a priest and a friend of Rachmaninoff's. The composer had asked the senior Buketoff to acquire the services of some of his fellow priests with basso profundo voices.
Buketoff also reports that Stokowski took the final song too quickly for Rachmaninoff's liking, but would not be persuaded to obey the composer's instructions. When Buketoff himself programmed the piece some years later as a choral conductor at the Juilliard School, he approached Rachmaninoff for advice as to the exact tempo he had envisaged.The Three Russian Songs have been recorded several times, including by Leopold Stokowski himself, Igor Buketoff, Charles Dutoit and Yevgeny Svetlanov. The music has also been used as the basis of a ballet.Timothy Hutchins
Timothy Hutchins is a Canadian classical flute player.
Principal flute of the Montreal Symphony Orchestra since 1978, Timothy Hutchins has received international critical acclaim for his work as a concerto soloist, as a duo recitalist with his wife, pianist Janet Creaser Hutchins, and as a chamber musician. He has appeared extensively as soloist with the OSM: notably with Charles Dutoit. Timothy Hutchins has appeared as guest principal with the Boston Symphony Orchestra with Seiji Ozawa, Vladimir Ashkenazy, and with Leonard Bernstein at the latter’s last appearance, recording Beethoven’s Seventh Symphony at Tanglewood. As guest principal he has performed and toured with the New York Philharmonic under Zubin Mehta and Kurt Masur. He was principal flute of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra for the 2003-04 season.
Mr. Hutchins is professor of flute at McGill University. Many of his students perform with leading orchestras around the world.Ymarxa
Ymarxa is an orchestral piece of classical music by the Spanish composer and pianist Gustavo Díaz-Jerez. Ymarxa is a guanche word meaning 'new', 'brilliant', 'splendid'. It also referred to a place in Tenerife in what today is La Esperanza forest. Together with Ayssuragan, Aranfaybo, Chigaday, Azaenegue, Erbane and Guanapay, Ymarxa is part of a cycle of seven orchestral works inspired in different places of each of the Canary Islands. Ymarxa was commissioned by the XXVII Festival de Música de Canarias and given its first performance on February 12, 2011 at the Alfredo Kraus Auditorium in Gran Canaria by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra under maestro Charles Dutoit. It was well received by audience and critics alike. Ymarxa is a one-movement work lasting about 20 minutes, merging elements from spectralism and algorithmic procedures.