In Christian theology, Charity (Latin Caritas) is considered as one of the seven virtues and is understood by Thomas Aquinas as "the friendship of man for God", which "unites us to God". He holds it as "the most excellent of the virtues". Further, Aquinas holds that "the habit of charity extends not only to the love of God, but also to the love of our neighbor".
The phrase Deus caritas est from 1 John 4:8—or Θεὸς ἀγάπη ἐστίν (Theos agapē estin) in the original Greek is translated in the King James Version as: "God is love", and in the Douay-Rheims bible as: "God is charity" (1 John 4:8). Thomas Aquinas does not simply equate charity with "love", which he holds as a passion, not a virtue. The King James Version uses both the words charity and love to translate the idea of caritas/ἀγάπη (agapē): sometimes it uses one, then sometimes the other, for the same concept. Most other English translations, both before and since, do not; instead, throughout they use the same more direct English word love. Love can have other meanings in English, but as used in the New Testament it almost always refers to the virtue of caritas.
Many times when charity is mentioned in English-language bibles, it refers to "love of God", which is a spiritual love that is extended from God to man and then reflected by man, who is made in the image of God, back to God. God gives man the power to act as God acts (God is love), man then reflects God's power in his own human actions towards others. One example of this movement is "charity shall cover the multitude of sins" (1 Peter 4:8). "The practice of charity brings us to act toward ourselves and others out of love alone, precisely because each person has the dignity of a beloved child of God."
Charity is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. Confusion can arise from the multiple meanings of the English word "love". As other theological virtues, Charity is divinely infused into the soul; it resides in the will. According to Aquinas, charity is an absolute requirement for happiness, which he holds as man's last goal.
Charity has two parts: love of God and love of man, which includes both love of one's neighbor and one's self.
Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away....And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.
The fruits of charity are joy, peace, and mercy.
Adolf Hyła (2 May 1897 – 24 December 1965) was a Polish painter and art teacher. He is known for painting the most popular version of the "Divine Mercy image" in 1943.Apostle
An apostle (), in its most literal sense, is an emissary, from Greek ἀπόστολος (apóstolos), literally "one who is sent off", from the verb ἀποστέλλειν (apostéllein), "to send off". The purpose of such sending off is usually to convey a message, and thus "messenger" is a common alternative translation; other common translations include "ambassador" and "envoy".The term derives from the Greek of the New Testament and was used for Jesus's original Twelve Apostles (including Peter, James, and John), as well as a wider group of early Christian figures, including Paul, Barnabas, and Junia. Some other religions use the term for comparable figures in their history. The word in this sense may be used metaphorically in various contexts, but is mostly found used specifically for early associates of the founder of a religion, who were important in spreading his or her teachings.
The adjective apostolic () is claimed as a continuing characteristic by a number of prominent Christian churches (i.e., that a given church's traditions, practices, and teachings descend directly from the original apostles), and so finds wider modern application. The word is found, for example, in the "Apostolic See", the official name for the Roman Catholic Papacy; in the doctrine of apostolic succession, held by many branches of Christianity; and in the Four Marks of the Church ("one, holy, catholic, and apostolic") found in the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed.Caritas
Caritas may refer to:
The Latin term for charity (virtue), one of the three theological virtues.Caritas (Angel)
Caritas is a fictional demon-friendly karaoke bar in the U.S. television series Angel. Caritas makes its first appearance in season two's "Judgment" episode, and its final appearance in season three's "Lullaby".Congregation of the Sisters of Merciful Jesus
Congregation of the Sisters of Merciful Jesus is a Catholic female religious order.
Founded just after the Second World War by blessed Michał Sopoćko according to the apparitions of saint Faustina Kowalska in Myślibórz. Its goal is to promote the Divine Mercy message. Nowadays it has houses in a dozen of countries, with the General in Gorzów Wielkopolski.Divine Mercy Sanctuary (Białystok)
Divine Mercy Sanctuary in Białystok is a church in the district of Białostoczek at the Radzymińska Street 1.
It was erected in 1984. In 1988 the remains of Michał Sopoćko, the spiritual director of Faustina Kowalska, was moved here. In 1993 also a relic of Faustina Kowalska was set. In 1996 besides the church the papal altar from 1991 was reconstructed. Consecration of the church was held in 2007.
On September 28, 2008 the solemn beatification of Michał Sopoćko took place here. Among others, cardinals Angelo Amato, Stanisław Dziwisz, Audrys Bačkis and Józef Glemp, about 100 bishops as well as presidents of Poland: Ryszard Kaczorowski, Lech Kaczyński and Bronisław Komorowski were present.Divine Mercy Sanctuary (Płock)
The Divine Mercy Sanctuary, is a Roman Catholic chapel, in Poland, dedicated to the Divine Mercy devotion, originated by Saint Faustina Kowalska.Divine Mercy Shrine (Misamis Oriental)
The Divine Mercy Shrine is a Catholic monument in El Salvador, Misamis Oriental, Philippines. It features a 50 foot statue of Jesus as the Divine Mercy as the focal point of Divine Mercy Hills, a tract of land overlooking Macajalar Bay on the southern island of Mindanao.The nine-hectare land for the Shrine was purchased for a nominal amount and the complex was paid for by donations. The shrine was completed in 2008 and serves as a pilgrimage site for Divine Mercy devotees.Głogowiec, Łęczyca County
Głogowiec [ɡwɔˈɡɔvjɛt͡s] is a village in the administrative unit of Gmina Świnice Warckie, within Łęczyca County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. It lies approximately 2 kilometres (1 mi) south-east of Świnice Warckie, 19 km (12 mi) west of Łęczyca, and 46 km (29 mi) north-west of the regional capital Łódź.
Saint Faustina Kowalska, a Roman Catholic mystic and the secretary of Divine Mercy, was born here on August 25, 1905. Her house is now a museum. She was baptized and received the first Communion in nearby Świnice Warckie.Hour of Mercy
Hour of Mercy in Christianity is 3 PM, when Jesus died.
This devotion is associated with the apparitions of Christ to saint Faustina Kowalska. He said to her that at that time we should pray, especially for sinners, and meditate His Passion, then He will answer every request.Justice (virtue)
Justice is one of the four cardinal virtues in classical European philosophy and Roman Catholicism. It is the moderation or mean between selfishness and selflessness – between having more and having less than one's fair share.Justice is closely related, in Christianity, to the practice of Charity (virtue) because it regulates the relationships with others. It is a cardinal virtue, which is to say that it is "pivotal", because it regulates all such relationships, and is sometimes deemed the most important of the cardinal virtues.Misericordiae vultus
Misericordiae vultus (Latin: The Face of Mercy) is a papal bull of indiction issued on April 11, 2015 by Pope Francis, proclaiming an Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy from 8 December 2015, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, to 20 November 2016, the Feast of Christ the King..National Shrine of the Divine Mercy (Philippines)
The National Shrine of the Divine Mercy (Filipino: Pambansáng Dambana ng Dakilang Awa ng Diyos) is a church dedicated to the Divine Mercy in Marilao, Bulacan, the Philippines. It was elevated to the status of National Shrine by Archbishop Orlando Quevedo of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines. The first Mass was held at the site on February 2, 1992, the Feast of the Presentation.Universal love
Universal love may refer to:
Universal Love, a 1975 album by MFSB
Universal Love – Wedding Songs Reimagined, a 2018 album of same-sex wedding songs by various artists
Universalove, a 2008 Austrian romantic tragedy filmWorld Apostolic Congress on Mercy
The World Apostolic Congress on Mercy (WACOM) is a worldwide religious event organized every three years.WACOM is promoted by the Board of Trustees: 17 cardinals under the direction of Christoph Schönborn. The first WACOM occurred in Rome in 2008; the second was in Kraków in 2011. The third was in Bogotá in 2014. The fourth WACOM was in Manila in 2017. Next congress is held in Samoa in 2020.Łagiewniki-Borek Fałęcki
Łagiewniki-Borek Fałęcki is one of 18 districts of Kraków, located in the southern part of the city. The name Łagiewniki-Borek Fałęcki comes from two villages that are now parts of the district.
According to the Central Statistical Office data, the district's area is 5.42 square kilometres (2.09 square miles) and 14 859 people inhabit Łagiewniki-Borek Fałęcki.Świnice Warckie
Świnice Warckie [ɕfiˈnit͡sɛ ˈvart͡skʲɛ] is a village in Łęczyca County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Świnice Warckie. It lies approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Łęczyca and 47 km (29 mi) northwest of the regional capital Łódź.
The village has an approximate population of 920. This is the place of the baptism and first Communion of Saint Faustina Kowalska, a great mystic and the secretary of Divine Mercy. The parish church is an official sanctuary since 2002. Saint Faustina (born Helena Kowalska) was living until the age of 16 in nearby village of Głogowiec.
|Seven deadly sins|