Charadrus

Charadrus or Charadros (Ancient Greek: Χάραδρος) was a town on the coast of ancient Cilicia, between Platanus and Cragus, according to the Stadiasmus. Strabo, who writes it Χαραδροῦς, describes it as a fort with a port below it, and a mountain Andriclus above it.[1] It is described by Francis Beaufort "as an opening through the mountains with a small river."[2] The mountain is mentioned in the Stadiasmus under the name Androcus.

Charadrus is located near modern Yakacık (formerly Kaledıran İskelesi), in Turkey.[3][4]

References

  1. ^ Strabo. Geographica. p. 669. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  2. ^ Beaufort, Karamania, p. 194.
  3. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  4. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 66, and directory notes accompanying.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Charadrus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 36°06′36″N 32°34′11″E / 36.109886°N 32.569805°E

Ariassus

Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).

Caloe

Caloe was a town in the Roman province of Asia. It is mentioned as Kaloe or Keloue in 3rd-century inscriptions, as Kalose in Hierocles's Synecdemos (660), and as Kalloe, Kaloe, and Kolone in Parthey's Notitiæ episcopatuum, in which it figures from the 6th to the 12fth or 13th century.

Carnasium

Carnasium or Karnasion (Ancient Greek: Καρνάσιον) was a town of ancient Messenia, 8 stadia distant from Andania, and upon the river Charadrus. Pausanias identified it with Oechalia. In his time (2nd century), Carnasium was the name given to a grove of cypresses, in which were statues of Apollo Carneius, of Hermes Criophorus, and of Persephone. It was here that the mystic rites of the great goddesses were celebrated, and that the urn was preserved containing the bones of Eurytus, the son of Melaneus.Its site is located near the modern Polichni.

Cestrus

Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.

Chalkidiki

Chalkidiki, also spelt Chalkidike, Chalcidice, Khalkidhiki or Halkidiki (Greek: Χαλκιδική, romanized: Chalcidicḗ, [xalciðiˈci]), is a peninsula and regional unit of Greece, part of the Region of Central Macedonia in Northern Greece. The autonomous Mount Athos region constitutes the easternmost part of the peninsula, but not of the regional unit.

The capital of Chalkidiki is the main town of Polygyros, located in the centre of the peninsula. Chalkidiki is a popular summer tourist destination.

Charadra (Epirus)

Charadra (Ancient Greek: Χαράδρα), also Charadrus or Charadros (Χάραδρος), was a town of ancient Epirus, situated on the road from Ambracus to the strait of Actium. It is also mentioned in a fragment of Ennius: "Mytilenae est pecten Charadrumque apud Ambraciai."

Charadra is located near the Kastri at Palaia Philippias.

Charadra (Phocis)

Charadra (Ancient Greek: Χαράδρα) was a city of ancient Phocis, and one of the Phocian towns destroyed by Xerxes I in 480 BCE during the Greco-Persian Wars. Pausanias describes Charadra as situated 20 stadia from Lilaea, upon a lofty and precipitous rock. He further states that the inhabitants suffered from a scarcity of water, which they obtained from the torrent Charadrus, a tributary of the Cephissus, distant three stadia from the town. Situated in the agora of the town, Pausanias noted altars of heroes; some thought they were of the Dioscuri, others thought they were of local heroes.The site of Charadra is near modern Mariolata (Mariolates). It was rebuilt after the Third Sacred War and some remains of its gates and walls have been found.

Charadros (disambiguation)

Charadros or Charadrus (Ancient Greek: Χάραδρος) may refer to:

Charadros, a river of Achaea, Greece

Charadrus, a town of ancient Cilicia, now in Turkey

Charadrus (Acte), a city of ancient Acte, now Mt Athos, Greece

Charadrus (Epirus), a town of ancient Epirus, Greece

Charadrus (Acte)

Charadrus or Charadrous (Ancient Greek: Χαραδροῦς) was an ancient Greek city of the Acte headland of Chalcidice noted in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax The name has also come down to us in the form Charadriae.Its site is unlocated.

Cotenna

Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.

Cyaneae

Cyaneae (Ancient Greek: Κυανέαι; also spelt Kyaneai or Cyanae) was a town of ancient Lycia, or perhaps three towns known collectively by the name, on what is now the southern coast of Turkey. William Martin Leake says that its remains were discovered west of Andriaca. The place, which is at the head of Port Tristomo, was determined by an inscription. Leake observes that in some copies of Pliny it is written Cyane; in Hierocles and the Notitiae Episcopatuum it is Cyaneae. To Spratt and Forbes, Cyaneae appeared to be a city ranking in importance with Phellus and Candyba, but in a better state of preservation. No longer a residential bishopric, Cyanae is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.

Hisarlik

Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, "Place of Fortresses"), often spelled Hissarlik, is the modern name for an ancient city in modern day located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia) near to the modern city of Çanakkale. The unoccupied archaeological site lies approximately 6.5 km from the Aegean Sea and about the same distance from the Dardanelles. The archaeological site of Hisarlik is known in archaeological circles as a tell. A tell is an artificial hill, built up over centuries and millennia of occupation from its original site on a bedrock knob.

It is believed by many scholars to be the site of ancient Troy, also known as Ilion.

Inachos (river)

The Inachos (Greek: Ίναχος) is a river in the Peloponnese, southern Greece. Its source is in the mountains of western Argolis, near the village Kaparelli. It flows into the Aegean Sea in Nea Kios. The Inachos was named after Inachus, a mythical king of Argos, who introduced civilization to the area.

The Inachus rises, according to Pausanias (ii 25.3, 8.6.6), in Mt. Artemisium, on the borders of Arcadia, or, according to Strabo (viii. p.370), in Mt. Lyrceium, a northern offshoot of Artemisium. Near its sources it receives a tributary called the Cephissus, which rises in Mt. Lyrceium (Strab. ix. p.424; Aelian, Ael. VH 2.33.) It flows in a south-easterly direction, E. of the city of Argos, into the Argolic gulf. This river is often dry in the summer. Between it and the city of Argos is the mountain-torrent named Charadrus, which also rises in Mt. Artemisium, and which, from its proximity to Argos, has been frequently mistaken for the Inachus by modern travellers. It flows over a wide gravelly bed, which is generally dry in the summer, whence its modern name of Xerias, or the Dry River. It flows into the Inachus a little below Argos. It was on the banks of the Charadrus that the armies of Argos, on their return from military expeditions, were obliged to undergo a court of inquiry before they were permitted to enter the city. (Thuc. 5.60; comp. Paus. 2.25.2; Leake, Morea, vol. ii. p. 364, Peloponnesiaca, p. 267; Mure, vol. ii. p. 161.)

Lamus (see)

Lamus was a city and an episcopal see in the Roman province of Isauria. The see is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees. The harbour of the city was at the town of Charadros (the Latin form of which is Charadrus), a name that has also been used for the see.

Lyrbe

Lyrbe (spelled Lyrba in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia; Ancient Greek: Λύρβη) was a city and episcopal see in the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is now a titular see.

Oechalia (Messenia)

Oechalia or Oichalia (Ancient Greek: Οἰχαλία) was a town in ancient Messenia, in the plain of Stenyclerus. It was in ruins in the time of Epaminondas, and its position was a matter of dispute in later times. Strabo identified it with Andania, the ancient residence of the Messenian kings, and Pausanias with Carnasium, which was only 8 stadia distant from Andania, and upon the river Charadrus. Carnasium, in the time of Pausanias, was the name given to a grove of cypresses, in which were statues of Apollo Carneius, of Hermes Criophorus, and of Persephone. It was here that the mystic rites of the great goddesses were celebrated, and that the urn was preserved containing the bones of Eurytus, the son of Melaneus.According to Greek mythology, King Eurytus of Oechalia had promised the hand of his beautiful daughter Iole to whoever defeated him in an archery competition. Heracles beat him but Eurytus refused to keep his promise, so Heracles sacked the city, killed Eurytus and kidnapped Iole. However, there was great discussion in antiquity about whether this Oechalia referred to this city, or that of Euboea, or one of two located in Thessaly or even to another that was located in Arcadia. Homer calls the Oechalia in Messenia the city of Eurytus in both the Iliad and the Odyssey, and this identification was followed by Pherecydes of Leros and Pausanias. However, Homer also, followed Apollodorus of Athens and Aristarchus of Samothrace, placed it in Thessaly. The author of the epic poem Capture of Oechalia (usually attributed to Creophylus of Samos), Sophocles (in The Trachiniae) and Hecataeus of Miletus (who locates Oechalia near Eretria) were aligned among with those who identified this Oechalia with the Euboean location. Also, Demetrius of Scepsis placed it in Arcadia. Strabo makes mention of all these possibilities.The site of Oechalia is at or near that of ancient Carnasium (Karnasion).

Oenoe (Argolis)

Oenoe or Oinoe (Ancient Greek: Οἰνόη) or Oene or Oine (Οἴνη) or Oenoa or Oinoa (Οἰνώα) was a small town in the Argeia, west of Argos, on the left bank of the river Charadrus, and on the southern (the Prinus) of the two roads leading from Argos to Mantineia. Above the town was the mountain Artemisium (Malevós), with a temple of Artemis on the summit, worshipped by the inhabitants of Oenoe under the name of Oenoatis (Οἰνωᾶτις). The town was named by Diomedes after his grandfather Oeneus, who died here. Another mythical event related to this city is that it was considered to be the place where the Ceryneian Hind was found and captured by Heracles in one of his 12 Labors, after a year of pursuit.In the neighbourhood of this town the Athenians and Argives gained a victory over the Lacedaemonians in the Peloponnesian War (c. 456 BCE).The site of Oenoe is located near modern Merkouri (Merkourion).

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

Aegean
Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia
Marmara
Mediterranean
Southeastern
Anatolia

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