Changing Planes

Changing Planes is a 2003 collection of short stories by Ursula K. Le Guin.[1] Each chapter describes a different world and the society that inhabits it; these societies share similarities with Earth's cultures in some respects, but may be notably dissimilar in other respects. Many of the chapters are brief vignettes or ethnographic profiles of the societies they describe.

Changing Planes won the Locus Award for best collection in 2004.[2]

Changing Planes
First edition cover
AuthorUrsula K. Le Guin
IllustratorEric Beddows
CountryUnited States
GenreScience fiction
PublisherHarcourt Inc.
Publication date
Media typePrint (hardback & paperback)
Pages246 pp

Conception and analysis

The conceit of the collection, described in the first story, "Sita Dulip's Method", is based on a pun that ties the book together: that the low-level discomfort of forced occupation of an airport while changing planes can, in fact, cause one to change from one "plane" of reality to another. Because of the different flow of time in other planes, one can spend a week visiting another plane and return in time to make a connecting flight.[3]

One scholar notes that the stories explore an underlying, unifying theme around the "inherent difficulties in translations and understanding other cultures."[4]

The style of the collection has been compared to the literary style of Jonathan Swift and Jorge Luis Borges.[3]


  • "Sita Dulip's Method"
Introduction to the premise of the volume.
  • "Porridge on Islac"
About a society which has taken genetic engineering to extremes. This story features a woman whose genome is partly maize.
  • "The Silence of the Asonu"
About a people who do not speak as adults and the visitors from Earth who seek meaning in their silence and their rare utterances.
  • "Feeling at Home with the Hennebet"
About a people whose society is based on a concept of "living multiple lives", which is never completely explained.
  • "The Ire of the Veksi"
About a culture of people who are angry most of the time, and its ramifications, such as sulking, war, distrust.
  • "Seasons of the Ansarac"
About a planet with very long years (about 24 Earth years) within each of which its people migrate to and from the mountains in the north; based on the migration patterns of ospreys.
  • "Social Dreaming of the Frin"
About a society where dreams are shared telepathically and the unconscious is the collective unconscious.
  • "The Royals of Hegn"
About a country where almost everyone is royalty, and the one family of commoners is treated as celebrities.
  • "Woeful Tales from Mahigul"
Includes four tales: "Dawodow the Innumerable", about a narcissistic and tyrannical emperor who both loved and hated himself; "The Cleansing of Obtry", about a region marked by religious conflict; "The Black Dog", that tells the story of a mysterious black dog that drove two tribes into mayhem; and "The War for the Alon", about two city-states that destroyed themselves over a small piece of land each claimed by divine right.
  • "Great Joy"
About a plane that has been turned into a collection of holiday-themed resorts by an Earth-based corporation.
  • "Wake Island"
About a population of people genetically engineered not to need sleep, who never fully achieve consciousness.
  • "The Nna Mmoy Language"
About the complexities of language in a world where every living thing unnecessary to human life has been removed. These people have replaced biodiversity with language.
  • "The Building"
About a global society which is organized around the endless construction of a building. These nomads invest tremendous resources creating an uninhabited, labyrinthine castle.
  • "The Fliers of Gy"
About a plane of feathered people, a few of whom develop wings and yet such happening is considered a misfortune, and the wings a handicap.
  • "The Island of the Immortals"
About a visit to an island that is said to be inhabited by immortals.
  • "Confusions of Uñi"
About a plane where reality seems to shift unpredictably.


  1. ^ Bernardo, Susan M. & Murphy, Graham J. Ursula K. Le Guin: A Critical Companion, (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2006), page 1.
  2. ^ "Locus Awards Nominee List". The Locus Index to SF Awards. Archived from the original on 2012-04-19. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
  3. ^ a b Gerald, Jonas (July 27, 2003), "SCIENCE FICTION", Books, The New York Times, pp. section 7, page 17, retrieved 2011-06-05
  4. ^ Bernardo, Susan M. & Murphy, Graham J. Ursula K. Le Guin: A Critical Companion, (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2006), page 7.
  • Bernardo, Susan M.; Murphy, Graham J. (2006). Ursula K. Le Guin: A Critical Companion (1st ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-33225-8.
  • Cadden, Mike (2005). Ursula K. Le Guin Beyond Genre: Fiction for Children and Adults (1st ed.). New York, NY: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-99527-2.
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Boeing 247

The Boeing Model 247 was an early United States airliner, considered the first such aircraft to fully incorporate advances such as all-metal (anodized aluminium) semimonocoque construction, a fully cantilevered wing and retractable landing gear. Other advanced features included control surface trim tabs, an autopilot and de-icing boots for the wings and tailplane."Ordered off the drawing board", the 247 first flew on February 8, 1933 and entered service later that year. Subsequent development in airliner design saw engines and airframes becoming larger and four-engined designs emerged, but no significant changes to this basic formula appeared until cabin pressurization and high altitude cruise were introduced in 1940, with the Boeing 307 Stratoliner.

Brussels Airport

Brussels Airport (IATA: BRU, ICAO: EBBR) (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Zaventem) is an international airport 6.5 NM (12.0 km; 7.5 mi) northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium. In 2018, more than 25 million passengers arrived or departed at Brussels Airport, making it the 24th busiest airport in Europe. It is located partially in Zaventem, partially in the Diegem area of Machelen, and partially in Steenokkerzeel, in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is home to around 260 companies, together directly employing 20,000 people and serves as the home base for Brussels Airlines and TUIfly Belgium.

The company operating the airport is known as The Brussels Airport Company N.V./S.A.; before 19 October 2006, the name was BIAC (Brussels International Airport Company), which was created by Belgian law through a merger of BATC with the ground operations departments of the RLW/RVA. Since 2011, the airport has been owned by the Toronto-based Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (39%), Macquarie Group (Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund I and Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund III) (36%) and the Belgian State (25%).On 22 March 2016 the airport's departures hall was severely damaged by the two terrorist bomb blasts. The airport was closed until 3 April 2016, when it reopened with temporary facilities at less than 20% of its previous capacity. It has since returned to full operations, with a record of 90,000 passengers on 29 July 2016.


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Clyde Pangborn

Clyde Edward Pangborn (c. October 28, 1895 – March 29, 1958; aged 62) also known as "Upside-Down Pangborn" was an American aviator and barnstormer who performed aerial stunts in the 1920s. In 1931 Pangborn and co-pilot Hugh Herndon Jr. flew their plane, Miss Veedol, on the first non-stop flight across the Pacific Ocean.

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Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL, FAA LID: ATL), also known as Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield, or Hartsfield–Jackson, is an international airport 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Atlanta, Georgia. It is named after former Atlanta mayors William B. Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson. The airport has 192 gates: 152 domestic and 40 international. ATL covers 4,700 acres (1,902 ha) of land and has five parallel runways.The airport has international service within North America and to South America, Central America, Europe, Africa and Asia. As an international gateway to the United States, Hartsfield–Jackson ranks seventh. Many of the nearly one million flights are domestic flights; the airport is a major hub for travel in the southeastern region of the country.

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Sigmoilinopsis is grossly similar to Sigmoilina but with less enveloping chambers allowing earlier ones to be externally visible, and in incorporating agglutinated material.

Sigmoilinopsis is included in the Hauerinidae (Loeblich & Tappan 1988). Previously it was assigned to the Miliolidae (Loeblich & Tappan 1964) and included in the subfamily Quinqueloculininae.

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Ursula K. Le Guin

Ursula Kroeber Le Guin (; October 21, 1929 – January 22, 2018) was an American novelist. She worked mainly in the genres of fantasy and science fiction, and authored children's books, short stories, poetry, and essays. Her writing was first published in the 1960s and often depicted futuristic or imaginary alternative worlds in politics, the natural environment, gender, religion, sexuality, and ethnography. In 2016, The New York Times described her as "America's greatest living science fiction writer", although she said that she would prefer to be known as an "American novelist".She influenced Booker Prize winners and other writers, such as Salman Rushdie and David Mitchell, and science fiction and fantasy writers including Neil Gaiman and Iain Banks. She won the Hugo Award, Nebula Award, Locus Award, and World Fantasy Award, each more than once. In 2014, she was awarded the National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. In 2003, she was made a Grandmaster of Science Fiction, one of a few women writers to take the top honor in the genre.

Ursula K. Le Guin bibliography

Ursula K. Le Guin was an American author of speculative fiction, realistic fiction, non-fiction, screenplays, librettos, essays, poetry, speeches, translations, literary critiques, chapbooks, and children's fiction. She was primarily known for her works of speculative fiction. These include works set in the fictional world of Earthsea, stories in the Hainish Cycle, standalone novels and short stories. Though frequently referred to as an author of science fiction, critics have described her work as being difficult to classify.Le Guin came to critical attention with the publication of A Wizard of Earthsea in 1968, and The Left Hand of Darkness in 1969. The Earthsea books, of which A Wizard of Earthsea was the first, have been described as Le Guin's best work by several commentators, while scholar Charlotte Spivack described The Left Hand of Darkness as having established Le Guin's reputation as a writer of science fiction. Literary critic Harold Bloom referred to the books as Le Guin's masterpieces. Several scholars have called the Earthsea books Le Guin's best work. Her work has received intense critical attention. As of 1999, ten volumes of literary criticism and forty dissertations had been written about her work: she was referred to by scholar Donna White as a "major figure in American letters". Her awards include the National Book Award, the Newbery Medal, and multiple Hugo and Nebula Awards. Feminist critiques of her writing were particularly influential upon Le Guin's later work.Le Guin's first published work was the poem "Folksong from the Montayna Province" in 1959, while her first short story was "An die Musik", in 1961; both were set in her fictional country of Orsinia. Her first professional publication was the short story "April in Paris" in 1962, while her first published novel was Rocannon's World, released by Ace Books in 1966. Her last publication was a 2018 collection of non-fiction, titled Dreams Must Explain Themselves and Other Essays 1972–2004. This bibliography includes all of Le Guin's published novels, short fiction, translations, edited volumes, and all collections that include material not previously published in book form, as well as any works mentioned in commentary about Le Guin's writings.

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