Chandrapur is a municipal corporation in Chandrapur district, Maharashtra state, India. It is the centre of governance of Chandrapur district. Chandrapur is a fort city founded by Khandkya Ballal Sah, a Gond king of the 13th century[1] The city is situated at the confluence of the Irai and Zarpat rivers. The area around the city is rich in coal seams. Hence, Chandrapur is also known as "black gold city".

City of Black Gold
Chandrapur is located in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°57′00″N 79°17′49″E / 19.950°N 79.297°ECoordinates: 19°57′00″N 79°17′49″E / 19.950°N 79.297°E
Country India
Named forChandrapur Fort
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyChandrapur Municipal Corporation
 • MayorAnjali Ghotekar
 • Municipal CommissionerSanjay Kakade
 • Additional Municipal CommissionerBhalchandra Behere
 • Total56.40 km2 (21.78 sq mi)
188 m (617 ft)
 • Total320,379
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code(+91), 7172
Vehicle registrationMH 34
WebsiteOfficial website


The local people relate the name "Chandrapur" to the words Chandra (the moon) and pur (a settlement) after a legend. Scholars see the name as a derivative of "Indupur" (city of the moon) which stood near the Jharpat in the Treta Yuga. Chandrapur is nicknamed the "black gold city" after nearby coal mining.


Archeological finds such as signs of pottery making, suggest inhabitation of the Chandrapur area in Neolithic times.[2]

From ancient times, Chandrapur has fallen under the control of many different rulers. Between 322 BCE and 187 BCE, much of India, including Maharashtra, was part of the Maurya Empire.[3] From 187 BCE to 78 BCE, Chandrapur was part of the Shunga Empire which controlled much of central and eastern India.[4] The Satavahana Empire controlled Chandrapur from the 1st century BCE to the 2nd century CE.[5] The Vakataka dynasty ruled from the area from the mid 3rd century CE to 550 CE.[6] The Kalachuri dynasty ruled in the area in the 6th and 7th centuries CE.[7] The Rashtrakuta dynasty followed, controlling the Chandrapur region between the 7th and 10th centuries. The Chalukya dynasty ruled in the region to the 12th century CE.[8] The Seuna (Yadava) dynasty of Devagiri ruled a kingdom, including the Chandrapur area, in approximately 850 CE and continued until 1334 CE.[9]

The Gond people are part of the Adivasi (indigenous people) of India. In ancient times, the Gond diaspora spread throughout central India. After the passage many kings, who were largely subservient to other rulers, Khandkya Ballal (1470 – 1495) came to the throne. He founded Chandrapur and died there.[10] Gond rule was lost in 1751 to the Maratha period. The last ruler of the Maratha dynasty, Raghuji Bhonsle III died in 1853 without issue.

The Gond king, Khandkya, who founded Chandrapur, was covered in tumours. His wise and beautiful wife nursed him. She asked him to leave Sirpur and move to the north bank of the Wardha River. There, the king built a fort he named "Ballalpur". One day, while hunting north-west of Ballalpur, the king became thirsty and rode up to the dry bed of the Jharpat river in search of water. He discovered water trickling from a hole, and after drinking, washed his face, hands and feet. That night he slept soundly for the first time in his life.

On his return the queen was delighted to see that many of the tumours on her husband's body had disappeared. The king said it was the water that had cured him and took his wife to see the water hole. On clearing the grass and sand, they found five footprints of a cow in the solid rock, each filled with water. The water source at the spot was inexhaustible and considered holy. The place was called "Tirtha of Acalesvar of the Treta Yuga". When the king bathed in the water all the tumours on his body vanished. That night at the water hole, Acalesvar appeared to the king in a dream, and spoke comforting words. A temple was built over the water hole.

One morning, at the water hole, the king saw a hare darting out of a bush and chasing his dog. Eventually, the dog killed the hare. The king found a white spot on the forehead of the hare. The queen said it was a good omen and a fortified city should he built with its layout based on the chase of the dog and hare. She said the place where the hare was killed would be unlucky for the city. The king's officers, the "Tel Thakurs" built the fortified city. The city became Chandrapur.

In 1853, Chandrapur was annexed to British India. During the British colonial period the area of Chandrapur was called "Chanda district". By 1871, Anglican and Scottish Episcopal missionaries had arrived in the city.[11]

In 1874, three tehsils were created: Viz Mul, Warora and Bramhpuri. The upper Godavai district of Madras was abolished and four tehsils were added to Chandrapur to form one tehsil with Sironcha, approximately 150 km to the south, as its centre of governance. In 1895, the headquarters was transferred to Chandrapur. In 1905, a new tehsil with headquarters at Gadchiroli was created through the transfer of zamindari estates from Bramhpuri and Chandrapur tehsil. In 1907, a small area of land was transferred from Chandrapur to the newer districts and another area of about 1560 km2, comprising three divisions of the lower Sironcha tehsil (Cherla, Albak and Nugir) were transferred to Madras State. Between 1911 and 1955, no major changes occurred in the boundaries of the district or its tehsils.

In 1956, with the reorganization of Indian states, Chandrapur district was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state. In 1959, part of Adilabad district of Hyderabad state, was transferred to Chandrapur district. In May 1960, Chandrapur district became part of the Maharashtra state. Following the 1981 Census of India, Chandrapur district was divided into Chandrapur district and Gadchiroli district. This was for administrative convenience and industrial and agricultural development.


Chandrapur is located in central India in the eastern part of Maharashtra state at 19.57°N latitude and 79.18°E longitude. The nearest major city is Nagpur, 150 kilometres (93 mi) to the north. To the east is Gadchiroli district including the Gadchiroli forest reserve and the Sundarnagar range. To the south is the Wardha River with villages scattered along its banks. To the west of Chandrapur lies the Painganga river and the Maharashtra State Highway 6. Chandrapur is situated at 189.90 meters above the mean sea level.

Chandrapur lies at the confluence of the Erai and Zarpat rivers. The Erai river has a history of flooding. Flood marks are seen on the walls of the city. In the north of the city, a dam is constructed on the river Erai, having the capacity of 207 million cubic meters. The Gaontideo Nala originates from the uplands of the Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station. The Macchhi Nala originates from uplands of Central Forest Rangers College.

Chandrapur lies on terrain rich in coal. Chandrapur is called a "geological museum" as there is a large variety of rocks as well as commercially valuable minerals and fossils. Samples of such rocks are collected at the Suresh Chopane Rock Museum.[12]

The area of the city is about 70.02 km². The north-south length of the city is about 10.6 km, while the east-west length is about 7.6 km. The city slopes from the north to the south. The old city is surrounded by walls called parkots. The walls have four gates: Jatpura Gate, Anchaleshwar Gate, Pathanpura Gate and Binba Gate. There are also four khidki (windows): Bagad Khidki, Hanuman Khidki, Vithoba Khidki and Chor Khidki.


Chandrapur has a hot and dry climate. December is the coldest month, with a minimum average temperature of 9 °C and a maximum average temperature of 23.2 °C. May is the hottest month with a mean maximum temperature of 43 °C and a mean minimum temperature of 28.2 °C. On 2 June 2007, there was a highest recorded temperature of 49 °C. On January 1899, there was a lowest recorded temperature of 2.8 °C.

The monsoon season comes between June and September. Chandrapur's average annual rainfall is 1249.4 mm. The average number of rainy days is 59.2.[13]


Per the 2011 census of India, Chandrapur's population was 375,000. On 20 October 2011, Chandrapur municipal council was elevated to a D-grade municipal corporation.[15][16]


Marathi is spoken by majority of the people in Chandrapur. The native Gondi is spoken by most of the Gonds in Chandrapur. Telugu is spoken by many Telugu people in Chandrapur. People can also speak Hindi and English.

Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, the conference on Marathi literature, has been held twice in Chandrapur, in 1979 (Chair Vaman Krushna Chorghade) and in 2012 (Chair Vasant Aabaji Dahake).[17]

In 2016, the inaugural All India Gondi Religious Convention was convened by the Central Provinces and Berar Gondwana Samaj Sewa Samiti in Warora, 30 km north west of Chandrapur. The Chair was Virshah Krushnashah Atram, a descendant of Khandkya Ballal Sah and current titular Gond king of Chandrapur.


71.84 percent of people in Chandrapur are Hindu. 15.64 percent are Buddhist. 10.07 percent are Muslims; 0.94 percent are Christians; 0.54 percent follow Jainism; and 0.44 percent are Sikhs. 0.47 percent follow other religions and 0.05 percent identify with no particular religion.[18]

Places to visit

Mahakali mandir
Mahakali chandrapur
Sleeping goddess at Mahakali temple in Chandrapur
Mahakali temple
Mahakali temple

Mahakali mandir (temple) is an often frequented temple in Chandrapur. Tuesdays are a particularly significant day to visit. Within the mandir there is a small Ganesh temple and a Hanuman temple. At the two temple entrances, there are small shops for puja (worship) supplies such as coconut, flowers and cloth. Items for home décor and puja décor are sold near the temple. Near the rear entrance there is a Shani temple.

Within the mandir are two murtis (idols). One associated with Shiv Ling is a standing idol decorated with red, yellow and orange cloths. The other is in a reclining position below the ground level, and devotees must walk in a tunnel to reach it. Inside the temple, a priest is present to assist visitors with puja and offerings. A trust administers the temple. Dharmashalas provide accommodation for pilgrims. The annual yatra (fair) takes place in April, entertaining the followers of Mahakali and the citizens of Chandrapur.

Anchaleshwar mandir

The Anchaleshwar mandir celebrates a form of the Lord Siva. It is situated near the Anchaleshwar Gate on the banks of the Zarpat river. The official samadhi (mausoleum) of the Gond kings is located within the temple complex.

Anchaleshwar temple
Anchaleshwar temple
Deeksha Bhoomi

On 16 October 1956, B. R. Ambedkar (Babasaheb) gave the deeksha (the embracing of Buddhism) to many followers at a place near Chandrapur since known as Deekshabhoomi. Ambedkar chose only Nagpur and Chandrapur for the conversion of the people to Buddhism. Rajabhau Khobragade, a barrister established the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar College of Arts, Commerce and Science on the Deeksha Bhoomi premises. A transplanted branch of the Bodhi Tree (a sacred fig from Bodh Gaya) is growing at the Deekshabhoomi. On 15 and 16 October, there is an annual pilgrimage of followers and monks to Deekshabhoomi for the Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Din.

Tadoba National Tiger Reserve
Tiger at Tadoba
Tiger at Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

The Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is located approximately 30 km north of Chandrapur near the Erai dam. This park was included in the project tiger since 1/4/1973. The total area of the Tiger reserve is 625.40 sq km.There are many hotels and resorts near Moharli gate, Zari gate and Navegaon gate available for the tourists. The guided tours inside the park are available during early morning and evening time only. [19].

Chandrapur Fort

This fort is centrally located in the city. The fort has strong walls 15-20 feet high around the city. The fort is divided into Jatpura on the north side and Vinba or Ghod-maidan on west side, Pathanpura on south side and Anchaleshwar or Mahakali on the east-side.The fort has five small entrances [20].

Chandrapur fort
Anchaleshwar gate of the fort
Ballarpur fort

This fort is located in Ballarpur town 16km from Chandrapur. The fort is situated on the eastern banks of Wardha river. The fort walls are intact, but other old buildings are in ruins.


Chandrapur lies on major state highways MH MSH 6, MH MSH 9 and state highways MH SH 233, MH SH 243 and MH SH 264. Chandrapur is connected to many cities in Maharashtra by the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation bus service.

Chandrapur railway station is managed by the Nagpur CR railway division of the Central Railway. Chandrapur lies on the New Delhi to Chennai line. The Chanda Fort railway station is managed by the Nagpur SEC railway division. It lies on the Bangalore to Gorakhpur line.

Chandrapur Airport, operated by the Maharashtra Airport Development Company, is situated near Morwa village on MH SH 264, about 12 km from the city. The airstrip is 950 m in length. Development of the airport is limited by surrounding obstructions, particularly the thermal power plant.[21] The nearest airport with scheduled flights is the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport in Nagpur.


Chandrapur is a centre for coal mining. In 2012, there were 27 coal mines around Chandrapur.[22]

Other industries include cement making, paper manufacturing, and ferro alloy manufacturing.

Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station

The Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station, a 3,340 MW power station complex which is owned by the Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited, occupies an area of 12,212 hectares (122.12 km2) about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the city. It employs approximately 3,460 people and supplies more than 25 percent of the state's electricity. A masonry dam on the Erai river, 15 km from the station provide water to the station and to Chandrapur. On 16 January 1977, the station's foundation stone was laid by the Central Energy Minister, K. C. Pant.


The Karmavir Dadasaheb Kannamwar High School (previously known as the Zilha Parishad Jubilee High School) was established in 1906. The Lokmanya Tilak Vidyalaya was founded in 1932 by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. The Chanda Sikshan Prasarak Mandal is a large educational institution with a number of campuses in Chandrapur.

Chandrapur has a government medical college and a government engineering college. The city's colleges (apart from the medical school) are affiliated with Gondwana University.

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ Deogaonkar, Shashishekhar. The Gonds of Vidarbha. Concept Publishing Company, 2007. p. 37. ISBN 978-8180694745.
  2. ^ Miksic, John (2003). Earthenware in Southeast Asia: Proceedings of the Singapore Symposium. NUS Press. ISBN 9971692716.
  3. ^ Meyer, William (1966). Chandragupta Maurya and his times. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 9788120804050.
  4. ^ Thapar, Romila (2004). Early India. Los Angeles: University of California press. p. 2010. ISBN 9780520242258.
  5. ^ Dutt, Sukumar (1988). Buddhist Monks and Monasteries. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 123. ISBN 9788120804982.
  6. ^ Majumdar R.C. Vakataka - Gupta Age Circa 200-550 A.D. Motilal Banarsidass 1986. p. 123
  7. ^ Mirashi, V. V.; Navlekar, N. R. Kalidasa: Date, Life And Works. Popular Prakashan. p. 22. ISBN 9788171544684.
  8. ^ Ramesh, K. V. (1984). Chalukyas of Vatapi. Agam Kala Prakashan. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  9. ^ Sen, S. N. (1999). Ancient Indian History and Civilisation. New Age International. p. 403. ISBN 9788122411980.
  10. ^ "Kingdoms of South Asia". The History Files. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  11. ^ Strong, Rowan (2002). Episcopalianism in Nineteenth-Century Scotland. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 31. ISBN 9780199249220.
  12. ^ Hussain. Geography of India for Civil Ser Exam. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. ISBN 9780070667723.
  13. ^ a b "Ever Recorded Maximum Temperature, Minimum Temperature and 24 Hours Heaviest Rainfall upto 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2013.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  14. ^ "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1971–2000 data". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  15. ^ Chandrapur is now municipal corporation with the population of 3.73 Lakh - TOI NEWS Article, 21 October 2011
  16. ^ EC to declare reservation of CMC wards - TOI NEWS Article, 26 Jan 2012
  17. ^ Marathi literary congregation concludes in Chandrapur.
  18. ^ Chandrapur Religion 2011
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^ "MADC projects". Archived from the original on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  22. ^ Hiro, Dilip (2015). The Age of Aspiration: Power, Wealth, and Conflict in Globalizing India. New Press. p. 182. ISBN 9781620971413.

External links

Balharshah Junction railway station

Balharshah junction railway station is located in Ballarpur city in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.

Chandrapur, Bardhaman

Chandrapur is a village in Katwa I CD block in Katwa subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Chandrapur, Birbhum

Chandrapur is a village and gram panchayat in Rajnagar CD Block in Suri Sadar subdivision of Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Chandrapur, West Bengal

Chandrapur is a census town in Barasat I CD Block in Barasat Sadar subdivision in North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.

Chandrapur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Chandrapur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India. This constituency is spread over Chandrapur and Yavatmal districts.chandrapur

Chandrapur Airport

Chandrapur Airport (ICAO: VA1B) is located at Morwa, 9 km north-west of Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India. The airstrip was constructed in 1967 by the Public Works Department and is spread over 22 hectares. Neither navigational aids nor night landing facilities are available on the airstrip.

Chandrapur College

Chandrapur College, established in 1986, is a general degree college in Chandrapur in Purba Bardhaman district. It offers undergraduate courses in arts, science and commerce. It is affiliated to University of Burdwan.

Chandrapur Municipality

Chandrapur Municipality other names Chandranigahapur locally known as Chapur is a Municipality in Rautahat District in the Narayani Zone in Province No. 2 of southern Nepal. The municipality was established on 18 May 2014 by merging Chandranigahapur, Judibela, Paurai, Santpur Matioun, Dumariya Matioun VDCs.At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 13,456 people living in 2465 individual households.

Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station

Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station (often abbreviated as CSTPS) is a thermal power plant located in Chandrapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The power plant is one of the coal based power plants of MAHAGENCO. The coal for the power plant is sourced from Durgapur and Padmapur Collieries of Western Coalfields Limited. The plant was officially inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 8 October 1984.With the total capacity of 3340MW, the plant is largest power plant in the Maharashtra. It accounts for more than 25% of total Maharashtra needs. The plant gets water supply from Erai Dam when in normal conditions. In the summer of 2010 due to less water in Erai, the plant also got water supply from Chargaon Dam.

Chandrapur district

Chandrapur district is a district in the Nagpur Division in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The district was formerly known as Chanda District, but was renamed in 1964. Chandrapur was the largest district in India until the Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils were split into separate districts. In 2011, the district population was 2,204,307.Chandrapur district is known for its super thermal power station, and its vast reserves of coal in Wardha Valley Coalfield. Chandrapur also has large reservoirs of limestone which is a raw material for cement manufacturing in the district.

Tadoba National Park near Chandrapur city is one of India's twenty-eight Project Tiger reserves. The 2015 census of tigers found that 120 of Maharashtra's 170 tigers were located in Chandrapur district.

Dhariwal Power Station

Dhariwal Power Station or CESC Chandrapur Thermal Power Station is a coal-based thermal power plant located at near Tadali town in Chandrapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The power plant is operated by Dhariwal Infrastructure Limited a subsidiary of CESC Limited.

Gadchiroli district

Gadchiroli district is an administrative district in Maharashtra, India. The town of Gadchiroli is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Gadchiroli district is situated in the southeastern corner of Maharashtra, and is bounded by Chandrapur district to the west, Gondia district to the north, Chhattisgarh state to the east, and Telangana state to the south and southwest. Gadchiroli district was created on 26 August 1982 by the separation of Gadchiroli and Sironcha tehsils (administrative divisions) from Chandrapur district. As of 2011 it is the second-least-populous district of Maharashtra (out of 39), after Sindhudurg.The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

List of constituencies of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly

The present Indian state of Maharashtra came into existence on 1 May 1960. The number of constituencies of the first Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha, the lower house of the Maharashtra state legislature in 1960 was 264. 33 constituencies were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes and 14 were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes. The number of constituencies of the third Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (1967–72) was raised to 270, out of which 15 constituencies were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes and 16 were reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes.

Mohan Bhagwat

Mohan Bhagwat (born 11 September 1950) is the Sarsanghchalak (Chief) of the Hindutva nationalist organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) based in India. He was chosen as the successor to K. S. Sudarshan in March 2009.

Painganga River

The Painganga River is the chief river of the Buldhana district, Hingoli district, Nanded district, Yavatmal district, Chandrapur district and Washim district in the Maharashtra state in India and flows along the south east boundaries of the district in a winding, meandering course. It is deeply entrenched and not able to be navigated. It rises in the Ajantha range and is a major tributary of the Wardha River, the other major river in the district. It is also divided Marathwada and Vidarbha near Umarkhed city.

There's a small railway station named after the river in Washim district.

Prakash Amte

Prakash Baba Amte is a social worker from Maharashtra, India. Amte and his wife, Mandakini Amte, were awarded the Magsaysay Award for 'Community Leadership' in 2008 for their philanthropic work in the form of the Lok Biradari Prakalp amongst the Madia Gonds in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra and the neighbouring states of Telangana and Madhya Pradesh.

Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is located in Chandrapur district, Maharashtra state, India. It is Maharashtra's oldest and largest national park. Created in 1995, the area of the Reserve is 625.40 square kilometres (241.47 sq mi). This includes Tadoba National Park, created in 1955 with an area of 116.55 square kilometres (45.00 sq mi) and Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary created in 1986 with an area of 508.85 square kilometres (196.47 sq mi). The Reserve is constituted with 577.96 square kilometres (223.15 sq mi) of reserve forest and 32.51 square kilometres (12.55 sq mi) of protected forest.

Wardha Valley Coalfield

Wardha Valley Coalfield is located mainly in Chandrapur district in the Vidarbha region of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Wardha Warora Power Plant

Sai Wardha Power Plant is a coal-based thermal power plant located near Warora city in Chandrapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The power plant is operated by the KSK Energy Ventures.

The coal for the plant is sourced from Western Coalfields Limited (WCL). The Engineering, procurement and construction contract (EPCC) is given to Sichuan Electric Design Company of People's Republic of China.

Climate data for Chandrapur (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.8
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
Record low °C (°F) 2.8
Average rainfall mm (inches) 12.7
Average precipitation days 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.5 8.9 15.2 15.0 9.0 3.8 1.0 0.6 59.2
Source: India Meteorological Department[14][13]
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