Chandiya

Chandiya or Chandia is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Village is located 21 km from nearest town Anjar.

Chandiya

Chandia
village
Chandiya is located in Gujarat
Chandiya
Chandiya
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°05′18″N 69°50′47″E / 23.088338°N 69.846525°ECoordinates: 23°05′18″N 69°50′47″E / 23.088338°N 69.846525°E
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictKachchh
PanchayatGram Panchayat
Elevation
27 m (89 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
370130
Telephone code02836
Vehicle registrationGJ-12
Sex ratio0.894 /
Distance from Bhuj60 kilometres (37 mi)
Distance from Ahmedabad350 kilometres (220 mi)

History

Many castes and religious groups live in Chandiya, such as Sorathiya, Jadeja — Kshatriya, Jains, Brahmins, Ahir-Machhuya, Mistry Gurjar Kshatriya, Luhar, Muslims, etc. About the history of Chandiya, it is one of the 19 villages established by Mistris or Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas. These Mistris first moved into Saurashtra in early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in 12th Century & established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from 12th century onwards they moved to settle themselves between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Ratnal, Jambudi, Devaliya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia.[1][2][3][4][5]

The old houses, temples and other old infrastructure was built by these Gurjar Kshatriya or Mistri community during those years. The Thakor Mandir and Jadeshwar Mahadev Temple built by Mistri are in the village of which the carvings and colors of Thakor Mandir are worth seeing. However, majority of old houses of Mistris with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Notable persons

Some of the Mistris did major railway contracts during 1860-1940 in British India. Among them Vishram Karman Chawda a noted railway contractor has also built Docks of Mundra Port and bridge over Rukhmavati in 1883. This bridge built by him in Mundra over Rukmavati is one of the longest surviving such structures at present in India.[6][7][8][9][10]

Temples

Kuldevi Temples of many clans of these Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya community are also there in this village. For example, Chawda of five Villages Chandiya, Lovariya, Madhapar, Sinugra and Galpadar have their Kuldevi Chamunda Mata's temple in village. A new large temple replacing old has been recently constructed and inaugurated on eve of Dusherra in October, 2010.

Besides, Thakore Mandir and Jadeshwar Mahadev temple of Chandiya built by Mistris of village in 1900 are worth seeing for their beautiful carvings and colors.

Education

Education facility is up to Secondary school.

Preceded by
Unknown
Village Sarpanch
1991 – 2003
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Unknown
Village Talati
2003 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Unknown
Village Aanganvadiben
2003 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

References

  1. ^ "Kutch Gujar Kshatriyas, History & names of their 18 villages". Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
  2. ^ "Press Report after earthquake Giving details of Villages, Art & Skills of Mistris of Kutch". Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
  3. ^ "Press Report on Houses, History of Mistiris of Kutch". Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
  4. ^ "Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas". Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  5. ^ Gurjar Kshatriyas, also known as Mistris, came to Kutch from Rajasthan. They are skilled in building construction. They first established themselves at Dhaneti and were granted 18 villages by the rulers of Kutch. They are famous designers and developers of buildings and bridges
  6. ^ Ratna Bhagat ni Chopdi-IInd Edition:1932:Article by K.V.Chavda
  7. ^ Diary of Golden Days at Jharia — A Memoir & History of Gurjar Kashtriya Samaj of Kutch in Coalfields of Jharia — written by Natwarlal Devram Jethwa of Calcutta/Sinugra compiled by Raja Pawan Jethwa (in English) in 1998.
  8. ^ Nanji Bapa ni Nondh-pothi published in Gujarati in year 1999 from Vadodara.It is a diary of Railway Contracts done by KGK community noted by Nanji Govindji Tank of Hajapar/Jamshedpur, compiled by Dharsibhai Jethalal Tank of Nagalpar/Tatanagar. This book was given Aank Sidhhi award by Kutch Shakti at Mumbai in year 2000.Railway Contractors from Chandia
  9. ^ Ratna Bhagat Ni Chopdi :1930
  10. ^ Kadia Kshatriya Abhudaya:1897
Anoja Weerasinghe

Kalasuri Anoja Weerasinghe (Sinhala:අනොජා වීරසිංහ) is an award-winning Sri Lankan film actress.

Chandia

Chandia may refer to

Chandia, Madhya Pradesh

Chandiya, a village in Kutch, India

Chandiya (film), a 1965 Sri Lankan action movie

Ali Asad Chandia (born 1976), Pakistani-born teacher convicted of terrorism in the United States

Carlos Chandía (born 1964), Chilean football referee

Juan Chandía (1892–1964), Chilean politician

Chandiya (film)

Chandiya is a 1965 Sri Lankan action movie directed by Titus Thotawatte. In the country, it was the first of its genre to not borrow from Indian cinema.

D. R. Nanayakkara

Don Ruter Nanayakkara (15 March 1915 – 4 January 1989) was a Sri Lankan actor of Sri Lankan and British drama. Playing lanky villains and comedic characters, Nanayakkara gained popularity in movies like Rekava, Kurulu Bedda and Sikuru Tharuwa.

Dilhani Ekanayake

Dilhani Ashokamala Ekanayake (Sinhala: දිල්හානි ඒකනායක; born 04 March 1970) is an award-winning Sri Lankan Film Actress.As the Sinhala film industry has slumped due to stiff competition from Bollywood and a resurgence of teledramas, Ekanayake is one of the few actors working to keep Sinhala cinema afloat.

Gamini Fonseka

Sembuge Gamini Shelton Fonseka (Sinhala:සෙම්බුගේ ගාමිනි ශෙල්ටන් ෆොන්සේකා) (born 21 March 1936, died 30 September 2004) was a Sri Lankan film actor, film director and politician. He is widely regarded as the King of Sri Lankan cinema history and first Crowned King out of three (Joe Abeywickrama and Tony Ranasinghe are others) to die.Fonseka was born on 21 March 1936 in Dehiwela the third child of William and Daisy Fonseka. Starting school at a Presbyterian institution, Gamini moved on to S. Thomas' College, Mt. Lavinia. As a youngster, he gained repute for imitating administrative figures at school. Gamini also prospered in the study of the Sinhala language and literature (under the guidance of Mr D.S. Jayasekera who is also reputed to have introduced him to acting in stage plays) and placed in the upper fourth for a Sinhala literature prize. The award for this achievement was presented to him by S. Thomas' graduate and Sri Lankan Prime Minister D. S. Senanayake. Gamini was also an accomplished cricket player. Gamini Fonseka married his longtime girlfriend Dorothy Margaret Valencia also known as Tina in 1962 and had four children Chamila, Thanuja, Dammith and Ishara. Many years later he also fathered Kaushalya and Poornima. He remained married to Tina until his death in September 2004.

J. A. Milton Perera

J. A. Milton Perera (1938– October 24, 1991) was a leading playback singer of Sri Lankan cinema during the 1960s and 1970s.

Milton was born on May 5, 1938 the son of J. A. Edwin Perera, also known as Tabla Podi Appuhamy, an accomplished tabla player. Inspired by his father, Milton became proficient on the tabla at a young age.

In 1940, Milton sang his first song for Radio Ceylon, "Alehi Bendi Jeewitha". It was written by Aloy Gunawardena around a Mohamed Sally melody. He subsequently had several popular songs on the radio, "Podi Kale Api Denna," "Oba Wewa Wewa Pahana Mage", "Sikuru liya Komala liya" and "Kalyaniye."

Milton debut to playback singing came with a song on Kurulu Bedda (1961). In his 30 year career in the field, he provided his voice to actors like Gamini Fonseka, Joe Abeywickrama, Tony Ranasinghe, Vijaya Kumaratunga, Ananda Jayaratne, D. R. Nanayakkara, Anthony C. Perera and Stanley Perera in such films as Adata Wediya Heta Hondai, Dheewarayo, Yatagiya Dawasa, Allapu Gedara, Bicycle Hora, Daru Duka, Sarawita, Ataweni Pudumaya, Chandiya and Deiyange Theenduwa.

Milton was married to Kalyani Perera, who had been an actress. Their wedding was celebrated on 26 September 1969. They had four sons - Priyankara Perera, Chalaka Chamupathi, Arosha Asanga and Pamoda Piyushan. Milton died on October 24, 1991. In memory of Milton, Priyankara Perera and Chalaka Chamupathi Perera continue to perform J.A Milton Perera's songs.

Eldest son Priyankara Perera is married to renowned actress Dilhani Ekanayake and they have one son Dilmin Perera.His second son Chalaka Chamupathi Perera is married to Padmi Ranasinghe, and they have one daughter Anjana Dasuni Perera and one son Chmath Chamupathi Perera.

Jeewan Kumaranatunga

Jeewan Kumaranatunga (born 7 November 1958) is a Sri Lankan film actor who later became a politician, a former member of the parliament and a former cabinet minister. He is a close relative of former President Chandrika Kumaratunga and the nephew of actor and politician Vijaya Kumaratunga.

Kumbharia

Kumbharia or Kumbhariya is a village in Anjar Taluka of Kutch District of Gujarat State of India. It is situated at a distance of 14 km from Anjar town, the taluka headquarters.

Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas contributions to the Indian railways

The Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas (KGK) contributions to the Indian railways were widespread from the late 1850s to the latest reorganization of the Indian Railways infrastructure in 2003–2006. The community also widely known as Mistris of Kutch (or Mistry) migrated from Kutch to perform the work and were involved in the laying down of railway tracks and construction of rail bridges in almost all railway routes of undivided British India.

List of Sri Lankan films of the 1990s

Films produced in Sri Lanka in the 1990s.

Mandvi

Mandvi is a town with municipality in the Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It was once a major port of the region and summer retreat for Maharao (king) of the Cutch State. The old city was enclosed in the fort wall and remains of the fort wall can still be seen. The city has a four-hundred-year-old ship building industry, which was started by the caste of Kharva that still builds small wooden ships.

Meghpar, Anjar

Meghpar is a village in Anjar Taluka in Kutch District of Gujarat of India. It is located on Anjar to Galpadar Road. About the history of Meghpar it is one of the 18 villages founded by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas or Mistris of Kutch. It is located at a distance of about 4 km from Taluka Headquarters Anjar. The famous Malkeshwar Mahadev Temple is located nearby. It is also known as Meghpar-Borichi.

These Mistris first moved into Saurashtra in early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in 12th Century & established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from 12th century onwards they moved between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Ratnal, Jambudi, Devariya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia.These group of warriors were also talented architects and have contributed in erection of most of the historical architect of Kutch The Mistris of these villages have built and developed the infrastructure, temples, community halls around the villages till late 19th century. Many members of Mistri community migrated out of village during the years 1850 to 1940, the early years of laying of Railway lines in British India and have now settled in various parts of India and East Africa. However, majority of old houses of Mistris with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

R. Muttusamy

Ramaya Muttusamy (January 5, 1926 – June 27, 1988) was a prolific Sri Lankan music director and singer. He handled the music for most of K. Gunaratnam's productions.

Muttusamy was born on January 5, 1926, in Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu, India, the only son of virtuoso musician Ramaya Baghwather. At a young age, Muttusamy was introduced to the violin and mastered the instrument by the age of ten.Muttusamy worked as the Assistant Music Director on the first Sinhalese film Kadawunu Poronduwa in 1941 under the tutelage of R. Narayana Iyer. He subsequently travelled to Sri Lanka and found work there as a member of the state-run Radio Ceylon's Tamil Orchestra (October 20, 1952) and then with the Sundera Murugan Studio in Kandana built by producer Nayagam (1953).Enlisted by successful producer K. Gunaratnam, Muttusamy handled his first lead music direction for the 1953 Sinhalese film Prema Tharangaya. In the film he directed the Sinhalese playback singers Dharmadasa and Latha Walpola on what would be their debut as well. Subsequently he oversaw the direction for over 225 films including Ahankara Sthree (1953), Mathalang (1955), Sandesaya (1961), Allapu Gedera and Chandiya (1965) working with playback singers like the Walpolas, Mohideen Baig, J. A. Milton Perera, H. R. Jothipala, Angeline Gunatillake, Sujatha Attanayake, G. S. B. Rani Perera and Narada Disasekara.Muttusamy was awarded an honorary Sri Lankan citizenship in June 1956 by prime minister Sir John Kotelawala. He rejoined Radio Ceylon in 1958 and served with the organization until 1981.Muttusamy married the Sinhalese B. D. E. Neeliya Perera on October 7, 1961, and had four children, Mohanraj, Chitrangi, Prasanna Vadhani and Keerthika. Mohanraj would follow in his father's footsteps pursuing a career in music. Muttusamy died on June 27, 1988.

Robin Fernando

Robin Fernando, (born in June 15, 1937 as රොබින් ප්‍රනාන්දු) [Sinhala]) is an award-winning Sri Lankan cinema actor and former stunt coordinator. He started his career in the 1965 film Chandiya, and rose to prominence in with many lead roles and negative roles.

Sabeetha Perera

Warnakulasuriya Uswattha Liyanage Sabeetha Janaki Perera, popularly as Sabeetha Perera (born in December 1, 1962) is an award winning Sri Lankan film actress, mainly works in Sinhala Cinema.She has received a number of awards for her acting, including the Sarasaviya, OCIC, Presidential and the Swarna Shanka.

Shivani Vasagam Wedanayake

Shivani Vasagam Wedanayake (born 25 February 1971) is a Sri Lankan model, beauty queen and entrepreneur.

Wedanayake (née Vasagam) is the daughter of the acclaimed cinematographer A. V. M. Vasagam whose films Shri 293, Chandiya, Dupathega Putha, Dheewarayo and Vaadai Kaatru were box office hits in the 1960s. His early education in cinematography was at the University of Mysoor, Karnataka, India and he was given a scholarship by the French government to study film direction in the 1960s. Wedanayake forayed into the fashion and beauty industry encouraged by her father to follow the tradition in the entertainment and field of arts. She is also a published poet with the National Library of North American poets.

Sriyani Amarasena

Kalasuri Sriyani Amarasena is a Sri Lankan film actress and producer. Sriyani has appeared in several Lester James Peries' movies including Golu Hadawatha, Desa Nisa and Ahasin Polawata.She has acted in more than 50 Sinhala films. In 1993, she was awarded the Sarasaviya award for the film Kalugewa. She is married to former journalist Arthur U. Amarasena.

Sunil Hettiarachchi

Sunil Edmund Hettiarachchi (8 April 1937 – 3 December 2015) was a well-known Sri Lankan comedian and character actor known for his bald appearance with a full beard and skinny frame.

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