Champlain, Quebec

Champlain is a municipality, located in Les Chenaux Regional County Municipality and the administrative region the Mauricie, in the province of Quebec, Canada. Located on the north shore of St. Lawrence River, Champlain is also part of the metropolitan area of Trois-Rivières.

Champlain is part of "The Most Beautiful Villages of Quebec Association".

Champlain
Champlain(Quebec)
Motto(s): 
Fidèle, Tenace et Fier
("Faithful, Tough and Proud")
Location within Les Chenaux RCM.
Location within Les Chenaux RCM.
Champlain is located in Central Quebec
Champlain
Champlain
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°27′N 72°21′W / 46.450°N 72.350°WCoordinates: 46°27′N 72°21′W / 46.450°N 72.350°W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMauricie
RCMLes Chenaux
ConstitutedDecember 11, 1982
Government
 • MayorRaymond Beaudry
 • Federal ridingSaint-Maurice—Champlain
 • Prov. ridingChamplain
Area
 • Total78.70 km2 (30.39 sq mi)
 • Land58.59 km2 (22.62 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[3]
 • Total1,664
 • Density28.4/km2 (74/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Increase 6.3%
 • Dwellings
861
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways
A-40

Route 138
Route 359
Websitewww.municipalite.
champlain.qc.ca

Toponymy

In 1632, Samuel de Champlain, founder of the New France, gave his name to the Champlain River.[4] Champlain's name was then given to the lordship by the Lord Étienne Pézard de la Touche, then to the parish, to the Quebec County (1829), to the municipality (1845) and to the Federal County (1867).

The lease of the lordship, April 8, 1664, does not give a name to the manor granted to Étienne Pézard de la Touche. The act refers only to the amount of land granted extends "from the Champlain River in the amount of said river to said Trois-Rivières". From 1668, the documents relating to the residents of Champlain mention they live in "La Touche-Champlain" or simply "Champlain" from 1669.[5] In 1684, the place is well known as Champlain Bishop of Laval, finally giving the official titles of the parish for twenty years after its foundation, writes: "the place commonly called Champlain".[6] As for the Lord, it was called La Touche-Champlain already in 1680 or "Pézard Champlain" already in 1693 or Pézard Latouche-Champlain already in 1702.[7]

The Commission de toponymie du Québec reports have noted a "popular version" wanting that Samuel de Champlain has given its name because, "amazed by the beauty of the place, [he] would have exclaimed: "What a beautiful field", from the Latin campus planus, flat field." [8] Although friendly, this version is confirmed by any written source up to now...

History

The territory of the Champlain municipality lies on the "fief Marsolet" (Marsolet stronghold) and "fief de l'Arbre-à-la-Croix" (stronghold of the tree to the Cross), both granted on April 5, 1644, and the lordship of Champlain, conceded on August 8, 1664.

The first occupants of Champlain[9] settled in 1664 or 1665. There have been a first attempt to land granted August 16, 1643, but the distance and the Iroquois threat discouraged initiators. In 1664 or 1665, the first settlers to establish on the side of the lordship of Champlain. The following year (1666) will begin on concessions stronghold Hertel and in 1667 the fief Marsolet.[10] Some of the first families come from Trois-Rivières, in the case of those of Antoine Desrosiers, François Chorel and Pierre Dandonneau. [11]

  • 5: Concession Marsolet stronghold and stronghold of the "fief de l'Arbre-à-la-Croix" (tree to the Cross).
  • 8 Grant of the manor of Champlain. This date is considered the founding of the town of Champlain, the eighth oldest town of New France.
  • 1664: Construction of Fort La Touche-Champlain.
  • Years 1830-1850: Emergence of the present village in the center of the town. In 1860, there are 20 locations in the village. In 1933, there were 150.
  • 1855 Constitution of the parish municipality of La Visitation de Champlain in the first municipal boundaries of Quebec.
  • 1879: Construction of the present church
  • 1882: Construction of the present monastery
  • 1886: The streets Sainte-Anne and Saint-Joseph are authenticated by the municipal council.
  • 1917: The parish municipality of La Visitation de Champlain stands La Visitation-de-Champlain.
  • 11: Fusion of La Visitation de Champlain and Champlain to create the municipality Champlain. The municipality of the parish was established in 1845 and that of the village in 1917.
  • 10: Pope John Paul II, we train on the territory of the municipality of Champlain, en route from Quebec City to Trois-Rivières.
  • 7: The council passed a resolution formalizing the gentile Champlainois-C

hamplainoise to designate the inhabitants of Champlain.

  • 13: Discovery of the first asteroid from the Astronomical Observatory Champlain. He wears the number 157329 and was provisionally named 2004 TM16.
  • 24: Discovery of a second asteroid from the Astronomical Observatory Champlain. He wears the number 161815 and the temporary name of 2006 WK30.

Originally, the city was part of the County of Champlain, then in 1982 it was incorporated into the regional county municipality (RCM) Francheville. The MRC is abolished in 2002 and Champlain joined the MRC Chenaux.

Demographics

Population trend:[12]

  • Population in 2011: 1664 (2006 to 2011 population change: 6.3%)
  • Population in 2006: 1566
  • Population in 2001: 1623
  • Population in 1996: 1608
  • Population in 1991: 1610

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 766 (total dwellings: 861)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0.7%
  • French as first language: 97.9%
  • English and French as first language: 0.7%
  • Other as first language: 0.7%
Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation Champlain
Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation Church

Population

Historical population of Champlain, Quebec
Year1681168317601765185118611871188118911901191119211931194119511961197120062011
Population294[13]285[14]216[15]228[16]1923[17]2177160116681523153916001517[18]1493146014011516151015831664

[19]

References

  1. ^ Reference number 133609 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 37220 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2437220) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  4. ^ no_seq = 133609 Toponymy: Champlain
  5. ^ According to the titles of acts in Parchment bank.
  6. ^ Eddy Hamelin. Parish Champlain, Trois-Rivières, Public Good, 1933, p. 16
  7. ^ Following acts of baptisms, marriages and burials identified by the program team research in historical demography (PRDH) of the University of Montreal. Celebrants write Pesard but Cour-Cheverny, birthplace of Lord's name is written Pézard see Ghislaine Le Mauff, Daniel Guérin and Alan Larson, "Pézard Étienne de la Touche, de Champlain", Pioneers originating Loir-et-Cher established in Canada, [online], Genealogical Society of Loir-et-Cher http://hometown.aol.com/ghislmf / canada / Pezard / index.html (accessed 7 February 2004).
  8. ^ Bank Topos Dictionary and the names and locations of Quebec. In the History Champlain, Volume 1, p. 24, the author writes: "Derived from Campus planus, flat field [name] is admirably suited to the locality. "He does not say whether Champlain. Itself which is exclaimed "What a beautiful field"
  9. ^ On the first land on the side of the manor of Champlain, see the book by Jean-Pierre Chartier, La Grande distribution de terres de 1665, Le fief et seigneurie Latouche-Champlain (The Great concession of land in 1665, the fief and seigniory Latouche-Champlain), Montreal, History of Quebec, 2009.
  10. ^ If you believe Marcel Trudel,Le terrier du Saint-Laurent en 1674" (The terrier of St. Lawrence river in 1674), Volume 1, Montreal, Meridian, 1998, p. 381-402.
  11. ^ Archange Godbout,Les pionniers de la région trifluvienne (Pioneers of Trois-Rivières area), Trois-Rivières, Édition du Bien public, 1934, p.
  12. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  13. ^ Histoire de Champlain (History of Champlain), tome 1, Trois-Rivières, Edition of Bien Public, 1915, page 160. The Lordship of Champlain counts 253 persons, le "fief Hertel" 25 and "les Prairies Marsolet" 16.
  14. ^ H. Têtu et C.O. Gagnon. «Plan général de l'état présent des missions du Canada fait en l'année 1683» (General plan of the present state of Canada's missions in the year 1683), Mandements, lettres pastorales et circulaires des évêques de Québec ( Mandements, pastoral letters and circulars of the bishops of Quebec), vol. 1, Québec, Imprimerie générale A. Côté et cie, 1887, pages 122-124. The "fief Hertel" is not mentioned.
  15. ^ Rapport de l'Archiviste de la province de Québec (Report of the Archivist of the Province of Quebec), 1946-1947, pages 5-53 et Rapport sur les archives du Canada (Report on Archives of Canada), 1918, app. B, pages 158-189
  16. ^ Rapport de l'archiviste de la province de Québec (Report of the Archivist of the Province of Quebec), 1936-1937, pages 1-121
  17. ^ Data from 1851-1971 are from Les populations municipales et paroissiales de la Mauricie, Dossier statistique : 1850-1971 (The municipal and parish populations Mauricie Statistical Dossier: 1850-1971), publication of the Research Group on the Mauricie, University of Quebec at Trois-Rivières, 1981, cahier no 3.
  18. ^ For each year from 1921 to 1981, the number reported here is the addition of the population of the parish municipality and the municipality of the village.
  19. ^ Template:Lien Web

External links

Catherine Jérémie

Catherine Jérémie (1664-1744), was a French midwife and botanist.

Champlain (Lower Canada)

The district of Champlain was established in 1829, under the regime of the Constitutional Act of 1791. It was located in the current Mauricie area and was located northeast of the district of Saint-Maurice on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River.Champlain was represented simultaneously by two Members at the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada.

Champlain (Province of Canada)

Under the Union regime (1841-1867), the district of Champlain was re-established. It was located in the current Mauricie area and was located northeast of the district of Saint-Maurice on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River.Champlain was represented by one Member at the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada.

Champlain (electoral district)

Champlain was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 2004.

It was created in 1867 as part of the British North America Act, 1867. It was abolished in 2003 when it was redistributed into the districts of Saint-Maurice—Champlain and Trois-Rivières.

Champlain (provincial electoral district)

Champlain is a provincial electoral riding in the Mauricie region of Quebec, Canada, which elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec. It includes the municipalities of Saint-Stanislas, Saint-Narcisse and Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade and the eastern portions of the city of Trois-Rivières. Its boundaries have remained the same since the 1973 election. However, the boundaries will change for the 2018 election as it will be gaining Hérouxville, Lac-aux-Sables, Notre-Dame-de-Montauban, Saint-Adelphe, Sainte-Thècle, Saint-Séverin and Saint-Tite from Laviolette.

It is named after the founder of Quebec City in 1608, Samuel de Champlain.

It was created for the 1867 election, and an electoral district of that name existed even earlier: see Champlain (Lower Canada) and Champlain (Province of Canada).

In the April 14, 2003 election there was a tie between PQ candidate Noëlla Champagne and Liberal candidate Pierre-A. Brouillette; although the initial tally was 11,867 to 11,859, a judicial recount produced a tally of 11,852 each. A new election was held on May 20 and was won by Champagne by a margin of 642 votes.

Frédéric Back

Frédéric Back, (April 8, 1924 – December 24, 2013) was a Canadian artist and film director of short animated films. During a long career with Radio-Canada, the French-language service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, he was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning two, for his 1981 film Crac and the 1987 film The Man Who Planted Trees.

Julien Dubuque

Julien Dubuque (January 1762 – 24 March 1810) was a French Canadian of Norman origins from the area of Champlain, Quebec who arrived near what now is known as Dubuque, Iowa – which was named after him. He was one of the first European men to settle in the area. He initially received permission from the Meskwaki Indian tribe to mine the lead in 1788. Subsequently the Spanish confirmed that by giving him a land grant in 1796.

Once he had received permission from the Meskwaki to mine lead, Dubuque remained in the area for the rest of his life. He befriended the local Meskwaki chief Peosta – for whom the nearby town of Peosta, Iowa is named. It is widely believed that Dubuque married Peosta's daughter, who was supposedly named "Potosa"; however, there is no evidence that this was ever the case. Those who back the marriage claim point to letters that mention a Madame Dubuque as meaning Dubuque's wife.

After his death, the Meskwaki built a log crypt for Dubuque, which was replaced in the late 19th century by an imposing stone monument.

The name "Potosa" often appears in fanciful origin stories for the name Potosi, a small Wisconsin town located north of Dubuque, Iowa, which was founded in the 1830s as a lead-mining settlement.

Linear settlement

In geography, a linear settlement is a (normally small to medium-sized) settlement or group of buildings that is formed in a long line. Many follow a transport route, such as a road, river, or canal though some form due to physical restrictions, such as coastlines, mountains, hills or valleys. Linear settlements may have no obvious centre, such as a road junction. Linear settlements have a long and narrow shape.

In the case of settlements built along a route, the route predated the settlement, and then the settlement grew up at some way station or feature, growing along the transport route. Often, it is only a single street with houses on either side of the road. Mileham, Norfolk, England is a good example of this. Later development may add side turnings and districts away from the original main street. Places such as Southport, England developed in this way.

A linear settlement is in contrast with ribbon development, which is the outward spread of an existing town along a main street.

Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation Church (Champlain, Quebec)

Notre-Dame-de-la-Visitation (Our Lady of the Visitation) is a neo-Romanesque Catholic church on Chemin du Roy in Champlain, Mauricie, Quebec.

Onésime Carignan

Onésime Carignan (October 16, 1839 – September 20, 1897) was a wholesale and retail grocer and political figure in Quebec. He represented Champlain in the House of Commons of Canada from 1891 to 1896 as a Conservative member.

He was born in Champlain, Quebec, the son of Joseph Carignan and Josephte Turcotte. In 1864, he married Aglaée Le Bel. Carignan served as a member of the town council for Trois-Rivières from 1876 to 1888.

Ovide Le Blanc

Ovide Le Blanc (1801–1870) was a notary and political figure in Quebec. He represented Beauharnois in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1851 to 1854.

He was born in Champlain, Quebec, the son of Étienne Le Blanc and Josette Richerville, and grew up in Trois-Rivières. Le Blanc apprenticed as a notary at Quebec City and received his commission to practice in 1822. He practised in Trois-Rivières, Beauharnois, Montreal and Portage-du-Fort. He served as lieutenant in the militia. Le Blanc was an unsuccessful candidate for a seat in the legislative assembly in 1844. He was unsuccessful when he ran for reelection in 1854. Le Blanc served as a member of the commission to reimburse people who had suffered losses during the Lower Canada Rebellion. In 1845, he married Sophie Lindsay, the daughter of William Lindsay. Le Blanc probably died at Portage-du-Fort.

Petit Champlain

Quartier du Petit Champlain is a small commercial zone in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. It is located in the neighbourhood of Vieux-Québec–Cap-Blanc–colline Parlementaire in the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, near Place Royale and its Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Church. Its main street is the Rue du Petit-Champlain at the foot of Cap Diamant. It is claimed that it's the oldest commercial district in North America.In French it is referred to as a quartier (neighbourhood) although it is not an official one recognized by the City. It is named after Samuel de Champlain, who founded Quebec City in 1608.

Saint-Adelphe

Saint-Adelphe is a Parish municipality of Quebec, (Canada) located in the Mékinac Regional County Municipality, in the Batiscanie area (except watershed Charest river, located in the East) and in the administrative region of Mauricie. The territory of the municipality was part of the lordship of Sainte-Anne which was owned by Mr. John Hale, and Mr. Price.

The magnificent Batiscan river in the north-south bisects the town. The main village developed on the east side of the river. In the story, on the west bank a small village formed around covered bridges spanning the Batiscan River and Pierre-Paul River.

Forestry and agriculture were the two main drivers of the economy of the 19th and 20th century. At the end of the 20th century, many SMEs (small and medium size enterprises) are located there. Since the mid-20th century, the resort has expanded significantly.

Saint-Georges, Shawinigan

Saint-Georges, often unofficially known as Saint-Georges-de-Champlain, was a former village municipality and is now a sector (secteur) of the city of Shawinigan.

Until 1919, Saint-Georges had been known as Village Turcotte. It merged with Shawinigan in a municipal amalgamation on January 1, 2002. In the Canada 1996 Census its population was 3,929.

Saint-Maurice—Champlain

Saint-Maurice—Champlain is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 2004.

It consists of:

the City of Shawinigan;

the Regional County Municipality of Le Haut-Saint-Maurice, including Communauté de Wemotaci Indian Reserve, Coucoucache Indian Reserve No. 24A and Obedjiwan Indian Reserve No. 28; and

the regional county municipalities of Les Chenaux and Mékinac.The neighbouring ridings are Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou, Roberval—Lac-Saint-Jean, Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier, Trois-Rivières, Berthier—Maskinongé, Joliette, Laurentides—Labelle, and Pontiac.

Saint-Prosper, Chaudière-Appalaches, Quebec

For the former Saint-Prosper in Mauricie, see Saint-Prosper-de-Champlain, Quebec.Saint-Prosper is a municipality in Les Etchemins Regional County Municipality in Quebec, Canada. It is part of the Chaudière-Appalaches region and the population is 3,617 as of 2009. It is named after Reverend Prosper-Marcel Meunier, first priest of the parish. It is sometimes known as Saint-Prosper-de-Dorchester.

Saint-Prosper-de-Champlain, Quebec

For Saint-Prosper in Chaudière-Appalaches, see Saint-Prosper, Chaudière-Appalaches, Quebec.Saint-Prosper-de-Champlain is a municipality of 516 people in the Les Chenaux Regional County Municipality, in Quebec, Canada. It is the smallest municipality in terms of population in the regional county.

Before September 4, 2010, it was known simply as Saint-Prosper.

Saint-Stanislas, Mauricie, Quebec

Saint-Stanislas is a municipality in Les Chenaux Regional County Municipality in the Mauricie region of the province of Quebec in Canada. It is located along the Batiscan River. The parish is named in honour of St. Stanislaus Kostka to recall the presence of the Jesuits, who were the owners of the lordship of Batiscan.

Étienne Le Blanc

Étienne Le Blanc (1759 – July 11, 1831) was a merchant, seigneur and political figure in Lower Canada. He represented Saint-Maurice in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada from 1814 to 1816.

He was born in Champlain, Quebec, the son of Jean-Jacques Le Blanc and Marie Héon, Acadian exiles. In 1796, he married Josette Richerville. In 1801, he moved to Trois-Rivières. Le Blanc was a justice of the peace and a commissioner for the relief of the insane and foundlings. He acquired much property, including the seigneury of Dutort and part of the seigneury of Champlain, as well as land in Godefroy and Roquetaillade seigneuries and in Trois-Rivières. Le Blanc died in Trois-Rivières.

His son Ovide Le Blanc was a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada.

Places adjacent to Champlain, Quebec
Municipalities
Parishes
Communities along the Chemin du Roy

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