Champaner

Champaner (ચાંપાનેર) is a historical city in the state of Gujarat, in western India. It is located in Panchmahal district, 47 kilometres from the city of Vadodara. The city was briefly the capital of the Sultanate of Gujarat.

It was founded by Vanraj Chavda, the most prominent king of the Chavda Dynasty, in the 8th century. He named it after the name of his friend and general Champa, also known later as Champaraj. By the later 15th century, the Khichi Chauhan Rajputs held Pavagadh fort above the town of Champaner. The young Sultan of Gujarat, Mahmud Begada, deciding to attack Champaner, started towards it with his army on 4 December 1482. After defeating the Champaner army, Mahmud captured the town and besieged Pavagadh, the well-known hill-fortress, above Champaner, where king Jayasimha had taken refuge. He captured the Pavagadh fort on 21 November 1484, after a siege of 20 months.[1] He then spent 23 years rebuilding and embellishing Champaner, which he renamed Muhammadabad,[2] after which he moved the capital there from Ahmedabad. In 1535, after chasing away Bahadur Shah, Humayun led 300 Mughals to scale the fort on spikes driven into rock and stonework in a remote and unguarded part of the citadel built over a precipitous hillside on Pavagadh Hill. Large heaps of gold, silver and jewels were the war booty even though Bahadur Shah had managed to escape with a lot to Diu [3] Champaner is today the site of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, which UNESCO designated a World Heritage Site in 2004.

Sultan Begada also built a magnificent Jama Masjid in Champaner, which ranks amongst the finest architectural edifices in Gujarat. It is an imposing structure on a high plinth, with a central dome, two minarets 30 meters in height, 172 pillars, seven mihrabs, and carved entrance gates with fine latticed windows called "jalis".

Religious site

The mausoleum of a holy saint Syed Khundmir is located here.

Hazrat Bandagi Miyan Syed Khundmir RZ

Tourism attractions

  • Maa Mahakalika Temple
  • Jama Masjid
  • Saher Masjid
  • Kevda Masjid
  • Nagina Masjid
  • Lal Gumbaz Masjid
  • Kammani Masjid
  • Bawaman Masjid
  • Khajuri Masjid
  • Iteri Masjid
  • Stepwell
  • Jain Temple
  • Udan Khatola at Manchi
  • Saat Kaman
  • Amir Manzil
  • Champaner Fort
  • Citadel Of Mahmud Beghada
  • Hissar I Khas
  • Khapra Zaveri Palace
  • Sikandar Shah S Tomb[4]
  • Virasat Van
  • Vada Talav
  • Khuniya Mahadev (Best to visit during monsoon season to enjoy waterfall near khuniya mahadev)

In popular culture

The 2001 Oscar nominated film Lagaan is set in Champaner.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2006). The Delhi Sultanate, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp.164-5
  2. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 115. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  3. ^ The Mughal Throne by Abraham Eraly, pg 44
  4. ^ India, Tourism. "Tourism Attractions". Retrieved 10 April 2013.

Coordinates: 22°29′09″N 73°32′14″E / 22.4859°N 73.5371°E

Ahmad Shah I

Ahmad Shah I, born Ahmad Khan, was a ruler of the Muzaffarid dynasty, who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate from 1411 until his death in 1442. He founded Ahmedabad city in 1411.

Bawaman Mosque

Bawaman Mosque (also, Bava Man's Masjid) is a mosque in Champaner, western India. It is situated on the western side of one of the ancient city's fort gates, within the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park of Gujarat.

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in Panchmahal district in Gujarat, India. It is located around the historical city of Champaner, a city which was built by Sultan Mahmud Begada of Gujarat. The heritage site is studded with forts with bastions starting from the hills of Pavagadh, and extending into the city of Champaner. The park's landscape includes archaeological, historic and living cultural heritage monuments such as chalcolithic sites, a hill fortress of an early Hindu capital, and remains of the 16th-century capital of the state of Gujarat. There are palaces, entrance gates and arches, mosques, tombs and temples, residential complexes, agricultural structures and water installations such as stepwells and tanks, dating from the 8th to the 14th centuries. The Kalika Mata Temple, located on top of the 800 metres (2,600 ft) high Pavagadh Hill, is an important Hindu shrine in the region, attracting large numbers of pilgrims throughout the year.The transition between Hindu and Muslim culture and architecture in the late 15th to early 16th century is documented in the park, particularly the early Islamic and pre-Mughal city that has remained without any change. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 2004.

Champaner Road railway station

Champaner Road railway station is a small railway station in Panchmahal district, Gujarat. Its code is CPN. It serves Champaner village. The station consists of three platforms.

Dabhoi

Dabhoi is a town and a municipality in Vadodara district in the state of Gujarat, India.

Jama Mosque, Champaner

Jami Masjid (also known as, Jama Masjid; meaning "public mosque") in Champaner, Gujarat state, western India, is part of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is among the 114 monuments there which are listed by the Baroda Heritage Trust. It is located about 150 feet (46 m) east of the city walls (Jahdnpandh), near the east gate.

Kalika Mata Temple, Pavagadh

Kālikā Mata Temple (or Kalikamata; meaning "the great black Mother") is a Hindu goddess temple complex and pilgrim centre at the summit of Pavagadh Hill in Panchmahal district, India, with in the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park. It dates from the 10th or 11th centuries. The temple has three images of goddesses: the central image is of Kalika Mata, flanked by Kali on the right and Bahucharamata on the left. On Chitra sud 8, a fair is held at the temple which is attended by thousands of devotees. The temple is the site of one of the Great holy Shakti Peethas. One can reach easily to temple by ropeway.

Kevada Masjid, Champaner

Kevada Masjid (also Kewda or Kevda) is a mosque in Champaner, Gujarat state, western India. It is part of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The mosque has minarets, globe-like domes, and narrow stairs. According to Ruggles (2008), nature was integrated into the Kevada mosque's architecture in a way that was unusual elsewhere in the Islamic world.This mosque was built in Champaner during the time of Mahmud Begada, as were several other masjids, such as the Bawaman, Ek Minar, Jama, Khajuri, Nagina, and Shahar Ki. After James Burgess and Henry Cousens wrote descriptions of the Kevada, Jama, and Nagina Masjids, roads were built to reach them. The Kevada is notable because of its mausoleum. Kathra Masjid is west of the Kevada.The masjid has many mehrabs, all intricately carved. There is a damaged brick tank for ablutions before prayers are offered at the mosque. The centotaph is square in shape with a fluted central dome and four corner domes; it is located next to the tank. The layout of the masjid is rectangularFloral and geometrical designs adorn the niches. The tribate inter-columns are considered attractive. The prayer hall, a double storied structure, had three domes but the central dome has since disappeared. The windows have balconies built over pillars with intricate carved decorations. There are two minarets, which are also decorated with intricate carvings. Restoration works were carried out in the 1890s.Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) reports of 2006 indicate that extensive restoration works were carried out at the Kevada Masjid and also at many other monuments in Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, the Jami Masjid, fort walls, Bawana Mosque, Lila Gubaz, Sikandar Shah Tomb and Sikander tomb, which resulted in a slight increase in tourist traffic to the sites. ASI had already spent Rs 2.25 crores (about US $0.45 million) on conservation in a four-year period and a further Rs 1.15 crores (US $0.23 million) was allotted for more restoration work at the sites.

Lila Gumbaj Ki Masjid, Champaner

Lila Gumbaz Ki Masjid in Champaner, Gujarat state, western India is one of the 114 monuments listed by the Baroda Heritage Trust that are part of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located near the east gate of the former city.

List of Monuments of National Importance in Gujarat

This is a list of Monuments of National Importance (ASI) as officially recognized by and available through the website of the Archaeological Survey of India in the Indian state Gujarat. The monument identifier is a combination of the abbreviation of the subdivision of the list (state, ASI circle) and the numbering as published on the website of the ASI. 203 Monuments of National Importance have been recognized by the ASI in Gujarat.

Mahmud Begada

Sultan Mahmud Begada or Mahmud Shah I (r. 25 May 1458 – 23 November 1511), was the most prominent Sultan of Gujarat Sultanate. Raised to the throne at young age, he successfully captured Pavagadh and Junagadh forts in battles which gave him his name Begada. He established Champaner as the capital.

Muzaffar Shah II

Shams-ud-Dīn Muzaffar Shah II or Muzafar II, born Khalil Khan, was a ruler of the Muzaffarid dynasty, who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate from 1511 to 1526. He subdued Idar but came in conflict with Rana Sanga of Mewar when he captured Malwa.

Nagina Masjid, Champaner

Nagina Masjid (meaning 'Jewel Mosque') is a mosque in Champaner, Gujarat state, western India. It was built during the time of Mahmud Begada, in the 15th century, as were several other masjids, such as the Kevada, Bawaman, Ek Minar, Jama, Khajuri, and Shahar Ki. It has minarets, globe-like domes, and narrow stairs. It is part of the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Nagina Masjid (disambiguation)

Nagina Masjid, Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Nagina Masjid may also refer to:

Nagina Masjid, Champaner, Gujarat, India

Nagina Masjid Akot Stand, a mosque in Akola, Maharashtra, India

Nagina Masjid, a mosque in Kishangarh Renwal, Rajasthan, India

Nagina Masjid, a mosque in Karanja Lad, Maharashtra, India

Pavagadh

Pavagadh (Gujarati: પાવાગઢ) is a Hill Station, and a Municipality in Panchmahal district about 46 kilometres (29 mi) away from Vadodara in Gujarat state in western India. It is known for a famous Mahakali temple which draws thousands of pilgrims every day. It is a tribal area populated predominantly by the Rathwas. The area of this locality Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 2004.

Pavagadh Hill

Pavagadh Hill is situated within a plain in Panchmahal district, Gujarat, western India. At its base is the historical city of Champaner, while the hill station of Pavagadh was built upon the volcanic cone itself. A volcanic eruption occurred here approximately 500 million years ago and the etymology of its name is associated with eruption: Pavgadh means "one fourth hill" or "fire-hill", though a legend surrounding its formation is that the right foot of Sati is believed to have fallen at Pavagadh and God "sent a large hill as per the request of Rishi Vishwamitra to fill up a deep valley so that the sage's cows do not fall into it." With Champaner, Pavagadh hill forms the Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, which is spread over an area of more than 1,329 hectares (3,280 acres). The site is 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Vadodara and 42 miles (68 km) south of Godhra.

Sakar Khan’s Dargah

Sakar Khan’s Dargah located in Halol, Gujarat, is a dargah or mausoleum of Sakar Khan. It is the largest in the old part of Champaner. Dargah has a low plinth and a large dome, with windows in the frontage.

Sikandar Shah of Gujarat

Sikandar Shah, born Sikandar Khan, was a ruler of the Muzaffarid dynasty, who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate for few weeks before his murder in 1526.

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