The Chamber of Deputies (Romanian: Camera Deputaților) is the lower house in Romania's bicameral parliament. It has 329 seats to which deputies are elected by direct popular vote in single-member electoral districts using mixed member proportional representation (at the next elections using closed list party-list proportional representation) to serve four-year terms. Additionally, the organisation of each national minority is entitled to a seat in the Chamber (under the limitation that a national minority is to be represented by one organisation only).
Chamber of Deputies
|1992–2008: Closed list, D'Hondt method |
2008–2016: nominal vote, Mixed member proportional representation
since 2016: Closed list, D'Hondt method
|11 December 2016|
|before 22 March 2021|
|Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest|
The (Romanian: Biroul Permanent) is the body elected by the deputies that rules the Chamber. Its President is the President of the Chamber, and he/she is elected for a whole legislature (usually four years). All the other members are elected at the beginning of each parliamentary session.
There is one President, and four of each: Vicepresidents, Quaestors and Secretaries. The current composition is listed below.
|President||Liviu Dragnea||PSD||December 2016|
|Vice-Presidents||Ioan Oltean||PD-L||December 2008|
|Adrian Năstase||PSD||December 2008|
|Valeriu Zgonea||PSD||September 2010|
|Marian Sârbu||UNPR||February 2011|
|Secretaries||Dumitru Pardău||PD-L||December 2008|
|Niculae Mircovici||Minorities||February 2011|
|Georgian Pop||PSD||September 2010|
|Mihai Voicu||PNL||December 2008|
|Quaestors||Gheorghe Albu||PD-L||December 2008|
|Nicolae Bănicioiu||PSD||December 2008|
|Dan Motreanu||PNL + PC||December 2008|
|Dénes Seres||UDMR||September 2009|
Standing committees and current leadership are listed below.
|Committee for Economic Policy, Reform, and Privatization||Horia Grama||PSD||17 Feb. 2015|
|Committee for Budget, Finance, and, Banks||Viorel Ștefan||PSD||17 Sep. 2014|
|Committee for Industries and Services||Iulian Iancu||PSD|
|Committee for Industries and Services||Iulian Iancu||PSD|
|Committee for Transport and Infrastructure||Mihai Lupu||PNL||10 Feb. 2014|
|Committee for Agriculture, Forestry, Food Industry and Specific Services||Nini Săpunaru||PNL||9 Sep. 2010|
|Committee for Human Rights, Cults and National Minorities Issues||Nicolae Păun||Minorities|
|Committee for Public Administration and Territorial Planning||Marin Almăjanu||PNL|
|Environment and Ecological Balance||Carmen Moldovan||PSD||5 Feb. 2014|
|Committee for Labour and Social Protection||Adrian Solomon||PSD||17 Feb. 2015|
|Committee for Health and Family||Florin-Corneliu Buicu||PSD||17 Feb. 2015|
|Committee for Education, Science, Youth, and Sport||Adrian-Nicolae Diaconu||PSD||3 Mar. 2015|
|Committee for Culture, Arts, Mass Information Means||Gigel-Sorinel Știrbu||PNL||4 Mar. 2014|
|Committee for Legal Matters, Discipline, and Immunities||Liviu-Bogdan Ciucă||PC-PLR|
|Committee for Defense, Public Order, and National Security||Ion Mocioalcă||PSD|
|Committee for Foreign Policy||László Borbély||UDMR|
|Committee for the Investigation of Abuses, Corrupt Practices, and for Petitions||Mircea Man||PNL||3 Apr. 2013|
|Committee for Standing Orders||Gheorghe Emacu||PSD||27 Dec. 2013|
|Committee for Information Technology and Communications||Daniel Vasile Oajdea||DP||10 Mar. 2015|
|Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men||Ștefan-Petru Dalca||DP|
|Committee for Romanian Communities Living Abroad||Mircea Lubanovici||PNL||10 Sep. 2013|
|Committee for European Affairs||Ana Birchall||PSD||3 Feb. 2015|
|Party||Election seating||Lost||Won||Present seating|
|Social Democratic Party||154||46.95%||12||0||142||43.16%|
|National Liberal Party||69||21%||3||2||68||20.66%|
|Save Romania Union||30||9.15%||2||0||28||8.51%|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||21||6.4%||0||0||21||6.38%|
|Alliance of Liberals and Democrats||20||6.1%||7||4||19||5.77%|
|People's Movement Party||18||5.5%||6||0||12||3.64%|
|Parties of ethnic minorities||17||5.2%||0||0||17||5.16%|
|Parliamentary Group||Election seating||Lost||Won||Present|
|Democratic Liberal Party||115||34.43%||29||12||106||31.73%|
|Social Democratic Party||114||34.13%||29||2||91||27.24%|
|National Liberal Party||65||19.46%||21||6||56||16.76%|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||22||6.58%||2||0||20||5.98%|
|Ethnic minorities parties||18||5.39%||2||0||16||4.79%|
|National Union for the Progress of Romania||—||—||16||16||12||3.59%|
In Romania's 2004 legislative election, held on 28 November, no party won an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the largest number of seats but is currently in opposition because the Justice and Truth Alliance, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, the Romanian Humanist Party(which later became the Conservative Party), and the National Minorities formed a governing coalition, giving it 177 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (47.9% of the total). The Conservative Party withdrew in December 2006, meaning that the government lost the majority in the Chamber of Deputies. In April 2007 the liberal prime-minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, dismissed the Democratic Party ministers from the government and formed a minority government with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, marking the end of the Justice and Truth Alliance.
During the 2004–2008 legislature, the president of the Chamber of Deputies was Bogdan Olteanu from the National Liberal Party, who was elected on 20 March 2006, after the Chamber's former president, Adrian Năstase, was forced by his own party (the Social Democratic Party, PSD) to step down amidst allegations of corruption.
After the 2004 elections, several deputies from the PSD switched to other parties (including the governing Justice and Truth Alliance) or became independents, with the total number of PSD seats being reduced from 113 to 105. The number of Justice and Truth Alliance deputies also increased from 112 to 118, making it the largest formation in parliament as of October 2006. This changed again in December 2006, leaving the PSD with 107 seats and the Justice and Truth Alliance with 101. Since April 2007 the Justice and Truth Alliance has split leaving the two former members with 51 respectively 50 members. Deputies elected to the European Parliament in the 2007 election resigned, thus reducing the number of deputies to 314 as of 4 December 2007.
A new election was held in 2008. The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition. That coalition was tacitly supported by the PSD.
|Party||% of seats||Seats|
|Social Democratic Party||32.31||105|
|Democratic Liberal Party||20.62||67|
|National Liberal Party||18.15||59|
|Greater Romania Party||6.77||22|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||6.77||22|
|Ethnic minorities parties||5.54||18|
Elections to the Chamber of Deputies were held on 26 November 2000, in which the Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) won plurality. The governing majority was formed from the PSD and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR), which, with 182 members, made up 54.8% of seats. The president of the Chamber of Deputies during this period was Valer Dorneanu, who was elected on 15 December 2000. The distribution of seats was as follows:
|Party||% of seats||Seats|
|Social Democratic Party||44.93||155|
|Greater Romania Party||24.35||84|
|National Liberal Party||8.70||30|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||7.83||27|
|Ethnic minorities parties||5.22||18|
Anton Crihan (July 10, 1893, Sîngerei- January 9, 1993, St. Louis, Mo) was a Bessarabian politician.Basile M. Missir
Basile M. Missir (17 July 1843 – 21 April 1929) was a Romanian lawyer and politician.
Born in Focșani, he came from a prominent Armenian family that included Petru Th. Missir and Basile's nephew Ioan Missir. He enrolled in the law faculty of Iași University in 1860, later earning his degree from the University of Paris. Entering the magistracy, he became a prosecutor in 1869 and chief prosecutor later the same year, at the Ilfov County tribunal in Bucharest. In 1870, he was hired as a prosecutor at the appeals court in the same city. From 1872 to 1874, no longer a magistrate, he was state's attorney at the High Court of Cassation and Justice.After joining the National Liberal Party, he was Prefect of Brăila County from 1877 to 1878. From 1880 to 1889, he was state's attorney for the Bucharest tribunals. In 1896, he entered the dissident drapelist faction, but rejoined the main party in 1899. Meanwhile, he was elected to the Assembly of Deputies in 1897. From February 1901 to July 1902, he was Agriculture and Domains Minister under Dimitrie Sturdza. He initiated a 1902 law regulating labor relations, particularly in small industry. He served as Assembly president from December 1909 to February 1910. Two important laws were adopted during this period: one banned many categories of workers from striking, while another established popular banks. In 1914, he rose to the Senate, where he was president from that February until December 1916.His wife came from the boyar Vrăbiescu family; the couple's daughter Julietta married Scarlat Cantacuzino in 1912.Bogdan Olteanu
Bogdan Olteanu (born 29 October 1971) is a Romanian politician and lawyer. He was the president of the Chamber of Deputies (the lower house of the Romanian Parliament) between 2006 and 2008.
Olteanu has been a member of the National Liberal Party since 1991, and held various positions in that party. He was elected as deputy for Bucharest in the 2004 elections. In 2005, he was appointed Delegate Minister for Parliamentary Affairs in the Government of Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu.
After Adrian Năstase stepped down from the presidency of the Chamber of Deputies, Olteanu was announced by the governing Justice and Truth alliance as their preferred candidate for the post. On 20 March 2006 he received a majority of 196 votes out of 306.
In October 2009, the Parliament favored Bogdan Olteanu for the position of National Bank vice-governor, passing the independent Lucian Croitoru;
On 19 October 2009, Olteanu stepped down from his position as vice-president of the Chamber of Deputies, and gave up PNL Party membership to pursue his post as vice-governor at the National Bank of Romania.Olteanu and his wife Cristina have two children, Thea (born 2004) and Alexandru (born 2006). He is the grandson of Communist activist Ghizela Vass.Constantin Grădișteanu
Constantin Grădișteanu (17 September 1833–10 April 1890) was a Wallachian-born Romanian politician.
Descended from an old boyar family, his father was Șerban Grădișteanu. He studied at Paris, earning a degree in literature from the Sorbonne in 1852 and then attending the law faculty. In February 1866, he was named prefect of Ilfov County before being transferred to a similar post in Putna County the following month. A conservative, he was part of the constituent assembly in 1866, the same year he was first elected to the Assembly of Deputies. In 1876, he was sent to the senate. From April to December 1870, Grădișteanu served as Finance Minister in the cabinet of Manolache Costache Epureanu. He was Assembly President from January to November 1889, and died in Bucharest the following year.He was married to Elena, the sister of Alexandru Sihleanu.Dimitrie Ghica
Dimitrie Ghica or Ghika (31 May 1816 – 15 February 1897) was a Romanian politician. A prominent member of the Conservative Party, he served as Prime Minister between 1868 and 1870.
Dimitrie Ghica was born in the Ghica family, as the son of the Wallachian Prince Grigore IV Ghica by his first wife, Maria Hangerly. He married Charlotte Duport, and they had two daughters, Maria and Iza.Dimitrie Lecca
Dimitrie Lecca (2 December 1832–4 July 1888) was a Moldavian-born Romanian soldier and politician.
Born in Tecuci, he studied at the École d'application de l'artillerie et du génie in Metz and at the École d'état-major near Paris from 1852 to 1853. After returning home, he entered the Moldavian Army, soon to become the Romanian Army, and was made a major in 1863. He commanded the elite battalion that guarded the princely palace in Bucharest on the night of 22 February 1866. In cahoots with the conspirators against domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza, he allowed into the palace the officers who forced the ruler's abdication.Lecca served as War Minister immediately afterward, from February to May 1866, under Ion Ghica. Promoted colonel in 1868, he resigned from the army in 1872 and entered politics. A member of the National Liberal Party founded in 1875, he was elected to the Assembly of Deputies in 1876. He returned to service to fight in the Romanian War of Independence, again serving as War Minister under Ion C. Brătianu from July 1879 to April 1880. Lecca was Assembly President twice: October 1882 to March 1883, and October 1883 until his death at Radomirești in July 1888.George D. Vernescu
George D. Vernescu (1 July 1829–3 July 1900) was a Wallachian-born Romanian politician.Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino, known as Nababul - 'the Nabob' (22 September 1833 – 22 March 1913), was a Romanian politician and lawyer, one of the leading Conservative Party policymakers. He twice served as the Prime Minister of Romania: between 23 April 1899 and 19 July 1900, and between 4 January 1906 and 24 March 1907. He resigned from office after failing to put down the large-scale peasants' revolt. He was the 20th Romanian politician to serve as PM.
The immensely rich Gheorghe G. Cantacuzino was born into the aristocratic Cantacuzino family, of Phanariote origins. He built the Cantacuzino Palace of Bucharest and the Cantacuzino Castle of Bușteni. He was the father of Grigore Gheorghe Cantacuzino and Mihail G. Cantacuzino, as well as the father-in-law of Alexandrina Pallady-Cantacuzino.Gheorghe Manu
Gheorghe Manu (26 July 1833, Bucharest, Wallachia – 16 May 1911, Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania) was a Romanian Army general, artillery inspector and statesman.
After he finished his high school studies in Romania, he went to Prussia in 1847 to study in the German military academies and in 1853, with the approval of the Romanian government, he joined the Prussian Army as a Sub-Lieutenant.
Returning to his country in 1858, he joined the Romanian Army, being charged with the organization of the Romanian artillery. He was in charge of this task until he resigned in 1884. From 1869 to 1870, Manu, a colonel, was part of the cabinets of Dimitrie Ghica and Manolache Costache Epureanu, heading the War Ministry. In 1874, he was chosen Mayor of Bucharest, keeping this function until 1877.
As the Romanian War of Independence began in 1877, General Manu was the commander of the 4th division, in charge with defending Romania in Oltenița, Corabia, Bechet, Islaz and Turnu Măgurele, but following the offensive, his division took part in the campaign on the plains of Bulgaria, in Pleven and Vidin. He was the first Romanian decorated with Virtutea Militară, in May 1877.
After the war, he was artillery inspector until 1888, when he resigned. He was also a War Minister in the Theodor Rosetti and Lascăr Catargiu governments, between 12 November 1888 and 5 November 1889 (Old Style). He was also Prime Minister between 5 November 1889 and 15 February 1891. On 27 November 1891, in the Lascăr Catargiu cabinet, he became the Minister of State Property, but quit to become the President of the Chamber of Deputies, a post he held until 1895, when he retired.Grigore Balș
Grigore Balș (d. 1895) was a Moldavian-born Romanian politician.
Born into an old Moldavian boyar family, the son of a logothete, Balș was active in the movement for the Union of the Principalities. In 1858, he edited Constituționalul magazine at Iași, taking a pro-union line. He was part of the first Moldavian government following the achievement of this objective with the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as domnitor in early 1859, serving as Finance Minister under Vasile Sturdza from January to March that year. He was then Foreign Minister in the cabinet of Manolache Costache Epureanu from November 1859 to March 1860.After the political union of Moldavia with Wallachia, in January 1862, Balș was named to the first government encompassing all Romania. Within the cabinet of Barbu Catargiu, he was Minister of Religious Affairs and Public Instruction for several days in January. He was then reshuffled to become Finance Minister, remaining until March. Following the advent of constitutional monarchy in 1866, he was elected deputy (1866) and senator (1867). He served as Assembly President from November 1869 to May 1870. In 1880, he signed the founding statute of the Conservative Party.Grigore Trandafil
Grigore Trandafil (February 4, 1840–February 23, 1907) was a Wallachian-born Romanian magistrate and politician.
Born in Bucharest, he studied law at the University of Paris, obtaining a doctorate. After returning home, he entered the magistracy, where he was successively prosecutor, president of the Ilfov County tribunal, department head in the Justice Ministry (1866), general prosecutor (1867), president of the Bucharest appeals court (1868) and prosecutor at the High Court of Cassation and Justice (1872).Trandafil joined an early conservative association in 1878, and entered the Conservative Party after it was founded in 1880. A close associate of Lascăr Catargiu, he was first elected to the Assembly of Deputies in 1879. Trandafil was Justice Minister in the cabinet of Gheorghe Manu from November 1890 to February 1891. He served as mayor of Bucharest from June 1892 until the following February. He was Assembly President from February 1905 until his death two years later. Many laws were adopted during his presidency, some of them aiming to improve villagers' material situation, but the measures failed to prevent the 1907 Peasants' revolt.Liviu Dragnea
Liviu Nicolae Dragnea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈlivju nikoˈla.e ˈdraɡne̯a]; born 28 October 1962) is a Romanian engineer and politician. He currently serves as President of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies since December 2016, following that year’s legislative election. The leader of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and a former member of the Democratic Party (PD), he was Minister of Administration and Interior in Emil Boc's cabinet in January–February 2009. He has represented Teleorman County in the Chamber of Deputies since December 2012, when he became deputy prime minister and Minister of Administration and Regional Development. He resigned from the cabinet in May 2015, following a conviction in a case involving electoral fraud, for which he received a two-year suspended sentence in April 2016.Manolache Costache Epureanu
Manolache Costache Epureanu (1823–1880) was twice the Prime Minister of Romania as a representative of the Conservative Party: in 1870 (20 April-14 December) and in 1876 (6 May-5 August).Mihail Pherekyde
Mihail Pherekyde (November 14, 1842 – January 24, 1926) was a Romanian politician and diplomat who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs and two terms as the Minister of Internal Affairs of Kingdom of Romania.Petre S. Aurelian
Petre S. Aurelian (13 December 1833 – 24 January 1909) was a Romanian politician. A member of the National Liberal Party, he served as a Prime Minister of Romania between 2 December 1896 and 12 April 1897.
He studied at Saint Sava College, Bucharest and then in France at the Superior School of Agronomy of Grignon, where he studied between 1856 and 1860. After he returned to Romania, he became an engineer at the Public Works Ministry and a Professor at the Agriculture School of Pantelimon, as well as an editor at the "Monitorul" and "Agronomia" publications.
He was a deputy, a senator, the minister of Public Works (1877–1878 and 1887–1888), of agriculture and of Education (1882–1884).
Aurelian was elected as member of the Romanian Academy in 1871 and was its president between 1896 and 1897. He died in Bucharest on 24 January 1909.Roberta Anastase
Roberta Alma Anastase (Romanian pronunciation: [roˈberta anasˈtase]; born 27 March 1976 in Ploieşti) is a Romanian politician and former first female Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania between 19 December 2008 and 3 July 2012.
She is a member of the Democratic Liberal Party, affiliated to the European People's Party–European Democrats, and became an MEP on 1 January 2007 with the accession of Romania to the European Union. She also represented Romania at the 1996 Miss Universe competition.Teodor Neaga
Teodor Neaga (1878, Dănceni - December 6, 1941, Penza) was a Bessarabian politician.Valer Dorneanu
Valer Dorneanu (born 21 November 1944) is a Romanian politician and jurist. A prominent member of the Social Democratic Party, Dorneanu was the president of the Chamber of Deputies (the lower house of the Romanian Parliament) between December 2000 and November 2004. He spent four additional years in the Chamber, departing at the 2008 election.
Since 2013 he is a judge in Romania's Constitutional Court, for a mandate of 9 years, and the president of this institution since 2016.Valeriu Zgonea
Valeriu Ștefan Zgonea (born 3 September 1967 in Craiova) is a Romanian politician who served as President of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania between 3 July 2012 and 13 June 2016.