Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)

The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral legislature of Mexico. The other chamber is the Senate. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.

Chamber of Deputies

Cámara de Diputados
LXIV Legislature
Seal of the Chamber of Deputies
Type
Type
History
FoundedSeptember 28, 1821
Leadership
Porfirio Muñoz Ledo (MORENA)
since 1 September 2018
Structure
Seats500
Diputados de México (2018-2021)
Political groups
Government (335)

Opposition (164)

  •      PAN (78)
  •      PRI (47)
  •      MC (28)
  •      PRD (11)

Vacancies (1)

Elections
Parallel voting
300 Seats elected by plurality voting
200 seats elected by largest remainder method
Last election
July 1, 2018
Meeting place
Mexico Chamber of Deputies backdrop
Chamber of Deputies
San Lázaro Legislative Palace
Mexico City
Mexico
Website
Official Website of the Chamber of Deputies
Footnotes
"Diputadas y Diputados por Entidad Federativa"

http://sitl.diputados.gob.mx/LXIV_leg/info_diputados.php

"Ruptura del PRD da a Morena mayoría calificada en San Lázaro"

https://adnpolitico.com/congreso/2019/02/20/movimientos-en-san-lazaro-morena-sale-ganando-de-la-ruptura-en-el-prd

Composition

The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. The Chamber has 500 members, elected using the parallel voting system. Elections are every 3 years.

Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts, the federal electoral districts (with each state divided into at least two districts). The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy, so special elections are rare.

From 1917 to 2015, deputies were barred from serving consecutive terms in accordance with the Constitution's ban on immediate re-election to the legislature. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies was one of the few legislative bodies in the world that was completely renewed at an election. However, this changed with the 2018 elections, and deputies are now permitted to run for re-election. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six-year mandate are known as mid-term elections.

Last election

2018

Party Constituency Proportional Total

seats

+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Regeneration Movement 661,068 1.18 2 21,261,577 37.50 13 55 New
National Action Party 600,423 1.07 1 9,971,804 17.59 6 23 –15
Institutional Revolutionary Party 3,855,984 6.86 0 9,013,658 15.90 6 13 –44
Party of the Democratic Revolution 96,393 0.17 0 2,984,861 5.27 2 8 –15
Citizens' Movement 570,774 1.01 2 2,654,452 4.68 2 7 +6
Ecologist Green Party 1,198,011 2.13 0 2,528,175 4.46 2 7 +3
Labor Party 51,260 0.09 0 2,164,442 3.82 1 6 +2
Social Encounter Party 28,878 0.05 0 1,320,559 2.33 0 8 New
New Alliance Party 593,507 1.06 0 1,307,015 2.31 0 1 0
MORENA–PT–PES[a] 23,754,422 42.24 53
PAN–PRD–MC[b] 14,222,046 25.29 25
PRI–PVEM–PNA[c] 7,145,869 12.71 13
Independents 1,109,149 1.97 1,109,149 1.97 0 0
Write-ins 30,568 0.05 31,820 0.06
Invalid/blank votes 2,319,489 4.12 2,344,357 4.14
Total 56,237,841 100 96 56,691,869 100 32 128 0
Registered voters/turnout 89,994,039 62.49 89,994,039 63.52
Source: INE

History

After being drafted, one copy of the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire was given to the Provisional Governmental Board, which was later put on display in the Chamber of Deputies until 1909, when fire destroyed the location.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Celebra SEGOB los 187 años de la firma del acta de Independencia". Presidencia de la Republica. Retrieved March 24, 2014.

External links

Coordinates: 19°25′48″N 99°07′04″W / 19.43000°N 99.11778°W

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