Chamaemyiidae

The Chamaemyiidae are a small family of acalyptrate flies with less than 200 species described worldwide. The larvae of these small flies are active and predatory and are often used for biological control of aphids, scale insects, and similar pests. Chamaemyiid fossils are poorly represented in amber deposits, but a few examples are known from the Eocene epoch onwards.

WillistonChamaemyiidae
Morphological details of the Chamaemyiidae
Chamaemyiidae
EuropäischenZweiflügeligen1790TafCCXLV
Chamaemyia aridella (Fallen, 1823) figure in plate from Europäischen Zweiflügeligen (figure 4) see also 5 Ochthiphila nigrimana 6 Ochthiphila albiceps 7 Ochthiphila juncorum Fallen 8 Ochthiphila elegans Panzer, 1809
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Superfamily:
Family:
Chamaemyiidae
Subfamilies
  • Chamaemyiinae
  • Cremifaniinae

Description

For terms, see Morphology of Diptera
The Chamaemyiidae are small flies 9 (1–5 mm), usually greyish in colour. The frons is wide, with at most two pairs of bristles (often bare). The face is gently concave or strongly receding. Oral vibrissae are absent and the postvertical bristles are convergent or absent. The proboscis is short and the antennae are short. The mesonotum is with or without bristles. Prothoracic bristles are absent and with one sternopleural bristle. The mesopleura are usually bare, rarely setulose. The front femora bear bristles. The tibiae are without preapical bristles. Wings with the subcosta are entire, sometimes touching the first vein before its end. The anal vein does not reach nearly to the wing margin, the anal and second basal cells are always complete, and the costa is not broken. The abdomen is short or slightly elongated.

Classification

  • Subfamily Cremifaniinae
  • Subfamily Chamaemyiinae

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m McAlpine, J.F. (1965). Family Chamaemyiidae (Ochtiphilidae). in: Stone, A., Sabrosky, C.W., Wirth, W.W., Foote, R.H. & Coulson, J.R. (eds.), A Catalog of the Diptera of America North of Mexico. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture. pp. 706–709.
  2. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D. (2012). "A new genus and species of Chamaemyiidae (Diptera: Lauxanioidea) from South America feeding on Ceroplastes wax scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae), and status of the genus Ortalidina as a chamaemyiid" (PDF). Zootaxa. Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 3342: 39–50. ISSN 1175-5334. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Meigen, Johann Wilhelm (1803). "Versuch einer neuen Gattungseintheilung der europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten". Magazin für Insektenkunde. 2: 259–281. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
  4. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D. (2012). "A new Afrotropical genus of Chamaemyiidae (Diptera: Lauxanioidea)". African Invertebrates. 53 (1): 157–168.
  5. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D.; Tanasijtshuk, Vitali N. (2001). "A new leucopine genus (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae) with species attacking Ceroplastes wax scales (Hemiptera:Coccidae) in South America" (PDF). Systematic Entomology. 26 (3): 311–328. Retrieved 7 September 2018.

Further reading

  • Tanasiychuk, VN, 1986 Fauna USSR: Diptera. Vol. 14, part 7: Mukhi-serebryanki (Chamaeiidae) Nauka Leningrad. Text Russian 608 text figs, 70 b/w photos. 335pp.

External links

Data related to Chamaemyiidae at Wikispecies

Acalyptratae

The Acalyptratae or Acalyptrata are a subsection of the Schizophora, which are a section of the order Diptera, the "true flies". In various contexts the Acalyptratae also are referred to informally as the acalyptrate muscoids, or acalyptrates, as opposed to the Calyptratae. All forms of the name refer to the lack of calypters in the members of this subsection of flies. An alternative name, Acalypterae is current, though in minority usage. It was first used by Justin Pierre Marie Macquart in 1835 for a section of his tribe Muscides; he used it to refer to all acalyptrates plus scathophagids and phorids, but excluding Conopidae.

The confusing forms of the names stem from their first usage; Acalyptratae and Acalyptrata actually are adjectival forms in New Latin. They were coined in the mid 19th century in contexts such as "Muscae Calyptratae and Acalyptratae" and "Diptera Acalyptrata", and the forms stuck.The Acalyptratae are a large assemblage, exhibiting very diverse habits, with one notable and perhaps surprising exception: no known acalyptrates are obligate blood-feeders (hematophagous), though blood feeding at various stages of the life history is common throughout other Dipteran sections.

Chamaemyia

Chamaemyia is a genus of flies in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is the type genus of its family.

Chamaemyia bicolor

Chamaemyia bicolor is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is found in the Palearctic.

Chamaemyia elegans

Chamaemyia elegans is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is present in Europe, including mainland France.

Chamaemyia flavoantennata

Chamaemyia flavoantennata is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is found in the Palearctic.

Chamaemyia hungarica

Chamaemyia hungarica is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is only found in Hungary.

Chamaemyia nigripalpis

Chamaemyia nigripalpis is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is found in the Palearctic .

Chamaemyia paludosa

Chamaemyia paludosa is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is found in the Palearctic .

Chamaemyia submontana

Chamaemyia submontana is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is found in the Palearctic.

Chamaemyia sylvatica

Chamaemyia sylvatica is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is found in the Palearctic .

Chamaemyia triorbiseta

Chamaemyia triorbiseta is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae. It is found in Scotland.

Lauxanioidea

The Lauxanioidea are a superfamily of flies that includes the two large families, the Lauxaniidae and Chamaemyiidae, and the small family Celyphidae. Generally, they are small to medium, densely populated, coloured flies. The Chamaemyiidae and Cremifaniidae live as parasites on insects. The family Celyphidae look like beetles.

Some authors also recognize the family Cremifaniidae, but most place this in the Chamaemyiidae.

Leander Czerny

Leander (Franz) Czerny (4 October 1859, in Modřice, Moravia – 22 November 1944, in Pettenbach (de), Upper Austria) was an Austrian entomologist mainly interested in Diptera.

Czerny, who wrote extensively on Diptera between 1900 and 1939, describing many genera and species, was a major contributor to Erwin Lindner's Die Fliegen der paläarktischen Region ("The Flies of the Palaearctic Region"), the most significant work on the group in the 20th century.

Czerny wrote the sections on the following families:-

Heleomyzidae, Trichoscelidae, Chyromyidae (1927)

Anthomyzidae, Opomyzidae, Tethinidae, Clusiidae (1928)

Micropezidae (Tylidae), Neridrinae, Platypezidae (as Clythiidae), Dryomyzidae, Neottiophilidae (1930)

Lauxaniidae (Sapromyzidae) (1932)

Musidoridae (Lonchopteridae), Lonchaeidae (1934)

Chamaemyiidae (Ochthiphilidae) (1936)He was also abbot of the Benedictine Kremsmünster Abbey from 1905 to 1929 and collected there as well as in Pettenbach on the Upper Danube. As well as Diptera he collected Lepidoptera. His collections of both are now in the Natural History Museum in Vienna.

Leucopis

Leucopis is a genus of flies in the family Chamaemyiidae. There are at least 20 described species in Leucopis.

Leucopis americana

Leucopis americana is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae.

Leucopis bellula

Leucopis bellula is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae.

Pseudodinia

Pseudodinia is a genus of flies in the family Chamaemyiidae. There are about 17 described species in Pseudodinia.

Pseudodinia antennalis

Pseudodinia antennalis is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae.

Pseudodinia polita

Pseudodinia polita is a species of fly in the family Chamaemyiidae.

Extant Diptera families

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