Chalon-Arlay

This page is a list of the lords of Chalon-Arlay (in the county of Burgundy) and the principality of Orange. The lords of Chalons and Arlay were a cadet branch of the ruling house of the county of Burgundy, the Anscarids or House of Ivrea.[1]

For more details, and a family tree, see below.[2]

Lord of Chalon-Arlay

Lord of Chalon-Arlay and Prince of Orange

Arms

Blason gueules-bande or

Heraldic shield of the house of Chalon.[3]

Blason famille fr Chalon Arlay

Heraldic shield of the house of Chalon, cadet branch of the lords of Arlay. They eventually succeeded to the undifferenced arms as well as to the principality of Orange.[4]

Blason famille fr Chalon Orange

Heraldic shield of the house of Chalon of Orange. The 1st and 4th quarters show the arms of Chalon-Arlay (Gules a bend Or), the 2nd and 3rd the princes of Orange (the bugle). The blue and gold cross is the arms of Jeanne of Geneva, who married one of the Chalon princes.[5]

Blason Louis de Châlon (1448-1476)

Arms of Louis de Châlon (1448-1476)

Blason René de Nassau-Dillenbourg, Prince de Châlon-Orange

Arms of Rene of Orange-Nassau-Breda (1530-1544) : overall in the center as an escutcheon is the quartered arms of Nassau and Vianden/Breda.

See also

References

  1. ^ Grew, Marion Ethel (1947). The House of Orange. 36 Essex Street, Strand, London W.C.2: Methuen & Co. Ltd.
  2. ^ Ross, Kelley L., Ph.D. "Counts of Burgundy, The Free County, Franche Comté,(capital Besançon) 914-1678 AD". Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  3. ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (2003). Armorial general. Genealogical Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9.
  4. ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (2003). Armorial general. Genealogical Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9.
  5. ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (2003). Armorial general. vol.1. Genealogical Publishing Co. p. 398. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9.

Further reading

  • Tourney, Elinor. The Rise of Chalon-Arlay: The Reactions of a Great French Dynasty to the Economic and Political Trends of the High Middle Ages, 1230–1320. PhD thesis. Wellesley College, 1963.

External links

Adelaide, Countess of Burgundy

Adelaide of Merania (or Alice, Alix — died 8 March 1279, Évian) was Countess of Burgundy from 1248 until her death. She was also Countess of Savoy and Bresse through her marriage in 1267 to Philip I, Count of Savoy.

House of Chalon-Arlay

The House of Chalon-Arlay was a French noble house, a cadet branch of the House of Ivrea. The founder of the house is John I of Chalon-Arlay, fifth son of John, Count of Chalon. When John III lord of Arlay married to Mary de Baux, princess of Orange, the House acquired the principality of Orange.

Hugh II of Chalon-Arlay

Hugh II of Chalon-Arlay (1334–1388) was the son and successor as lord of Arlay to John II. His mother was Marguerite of Mello (House of Mello, daughter of the lord of Château-Chinon and of Sainte-Hermine Dreux IV of Mello, and of Eleanor of Savoy, daughter of the duke of Aosta and count of Savoy Amadeus V).

In 1363 he married Blanche, Dame de Frontenay and daughter of Amadeus III, Count of Geneva. He died without issue and so was succeeded by his nephew John III (son of Hugh II's brother Louis I of Chalon-Arlay).

Hugh I of Chalon-Arlay

Hugh I of Chalon-Arlay (1288–1322) was lord of Arlay and of Vitteaux, and belonged to the house of Chalon-Arlay. He was the son of lord John I of Chalon-Arlay and his first wife Marguerite of Burgundy (daughter of duke Hugh IV of Burgundy), and his grandfather John, Count of Chalon was count-regent from the death of Otto III, count of Burgundy onwards. On 13 February 1302 Hugh I married Béatrice de La Tour-du-Pin (1275–1347) (daughter of count Humbert I of Viennois). They had one child

John II (1312 – 25 February 1362), who succeeded his father to the lordship of Arlay.

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy (French: Jeanne; 15 January 1292 – 21 January 1330), was Queen of France by marriage to Philip V of France, and ruling Countess of Burgundy and Countess of Artois. She was the eldest daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, and Mahaut, Countess of Artois.

Joanna of Burgundy

Joanna of Burgundy (died 1349) was a daughter of Reginald of Burgundy and his wife, Guillemette of Neufchâtel.

She married three times:

With Ulrich III of Pfirt (d. 1324). They had two daughters:

Joanna (1300-1351), married Albert II, Duke of Austria

Ursula, married Hugo of Hohenberg

With Rudolf Hesso of Baden-Baden (d. 1335), she had two more daughters:

Margaret (d.1367), married her second cousin Frederick III of Baden-Baden (d. 1353)

Adelaide (died after 1399), married her second cousin Margrave Rudolf V of Baden-Pforzheim (brother of Frederick III; died in 1631) and later Count Walram IV of Tierstein (d. 1386)

With William of Katzenelnbogen; this marriage remained childless.When her brother Othenin, Count of Montbéliard died childless in 1339, she and her second husband Rudolf Hesso inherited the Lordships of Belfort and Héricourt.

After the death of her third husband, she divided her possessions amongst her four daughters. Margaret received Héricourt; Adelaide and Ursula shared Belfort.

John III of Chalon-Arlay

John III of Chalon-Arlay (died 1418) was a French nobleman and a member of the House of Chalon-Arlay. He was the son of Louis I lord of Arguel, and the heir of his uncle, Louis's brother, Hugh II lord of Arlay from whom he inherited Arlay.

He married Mary of Baux-Orange, who was the heiress of the Principality of Orange. John thus became Prince jure uxoris of Orange. John and Mary were the parents of

Louis II lord of Arlay.

John II of Chalon-Arlay

John II, lord of Chalon-Arlay (1312 – 25 February 1362) was a member of the House of Chalon-Arlay. He succeeded his father Hugh I lord of Arlay to this title, and was himself succeeded by his son, Hugh II lord of Arlay.

John IV of Chalon-Arlay

John IV of Chalon-Arlay or John of Chalon (c. 1443-15 April 1502) was a prince of Orange and lord of Arlay. He played an important role in the Mad War, a series of conflicts in which aristocrats sought to resist the expansion and centralisation of power under the French monarch.

John I of Chalon-Arlay

Jean I of Chalon-Arlay (1258–1315) was a French nobleman. He was the son of Jean, Count of Chalon and Laure de Commercy, a couple who had thirty castles built on the Jurassian part of the county of Burgundy around their new seigneurie of Salins, including the Château d'Arlay (upon the death of Otto III in 1248, the elder Jean had become regent of the county of Burgundy on behalf of his son Hugh III, his daughter-in-law Adelaide, and his grandson Otto). He was Seigneur of Arlay (1266–1315) and Viscount of Besançon (1295–1315).

Louis II of Chalon-Arlay

Louis II of Chalon-Arlay (c. 1388 – 3 December 1463), nicknamed the Good, was Lord of Arlay and Arguel Prince of Orange. He was the son of John III of Chalon-Arlay and his wife, Mary of Baux-Orange, and the father of William VII of Chalon-Arlay.

Louis was very ambitious. He tried to establish his authority in the Dauphiné, but failed. He did manage to extend his territory eastwards, to Neuchâtel and Lausanne. During his attempts to extend his territory, he would sometimes express loyalty towards the King of France, and at other times toward the German Emperor or the Duke of Burgundy. In the end, nobody really trusted him.

Louis was also active in the Netherlands: in 1425, he led an army sent by Philip the Good to support Duke John IV of Brabant in a war against his wife Jacqueline.

Louis also called himself Count of Geneva, claiming it was part of the inheritance he had received from his mother. However, he was never able to realize this claim. The county of Geneva was held by Antipope Felix V. After Felix's death, Louis fought a long battle against the Counts of Savoy for control of Geneva. The struggle ended when the Emperor decided in favour of the House of Savoy.

In his last will and testament, Louis stipulated that his children from his second marriage would take precedence over his children from his first marriage when in the division of the inheritance. After his death, this caused a prolonged struggle between his children and their descendants.

Louis married twice:

Johanna (d. 1445), the daughter of Count Henry II of Montbéliard and Marie of Châtillon. With her he had one son:

William VII (d. 1475), his successor as Prince of Orange

Eléonore (1423–1456), a daughter of Count John IV of Armagnac and his second wife, Isabella of Navarre. With her, he had two more sons:

Louis (1448–1476), Lord of Chateau-Guyon and Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Hugh de Chalon (-1490), Lord of Château-Guyon, who married Louise of Savoy, a daughter of Duke Amadeus IX of Savoy and Yolande of Valois.Louis II died at his castle at Nozeroy on 3 December 1463. He was succeeded as Prince of Orange by his son William VII.

Louis I of Chalon-Arlay

Louis I of Chalon-Arlay (1337–1366) was the second son of John II lord of Arlay and Margaret of Male.

When his father died in 1362, his elder brother Hugh II lord of Arlay inherited the Lordship of Arlay and Louis became Lord of Arguel and Cuiseaux.

Louis I died in 1366, near Mesembria (now in Bulgaria), during a crusade.

Mary of Baux-Orange

Mary of Baux-Orange (died 1417) was suo jure Princess of Orange. She was the last holder of this title from the House of Baux.

Philibert of Chalon

Philibert de Chalon (18 March 1502 – 3 August 1530) was the last Prince of Orange from the House of Chalon.

Reginald of Burgundy

Reginald of Burgundy (died 1321) was Count of Montbéliard, jure uxoris, from 1282 to 1321. He was a son of Hugh of Chalon (from the House of Ivrée), sire of Salins, and his wife Adelaide.

He married Guillemette of Neufchâtel and they had a son, Othenin, Count of Montbéliard and a daughter, Joanna, who married first Ulrich III, Count of Pfirt and second Rudolf Hesso, Margrave of Baden-Baden. By her first marriage she had four daughters, of whom two survived - Joanna of Pfirt, wife of Albert II, Duke of Austria and Ursula. After Reginald's death in 1322, his daughter Joanna inherited his lands. After Ulrich's death in 1324, she remarried and had two more daughters, Margaret and Adelaide.

René of Chalon

René of Chalon (5 February 1519 – 15 July 1544), also known as Renatus of Chalon, was a Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Gelre.

Robert, Count of Burgundy

Robert, Count of Burgundy (1300–1315) was the son of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy and Mahaut, Countess of Artois. He was Count of Burgundy between 1302 and 1315. He died in 1315, and was succeeded by his sister, Joan II, and brother-in-law, Philip II, later queen and king of France.

William VII of Chalon-Arlay

William VII of Chalon (died 1475) was a prince of Orange and lord of Arlay. He was the son of Louis II lord of Arlay and his wife Johanna of Montfaucon.

He was married to Catherine of Brittany, the sister of Francis II, Duke of Brittany. Together, they had one son:

John IV of Chalon.

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