Chakwal District

Chakwal District (Punjabi and Urdu: ضِلع چکوال‎) is in Pothohar Plateau of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the north of the Punjab province, Chakwal district is bordered by Khushab to its south, Rawalpindi to its north east, Jhelum to its east, Mianwali to its west and Attock to its north west. The district was created out of parts of Jhelum and Attock in 1985.[3]

Chakwal

ضِلع چکوال
Katas Raj Temples
Chakwal is located in the north of Punjab.
Chakwal is located in the north of Punjab.
Coordinates: 33°40′38″N 72°51′21″E / 33.67722°N 72.85583°ECoordinates: 33°40′38″N 72°51′21″E / 33.67722°N 72.85583°E
CountryPakistan
ProvincePunjab
HeadquartersChakwal
Tehsils (5)
Government
 • Chairman of District CouncilMuhammad Tariq Awan
 • Members of National AssemblySardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan (NA-64)
Ch Parvez Ilahi (NA-65)[1]
 • Members of Provincial AssemblyRaja Yasir Humayun(PP-21)
Tanveer Aslam Malik (PP-22)
Sardar Aftab Ali Khan (PP-23)
Hafiz Ammar Yasir([PP-24)
Area
 • Total6,524 km2 (2,519 sq mi)
Population
(2017)[2]
 • Total1,495,982
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Main language(s)Punjabi, Dhani

History

During British rule, Chakwal was a tehsil of Jhelum district, the population according to the 1891 census of India was 164,912 which had fallen to 160,316 in 1901. It contained the towns of Chakwal and Bhaun and 248 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to 3–300,000.[4] The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Chakwal District.

The boundaries and area of the tehsil were described by the Imperial Gazetteer of India as follows: the tehsil "lies between 28° 45' and 30°05' N. and 72°32' and 73° 13' E., with an area of 1,004 square miles".[4]

Administrative divisions

The district of Chakwal, which covers an area of 6,524 km²,[5] is subdivided into five tehsils.[6] These tehsils were formerly part of neighbouring districts:[7]:1

The district is administratively subdivided into five tehsils and 68 union councils.[8]

Name of tehsil No. of union councils No. of villages No. of public schools No. of police stations No. of post offices
Chakwal 30 207 523 7 48
Kallar Kahar 8 72 148 2 15
Choa Saidan Shah 7 47 96 2 14
Talagang 17 76 318 3 30
Lawa 6 18 119 1 11
Total 68 420 1204 15 118

Constituencies

There is one district council, two municipal committees — Chakwal and Talagang — and two town committees — Choa Saidan Shah and Kallar Kahar.

The district is represented in the National Assembly by two constituencies: NA-60 and NA-61. The district is represented in the provincial assembly by four elected MPAs and in National Assembly by two MNAs who represent the following constituencies:[9]

Constituency MPA Party
(PP-21) Raja Yasir Hamayun Sarfaraz Pakistan Tehreek Insaf [10]
(PP-22) Tanveer Aslam Malik Pakistan Muslim League (N)
(PP-23) Sardar Aftab Khan Pakistan Tehreek Insaf
(PP-24) Ammar Yasir Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
(NA-64) Sardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Pakistan Tehreek Insaf
(NA-65) Choudari Perwaiz Ilahi Pakistan Muslim League (Q)[1]

Geography

Chakwal district borders the districts of Rawalpindi and Attock in the north, Jhelum in the east, Khushab in the south and Mianwali in the west. The total area of Chakwal district is 6,609 square kilometres, which is equivalent to 1,652,443 acres (6,687.20 km2).

The southern portion runs up into the Salt Range, and includes the Chail peak, 3,701 feet (1,128 m) above the sea, the highest point in the district. Between this and the Sohan river, which follows more or less the northern boundary, the country consists of what was once a fairly level plain, sloping down from 2,000 feet (610 m) at the foot of the hills to 1,400 feet (430 m) in the neighbourhood of the Sohan; the surface is now much cut up by ravines and is very difficult to travel over.[4]

Demography

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the total population is 1,083,725 of which only 12.01% were urban — making Chakwal the most rural district in Punjab.[11] The literacy rate in 1998 was 57%.[12]

According to the 1998 census, the predominant first language[13] of the district is Punjabi, spoken by 97.7% of the population. Pashto is the first language of 1.2%, and Urdu – of 0.9%.[7]:23 The local Punjabi dialects are Dhani[14] and Awankari.[15]

Education

Chakwal has a total of 1,199 government schools out of which 52 percent (627 schools) are for female students. The district has an enrolment of 181,574 in public sector schools.[16]

Educational institutions

  • Government Post Graduate College (Chakwal)
  • University of Taxila (Chakwal Campus)
  • Government College for Women (Chakwal)
  • Cadet College Kallar Kahar
  • Horizon College
  • Uswa College (Chakwal Campus)
  • Govt College of Technology Chakwal
  • Punjab group of colleges
  • Wings College
  • Gomal University DESC Chakwal (1751) Girls College Road Chakwal
  • Fauji Foundation Higher Secondary School Chakwal

Tourism

Following are the tourist sites in Chakwal:

See also

Notable people

Subedar Khudad Khan,VC, British Indian Army

Major General Tajammal Hussain Malik (hailed from Village Thanil Kamal). He was a hero of 1965 war and fought valiantly in East Pakistan. He was the only POW Brigadier, who was promoted to the rank of General after repatriation.

References

  1. ^ a b Chakwal district falls into PML-N’s fold, retrieved 17 September 2015
  2. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Chakwal – Punjab Portal". Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 126. Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved on 21 April 2012.
  5. ^ Official Website of Chakwal District Archived 3 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ List to tehsils and districts Archived 1 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b 1998 District Census report of Chakwal. Census publication. 77. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.
  8. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Chakwal Archived 24 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 21 April 2012.
  9. ^ CHAKWAL (PP-20 to PP-23) – Website of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab
  10. ^ "PML-N wins Chakwal by-polls with thumping majority". Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  11. ^ 1998 Census figures – Urban Resource Centre
  12. ^ "Districts at a glance – Chakwal". Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Mother tongue": defined as the language of communication between parents and children, and recorded of each individual.
  14. ^ Masica, Colon P. (9 September 1993). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge University Press. p. 19. ISBN 0521299446.
  15. ^ Rensch, Calvin R. (1992). "The Language Environment of Hindko-Speaking People". In O'Leary, Clare F.; Rensch, Calvin R.; Hallberg, Calinda E. Hindko and Gujari. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University and Summer Institute of Linguistics. p. 7. ISBN 969-8023-13-5.
  16. ^ "Punjab Annual Schools Census Data 2014-15". Retrieved 22 August 2016.

Bibliography

  • University of Engineering and Technology. Centre of Excellence in Water Resources Engineering; Pakistan Science Foundation (1979), National Seminar on Land and Water Resources Development of Barani Areas, [July 21-24, 1979], The University of Wisconsin, ISBN 978-01-9023-806-3
Basra, Pakistan

Basra is a village of Chakwal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located at 32°46'43N 71°59'4E with an altitude of 350 metres (1151 feet). The village is inhabited by the Basra tribe of the Jats

Bhagwal

Bhagwal is a village located near Chakwal in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. It is located at 33°4'32N 72°35'45E

Chak Malook

Chak Malook (Urdu: چک ملوک‎) is a village and union council, an administrative subdivision, of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, it is part of Chakwal Tehsil, and is located at 32°58'0N 72°57'0E.

Chakwal

Chakwal (Punjabi and Urdu: چکوال‬‎) is the capital and main city of Chakwal District, Punjab, Pakistan. It is located 90 kilometres south-east of the federal capital, Islamabad and 270 kilometres from the provincial capital, Lahore.

Chakwal Tehsil

Chakwal Tehsil (Urdu: تحصِيل چکوال‬‎), is an administrative subdivision (tehsil) of Chakwal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The tehsil is subdivided into 30 Union Councils - five of which form the capital Chakwal. During British rule the tehsil was part of Jhelum District, according to the 1901 census the population was 160,316 compared to 164,912 in 1891. At the time the tehsil contained 248 villages.

Choa Saidan Shah Tehsil

Choa Saidan Shah Tehsil (Urdu: تحصِيل چوآسيدن شاه‬‎), is an administrative subdivision (tehsil) of Chakwal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The tehsil is subdivided into 7 Union Councils, one of which forms the capital Choa Saidanshah.

Choa Saidanshah

Choa Saidan Shah ( in Punjabi چویا سےرن شاہ Urdu: چوآسيدن شاه‬‎), is a small town and Union Council of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. It is the capital and of one of the seven Union Councils of Choa Saidan Shah Tehsil.

Dandot

Dandot (Punjabi, Urdu: ڈنڈوت‬‎) is a village, union council, and administrative subdivision of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. It is part of Choa Saidan Shah Tehsil.

Dullah

Dullah is a village and union council of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.

Latitude. 33.1588889°, Longitude. 72.6919444°,

Jand Khanzada

Jand Khanzada is a village and union council, an administrative subdivision, of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, it is part of Chakwal Tehsil, and is located at 32°55'60N 73°5'60E. It literally means village of Khanzada.

Kallar Kahar Tehsil

Kallar Kahar Tehsil (in Punjabi and Urdu تحصِيل كلّر كہار), is an administrative subdivision (tehsil) of Chakwal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Tehsil headqauters are in Kallar Kahar city. The area is also known for its peacocks and a salt water natural lake. One of the reputed cadet colleges is also stationed in this town.Having Peak mountain of 14551FT high in Wasnal.

Kot Qazi

Kot Gullah is a village and union council, an administrative subdivision, of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, it is part of Talagang Tehsil.

Lawa, Punjab

Lawa (Urdu: لاوا‬‎) is a Tehsil of Chakwal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.Initially it was part of Talagang Tehsil and is located at 32°41'50N 71°56'5E with an altitude of 420 metres (1381 feet) and lies adjacent to Mianwali District. Numal college distance approx 15 km.

Lawa is pre-dominantly inhabited by the Awan tribe. It has boundaries with Mardwal via Goohal on one side while through Darbata is links with Kalabagh.

Lawa Tehsil

Lawa Tehsil (Urdu: لاوہ تحصِيل), is a Tehsil of Chakwal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Initially it was part of Talagang Tehsil and is located at 32°41'50N 71°56'5E with an altitude of 420 metres (1381 feet) and lies adjacent to Mianwali District. Lawa is pre-dominantly inhabited by the Awan tribe. It has boundaries with Mardwal via Goohal on one side while through Darbata is links with Kalabagh.

Naka Kahoot

Nakka Kahut is a village and union council, an administrative subdivision, of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, it is part of Talagang Tehsil. The village gets its name from the Kahut tribe, who make up the majority of the population.

Padshahan

Padshahan Urdu: پادشاہان‎ is a village and union council, an administrative subdivision, of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, it is part of Chakwal Tehsil.

Pichnand

Pachnand is a village and union council, an administrative subdivision, of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, it is part of Tehsil Lawa.

Talagang Tehsil

Talagang Tehsil (Urdu: تحصِيل تلہ گنگ‬‎), is a subdivision (tehsil) of Chakwal District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The tehsil, which is headquartered at the city of Talagang, is administratively subdivided into 23 Union Councils. The tehsil is home to speakers of the Awankari dialect of Hindko.

Darot

Dhulli

Pichnand

Warwal

Warwal is a village and union council, an administrative subdivision, of Chakwal District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan It is part of Chakwal Tehsil.

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