Chakwal District

Chakwal District (Punjabi and Urdu: ضِلع چکوال‎) is in Pothohar Plateau of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the north of the Punjab province, Chakwal district is bordered by Khushab to its south, Rawalpindi to its north east, Jhelum to its east, Mianwali to its west and Attock to its north west. The district was created out of parts of Jhelum and Attock in 1985.[3]

Chakwal

ضِلع چکوال
Katas Raj Temples
Chakwal is located in the north of Punjab.
Chakwal is located in the north of Punjab.
Coordinates: 33°40′38″N 72°51′21″E / 33.67722°N 72.85583°ECoordinates: 33°40′38″N 72°51′21″E / 33.67722°N 72.85583°E
CountryPakistan
ProvincePunjab
HeadquartersChakwal
Tehsils (5)
Government
 • Chairman of District CouncilMuhammad Tariq Awan
 • Members of National AssemblySardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan (NA-64)
Ch Parvez Ilahi (NA-65)[1]
 • Members of Provincial AssemblyRaja Yasir Humayun(PP-21)
Tanveer Aslam Malik (PP-22)
Sardar Aftab Ali Khan (PP-23)
Hafiz Ammar Yasir([PP-24)
Area
 • Total6,524 km2 (2,519 sq mi)
Population
(2017)[2]
 • Total1,495,982
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Main language(s)Punjabi, Dhani

History

During British rule, Chakwal was a tehsil of Jhelum district, the population according to the 1891 census of India was 164,912 which had fallen to 160,316 in 1901. It contained the towns of Chakwal and Bhaun and 248 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to 3–300,000.[4] The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Chakwal District.

The boundaries and area of the tehsil were described by the Imperial Gazetteer of India as follows: the tehsil "lies between 28° 45' and 30°05' N. and 72°32' and 73° 13' E., with an area of 1,004 square miles".[4]

Administrative divisions

The district of Chakwal, which covers an area of 6,524 km²,[5] is subdivided into five tehsils.[6] These tehsils were formerly part of neighbouring districts:[7]:1

The district is administratively subdivided into five tehsils and 68 union councils.[8]

Name of tehsil No. of union councils No. of villages No. of public schools No. of police stations No. of post offices
Chakwal 30 207 523 7 48
Kallar Kahar 8 72 148 2 15
Choa Saidan Shah 7 47 96 2 14
Talagang 17 76 318 3 30
Lawa 6 18 119 1 11
Total 68 420 1204 15 118

Constituencies

There is one district council, two municipal committees — Chakwal and Talagang — and two town committees — Choa Saidan Shah and Kallar Kahar.

The district is represented in the National Assembly by two constituencies: NA-60 and NA-61. The district is represented in the provincial assembly by four elected MPAs and in National Assembly by two MNAs who represent the following constituencies:[9]

Constituency MPA Party
(PP-21) Raja Yasir Hamayun Sarfaraz Pakistan Tehreek Insaf [10]
(PP-22) Tanveer Aslam Malik Pakistan Muslim League (N)
(PP-23) Sardar Aftab Khan Pakistan Tehreek Insaf
(PP-24) Ammar Yasir Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
(NA-64) Sardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Pakistan Tehreek Insaf
(NA-65) Choudari Perwaiz Ilahi Pakistan Muslim League (Q)[1]

Geography

Chakwal district borders the districts of Rawalpindi and Attock in the north, Jhelum in the east, Khushab in the south and Mianwali in the west. The total area of Chakwal district is 6,609 square kilometres, which is equivalent to 1,652,443 acres (6,687.20 km2).

The southern portion runs up into the Salt Range, and includes the Chail peak, 3,701 feet (1,128 m) above the sea, the highest point in the district. Between this and the Sohan river, which follows more or less the northern boundary, the country consists of what was once a fairly level plain, sloping down from 2,000 feet (610 m) at the foot of the hills to 1,400 feet (430 m) in the neighbourhood of the Sohan; the surface is now much cut up by ravines and is very difficult to travel over.[4]

Demography

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the total population is 1,083,725 of which only 12.01% were urban — making Chakwal the most rural district in Punjab.[11] The literacy rate in 1998 was 57%.[12]

According to the 1998 census, the predominant first language[13] of the district is Punjabi, spoken by 97.7% of the population. Pashto is the first language of 1.2%, and Urdu – of 0.9%.[7]:23 The local Punjabi dialects are Dhani[14] and Awankari.[15]

Education

Chakwal has a total of 1,199 government schools out of which 52 percent (627 schools) are for female students. The district has an enrolment of 181,574 in public sector schools.[16]

Educational institutions

Tourism

Following are the tourist sites in Chakwal:

See also

Notable people

Subedar Khudad Khan,VC, British Indian Army

References

  1. ^ a b Chakwal district falls into PML-N’s fold, retrieved 17 September 2015
  2. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Chakwal – Punjab Portal". Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 126. Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved on 21 April 2012.
  5. ^ Official Website of Chakwal District Archived 3 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ List to tehsils and districts Archived 1 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ a b 1998 District Census report of Chakwal. Census publication. 77. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.
  8. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Chakwal Archived 24 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 21 April 2012.
  9. ^ CHAKWAL (PP-20 to PP-23) – Website of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab
  10. ^ "PML-N wins Chakwal by-polls with thumping majority". Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  11. ^ 1998 Census figures – Urban Resource Centre
  12. ^ "Districts at a glance – Chakwal". Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Mother tongue": defined as the language of communication between parents and children, and recorded of each individual.
  14. ^ Masica, Colon P. (9 September 1993). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge University Press. p. 19. ISBN 0521299446.
  15. ^ Rensch, Calvin R. (1992). "The Language Environment of Hindko-Speaking People". In O'Leary, Clare F.; Rensch, Calvin R.; Hallberg, Calinda E. Hindko and Gujari. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University and Summer Institute of Linguistics. p. 7. ISBN 969-8023-13-5.
  16. ^ "Punjab Annual Schools Census Data 2014-15". Retrieved 22 August 2016.

Bibliography

  • University of Engineering and Technology. Centre of Excellence in Water Resources Engineering; Pakistan Science Foundation (1979), National Seminar on Land and Water Resources Development of Barani Areas, [July 21-24, 1979], The University of Wisconsin, ISBN 978-01-9023-806-3

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