Chūkyō metropolitan area

Chūkyō (中京圏 Chūkyō-ken), or the Chūkyō region (中京地方 Chūkyō-chihō), is a major metropolitan area in Japan that is centered on the city of Nagoya (the "Chūkyō", i.e., the "capital in the middle") in Aichi Prefecture. The area makes up the most-urban part of the Tōkai region. The population (as of 2010) of 9,107,414 over an area of 7,072 square kilometers. Nevertheless, like most of Japan's major metro areas, the core of it lies on a fertile alluvial plain, in this case the Nōbi Plain.

Nagoya metropolitan area

Nagoya MEA
(2015)
(2015)
Prefectures
Core cities
Area
(2011)[2]
 • Total2,791.72 km2 (1,077.89 sq mi)
 • Inhabitable area1,902.02 km2 (734.37 sq mi)
Population
(2015)[3]
 • Total6,871,632
 • Rank3rd in Japan
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)[2]22.5 trillion Japanese yen (2010)

It is among the 50 most-populous metropolitan areas in the world and is the third-most-populous metropolitan area in Japan (after Greater Tokyo and Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto), containing roughly 7% of Japan's population. Historically, this region has taken a back seat to the other two power centers, both politically and economically; however, the agglomeration of Nagoya is the 22nd-largest metro area economy, in terms of gross metropolitan product at purchasing power parity in 2014, according to a study by the Brookings Institution.[4] The GDP in Greager Nagoya, Nagoya Metropolitan Employment Area, is US$256.3 billion in 2010.[2][5]

Chūkyō metropolitan area
中京圏
Nagoya (2015-11-03)
Nagoya
Chūkyō metropolitan area is located in Japan
Chūkyō metropolitan area
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°10′N 136°55′E / 35.167°N 136.917°ECoordinates: 35°10′N 136°55′E / 35.167°N 136.917°E
Country Japan
Largest CityNagoya
Area
 • Metro
7,072 km2 (2,731 sq mi)
Population
(Population Census of Japan 2010)[1]
 • Metro
9,107,414
 • Metro density1,288/km2 (3,335/sq mi)

Municipalities

The metropolitan area stretches beyond the central city of Nagoya to other municipalities in Aichi Prefecture, as well as neighboring Gifu and Mie prefectures.

Aichi Prefecture

Western Aichi Prefecture
Eastern Aichi Prefecture
Toyohashi Metropolitan Employment Area
Toyohashi MEA
Toyota Metropolitan Employment Area
Toyota MEA
Okazaki Metropolitan Employment Area
Okazaki MEA

Gifu Prefecture

Gifu Metropolitan Employment Area
Gifu MEA
Ogaki Metropolitan Employment Area
Ogaki MEA

Mie Prefecture

Yokkaichi Metropolitan Employment Area
Yokkaichi MEA

Transport

Major airports

Major railways

There are at least 38 passenger train lines in the Greater Nagoya area. JR runs six, Nagoya Subway seven, Meitetsu 18, Kintetsu four, and five other operators one each.

JR Central
Other operators

Major intercity highways

GDP

2014 Chūkyō metropolitan area's GDP per capita (PPP) was US$40,144.[6]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  2. ^ a b c Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu. "Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) Data". Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  3. ^ Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu. "Urban Employment Area (MEA) Code Table". Center for Spatial Information Science, University of Tokyo. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  4. ^ 2014 GLOBAL METRO MONITOR MAP
  5. ^ Conversion rates - Exchange rates - OECD Data
  6. ^ https://www.brookings.edu/research/global-metro-monitor/

The area defined by the Chukyo Area Person-Trip Survey, a study of commuter movement, is slightly different from the census definition. It includes southern Aichi and areas immediately north of Gifu City. It adds two cities in Aichi Prefecture (Tahara and Toyohashi) and two cities in Gifu Prefecture (Mino and Seki). Additionally, it excludes two cities in Gifu Prefecture (Ena and Nakatsugawa).

Aichi 6th district

Aichi 6th district (愛知県第6区 Aichi-ken dai-roku or simply 愛知6区 Aichi rokku) is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan (national legislature). It is located in Northwestern Aichi and consists of the cities of Kasugai, Inuyama and Komaki, part of the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area around Nagoya. As of 2012, 420,807 eligible voters were registered in the district.Before the electoral reform of 1994, the area formed part of Aichi 2nd district where four Representatives had been elected by single non-transferable vote.

The seat representing Aichi 6th had fallen vacant in early 2011 when representative Yoshihiro Ishida (DPJ) resigned for his unsuccessful campaign in the 2011 mayoral election in Nagoya, part of the "triple vote" (triple tōhyō) in Nagoya and Aichi on February 6, 2011 when elections for governor of Aichi, mayor of Nagoya and a recall referendum for the Nagoya city council took place. The by-election to replace Ishida took place on April 24, 2011, the day of the second round of the 2011 unified regional elections when mayors and councils in hundreds of cities, special wards, towns and villages across Japan are elected. The campaign officially took off on April 12, 2011: The Democratic Party did not nominate a candidate, Nagoya mayor Takashi Kawamura's party Genzei Nippon ("Tax cuts Japan") that won 13 seats in the Aichi assembly election on April 10 nominated journalist Masayo Kawamura; former representative Hideki Niwa ran for the LDP and won the by-election. In the general House of Representatives election of 2012, Niwa easily defended the seat against former prefectural assemblyman Masaki Amano and former Democrat Tomohiko Mizuno who had represented the Minami-Kantō PR block since 2009.

Aichi Prefecture

Aichi Prefecture (愛知県, Aichi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region. The region of Aichi is also known as the Tōkai region. The capital is Nagoya. It is the focus of the Chūkyō metropolitan area.

Chukyo

Chukyo can refer to:

the city of Nagoya (中京 Chūkyō). Various things are named after the city:

Chūkyō Industrial Area

Chūkyō Metropolitan Area

Chūkyō Television Broadcasting

Chukyo University

Chukyo Racecourse仲恭 (Chūkyō)

Emperor Chūkyō

Chūbu region

The Chūbu region (中部地方, Chūbu-chihō), Central region, or Central Japan (中部日本) is a region in the middle of Honshū, Japan's main island. Chūbu has a population of 21,715,822 as of 2010. It encompasses nine prefectures (ken): Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, and Yamanashi.It is located directly between the Kantō region and the Kansai region and includes the major city of Nagoya as well as Pacific Ocean and Sea of Japan coastlines, extensive mountain resorts, and Mount Fuji.

The region is the widest part of Honshū and the central part is characterized by high, rugged mountains. The Japanese Alps divide the country into the Pacific side, sunny in winter, and the Sea of Japan side, snowy in winter.

Chūkyō Industrial Area

The Chūkyō Industrial Area (中京工業地帯, Chūkyō Kōgyō Chitai) is another name for the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area and the surrounding prefectures, which have strong economic links to it. This industrial region includes the Aichi, Gifu, and Mie prefectures.

One of the dominant companies of the region is the Toyota Motor Corporation. The biggest event of recent times was the successful Expo 2005, which is expected to give a longer-lasting impulse to economic growth. The new Chubu Centrair International Airport, opened the same year, is also expected to boost the regional economy.

Chūkyō Television Broadcasting

Chūkyō Television Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (中京テレビ放送株式会社, Chūkyō Terebi-hōsō Kabushiki Gaisha, CTV, often called Chūkyō TV (中京テレビ)) is a TV station joining Nippon News Network (NNN) and Nippon Television Network System (NNS) in Showa-ku, Nagoya, Japan (the nearest train station: Yagoto Nisseki Station on the Nagoya Subway Meijo Line).

Chūkyō UHF TV Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (中京ユー・エッチ・エフテレビ放送株式会社, former corporate name of Chūkyō TV) was founded on March 1, 1968, and started TV broadcasting on April 1, 1969. Then the company was renamed "Chūkyō TV Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (中京テレビ放送株式会社)" on April 1, 1970.

Indonesians in Japan

Indonesians in Japan (在日インドネシア人, Zainichi Indoneshiajin, Indonesian: orang Indonesia di Jepang) form Japan's largest immigrant group from a Muslim-majority country. As of 2007, Japanese government figures recorded 30,620 legal residents of Indonesian nationality and estimated further 4,947 more were residing in the country illegally.

Iranians in Japan

Iranians in Japan (Japanese: 在日イラン人 Zainichi Iranjin, Persian: ایرانیان در ژاپن‎) form Japan's fifth-largest community of immigrants from a Muslim-majority country. They make up part of the Iranian diaspora. As of 2000, Japanese government figures recorded the population of legal Iranian residents at 6,167 individuals, with a further 5,821 estimated to be residing in the country illegally.

Isewan Terminal Service

Isewan Terminal Service (伊勢湾海運, Isewan kaiun) is a shipping company based in Minato-ku, Nagoya, Japan.

Meijo University

Meijo University (名城大学, Meijō daigaku) is a private university in Japan. Its main campus is in Tempaku-ku, Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan and it has a satellite campus in Kani, Gifu Prefecture.

Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line

The Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line (名鉄名古屋本線, Meitetsu Nagoya Honsen) or Nagoya Line is a railway line operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu), connecting Toyohashi Station in Toyohashi with Meitetsu Gifu Station in Gifu.

Since its amalgamation in 1944 (see History section) this has been the Meitetsu main line. Many branch lines of Meitetsu have through services to/from the Nagoya Line. Toyokawa, Nishio, Tokoname (which has its through services with Airport, Kōwa, Chita), and Inuyama lines all have through services bound for Meitetsu Nagoya, making the segment around that station extremely busy. Between Biwajima Junction and Kanayama, 26 trains proceed per hour, even during off-peak periods. All the stations accept manaca, a smart card.

The line largely parallels the Tōkaidō Main Line in the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Greater Nagoya). Local traffic on the Nagoya Line used to be much heavier than on the Tōkaidō Main Line, but since the privatization of the Japanese National Railways (JNR), transforming into the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in this area, competition has become more significant in the Chūkyō area.

Due to historical reasons, the line shares its track between Hirai Junction and Toyohashi Station with the JR Iida Line. The agreement between two companies prohibits Meitetsu to have more than 6 trains in one direction per hour on the 3.8 km of shared tracks. Consequently, local trains are unable to reach Toyohashi, instead, terminate at Ina Station.

Nagoya

Nagoya (名古屋) is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan. It is Japan's fourth-largest incorporated city and the third-most-populous urban area. It is located on the Pacific coast on central Honshu. It is the capital of Aichi Prefecture and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, Chiba, and Kitakyushu. It is also the center of Japan's third-largest metropolitan region, known as the Chūkyō metropolitan area. As of 2015, 2.28 million people lived in the city, part of Chūkyō Metropolitan Area's 10.11 million people.

It is also one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.

Pakistanis in Japan

Pakistanis in Japan (在日パキスタン人, Zainichi Pakisutanjin) form the country's third-largest community of immigrants from a Muslim-majority country, trailing only the Indonesian community and Bangladeshi community. As of 2011, official statistics showed 10,849 registered foreigners of Pakistani origin living in the country, up from 7,498 in 2000. There were a further estimated 3,414 illegal immigrants from Pakistan in Japan as of 2000.

Peruvian migration to Japan

There are an estimated 60,000 Peruvians in Japan as of 2016. The majority of them are descendants of earlier Japanese immigrants to Peru who have repatriated to Japan.

Port of Nagoya

The Port of Nagoya (名古屋港, 'Nagoyakō'), located in Ise Bay, is the largest and busiest trading port in Japan, accounting for about 10% of the total trade value of Japan. Notably, this port is the largest exporter of cars in Japan and where the Toyota Motor Corporation exports most of its cars. It has piers in Nagoya, Tōkai, Aichi, Chita, Aichi, Yatomi, Aichi, and Tobishima, Aichi.

Its mascots are Potan and Mitan.

According to Japanese media sources, Kodo-kai, a Yakuza faction in the Yamaguchi-gumi group, earns large revenues by controlling the stevedoring and warehousing companies at the port.

Takayama Main Line

The Takayama Main Line (高山本線, Takayama Honsen) is a Japanese railway line between Gifu Station in Gifu and Toyama Station in Toyama, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) and West Japan Railway Company (JR West). The line directly links the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (metropolitan Nagoya) and Hokuriku region in a shorter distance, but with a longer travel time, than by using the combination of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and Hokuriku Main Line. Now the line primarily functions as a way to access the scenic areas of Hida (ancient Hida Province), in the rugged mountains of northern Gifu Prefecture, such as Gero onsen (hot spring), Takayama, Shirakawa-gō, and the Kiso River. The first section of the line, between Gifu and Kagamigahara, opened in 1920 (1920). The whole line was completed in 1934.

Transport in Greater Nagoya

Transport in Greater Nagoya (Chūkyō) is similar to that of the Tokyo and Osaka, but is more automobile oriented, as the urban density is less than Japan's two primary metropolises, and major automobile manufacturers like Toyota are based here. Still, compared to most cities of its size worldwide it has a considerable rail transport network with 3 million passenger trips daily, with a similar density and extent of passenger rail to London or New York City, (as of May 2014, the article Nagoya rail list lists 59 lines, 16 operators, 1,547.8 km of operational track and 654 stations [although stations recounted for each operator], note this data does not include any high speed rail) complemented with highways and surface streets for private motor transport. It includes public and private rail and highway networks; airports for international, domestic, and general aviation; buses; motorcycle delivery services, walking, bicycling, and commercial shipping. The nexus of the public transport system is Nagoya Station. Every region of Greater Nagoya, also known as the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (中京圏), has rail or road transport services, and the area as a whole is served by sea and air links.

Public transport within Greater Nagoya has a rather extensive public transit system, only surpassed in Japan by those of Greater Tokyo and Greater Osaka. The core of the transit network consists of 47 surface and subterranean railway lines in operation (see section Rail transport), run by numerous public and private operators; monorails, trams, fixed-guideway lines and buses support this primary rail network. Like other cities in Japan, walking and bicycling not only to destinations but to railway stations are much more common than in many cities around the globe.

Compared to Tokyo and Osaka, usage of automobiles is rather high in Greater Nagoya. In 2001, 56.3% of trips were made using cars, 10% by railway, 1% by bus, 17.8% by walking, 14.5% by two-wheelers (including delivery services).

Tōkai region

The Tōkai region (東海地方, Tōkai-chihō) is a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region in Japan that runs along the Pacific Ocean. The name comes from the Tōkaidō, one of the Edo Five Routes. Because Tōkai is a sub-region and is not officially classified, there is some disagreement about where exactly the region begins and ends, however Japanese maps widely conclude that the region includes Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu and Mie prefectures.

The largest major city in the region is Nagoya and the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Nagoya Metropolitan Area) makes up a large portion of the region and has Japan's third strongest economy. The business influence of this urban area sometimes extends out into the outlying areas of the three prefectures centered on Nagoya which are Aichi, Gifu, and Mie; this area is sometimes referred to as the Chūkyō region.

Tōkai is a heavy manufacturing area and is one of the most industrial regions in Japan. Its coast is lined with densely populated cities with economies that thrive on factories.

The Tōkai region has experienced a number of large earthquakes in the past, including the two great earthquakes in 1944 (also known as the "Tonankai earthquake") and 1945 (also known as the "Mikawa earthquake"). Following the work of Kiyoo Mogi, it is predicted that there is a possibility that the area will be subject to a shallow magnitude 8.0 earthquake in the near future. Nagoya, Shizuoka, and other large cities would be greatly damaged, with potential casualties in the tens of thousands. The Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction designated the region as an Area of Specific Observation in 1970, and upgraded it to an Area of Intensified Observation in 1974.

Japan Metropolitan areas in Japan with a population of over a million
Hokkaido region
Tōhoku region
Kantō region
Chūbu region
Kinki region
Chūgoku region
Kyushu region

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