Cervera (Catalan pronunciation: [səɾˈβɛɾə]) is the capital of the comarca of Segarra, in the province of Lleida, Catalonia, Spain. The title Comte de Cervera is a courtesy title, formerly part of the Crown of Aragon, that has been revived for Leonor, Princess of Asturias. The city is also the birthplace of five-time MotoGP world champion, Marc Márquez.
Location in Catalonia
|• mayor||Ramon Royes Guàrdia (2015)|
|• Total||55.2 km2 (21.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||548 m (1,798 ft)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
In the year 1026, three peasant families built the first settlement in the comarca of Segarra, as in those days it was uninhabited. Later on, the Barcelona counts committed ownership of those lands to those people. By this, the counts wanted to establish their power in the area, as the Segarra was at that time the border between Christian and Muslim territories, thereby establishing the first fortress (castrum Cervarie).
When the Western border was established at Lleida at the year 1149, Cervera grew up into terraced houses on the other side of the border. The inhabitants were freed from the feudal lord's abuses and with the royal privileges, the town gradually became established first as a Confraria (1182), then Consolat (municipal organ) (1202), and from 1267 up to the present, as a Paeria.
The most significant episode was the signature, in 1452, of the nuptial agreement between Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile (the Spanish Catholic Monarchs).
In 1702, the town got the title of city from the king Philip V, for which the townspeople thanked the king. The king bestowed this title because in a small way during the war, and then more strongly after the war, the local people had demonstrated support for the king's politics.
Charles II, the last Spanish king from the house of Austria, died in 1700, and in his will he designated Philip V as his heir. The new king, with the name of Philip V, was accepted in the kingdom of Castile, as well as in Crown of Aragon. England, which was at the head of the opposite nations proposed Charles VI as the heir of the Spanish throne and in 1702 a European war started (the War of the Spanish Succession). An appropriate diplomatic intervention could make the Crown of Aragon finally gave support to Charles VI. In Cervera, there were people in favour of both sites.
When the war was finished, Cervera, which had been destroyed, decided to give support to the ones who were governing (the Bourbons) and sent two ambassadors to the Courts with the mission to persuade the ministers of Philip V of his absolute support, with the goal to obtain some logical compensation and in one of their 30 requests, they requested one university like the one in the city of Lleida. Philip V, then, built the University of Cervera and closed the rest (the Nueva Planta decrees). The creation of the university gave an economic impulse to the town, basically (among other reasons) because students lodged in the town.
In 1842 the University was relocated to Barcelona, which portended an important economic loss. However, when train service arrived at the town in 1860 along with improvements to some public services (such as the water supply) and as the establishment of some industries and an important wine trade, there was an improvement in the local economy. When the Phylloxera arrived, this caused a lot of people of the wine field to go bankrupt, due to a major crisis with the Cervera wine trade, which recovered somewhat with the creation of the Sindicat Agrícola (1919).
The Battle of Cervera took place near Espinosa de Cervera on 29 July 1000 between the Christian troops of counts Sancho García of Castile and García Gómez of Saldaña and the Muslim Caliphate of Córdoba under the hajib Almanzor. The battle, "tremendous and difficult to describe", was a victory for Almanzor. The battle is listed as the fifty-second of Almanzor's career in the Dikr bilad al-Andalus.Battle of Santiago de Cuba
The Battle of Santiago de Cuba was a naval battle that occurred on July 3, 1898, in which the United States Navy decisively defeated Spanish forces, sealing American victory in the Spanish–American War and achieving nominal independence for Cuba from Spanish rule.Carmen Cervera
María del Carmen Rosario Soledad Cervera y Fernández de la Guerra, Dowager Baroness Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva (German: María del Carmen Rosario Soledad Freifrau von Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon; born Barcelona, 23 April 1943), popularly known as Carmen "Tita" Cervera or Carmen "Tita" Thyssen, is a Spanish philanthropist, socialite, and art dealer and collector.Cerbère
Cerbère (in Catalan: Cervera de la Marenda) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. Its inhabitants are called Cerbériens (Cerverins / Cerverines in Catalan).
The village is best known for the border railway station, Gare de Cerbère, on the French side of the border on the railway line between Perpignan and Barcelona. Since France and Spain use different rail gauges, the border stations of Cerbère and Portbou are quite busy with various transfer or gauge adjustment operations.Cervera Mountains
The Cervera Mountains (Valencian: Muntanyes de Cervera) is an 18.8 km (12 mi) long mountain range in the Baix Maestrat comarca, Valencian Community, Spain. In some ancient texts these mountains are known as Serra d'en Menor. Its highest point is Revoltons, 635 m (2,083 ft). Other notable summits are Perdiguera, 516 m (1,693 ft) and Mola, 481 m (1,578 ft).Cervera de Buitrago
Cervera de Buitrago is a municipality of the autonomous community of Madrid in central Spain. It belongs to the comarca of Sierra Norte.Cervera de Pisuerga
Cervera de Pisuerga is a municipality located in the province of Palencia, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 2,679 inhabitants.Cervera de la Cañada
Cervera de la Cañada is a municipality located in the province of Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain. According to the 2011 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 319 inhabitants.
The church of Santa Tecla in Cervera is in the list of World Heritage Sites of (UNESCO) since 2001.Cervera de los Montes
Cervera de los Montes is a municipality located in the province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the municipality has a population of 329 inhabitants.Cervera del Llano
Cervera del Llano is a municipality in Cuenca, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. It has a population of 315.Cervera del Maestre
Cervera del Maestre (Valencian: Cervera del Maestrat) is a municipality in the comarca of Baix Maestrat in the Valencian Community, Spain. It is located at the southern end of the Cervera Mountains, above the Rambla de Cervera seasonal river.
Cervera is located on a hill with a ruined Moorish castle top of it. It lies in an area of maquis shrub and cultivated plots, mainly almond, carob and olive trees. There is a ruined ermita south of the town.
Cervera del Maestre is part of the Taula del Sénia free association of municipalities.Cervera del Río Alhama
Cervera del Río Alhama is a town in the province and autonomous community of La Rioja, Spain. The municipality covers an area of 152.56 square kilometres (58.90 sq mi) and as of 2011 had a population of 2704 people.Ciruelos de Cervera
Ciruelos de Cervera is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain.
According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 144 inhabitants.Espinosa de Cervera
Espinosa de Cervera is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 99 inhabitants.La Jana
La Jana is a municipality in the comarca of Baix Maestrat in the Valencian Community, Spain. The Cervera Mountains rise just east of the town extending southwards.
It is an agricultural town located west of the Muntanyes de Cervera surrounded by cultivated plots, mainly almond, carob and olive trees, as well as some cereal fields. La Jana is part of the Taula del Sénia free association of municipalities.Pascual Cervera y Topete
Admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete (18 February 1839, Medina-Sidonia, Cádiz, Spain – 3 April 1909, Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain) was a prominent Spanish naval officer with the rank of Almirante (admiral) who served in a number of high positions within the Spanish Navy and had fought in several wars during the 19th century. Having served in Morocco, the Philippines, and Cuba, he went on to be Spain's naval minister, chief of naval staff, naval attaché in London, the captain of several warships, and most notably, commander of the Cuba Squadron during the Spanish–American War. Although he believed that the Spanish Navy was suffering from multiple problems and that there was no chance for victory over the United States Navy, Cervera took command of the squadron and fought in a last stand during the Battle of Santiago de Cuba.Prince of Girona
The Prince or Princess of Girona (Catalan: Príncep o Princesa de Girona) was historically the title accorded to the heir apparent or heir presumptive to the Crown of Aragon. Current legislation mandates the title of Prince of Asturias to the heir of the Spanish throne but allows for the use of other traditional titles; The current title-holder therefore, is Leonor, Princess of Asturias.Spanish cruiser Almirante Cervera
Almirante Cervera was a light cruiser and lead ship of the Almirante Cervera class of the Spanish Navy. She was named after the Spanish admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete, commander of the Spanish naval forces in Cuba during the Spanish–American War. She was part of the Spanish Republican Navy between 1931 and 1936, year in which she became a key player of the Nationalist Fleet in the Spanish Civil War.Álvaro Cervera
Álvaro Cervera Díaz (born 20 September 1965) is a Spanish retired footballer who played as a winger, and is the manager of Cádiz CF.
He amassed La Liga totals of 261 matches and 17 goals during 12 seasons, representing in the competition Racing de Santander (two spells), Mallorca and Valencia.
Cervera became a manager in 2002, going on to work with a host of clubs.