Certhioidea

Certhioidea is a superfamily belonging to the infraorder Passerida containing wrens and their allies. It was proposed in 2004 by Cracraft and colleagues to house a clade of four families that were removed from the superfamily Sylvioidea.[1][2]

Certhoidea
Temporal range: Miocene–Holocene
Cistothorus palustris Iona
Marsh wren (Cisthorus palustris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Infraorder: Passerida
Superfamily: Certhioidea
Families

Classification

Certhioidea

Sittidae (nuthatches)

Kischinskinia

Certhiidae (treecreepers)

Troglodytidae (wrens)

Polioptilidae (gnatcatchers)

References

  1. ^ Cracraft, J.; Barker, F.K.; Braun, M.; Harshman, J.; Dyke, G.J.; Feinstein, J.; Stanley, S.; Cibois, A.; Schikler, P; Beresford, P.; García-Moreno, J.; Sorenson, M.P.; Yuri, T.; Mindell, D.P. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships among modern birds (Neornithes)". In Cracraft, J.; Donoghue, M.J. (eds.). Assembling the Tree of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-517234-8.
  2. ^ "Certhioidea". tolweb.org.
Bar-tailed treecreeper

The bar-tailed treecreeper (Certhia himalayana), or the Himalayan treecreeper is a species of bird in the family Certhiidae. It is found primarily in the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent, particularly in the Himalayas, as well as in adjoining regions. It is found in Afghanistan, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Burma, Nepal, Tibet, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

Its natural habitats are boreal forests and temperate forests.

Black-capped gnatcatcher

The black-capped gnatcatcher (Polioptila nigriceps) is a very small songbird.

Chestnut-vented nuthatch

The chestnut-vented nuthatch (Sitta nagaensis) is a species of bird in the nuthatch family.

It is found in south-eastern Asia from Tibet to southern Indochina. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Chinese nuthatch

The Chinese nuthatch or snowy-browed nuthatch (Sitta villosa) is a species of bird in the Sittidae family. It is found in China, North Korea, and South Korea.

Creamy-bellied gnatcatcher

The creamy-bellied gnatcatcher (Polioptila lactea) is a species of bird in the family Polioptilidae.

It is found in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and heavily degraded former forest.

It is threatened by habitat loss.

Cuban gnatcatcher

The Cuban gnatcatcher (Polioptila lembeyei) is a species of bird in the family Polioptilidae, the gnatcatchers.

It is endemic to Cuba.

Its natural habitat is xeric scrubland. It is the smallest species in the Polioptilidae family at 10 cm (4 in).

Eastern rock nuthatch

The Persian nuthatch or the eastern rock-nuthatch (Sitta tephronota) is a species of bird in the Sittidae family. It is found in Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan.

Giant nuthatch

The giant nuthatch (Sitta magna) is a species of bird in the family Sittidae. It is the largest species in the genus at 19.5 centimetres (7.68 in), and is largely grey in colour except for a faintly rufous underpart in the female, whose eyestripe is also duller than the male. The bill is much bulkier than other Sitta.

Giant nuthatches are found in the mountains of southwestern China and northern Thailand, and may be extinct in Myanmar. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical mountain pine forests. In northern Thailand they were found to use Pinus kesiya stands both for foraging as well as for nesting. Both parents take care of the young, and the usually three nestlings leave the nest in about 20–23 days.

Kashmir nuthatch

The Kashmir nuthatch (Sitta cashmirensis) is a species of bird in the Sittidae family. It is found in the northernmost regions of the Indian subcontinent, primarily in the mid-altitudes of the Himalayas. The species ranges across Afghanistan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common in eastern Afghanistan and north-western India, and fairly common in Nepal (Harrap and Quinn 1996).

Krüper's nuthatch

The Krüper's nuthatch (Sitta krueperi) is a small nuthatch. The name commemorates the German naturalist Theodor Johannes Krüper.

Rusty-flanked treecreeper

The rusty-flanked treecreeper (Certhia nipalensis) or the Nepal treecreeper is a species of bird in the family Certhiidae.

It is found in northern India, Nepal, Bhutan and western Yunnan.

Its natural habitats are boreal forests and temperate forests.

Slate-throated gnatcatcher

The slate-throated gnatcatcher (Polioptila schistaceigula) is a species of bird in the family Polioptilidae.

It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Tawny-faced gnatwren

The tawny-faced gnatwren or half-collared gnatwren (Microbates cinereiventris) is a species of bird in the family Polioptilidae.

It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Treecreeper

The treecreepers are a family, Certhiidae, of small passerine birds, widespread in wooded regions of the Northern Hemisphere and sub-Saharan Africa. The family contains ten species in two genera, Certhia and Salpornis. Their plumage is dull-coloured, and as their name implies, they climb over the surface of trees in search of food.

Trilling gnatwren

The trilling gnatwren (Ramphocaenus melanurus), formerly long-billed gnatwren, is a very small bird in the gnatcatcher family. It found from southeast Mexico south to Ecuador and Amazonia.

White-browed nuthatch

The white-browed nuthatch (Sitta victoriae) is a species of bird in the nuthatch family. It is endemic to Myanmar. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

The endangered white-browed nuthatch is known only from the Mount Victoria area of Myanmar, where forest up to 2,000 m has been almost totally cleared and habitat between 2,000-2,500 m has been heavily degraded. The population of a few thousand birds is decreasing, and no conservation measures are in place.

White-cheeked nuthatch

The white-cheeked nuthatch (Sitta leucopsis) is a species of bird in the Sittidae family. It is found in Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.

Its natural habitats are boreal forests and temperate forests.

White-tailed nuthatch

The white-tailed nuthatch (Sitta himalayensis) is a species of bird in the Sittidae family. It ranges across the northern and northeastern parts of the Indian Subcontinent, existing mainly in the low-to-middle Himalayas, as well as associated mountain ranges. It is found in Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Tibet and Thailand.

Yellow-billed nuthatch

The yellow-billed nuthatch (Sitta solangiae) is a species of bird in the Sittidae family. It is found in Hainan, Laos, and Vietnam.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

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