Century (cricket)

In the sport of cricket, a century is a score of 100 or more runs in a single innings by a batsman. The term is also included in "century partnership" which occurs when two batsmen add 100 runs to the team total when they are batting together. A century is regarded as a landmark score for batsmen and a player's number of centuries is generally recorded in his career statistics. Scoring a century is loosely equivalent in merit to a bowler taking five wickets in an innings, and is commonly referred to as a ton or hundred. Scores of more than 200 runs are still statistically counted as a century, although these scores are referred as double (200–299 runs), triple (300–399 runs), and quadruple centuries (400–499 runs), and so on.

Accordingly, reaching 50 runs in an innings is known as a half-century; if the batsman then goes on to score a century, the half-century is succeeded in statistics by the century.[1] Chris Gayle holds the record of fastest hundred in the history of cricket when he smashed 100 in just 30 balls and scored 175* runs off 66 balls overall in 20 overs in IPL against Pune Warriors India in 2013.

Master Blaster at work
Sachin Tendulkar of India holds the record of highest number of runs and centuries scored in both Test and ODI forms of cricket.

Earliest known centuries

Centuries were uncommon until the late 19th century because of the difficulties in batting on pitches that had only rudimentary preparation and were fully exposed to the elements. There is doubt about the earliest known century, but the most definite claim belongs to John Minshull who scored 107 for the Duke of Dorset's XI v Wrotham at Sevenoaks Vine on 31 August 1769.[2] This was a minor match.

The first definite century in a top-class match was scored by John Small when he made 136 for Hampshire v Surrey at Broadhalfpenny Down in July 1775.[3] The earliest known century partnership was recorded in 1767 between two Hambledon batsmen[4] who added 192 for the first wicket against Caterham. It is believed they were Tom Sueter and Edward "Curry" Aburrow[5].

When Hambledon played Kent at Broadhalfpenny in August 1768, the Reading Mercury reported: "what is very remarkable, one Mr Small, of Petersfield, fetched above seven score notches off his own bat". Unfortunately it is not known if Small did this in one innings or if it was his match total.[4] Hambledon batsmen Tom Sueter and George Leer are the first two players definitely known to have shared a century partnership when they made 128 for the first wicket against Surrey at Broadhalfpenny Down in September 1769.[6]

Highest number of centuries

First-class cricket

W. G. Grace was the first batsman to score 100 career centuries in first-class cricket, reaching the milestone in 1895. His career total of 124 centuries was subsequently passed by Jack Hobbs, whose total of 199 first-class centuries is the current record.[7][8]

Test cricket

Tendulkar closup
Tendulkar celebrates upon reaching his 38th Test century against Australia in the 2nd Test at the SCG in 2008, where he finished not out on 154

The first century in Test cricket was scored by Charles Bannerman who scored 165 (before retiring hurt) in the first ever Test between Australia and England (played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground from 15–19 March 1877).[9] The first century partnership in Test cricket was between W. G. Grace and A. P. Lucas, batting for England, in the first innings of the only Test match between England and Australia on the Australians 1880 tour of England, played at the Kennington Oval (6–8 September 1880).

The current holder of the record for most centuries in Test cricket is Sachin Tendulkar of India, who has scored 51 centuries.[10]

One Day International cricket

The first One Day International (ODI) century was scored by Denis Amiss who amassed 103 runs against Australia at Old Trafford in 1972.[11] (the second official ODI on record). Sachin Tendulkar currently holds the record for most ODI centuries, having scored 49 ODI Centuries.

Twenty20 International cricket

The first Twenty20 International (T20I) century was scored by Chris Gayle who amassed 117 runs against South Africa at Johannesburg in the very first match of ICC World Twenty20 tournament in 2007.[12] Rohit Sharma currently holds the record for most T20I centuries, having scored 4 T20I Centuries.

Fastest centuries

The fastest recorded century in Test cricket terms of balls faced is held by Brendon McCullum who scored 100 runs from 54 balls against Australia at Christchurch, New Zealand in 2016, beating the previous record of 56 held jointly by Viv Richards and Misbah-ul-Haq. The record for the fastest recorded century in terms of balls faced in first-class cricket is held by David Hookes who scored 102 runs from 34 balls for South Australia vs Victoria in a Sheffield Shield match in 1982. Chris Gayle holds the record for the fastest century in Twenty20, during an Indian Premier League in April 2013, reaching the milestone off only 30 balls.

In One day International cricket (ODI) the fastest century is held by South African batsman AB De Villiers. De Villiers' century came up in just 31 balls against the West Indies in the 2nd ODI at Johannesburg on 18 January 2015. De Villiers' hundred included 8 fours and 10 sixes. Corey Anderson (New Zealand) is second with 36 balls century against West Indies in Queenstown on 1 January 2014 and Shahid Afridi (Pakistan) is third with 37 balls century against Sri Lanka in Nairobi on 4 October 1996. 2 back to back One Day international centuries were scored for the West Indies in the Caribbean in 2 home series against Bangladesh and England When Guyana's Shimron Hetmyer scored 125 off 93 balls against Bangladesh in the 2nd one day international of the 3-match one day international series which Bangladesh won 2-1 and 104 not out off 83 balls against England in the 2nd one day international of the 5- match one day international series which ended in A 2-2 draw


David Miller of South Africa hit the fastest century in Twenty20 international cricket against Bangladesh on 29 October 2017. Miller brought up his century in just 35 balls. Rohit Sharma of India equalled the record of the fastest century in T20 international cricket against Sri Lanka on 22 December 2017. Rohit Sharma got his century in 35 balls then equalling the record.

See also

References

  1. ^ "England gives it to Aussies at Ashes", Sydney Morning Herald, 2 December 2006.
  2. ^ G. B. Buckley, Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket, Cotterell, 1935.
  3. ^ Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744–1826), Lillywhite, 1862.
  4. ^ a b H. T. Waghorn, Cricket Scores, Notes, etc. (1730–1773), Blackwood, 1899.
  5. ^ Ashley Mote, The Glory Days of Cricket, Robson, 1997.
  6. ^ H. T. Waghorn, The Dawn of Cricket, Electric Press, 1906.
  7. ^ Most Hundreds in a Career, ESPN website.
  8. ^ See Variations in first-class cricket statistics.
  9. ^ "1st Test, England tour of Australia at Melbourne, Mar 15-19 1877 - Match Summary - ESPNCricinfo". ESPNcricinfo.
  10. ^ "Records - Test matches - Batting records - Most hundreds in a career - ESPNcricinfo".
  11. ^ 1st ODI: England v Australia, 24 Aug. 1972, ESPN website.
  12. ^ "Result: 1st Match, Group A (N), ICC World Twenty20 at Johannesburg, Sep 11 2007". ESPN. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
1758 English cricket season

The 1758 English cricket season was the 15th season following the earliest known codification of the Laws of Cricket. Details have survived of only one eleven-a-side matches between significant teams.

1760 English cricket season

The 1760 English cricket season was the 17th season following the earliest known codification of the Laws of Cricket. No details have survived of any eleven-a-side matches between significant teams. A number of club matches are known to have taken place.

1761 English cricket season

The 1761 English cricket season was the 18th season following the earliest known codification of the Laws of Cricket. Details have survived of four eleven-a-side matches between significant teams.

1766 English cricket season

The 1766 English cricket season was the 23rd season following the earliest known codification of the Laws of Cricket. Details have survived of three eleven-a-side matches between significant teams.

1770 English cricket season

The 1770 English cricket season was the 27th season following the earliest known codification of the Laws of Cricket. Details have survived of four eleven-a-side matches between significant teams.

Berkshire county cricket teams

Berkshire county cricket teams have been traced back to the 18th century but the county's involvement in cricket goes back much further than that.

Bromley Cricket Club

Bromley Cricket Club was one of the strongest English cricket clubs in the mid-18th century when its team was led by Robert Colchin a.k.a. "Long Robin".

G. B. Buckley

George Bent Buckley (1885 – 26 April 1962) was an English surgeon and a celebrated cricket historian and an authority on the early days of the game.

Buckley was born in Saddleworth, Yorkshire the son of Arthur and Jane Buckley, his father was a solicitor. A surgeon by profession, he won the Military Cross in 1916 for working under fire when he was serving with the Royal Army Medical Corps in the First World War. He was a senior surgeon at Manchester Royal Infirmary and member of the Manchester Medical Society. Photographs of him as a surgeon and soldier (prisoner of war) are held in the University of Manchester Library Image Collections. After he retired, he devoted his time to researching early cricket history and travelled all over England to visit local libraries. He collected a mass of cricket historiana from old newspapers and dutifully noted every reference he could find relating to 18th century cricket. His researches were consolidated in his two classic books: Fresh Light on Eighteenth Century Cricket (1935) and Fresh Light on Pre-Victorian Cricket (1937).

He moved to Weston-super-Mare in 1938 and lived in a pleasant Victorian house just a stone's throw from the local cricket ground.

John Arlott states in the 1980 version of Barclay's World of Cricket that Mr Buckley's researches were continued in volumes of photo-reproduced typescript and manuscript, produced under the aegis of Rowland Bowen in 1960. It is probable that even more notes by Buckley still exist unpublished.

Hambledon Club

The Hambledon Club was a social club that is famous for its organisation of 18th century cricket matches. By the late 1770s it was the foremost cricket club in England.

Hertfordshire County Cricket Club

Hertfordshire County Cricket Club is one of twenty minor county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Hertfordshire.

The team is currently a member of the Minor Counties Championship Eastern Division and plays in the MCCA Knockout Trophy. Hertfordshire played List A matches occasionally from 1964 until 2004 but is not classified as a List A team per se.The club is based at Balls Park, Hertford and also plays matches around the county at Cricket Field Lane in Bishop's Stortford, Long Marston, Brunton Memorial Ground in Radlett and North Mymms.

History of cricket

The sport of cricket has a known history beginning in the late 16th century. Having originated in south-east England, it became the country's national sport in the 18th century and has developed globally in the 19th and 20th centuries. International matches have been played since 1844 and Test cricket began, retrospectively recognised, in 1877. Cricket is the world's second most popular spectator sport after association football. Governance is by the International Cricket Council (ICC) which has over one hundred countries and territories in membership although only twelve play Test cricket.

Ian Maun

Ian Maun (born 2 January 1949) is a retired university lecturer who has written two chronological researches of 18th century cricket matches and events. Maun was a senior lecturer at the University of Exeter from 1999 until 2009, teaching French and German. His published cricket works are From Commons to Lord's, Volumes One and Two which cover the years 1700 to 1750 and 1751 to 1770 respectively; his intention is to ultimately publish researches of the whole 18th century. Maun's books have been generally well-received and he was voted "Cricket Statistician of the Year" by the Association of Cricket Statisticians and Historians (the ACS) in 2009, following the publication of his first volume.Maun's work is an invaluable aid to cricket historians as he has presented newspaper and other published references to 18th century cricket in verbatim form. He has largely followed the style of G. B. Buckley but, given access to electronic versions of 18th century sources, he has been able to discover many match references that eluded Buckley and other early researchers who did not have virtual access. For example, Buckley in the 1930s discovered in the St James Evening Post a notice of the London v Dartford match on Thursday, 18 June 1724, which is notable as the earliest known match on Kennington Common. What remained unknown until Maun's researches was that the match was actually a return to one played at Dartford Brent a week earlier.

Innings

An innings is one of the divisions of a cricket match during which one team takes its turn to bat. Innings also means the period in which an individual player bats. Innings, in cricket, and rounders, is both singular and plural, which contrasts with baseball and softball in which the singular is "inning".

Kent county cricket teams

Kent county cricket teams have been traced back to the 17th century but the county's involvement in cricket goes back much further than that. Kent, jointly with Sussex, is generally accepted as the birthplace of the sport. It is widely believed that cricket was first played by children living on the Weald in Saxon or Norman times. The world's earliest known organised match was held in Kent c.1611 and the county has always been at the forefront of cricket's development through the growth of village cricket in the 17th century to representative matches in the 18th. A Kent team took part in the earliest known inter-county match, which was played on Dartford Brent in 1709. Several famous players and patrons were involved in Kent cricket from then until the creation of the first county club in 1842. Among them were William Bedle, Robert Colchin and the 3rd Duke of Dorset. Kent were generally regarded as the strongest county team in the first half of the 18th century and were always one of the main challengers to the dominance of Hambledon in the second half. County cricket ceased through the Napoleonic War and was resurrected in 1826 when Kent played Sussex. By the 1830s, Kent had again become the strongest county and remained so until mid-century.

List of cricket grounds in Kenya

This is a list of cricket grounds in Kenya. Following initial colonisation by the Portuguese, Kenya gradually came under influence of the British Empire in the latter part of the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th century. Cricket was probably introduced to the country in the 1880s by the British. Since then and following independence the sport has continued to grow, with Kenya being in recent history one of the stronger Associate members of the International Cricket Council. The grounds included in this list have held at least one first-class, List A or Twenty20 match. Additionally, some have held One Day Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals.

Sophie Devine

Sophie Frances Monique Devine (born 1 September 1989) is a New Zealand sportswoman, who has represented New Zealand in both cricket for the New Zealand national women's cricket team (the White Ferns), and in field hockey as a member of the New Zealand women's national field hockey team (the Black Sticks Women). She had since focused on cricket. She is known for not wearing a helmet when batting, a rarity in 21-century cricket. In December 2017, she was named as one of the players in the ICC Women's T20I Team of the Year.In August 2018, she was awarded a central contract by New Zealand Cricket, following the tours of Ireland and England in the previous months. In October 2018, she was named in New Zealand's squad for the 2018 ICC Women's World Twenty20 tournament in the West Indies. Ahead of the tournament, she was named as the star of the team.

The "Woolpack" cricket ground, Islington

The Woolpack cricket ground was an 18th-century cricket venue in Islington, used for matches in 1729 and 1732.

The ground's location has been described as behind the Woolpack Inn.Two known matches were played at the Woolpack. In August 1729, Gentlemen of Middlesex v Gentlemen of London was due to take place at the Woolpack Back Gate near Sadler’s Wells". In August 1732, London v Middlesex was advertised to be played in "the field behind the Woolpack at Islington".

Woburn Park

Woburn Park was an 18th-century cricket venue used for important matches, commencing with Bedfordshire v Northamptonshire & Huntingdonshire in August 1741. It is the earliest known cricket match in the county of Bedfordshire.

Women's cricket

Women's cricket is the form of the team sport of cricket that is played by women. The first recorded match was in England on 26 July 1745.

International men's cricket
(Test, ODI and T20I)
Women's cricket
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Lists of cricket centurions
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