Centru (development region)

Centru (Centre) is a development region in Romania. As other development regions, it does not have any administrative powers, its main function being to co-ordinate regional development projects and manage funds from the European Union.

Centru
Region
Regiunea Centru
Country Romania
Development Agency HQAlba Iulia
Largest cityBrașov
Area
 • Total34,082 km2 (13,159 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total2,360,805
 • Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
 • Romanians64.3%
 • Hungarians30.9%
 • Roma4.7%
 • Germans0.4%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
NUTS codeRO12
GDP per capita (PPS)€15,800 (2016)[1]
HDI (2017)0.807[2]
very high · 3rd
Websitehttp://www.adrcentru.ro/

Localization

Centru is situated in the center of Romania, within the greater curvature of the Carpathian Mountains, on the upper and middle courses of Mureș and Olt, being crossed by the 25th meridian east and the 46th parallel north. With an area of 34,082 km², accounting for 14.3% of the Romanian territory, Centru ranks 5th among the eight development regions. Due to its geographical position, it borders every other development region except București - Ilfov, registering approximately equal distances from its central zone to the border crossing points.

The Centru region is made up of six counties: Alba, Brașov, Covasna, Harghita, Mureș and Sibiu.

Geography

Relief

Lacking proper plains, the relief of Centru Region includes significant parts of the three branches of the Romanian Carpathians (almost half the area of the region), hilly area of the Transylvanian Plateau and depression area of contact between the hills and the mountains.

Hydrographic network

Szent Anna-tó-1
Lake Sfânta Ana, only volcanic lake in Romania

The hydrographic network is rich, consisting of upper and middle courses of Mureș and Olt and their tributaries. Natural lakes are diverse as genesis, the most notable being the glacial lakes in the Făgăraș Mountains, Sfânta Ana volcanic lake in Harghita Mountains, Red Lake, lake formed by damming the natural course of the Bicaz River and Ursu Lake. The most important artificial lakes are the dam lakes on Olt and Sebeș rivers, salt lakes in former salt mines at Ocna Sibiului and the Transylvanian Plain fishponds.

Climate

The climate of the region is temperate continental, and varies by altitude. In the intramontane depressions of eastern region, temperature inversions are frequent, and cold air can hug the ground for long periods. In Bod, Brașov County, the lowest temperature in Romania, −38.5 °C (−37.3 °F), was recorded on 25 January 1942.

Demographics

Centru has a total population of 2,251,268[3] (2011 Census). Its population density is 73.99/km², somewhat lower than the national average of 91.3/km².

The region is one of the most ethnically-diverse in Romania, with ethnic Romanians making up 65.4% of the population, Hungarians making up 29.9% and Romani making up 4%. Most of the Hungarian population is concentrated in the counties of Harghita and Covasna, where they make up a majority of a population.

See also

References

  1. ^ Eurostat (28 February 2018). "GDP per capita in the EU in 2016". Europa web portal. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ simple:Counties of Romania

Coordinates: 45°40′N 25°37′E / 45.667°N 25.617°E

Administrative divisions of Romania

Romania's administration is relatively centralized and administrative subdivisions are therefore fairly simplified.

According to the Constitution of Romania, its territory is organized administratively into communes, towns and counties:

At the county level: 41 counties, and one city with special status (Bucharest, the national capital)

At the town/commune level: 103 municipalities and 217 other cities (for urban areas), and 2861 communes (for rural areas). Municipality (municipiu) status is accorded to larger towns, but it does not give their administrations any greater powers.Below communal or town level, there are no further formal administrative subdivisions. However, communes are divided into villages (which have no administration of their own). There are 12,957 villages in Romania. The only exception is Bucharest, which has six sectors, each with an administration of its own.

Centru

Centru may refer to:

Sectorul Centru, Chișinău, Moldova

Centru (development region), Romania

Centru, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Predeal

Predeal (pronounced [preˈde̯al]; German: Schanzpass; Hungarian: Predeál) is a town in Brașov County, Romania. Predeal, a mountain resort town, is the highest town in Romania. It is located in the Prahova Valley at an elevation of over 1,000 m (3,281 ft).

The town administers three villages: Pârâul Rece (Hidegpatak), Timișu de Jos (Untertömösch; Alsótömös) and Timișu de Sus (Obertömösch; Felsőtömös).

Beginning in the 2000s, the area experienced a boom in construction, and now many wealthy families own mountain retreats in Predeal.

During the 2013 European Youth Olympic Winter Festival, it hosted the cross-country skiing and snowboarding competitions.

Transylvania

Transylvania is a historical region which today is located in central Romania. Bound on the east and south by its natural borders, the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended westward to the Apuseni Mountains. The term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also parts of the historical regions of Crișana and Maramureș, and occasionally the Romanian part of Banat.

The region of Transylvania is known for the scenery of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history. It also contains major cities such as Cluj-Napoca, Brașov, Sibiu, Târgu Mureș, and Bistrița.

The Western world commonly associates Transylvania with vampires, due to the influence of Bram Stoker's novel Dracula and its many film adaptations.

Ținutul Mureș

Ținutul Mureș (or Ținutul Alba Iulia) was one of the ten ținuturi ("lands") of Romania, founded in 1938 after King Carol II initiated an institutional reform by modifying the 1923 Constitution and the law of territorial administration. It comprised most of Transylvania, and included part of Székely Land. Its capital was the city of Alba-Iulia. Ținutul Mureș ceased to exist following the territorial losses of Romania to the Axis powers and the king's abdication in 1940.

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