Central Thailand

Central Thailand (central plain) is a region of Thailand, covering the broad alluvial plain of the Chao Phraya River. It is separated from northeast Thailand (Isan) by the Phetchabun mountain range. The Tenasserim Hills separate it from Myanmar to the west. In the north it is bounded by the Phi Pan Nam Range, one of the hilly systems of northern Thailand. The area was the heartland of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, and is still the dominant area of Thailand, containing as it does, the world's most primate city, Bangkok.

Central Region

Lumphini Park
Wat Chaiwatthanaram
Fishing, Bueng Boraphet
Wat Mahathat (Sukhothai Historical Park)
Khao Kho National Park
From upper-left to lower-right: Lumphini Park; Wat Chaiwatthanaram; Fishing, Bueng Boraphet; Wat Mahathat Sukhothai Historical Park; Khao Kho National Park
Central Region in Thailand
Central Region in Thailand
Largest cityBangkok
 • Total91,798.64 km2 (35,443.65 sq mi)
 • Total20,183,134
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)


The grouping of Thai provinces into regions follow two major systems, in which Thailand is divided into either four or six regions. In the six-region system, commonly used in geographical studies, central Thailand extends from Sukhothai and Phitsanulok Provinces in the north to the provinces bordering the Gulf of Thailand in the south, excluding the mountainous provinces bordering Myanmar to the west and the coastal provinces of the east. The four-region system includes provinces only as far north as Chai Nat, Sing Buri, and Lopburi, and extends west and east to the borders of Myanmar and Cambodia.

Administrative divisions

The central region is divided into 22 provinces, which includes the following:

Central Thailand, as defined by the four-region system, is divided into 26 provinces. Especially for statistical purposes these are divided into four groups:[1]

The eastern region is sometimes listed as a separate region distinct from central Thailand – sometimes only the four coastal provinces, sometimes the above list excluding Nakhon Nayok. None of these regions are political subdivisions, they are only geographical or statistical groupings.


  1. ^ List according to Wolf Donner, Thailand, ISBN 3-534-02779-5

External links

Coordinates: 15°N 100°E / 15°N 100°E

Ayothaya (town)

Not to be confused with Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province, of which it is part.Ayothaya (Thai: อโยธยา, pronounced [ʔā.jōː.tʰā.jāː]), officially Thetsaban Mueang Ayothaya (Thai: เทศบาลเมืองอโยธยา), is a town in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province. It is a town (thetsaban mueang) which covers part of the tambons Phai Ling, Hantra, and Khlong Suan Phlu.

Eastern Thailand

Eastern Thailand is a region of Thailand bordering Cambodia on the east, Northeastern Thailand in the north, and central Thailand on the west.

Hua Hin Airport

Hua Hin Airport (Thai: ท่าอากาศยานหัวหิน) (IATA: HHQ, ICAO: VTPH) is an international airport serving Hua Hin District in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand.

Khlong Luang District

Khlong Luang (Thai: คลองหลวง, pronounced [kʰlɔ̄ːŋ lǔa̯ŋ]) is a district (amphoe) in Pathum Thani Province, central Thailand.

Maeklong Railway

The Maeklong Railway (also known as the Mae Klong Railway) is a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) (metre gauge) railway that runs for nearly 67 kilometres (42 mi) between Wongwian Yai, Bangkok, and Samut Songkhram in central Thailand. The line consists of two sections: the eastern Mahachai Line, which runs between Samut Sakhon and Wongwian Yai with 18 stations, and the Ban Laem Line, which runs between Samut Sakhon and Samut Songkhram with 15 stations. The two stretches are separated by the Tha Chin River at Samut Sakhon. The only way to connect between the stations on the opposite sides of the river is by boat.

Monic languages

The Monic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic language family descended from the Old Monic language of the kingdom of Dvaravati in what is now central Thailand. The Nyahkur people continue directly from that kingdom, whereas the Mon are descendants of those who migrated to Pegu after the 11th century Khmer conquest of Dvaravati.

Nakhon Nayok City

Nakhon Nayok City is a capital of Nakhon Nayok Province in the central region of Thailand.The city (thesaban mueang) covers the whole tambon Nakhon Nayok and parts of Tha Chang, Ban Yai, Wang Krachom, and Phrom Ni of Mueang Nakhon Nayok District. In 2006 it had a population of 17,385. It lies 116 km northeast of Bangkok.

Nakhon Pathom Province

Nakhon Pathom (Thai: นครปฐม, pronounced [nə́kʰɔ̄ːn pə̄tʰǒm]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Suphan Buri, Ayutthaya, Nonthaburi, Bangkok, Samut Sakhon, Ratchaburi, and Kanchanaburi. The province has long been known for its fruit orchards, but now includes two leading universities and major industrial areas. Nakhon Pathom is one of the five provinces that forms the Bangkok Metropolitan Region.

Nakorn Pathom is home to the Sanamchandra Palace campus of Silpakorn University, the third oldest in Thailand. It was established in 1923 as the School of Fine Arts by Corrado Ferroci (Prof. Silpa Bhirasri), who under the commission of King Rama V1, was appointed to work as a sculptor at the school. In 1943 the school achieved university status and now includes 12 faculties, a graduate school, and an international college that teaches entirely in English. There are two campuses in Bangkok, and one in Phetchaburi Province.

Mahidol University also has a campus in Nakhon Pathom. Originally known as a leading medical university, it now teaches all major subjects and ranks high among universities in Southeast Asia. Its Salaya campus includes an all-English language international college. Like Silpakorn, Mahidol has branch campuses in many other central Thailand locations.

Pathum Thani

Pathum Thani (Thai: ปทุมธานี, pronounced [pā.tʰūm tʰāːnīː]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in central Thailand, directly north of Bangkok. It is the capital of the Pathum Thani Province, Thailand as well as the Mueang Pathum Thani district. As of 2005, it has a population of 18,320, covering the complete sub-district (tambon) Bang Parok.Pathum Thani hosted the 4th APEC Youth Science Festival in 2011.

Phitsanulok Province

Phitsanulok (Thai: พิษณุโลก, pronounced [pʰít.sā.nú.lôːk]), one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces, lies in upper central Thailand. It borders Sukhothai and Uttaradit on the north, Loei and Phetchabun to the east, and Phichit and Kamphaeng Phet to the south. In the northeast it borders Laos.

Its name means 'Vishnu's heaven'. The first element, Phitsanu (Thai: พิษณุ), is a cognate of "Vishnu", a Hindu god. The second element lok (Thai: โลก) means 'globe' or 'world'.

The capital is Phitsanulok.

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (Thai: พระนครศรีอยุธยา, pronounced [pʰráʔ ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn sǐː ʔā.jút.tʰā.jāː]) is the capital district (amphoe Mueang) of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province, central Thailand. Its former name as the capital city of Ayutthaya Kingdom was "Krungthep Thawarawadi Si Ayutthaya" (Thai: กรุงเทพทวารวดีศรีอยุธยา).

Pran Buri Forest Park

The Pran Buri Forest Park (Thai: วนอุทยานปราณบุรี) is a protected area in Thailand. It is at the mouth of the Pran Buri River to the Gulf of Thailand in Pran Buri District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province.

Pran Buri Forest Park was founded either in 1974 or on 30 September 1982 by the Forestry Department after Queen Sirikit visited Pak Nam Pran Buri Village in Pran Buri and was inspired to support the growing of more trees along the coastline. This project developed 1,984 rai of Khlong Kao and Khlong Doi forests, consisting of mangrove forests, mixed deciduous forests, and coastal plains.The park protects the mangrove forest of the Khlong Kao-Khlong Kop National Reserve Forest. It covers 3.17 square kilometres (1.22 sq mi).


Rangsit is a city in Pathum Thani Province, Thailand. Rangsit is a metropolitan city that supports the expansion of Bangkok in the north. Rangsit has become a departure point for travel to provinces in north, northeast, and eastern Thailand.

Rangsit is the home of Rangsit University

Samut Sakhon

Samut Sakhon (Thai: สมุทรสาคร, pronounced [samùt sǎːkʰɔːn], Pronunciation) is a City in Thailand, capital of Samut Sakhon Province. It is a stop on the Maeklong Railway. Samut Sakhon is 48 km from Bangkok.

It is part of the Bangkok Metropolitan Region.


Saraburi City (thesaban mueang) is the provincial capital of Saraburi Province in central Thailand. In 2005, it had a population of 61,900, and covers the complete tambon Pak Phriao of the Mueang Saraburi district.

Sing Buri

Sing Buri (Thai pronunciation: [sǐŋ būrīː]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in Thailand, capital of the Sing Buri Province. It lies 141 km north of Bangkok. The town covers the whole tambon Bang Phutsa and parts of Bang Man, Muang Mu, Ton Pho, and Bang Krabue, all within Mueang Sing Buri District. As of 2006, it had a population of 19,470.

Western Khmer dialect

Western Khmer, also known as Chanthaburi Khmer, is the dialect of the Khmer language spoken by the Khmer people native to the Cardamom Mountains on both sides of the border between western Cambodia and eastern Central Thailand (Chanthaburi Province). Developing in an historically isolated region, Western Khmer is the only dialect of modern Khmer to conserve the Middle Khmer phonation contrast of breathy voice versus modal voice that has been all but lost in the other dialects.

Western Thailand

Western Thailand is a region of Thailand bordering Myanmar on the west, Southern Thailand on the south, and central Thailand on the east.

Four-region division system
Six-region division system

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