Central Province is a province in Papua New Guinea located on the southern coast of the country. It has a population of 237,016 (2010 census) people and is 29,998 square kilometres (11,582 sq mi) in size. The seat of government of Central Province, which is located within the National Capital District outside the province, is the Port Moresby suburb of Konedobu. On 9 October 2007, the Central Province government announced plans to build a new provincial capital city at Bautama, which lies within Central Province near Port Moresby, although there has been little progress in constructing it.
Whereas Tok Pisin is the main lingua franca in all Papua New Guinean towns, in part of the southern mainland coastal area centred on Central Province, Hiri Motu is a stronger lingua franca (but not in Port Moresby).
Central Province in Papua New Guinea
|Country||Papua New Guinea|
|• Governor||Kila Haoda 2012-|
|• Total||29,998 km2 (11,582 sq mi)|
|• Density||9.0/km2 (23/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+10 (AEST)|
Each province in Papua New Guinea has one or more districts, and each district has one or more Local Level Government (LLG) areas. For census purposes, the LLG areas are subdivided into wards and those into census units.
|District||District Capital||LLG Name|
|Abau District||Abau||Amazon Bay Rural|
|Cloudy Bay Rural|
|Goilala District||Tapini||Guari Rural|
|Kairuku-Hiri District||Bereina||Hiri Rural|
|Mekeo Kuni Rural|
|Rigo District||Kwikila||Rigo Central Rural|
|Rigo Coastal Rural|
|Rigo Inland Rural|
The province was governed by a decentralised provincial administration, headed by a Premier, from 1976 to 1995. Following reforms taking effect that year, the national government reassumed some powers, and the role of Premier was replaced by a position of Governor, to be held by the winner of the province-wide seat in the National Parliament of Papua New Guinea.
|Central Provincial||Robert Agarobe|
|Abau Open||Puka Temu|
|Goilala Open||William Samb|
|Kairuku-Hiri Open||Peter Isoaimo|
|Rigo Open||Lekwa Gure|
Abau District is a district of Central Province in Papua New Guinea. It is one of the four administrative districts that make up the province.Bina language (Papua New Guinea)
Bina is an extinct Austronesian language of Papua New Guinea. It was restructured through contact with neighboring Papuan languages, and it turn influencing them, before speakers shifted to those languages.Keapara language
Keapara is an Austronesian language of Papua New Guinea. It has been strongly influenced by Papuan languages.Kuni language
Kuni is a Malayo-Polynesian languages of the central southern coast of the Papuan Peninsula in Papua New Guinea.Lala language (Papua New Guinea)
Lala, also rendered Nara, is a Malayo-Polynesian languages of the central southern coast of the Papuan Peninsula in Papua New Guinea.Laua language
Laua, also known as Labu, is a language of Papua New Guinea. It is (or was) spoken in the Central Province, north and west of Laua according to Ethnologue. Laua had only one remaining speaker in 1987, and is now extinct.Magori language
Magori is a nearly extinct Austronesian language of Papua New Guinea that has been strongly restructured through contact with neighboring Papuan languages, perhaps Mailu, which the Magori people speak fluently today. The restructuring was so extensive that Magori's family was long in doubt; it was finally established by Dutton in 1976. Magi in turn borrowed large numbers of Austronesian words, either from Magori or its extinct Oumic relatives.Mailu Island
Mailu Island is a small, 1.8 km long, island in Central Province, Papua New Guinea. It lies 250 km ESE from Port Moresby.Mailu language
Mailu, or Magi (Magɨ), is a Papuan language of Papua New Guinea.
Magi is a non-Austronesian language spoken by upwards of 6000 people living on the islands of Mailu, Laluoru, Loupomu and Eunuoro and along the south coast between Cape Rodney and mid-Orangerie Bay of the Central Province of Papua New Guinea. It is often referred to as 'Mailu' as one of the major villages speaking this language is the village of that name on Mailu Island. It is related to the other languages of the Mailuan family (Ma, Laua, Morawa, Neme'a, Domu and Bauwaki whose speakers live or lived inland of this area). Ma and Laua are now extinct.
Magi speakers have for a long time had close contacts and (probably extensive) integration with Austronesian speakers, with the result that there has been a significant adoption of Austronesian vocabulary (around 30–40%, particularly Magori, Gadaisu, Suau, Ouma, Yoba and Bina, of which the last three are now extinct).
Magi itself is divided into two main groups of dialects: the eastern (Maisi/Varo) dialects, and the western (Island) dialects.Maria language (Papua New Guinea)
Maria is a Manubaran language spoken in the "bird's tail" of Papua New Guinea by approximately 1,350 people.Motu language
Motu (sometimes called Pure Motu or True Motu to distinguish it from Hiri Motu) is one of many Central Papuan Tip languages and is spoken by the Motuans, native inhabitants of Papua New Guinea. It is commonly used today in the region, particularly around the capital, Port Moresby.
A simplified form of Motu developed as a trade language in the Papuan region, in the southeast of the main island of New Guinea, originally known as Police Motu, and today known as Hiri Motu. After Tok Pisin and English, Hiri Motu was at the time of independence the third most commonly spoken of the more than 800 languages of Papua New Guinea, although its use has been declining for some years, mainly in favour of Tok Pisin.
Motu is classified as one of the Malayo-Polynesian languages and bears some linguistic similarities to Polynesian and Micronesian languages.Ouma language
Ouma is an extinct Austronesian language of Papua New Guinea. It was restructured through contact with neighboring Papuan languages, and it turn influencing them, before speakers shifted to those languages.Sinaugoro language
Sinaugoro is an Austronesian language of Papua New Guinea. It is closely related to Motu.Tauade language
Tauade is a Papuan language of New Guinea.Toura language (Papua New Guinea)
Toura (Doura) is a Malayo-Polynesian languages of the central southern coast of the Papuan Peninsula in Papua New Guinea.Waima language
The Waima language (sometimes known as Roro, though this is strictly the name of one dialect of Waima) is a Nuclear West Central Papuan Tip language of the Oceanic group of Malayo-Polynesian languages, spoken in Papua New Guinea by 15,000 people. The three dialects, Waima, Roro, and Paitana, are very close.Yoba language
Yoba is an extinct Austronesian language of Papua New Guinea. It was restructured through contact with neighboring Papuan languages, and in turn influencing them, before speakers shifted to those languages.Yule Island
Yule Island is a small island in Central Province, Papua New Guinea. It lies 160 km from Port Moresby.