Central Luzon

Central Luzon (Kapampangan: Kalibudtarang Luzon, Pangasinan: Pegley na Luzon, Tagalog: Gitnang Luzon, Ilokano: Tengnga a Luzon), designated as Region III, is an administrative region in the Philippines, primarily serving to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plains of the island of Luzon (the largest island), for administrative convenience. The region contains the largest plain in the country and produces most of the country's rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Granary of the Philippines".[1] Its provinces are: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales.[4]

Central Luzon

Region III
Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan
Baler Bay in Aurora
Sierra Madre in Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija
Heritage District in Angeles, Pampanga
Capas National Shrine in Capas, Tarlac
Mount Pinatubo in Botolan, Zambales
Mount Samat National Shrine in Pilar, Bataan
Nickname(s): 
Rice Granary of the Philippines[1]
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°28′N 120°45′E / 15.47°N 120.75°ECoordinates: 15°28′N 120°45′E / 15.47°N 120.75°E
Country Philippines
Island groupLuzon
Regional centerSan Fernando (Pampanga)[2]
Area
 • Total22,014.63 km2 (8,499.90 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)
 • Total11,218,177
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ISO 3166 codePH-03
Provinces
Independent Cities
Municipalities116
Barangays3,102
Cong. districts20
Languages

Etymology

The current name of the region is in reference to its position on Luzon island. The term was coined by American colonialists after the defeat of the First Philippine Republic. There have been proposals to rename the current Central Luzon region into the Luzones region. The proposed name is in reference to the old name of Luzon island, Luções, which was later used to refer to the central area of the island. The term Luções literally translates into Luzones.[5][6]

Overview

Central Luzon Region is located north of Manila, the nation's capital. Bordering it are the regions of Ilocos and Cagayan Valley to the north; National Capital Region, CALABARZON and the waters of Manila Bay to the south; South China Sea to the west; and the Philippine Sea to the east.[7] Pangasinan is historico-culturally and geographically a part of this region, but was politically made part of the Ilocos Region by President Ferdinand Marcos on June 22 of 1973.[8]

There are fourteen cities in the region: Balanga in Bataan; Malolos, Meycauayan and San Jose del Monte in Bulacan; Cabanatuan, Gapan, Muñoz, Palayan and San Jose in Nueva Ecija; Angeles, Mabalacat and San Fernando in Pampanga; Tarlac in Tarlac; and Olongapo in Zambales. Central Luzon produces the most rice in the whole country. Excess rice is delivered and imported to other provinces of the Philippines.[9]

The City of San Fernando, provincial capital of Pampanga, is designated as the regional center. Aurora was transferred from Region IV through Executive Order No. 103 on May 2002.[10]

Demographics

Population census of Central Luzon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 6,338,590—    
2000 8,204,742+2.61%
2010 10,137,737+2.14%
2015 11,218,177+1.95%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][12]

Religion

Eighty percent of the population of Central Luzon is Roman Catholic. Other religions represented are Protestants (including Evangelicals), Islam, Iglesia Ni Cristo, and indigenous religions such as Anitism. There are also other denominations such as Jesus Is Lord, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ, Ang Dating Daan, Jesus Miracle Crusade, United Methodist Church and others.

Administrative divisions

Ph central luzon
Political map of Central Luzon

Central Luzon comprises 7 provinces, 2 highly urbanized cities, 12 component cities, 116 municipalities, 3,102 barangays[13]

Province or HUC Capital Population (2015)[12] Area[14] Density Cities Muni. Bgy.
km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Aurora Baler 1.9% 214,336 3,147.32 1,215.19 68 180 0 8 151
Bataan Balanga 6.8% 760,650 1,372.98 530.11 550 1,400 1 11 237
Bulacan Malolos 29.3% 3,292,071 2,796.10 1,079.58 1,200 3,100 3 21 569
Nueva Ecija Palayan 19.2% 2,151,461 5,751.33 2,220.60 370 960 5 27 849
Pampanga San Fernando 19.6% 2,198,110 2,002.20 773.05 1,100 2,800 2 19 505
Tarlac Tarlac City 12.2% 1,366,027 3,053.60 1,179.00 450 1,200 1 17 511
Zambales Iba 5.3% 590,848 3,645.83 1,407.66 160 410 0 13 230
Angeles 3.7% 411,634 60.27 23.27 6,800 18,000 33
Olongapo 2.1% 233,040 185.00 71.43 1,300 3,400 17
Total 11,218,177 22,014.63 8,499.90 510 1,300 14 116 3,102

 †  Angeles and Olongapo are highly-urbanized cities; figures are excluded from Pampanga and Zambales respectively.

Cities

The Central Luzon Region has fourteen cities. San Jose del Monte is the city with the most population while Angeles is the most densely populated city in the region. Tarlac City is the largest based on land area.

  •  †  Regional center

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Edenhofer, Ottmar; Wallacher, Johannes; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Reder, Michael; Knopf, Brigitte; Müller, Johannes (2012-06-25). Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability: Linking Climate and Development Policy. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 206. ISBN 9789400745407.
  2. ^ "DILG Region 3 - Regional Management". Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
  3. ^ "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population (Region 3)". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
  4. ^ "Central Luzon, Region III, Philippines". flagspot.net.
  5. ^ http://opinion.inquirer.net/95645/change-name-will-good-philippines
  6. ^ http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/06/13/17/should-the-philippines-be-renamed-historian-weighs-in
  7. ^ "Region III, Central Luzon, Geographical Location". evis.net.ph.
  8. ^ "Presidential Decree № 224". Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  9. ^ "REGION III (Central Luzon)". National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2016-09-07.
  10. ^ "Executive Order No. 103; Dividing Region IV into Region IV-A and Region IV-B, Transferring the Province of Aurora to Region III and for Other Purposes". Philippine Statistics Authority. 17 May 2002. Archived from the original on 18 May 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016. SECTION 4. The Province of Aurora is hereby transferred to and shall form part of Region III.
  11. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  12. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  13. ^ "List of Regions". National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
  14. ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Provinces". Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 11 January 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  15. ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Cities". Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2016.

External links

2013 Philippine House of Representatives elections in Central Luzon

Elections were held in Central Luzon for seats in the House of Representatives of the Philippines on May 13, 2013.

The candidate with the most votes won that district's seat for the 16th Congress of the Philippines.

2016 Philippine House of Representatives election in Central Luzon

Elections were held in Central Luzon for seats in the House of Representatives of the Philippines on May 9, 2016.

The candidate with the most votes won that district's seat for the 17th Congress of the Philippines.

2017 Central Luzon H5N6 outbreak

From April to September 2017 in the Philippines, an outbreak of H5N6 avian influenza or bird flu affected poultry in at least three towns in Central Luzon; San Luis in Pampanga and Jaen and San Isidro in Nueva Ecija.

The occurrence is the first avian flu outbreak recorded in the Philippines. While the occurrence of the disease was reported as early as April 2017, it was only on August 11, 2017 that the avian flu was confirmed. The outbreak was officially declared over in September 2017.

Balitang Amianan

Balitang Amianan is a Philippine television newscast show broadcast by GMA Dagupan. It premiered on May 5, 2008 and airs worldwide on GMA News TV International.

Burong isda

Burong isda (literally "pickled fish") is a Filipino dish consisting of cooked rice and raw filleted fish fermented with salt and angkak (red yeast rice) for around a week. The dish is common in central Luzon, most notably in the province of Pampanga. Angkak may also be omitted, especially in western central Luzon, resulting in a white-colored version. Burong isda variants are usually named after the fish they were made with; e.g. burong bangus for burong isda made with bangus (milkfish). Shrimp versions of the dish are known as burong hipon or balao-balao. Burong isda is very similar to other fermented fish and rice dishes of Asia, including narezushi of Japanese cuisine and pla ra of Thai cuisine. All of these dishes rely on lactic acid fermentation to preserve the food.

Central Luzon State University

Central Luzon State University (CLSU) is a state university on a 658-hectare campus in Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines. It is the lead agency of the Muñoz Science Community and the seat of the Regional Research and Development Center in Central Luzon. To date, CLSU is one of the premiere institutions for agriculture in the Philippines and in Southeast Asia known for its research in aquaculture, ruminants, crops, orchard, and water management. It has also been placed between the sixth and the twenty-first spot for the most academically-excellent university in the country for various years, overwhelming most schools in Metro Manila. It has been placed in the 100 most significant schools in Asia numerous times as well.CLSU is the first comprehensive state university to undergo institutional accreditation. It is a declared Cultural Property of the Philippines with the code of PH-03-0027 due to its high historical, cultural, academical, and agricultural importance to the nation. It is one of the four prominent universities in Nueva Ecija and the most academically-excellent in all of Central Luzon. It is also listed as one of the most beautiful school campuses in the Philippines due to its expansive and rural-inspired forest and rice field landscapes and architectures, which focus on sustainability and ecological balance with rural and modern architectures.

Central Luzon Television

Central Luzon Television (CLTV 36) is a regional infotainment television network, based in the Central Luzon region in the Philippines with callsign DWRW-TV. The network is owned and managed by RadioWorld Broadcasting Corporation (formerly known as Central Luzon Broadcasting Corporation), a subsidiary of the Laus Group of Companies. The network's offices and studio complex located at 3rd Floor, Corporate Guarantee and Insurance Company Building, Jose Abad Santos Avenue, City of San Fernando, Pampanga, while its 10-kilowatt, 68.5 meters (225 foot) high BTSC stereo transmitter and station tower is located at C.P. Garcia Street, Clark Freeport Zone, Pampanga.This station operates everyday from 8:00 AM to 10:30 PM (PST). Currently, CLTV 36 is the leading free-to-air regional television channel in the country based on the AGB Nielsen survey, for two consecutive years, and was awarded as the Best Local TV Station by the Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas, Paragala Central Luzon Media Awards and Gandingan Awards.

Central Luzon languages

The Central Luzon languages are a group of languages belonging to the Philippine languages. These are predominantly spoken in the western portions of Central Luzon in the Philippines. One of them, Kapampangan, is the major language of the Pampanga-Mount Pinatubo area. However, despite having three to four million speakers, it is threatened by the diaspora of its speakers after the June 1991 eruption of that volcano. Globalization also threatened the language, with the younger generation more on using and speaking Tagalog and English, but promotion and everyday usage boosted the vitality of Kapampangan.

Cordillera Central (Luzon)

The Cordillera Central is a massive mountain range situated in the northern central part of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. The mountain range encompasses all provinces of the Cordillera Administrative Region (Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga and Mountain Province), as well as portions of eastern Ilocos Norte, eastern Ilocos Sur, eastern La Union, northeastern Pangasinan, western Nueva Vizcaya, and western Cagayan.

To the north, the mountain range terminates at the northern shores of Luzon along the Babuyan Channel in Ilocos Norte and Cagayan provinces. At its southeastern part, the Central Cordillera is linked to the Sierra Madre Mountains, the longest mountain range in the country, through the Caraballo Mountains in Nueva Vizcaya province. During Spanish colonial period, the whole range was called Nueva Provincia, (New Province).

List of radio stations in Central Luzon

This is a list of radio stations in Central Luzon, Philippines.

Luzon

Luzon ( (listen), Tagalog: [luˈzon]) is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines. It is ranked 15th largest in the world by land area. Located in the northern portion of the archipelago, it is the economic and political center of the nation, being home to the country's capital city, Manila, as well as Quezon City, the country's most populous city. With a population of 53 million as of 2015, it is the fourth most populous island in the world, containing 52.5% of the country's total population.Luzon may also refer to one of the three primary island groups in the country. As such, it includes the Luzon mainland, the Batanes and Babuyan groups of islands to the north, Polillo Islands to the east, and the outlying islands of Catanduanes, Marinduque and Mindoro, among others, to the south. The islands of Masbate, Palawan and Romblon are also included as well, though these three are sometimes grouped in the Visayas.

Philippine Science High School Central Luzon Campus

The Philippine Science High School - Central Luzon Campus (PSHS-CLC) is the 11th campus of the Philippine Science High School System which admits and grants scholarships to students who are gifted in science and mathematics. Admission to this campus is by passing the National Competitive Examination organized and conducted by the PSHS System annually and only Filipino citizens are qualified to attend. Most of the scholars are from Central Luzon which covers the provinces of Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Zambales. Some of the scholars came from neighboring provinces like Manila, Batangas, Rizal, Laguna, Pangasinan, and Palawan. Philippine Science High School - Central Luzon Campus excels both at academics and at co - curricular activities.

Remontado Agta language

Remontado, also known as Sinauna, Kabalat, Remontado Dumagat, and Hatang-Kayi, is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in Tanay, Rizal, General Nakar, Quezon (including in Paimahuan, Limoutan), Rodriguez, Rizal and Antipolo City, in the Philippines. It is one of the Philippine Negrito languages.

Sambalic languages

The Sambalic languages are a part of the Central Luzon language family spoken by the Sambals, an ethnolinguistic group on the western coastal areas of Central Luzon and the Zambales mountain ranges.

TV Patrol North Central Luzon

TV Patrol North Central Luzon (formerly TV Patrol Dagupan) was the local news network broadcast of the ABS-CBN Regional Network Group in North Central Luzon.

The program, a tabloid-style newscast, delivered the freshest news and current affairs issues in Pangasinan and Northern parts of Central Luzon in Filipino.

It was aired live daily from the ABS-CBN Newscenter Dagupan at 5:00 PM from Monday to Friday, simulcast over TV-32 Tarlac & Cabanatuan, TV-12 Olongapo, TV-13 Zambales and TV-22 Baler.

TV Patrol North Central Luzon was last anchored by experienced Dagupan City news anchor Cris Zuñiga.

The program has updated its logo and graphics, as well as its OBB and lower thirds, are changed to Gotham font to match the national TV Patrol starting July 10, 2017. This is the fourteenth regional TV Patrol to update its graphics, similar to the national newscast.

As a cost-cutting measure to digitize ABS-CBN Regional stations, aliging with Channel 2 Manila, TV Patrol North Central Luzon ceased broadcasting by June 29, 2018 and merged to TV Patrol North Luzon by July 2, carrying Cris Zuniga and bulk of its reporters.

Tarlac

Tarlac (Kapampangan: Lalauígan ning Tarlac; Pangasinan: Luyag na Tarlac; Ilokano: Probinsia ti Tarlac; Tagalog: Lalawigan ng Tarlac) is a landlocked province located in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines. It is bounded on the north by the province of Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija on the east, Zambales on the west and Pampanga in the south. The province comprises three congressional districts and is subdivided into 17 municipalities and one city, Tarlac City, which is the provincial capital.

The province is situated in the heartland of Luzon, in what is known as the Central Plain also spanning the neighbouring provinces of Pampanga, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija and Bulacan. Tarlac covers a total land area of 3,053.45 km2 (305,345 ha).

Early in history, what came to be known as Valenzuela Ranch today was once a thickly-forested area, peopled by roving tribes of nomadic Aetas who are said to be the aboriginal settlers of the Philippines, and for a lengthy period, it was the remaining hinterland of Luzon's Central Plains. Today, Tarlac is the most multi-cultural of the provinces in the region for having a mixture of four distinct ethnic groups: the Kapampangans, the Pangasinans, the Ilocanos and the Tagalogs. It is also known for its fine food and vast sugar and rice plantations in Central Luzon.

Tarlac City

Tarlac City, officially the City of Tarlac, (Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Tarlac; Pangasinan: Siyudad na Tarlac; Ilokano: Siudad ti Tarlac; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Tarlac; Central Bicolano: Ciudad nin Tarlac; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Tarlac; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa sang Tarlac), is a 1st class city and capital of the province of Tarlac, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 342,493 people.The city was proclaimed as a Highly Urbanized City under the former President and now Speaker Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, but the decision was opposed by the provincial government.

Tuwali language

Tuwali language is a native language indigenous to Ifugao. Mainly spoken in the whole province. Its only that it has different varieties that distinguishes the municipality.

Kiangan is the oldest town in the province. It derives its name from Kiangan, an ancient village near the bank of the Ibulao River across the Lagawe valley.

United Central Luzon Athletic Association

The United Central Luzon Athletic Association (UCLAA) is an association of colleges and universities in Central Luzon region aiming to showcase the skills of student-athletes in different sports. It was formally introduced in 2015 in San Fernando, Pampanga coinciding with the formal opening of the 8th season.

It is one of the member leagues of the Philippine Collegiate Champions League (PCCL).

City Population (2015)[12] Area[15] Density City class Income class Province
km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Angeles 411,634 60.27 23.27 6,800 18,000 Highly Urbanized 1st Pampanga
Balanga 96,061 111.63 43.10 860 2,200 Component 4th Bataan
Cabanatuan 302,231 192.29 74.24 1,600 4,100 Component 1st Nueva Ecija
Gapan 110,303 164.44 63.49 670 1,700 Component 4th Nueva Ecija
Mabalacat 250,799 83.18 32.12 3,000 7,800 Component 1st Pampanga
Malolos 252,074 67.25 25.97 3,700 9,600 Component 1st Bulacan
Meycauayan 209,083 32.10 12.39 6,500 17,000 Component 1st Bulacan
Muñoz 81,483 163.05 62.95 500 1,300 Component 4th Nueva Ecija
Olongapo 233,040 185.00 71.43 1,300 3,400 Highly Urbanized 1st Zambales
Palayan 41,041 101.40 39.15 400 1,000 Component 5th Nueva Ecija
San Fernando 306,659 67.74 26.15 4,500 12,000 Component 1st Pampanga
San Jose 139,738 185.99 71.81 750 1,900 Component 2nd Nueva Ecija
San Jose del Monte 574,089 105.53 40.75 5,400 14,000 Component 1st Bulacan
Tarlac City 342,493 274.66 106.05 1,200 3,100 Component 1st Tarlac
Places adjacent to Central Luzon
Philippines Central Luzon (Region III)
Regional Center
Provinces
Highly Urbanized Cities
Component Cities
Provincial Capitals
Municipalities
Luzon
Visayas
Mindanao
Former regions
Capital
Island groups
Regions
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Municipalities
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Other subdivisions
Proposed
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