Central Finland

Central Finland (Finnish: Keski-Suomi; Swedish: Mellersta Finland) is a region (maakunta / landskap) in Finland. It borders the regions of Päijät-Häme, Pirkanmaa, South Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, North Ostrobothnia, Pohjois-Savo, and Etelä-Savo.

Jyväskylä is the regional centre and by far the largest city in the area.

Central Finland

Keski-Suomen maakunta
landskapet Mellersta Finland
Flag of Central Finland
Flag
Coat of arms of Central Finland
Coat of arms
Central Finland on a map of Finland
Central Finland on a map of Finland
Coordinates: 62°30′N 025°30′E / 62.500°N 25.500°ECoordinates: 62°30′N 025°30′E / 62.500°N 25.500°E
CountryFinland
Historical provinceTavastia, Satakunta
CapitalJyväskylä
Area
 • Total19,950.38 km2 (7,702.88 sq mi)
Population
(2013)
 • Total275,320
 • Density14/km2 (36/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeFI-08
NUTS193
Regional birdCapercaillie
Regional flowerOxeye daisy
Websitekeskisuomi.fi

Historical provinces

For history, geography and culture see: Tavastia, Savonia, Ostrobothnia

Municipalities

The region of Central Finland is made up of 23 municipalities, of which six have city status (marked in bold).

Total: - 272,300 (2012 population)

Äänekoski sub-region:

Jämsä sub-region:

Joutsa sub-region:

Jyväskylä sub-region:

Keuruu sub-region:

Saarijärvi-Viitasaari sub-region:

Politics

Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Central Finland:

Image gallery

Jyväskylä2

Jyväskylä city centre

Petäjävesi Old Church from south

Petäjävesi Old Church, a UNESCO world heritage site

View from Kinkomaa to Päijänne

Lake Päijänne in Muurame

Keittomaalilla maalattu hirsitalo Äänekoskella

A traditional house in Äänekoski

Lutakko and Jyväsjärvi

Lutakko neighbourhood and Lake Jyväsjärvi, Jyväskylä

Saarijärvi Lutheran Church

Saarijärvi Church

Keuruu3

Keuruu town centre

Keiteleen kanava

Kapeenkoski lock in Keitele-Päijänne Canal

Kärkinen bridge during Päijännepurjehdus 2007

Sailing boats on Kärkinen Bridge, Jyväskylä

Kivijärvi church 2

Kivijärvi Church

Jarvella

An autumnal morning at a lake

University of Jyväskylä main Building

University of Jyväskylä Main Building by Aalto

Muurame5

Rural landscape in Muurame

Hitonhauta

Hitonhauta, a gorge in Laukaa

Konneveden kirkko

Konnevesi Church

SataSarvinen4

Lake Päijänne from Hill Satasarvinen, Jyväskylä

Savusauna

A smoke sauna in Kannonkoski

Kulhanvuori

Kulhanvuori, Saarijärvi

Wooden terraced house, Säynätsalo

Post-war wooden terraced houses in Säynätsalo, Jyväskylä

Petter Solberg - Rally Finland 2009

Rally Finland held in Central Finland is the fastest event of the World Rally Championship

Äänekoski pulp mill

Pulp mill in Äänekoski, an industry town

Eino Kaakkolahti

Finnish baseball pesäpallo was invented in Central Finland

Taulumäki church

Taulumäki Church in Jyväskylä

Hr1 1003 (aufgeschnitten)

A steam locomotive in Haapamäki Railway Museum, Keuruu

External links

Central Ostrobothnia

Central Ostrobothnia (Finnish: Keski-Pohjanmaa; Swedish: Mellersta Österbotten) is a region in Finland. It borders the regions of Ostrobothnia, North Ostrobothnia, Central Finland and South Ostrobothnia.

Finnish Airforce Museum

The Finnish Airforce Museum (Finnish: Suomen Ilmavoimamuseo), formerly the Aviation Museum of Central Finland (Finnish: Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseo), is an aviation museum located near Jyväskylä Airport in Tikkakoski, Jyväskylä, Finland. The museum exhibits the aviation history of Finland, from the early 1900s until today. The museum is owned by the Foundation of Aviation Museum of Central Finland (Finnish: Keski-Suomen Ilmailumuseosäätiö).

The exhibition consists of aircraft, engines and aircrew equipment which has been used by the Finnish Air Force. The equipment of the Air Force Signals Museum has its own section. A large collection of scale models gives a wider perspective to the whole field of aviation.

The museum has around 25,000 visitors.

Jyväskylä

Jyväskylä (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈjyʋæsˌkylæ]) is a city and municipality in Finland in the western part of the Finnish Lakeland, some 130 km north-east from Tampere. It is the largest city in the region of Central Finland and on the Finnish Lakeland.

Elias Lönnrot, the compiler of the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala, gave the city the nickname "Athens of Finland". This nickname refers to the major role of Jyväskylä as an educational centre.The works of the most famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto can be seen throughout the city. The city hosts the Neste Oil Rally Finland, which is part of the World Rally Championship. It is also home of the annual Jyväskylä Arts Festival.

As of 31 August 2018, Jyväskylä had a population of 140,812. The city has been one of the fastest growing cities in Finland during the 20th century.

In 1940, there were only 8,000 inhabitants in Jyväskylä. The Jyväskylä sub-region includes Jyväskylä, Hankasalmi, Laukaa, Muurame, Petäjävesi, Toivakka, and Uurainen.

Jämsänkoski

Jämsänkoski is a former town and municipality in central Finland located near Lake Päijänne and the Jämsänjoki river. The town had population of 7,351 (2008). It covered an area of 448.67 km² of which 48.02 km² is water. The population density was 16.9 inhabitants per km².

The paper mill owned by UPM Kymmene is the largest employer of Jämsä.

Jämsänkoski was founded in 1926 when it separated from the bigger municipality of Jämsä. Municipality of Koskenpää was consolidated with Jämsänkoski in the beginning of 1969.

It belongs to the administrative district of Western Finland although Central Finland remains the centre for labour and trade.

Jämsänkoski was consolidated with Jämsä in 2009.

Keurusselkä

Keurusselkä is a lake in Central Finland between the towns of Keuruu to the north and Mänttä to the south. It covers an area of 117.3 km2 (45.3 sq mi). Its average depth is 6.4 m (21 ft) with a maximum depth of 40 m (130 ft). The surface lies at 105.4 m (346 ft) above sea level. The lake is 27 km (17 mi) long and is a part of the Kokemäenjoki water system. Keurusselkä gained international publicity in 2004 when a pair of amateur geologists uncovered an ancient impact crater on the western shore of the lake.

List of airports in Finland

Below is a list of airports, airfields and heliports in Finland, grouped by type and sorted by location.

Mikkeli Province

The Mikkeli Province (Finnish: Mikkelin lääni, Swedish: S:t Michels län) was a province of Finland from 1831 to 1997. The province was named after the city of Mikkeli.

Parts of the province were transferred to the Central Finland Province in 1960. In 1997 it was merged with Kuopio Province and Northern Karelia Province into the new Eastern Finland Province.

Municipalities of Central Finland

The 23 municipalities of the Central Finland Region (Finnish: Keski-Suomi; Swedish: Mellersta Finland) in Finland are divided on six sub-regions.

North Ostrobothnia

North Ostrobothnia (Finnish: Pohjois-Pohjanmaa; Swedish: Norra Österbotten) is a region of Finland. It borders the Finnish regions of Lapland, Kainuu, Northern Savonia (Pohjois-Savo), Central Finland and Central Ostrobothnia, as well as the Russian Republic of Karelia.

Northern Savonia

Northern Savonia or, officially, Pohjois-Savo (Finnish: Pohjois-Savo; Swedish: Norra Savolax) is a region in eastern Finland. It borders the regions of Etelä-Savo, Central Finland, North Ostrobothnia, Kainuu, and North Karelia. Kuopio is the largest city in the region.

Pirkanmaa

Pirkanmaa (Swedish: Birkaland, also known as Tampere Region in government documents), is a region of Finland. It borders the regions of Satakunta, Tavastia Proper (Kanta-Häme), Päijät-Häme, South Ostrobothnia, Central Finland and Southwest Finland (Varsinais-Suomi).

Provinces of Finland

Between 1634 and 2009, Finland was administered as several provinces (Finnish: Suomen läänit, Swedish: Finlands län). Finland had always been a unitary state: the provincial authorities were part of the central government's executive branch and the provinces had little autonomy. There were never any elected provincial parliaments in continental Finland. The system was initially created in 1634. Its makeup was changed drastically in 1997, when the number of the provinces was reduced from twelve to six. This effectively made them purely administrative units, as linguistic and cultural boundaries no longer followed the borders of the provinces. The provinces were eventually abolished at the end of 2009. Consequently, different ministries may subdivide their areal organization differently. Besides the former provinces, the municipalities of Finland form the fundamental subdivisions of the country. In current use are the regions of Finland, a smaller subdivision where some pre-1997 läänis are split into multiple regions. Åland islands retain their special autonomous status and their own regional parliament.

Päijänne Tavastia

Päijänne Tavastia or, officially, Päijät-Häme (Finnish: Päijät-Häme; Swedish: Päijänne-Tavastland) is a region in Southern Finland south of the lake Päijänne. It borders the regions of Uusimaa, Tavastia Proper (Kanta-Häme), Pirkanmaa, Central Finland, Southern Savonia (Etelä-Savo) and Kymenlaakso. The biggest city in the region is Lahti.

SPL Keski-Suomen piiri

The SPL Keski-Suomen piiri (Central Finland Football Association) is one of the 12 district organisations of the Football Association of Finland. It administers lower tier football in Central Finland.

South Ostrobothnia

South Ostrobothnia (Finnish: Etelä-Pohjanmaa; Swedish: Södra Österbotten) is one of the 19 regions of Finland. It borders the regions of Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, Central Finland, Pirkanmaa, and Satakunta.

Seinäjoki is the regional centre and by far the largest city in the area.

Southern Savonia

Southern Savonia or, officially, Etelä-Savo (Finnish: Etelä-Savo; Swedish: Södra Savolax) is a region in the south-east of Finland. It borders the regions of Pohjois-Savo, North Karelia, South Karelia, Päijät-Häme, and Central Finland. The total area of Southern Savonia is 18,768.33 km2 (7,246.5 sq mi), with a population of 153,738 (2011).

Southern Savonia is located in the heart of the Finnish lake district, and contains Lake Saimaa, the largest lake in Finland. The two major towns in the region are Mikkeli and Savonlinna.

Sub-regions of Finland

Finland is divided into 70 sub-regional units (Finnish: seutukunta, Swedish: ekonomisk region). The sub-regions are formed by groups of municipalities within the 19 regions of Finland. The sub-regions represent a LAU 1 level of division used in conjunction with the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics.

University of Jyväskylä

The University of Jyväskylä (Finnish: Jyväskylän yliopisto) is a research university in Jyväskylä, Finland. It has its origins in the first Finnish-speaking Teacher Training College (the so-called Teacher Seminary), founded in 1863. Around 15,000 students are currently enrolled in the degree programs of the university. It is ranked as the second largest university in Finland when measured according to the number of master's degrees conferred.

Vaasa Province

The Province of Vaasa (Finnish: Vaasan lääni, pronounced [ˈʋɑːsɑn ˈlæːni]; Swedish: Vasa län, pronounced [²vɑːsa ˈlɛːn]) was a province of Finland, established in 1775 when Finland was an integrated part of Sweden from the southern part of Ostrobothnia County and disbanded in 1996. The province was named after the city of Vaasa.

On the death of Tsar Nicholas I in 1855, a small group of citizens in the city of Vaasa tendered a petition to change the name of the city after him. The name of the city came from the Royal House of Vasa and despite that only 15 citizens were backing the proposal the name of the city was changed to Nikolaistad (Russian: Николайстада, Finnish: Nikolainkaupunki). This also meant that the Vaasa Province (Russian: Вазаская губерния, Swedish: Vasa län, Finnish: Vaasan lääni) was called the Nikolaistad Province, after 1855. In 1862 a large group of citizens in the city unsuccessfully petitioned to have the old name restored. The new name remained official until 1917, but colloquially the old name continued in use.

In 1960 the eastern part was separated as the Province of Central Finland. In 1997 it was reunited with Central Finland, together they merged with the northern part of the Province of Häme and the Province of Turku and Pori to establish the new Province of Western Finland.

The former province corresponds to the current regions of Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia and Southern Ostrobothnia.

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