Census town

A census town is a type of town that satisfies certain characteristics, depending on the country in which it is located.

India

In India, a census town is one which is not statutorily notified and administered as a town, but nevertheless whose population has attained urban characteristics.[1] They are characterized by the following:

  • Population exceeds 5,000
  • At least 75% of main working population is employed outside the agricultural sector
  • Minimum population density of 400 persons per km2[2][3]

Examples of Indian census towns include Greater Noida, in Uttar Pradesh; Begampur, Chandpara and Chittaranjan in West Bengal; Chevella, in Telangana; Amini, in Lakshadweep, Ghatshila in Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand; and BGR Township (Bongaigaon Refinery Township) in Bongaigaon Urban Agglomeration, Assam; Pileru, in Andhra Pradesh.

Census 2011

The number of census towns (CTs) in India grew from 1,362 in 2001 to 3,894 in 2011.[4] As per Pradhan (2013),[5] these CTs account for 30% of the urban growth in the last decade.[6] Pradhan also notes that the largest increase in the number of CTs was in the states of West Bengal and Kerala.

Administration of CTs

CTs are classified as urban areas by the Census of India if they satisfy the three conditions on population, density and workforce participation. However, CTs are still administratively rural, i.e. they are not recognized by the government as urban areas.

Ministry of Urban Development Notification

The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, in May 2016 asked the 28 states in India to take action to start the process of recognizing CTs as urban areas.[7] The argument given for this conversion was that a statutory Urban Local Body (ULB) is required to ensure planned development of these areas. In this notification, Rajiv Gauba, Secretary (Urban Development) notes:

The opportunity of planned urban development might get lost if unplanned construction and ad hoc provisioning of infrastructure is allowed to take place over a long time.

Additionally, the Ministry, in the notification, has informed the states that they stand to gain from according statutory status to these towns. With a greater number of statutory towns, the states would be able to get more money from the Centre as per the 14th Finance Commission Report. Additionally, under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), 50% weightage is given to the number of statutory towns in the state/UT to determine the allocation of funds to these states/UTs.

Following this notification, Maharashtra state government converted 19 CTs in the state to statutory ULBs.[8] These 19 CTs are in close proximity to the town of Pune and this conversion is expected to lessen the infrastructure and population pressures on the town.

Ireland

According to Ireland's Central Statistics Office, a census town by definition has a "cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings, not having a legally defined boundary, in which within a distance of 800 metres there is a nucleus of either thirty occupied houses on both sides of the road or twenty occupied houses on one side of the Road". Census towns were distinct from municipal towns; the latter, which had legally defined boundaries and local government powers, were abolished by the Local Government Reform Act 2014.

References

  1. ^ Ramachhandran, M. (13 February 2012). "Rescuing cities from chaos". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Census of India: Some terms and definitions" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  3. ^ "New Census Towns Showcase New India", Mint.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2011 - Paper 2" (PDF). Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  5. ^ Pradhan (2013)
  6. ^ "Unacknowledged Urbanisation". Economic and Political Weekly. 48 (36). 2015-06-05.
  7. ^ "States asked to convert 3,784 urban areas into statutory Urban Local Bodies". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  8. ^ "19 new civic bodies to boost urbanization in Pune - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-09-29.

External links

Amara Khaira Chak

Amara Khaira Chowk is a census town and village in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town and village falls under the Amra khaira chowk gram panchayat. Amara Khaira Chowk Census town and village is about 12 kilometers South-West of Varanasi railway station, 317 kilometers South-East of Lucknow and 9 kilometers South-West of Banaras Hindu University main gate.

Legislative assembly= Rohaniya

Benipur

Benipur is a village and census town in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town falls under the Benipur gram panchayat. Benipur Census town is about 7 kilometers North-East of Varanasi railway station, 303 kilometers South-East of Lucknow and 14 kilometers North of Banaras Hindu University.

Bhagawanpur, Varanasi

Bhagawanpur is a census town & village in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town and village falls under the Gourdih gram panchayat. Bhagawanpur Census town and village is about 11 kilometers southeast of Varanasi railway station, 324 kilometers southeast of Lucknow and 1.5 kilometers southeast of Banaras Hindu University.

Birbhanpur

Birbhanpur is a census town & village in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town & village falls under the Virbhan Pur gram panchayat. Birbhanpur Census town & village is about 18 kilometers South-West of Varanasi railway station, 306 kilometers South-East of Lucknow and 21 kilometers North-West of Banaras Hindu University.

Chinchani

Chinchani is a census town in Palghar district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Dindaspur

Dindaspur is a census town village in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town & village falls under the Dindaspur gram panchayat. Dindaspur Census town & village is about 18 kilometers West of Varanasi railway station, 310 kilometers South-East of Lucknow and 25 kilometers North-West of Banaras Hindu University main gate.

Dwaraka Tirumala

Dwaraka Tirumala is a census town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Dwaraka Tirumala mandal of Eluru revenue division. The Venkateswara Temple is a pilgrimage center for hindus, which is the abode of Lord Venkateswara. This is often referred by the locals as Chinna Tirupati , meaning mini Tirupati.

Harpal Pur

Harpal Pur is a census town & village in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town & village falls under the Harpal Pur gram panchayat. Harpal Pur Census town & village is about 7.5 kilometers South-West of Varanasi railway station, 315 kilometers South-East of Lucknow and 10 kilometers North-West of Banaras Hindu University.

Hussainpur

Hussainpur is a census town in Jalandhar district in the Indian state of Punjab. It is situated in Jalandhar II Tehsil . The village code is 030405 .

Karambakkam

Karambakkam is a census town in Chennai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Kollam metropolitan area

Kollam metropolitan area or Kollam urban agglomeration is the 14th largest urban agglomeration in South India and 7th largest in Kerala.

The metropolitan area, constituted on the basis of 2011 census data, consists of Kollam Municipal Corporation (Quilon), 2 municipalities, 22 Panchayaths and parts of 2 Panchayaths. The two municipalities are Paravur and Karunagappalli. The 21 Panchayaths are Adichanalloor, Adinad, Ayanivelikulangara, Chavara, Elampalloor, Kallelibhagom, Kottamkara, Kulasekharapuram, Mayyanad, Meenad, Nedumpana, Oachira, Panayam, Panmana, Perinad, Poothakkulam, Thazhuthala, Thodiyoor, Thrikkaruva, Thrikkovilvattom, and Vadakkumthala. Outgrowth of Neendakara, Eravipuram and Thrikkadavoor panchayaths are also included in the Kollam metropolitan area.

Perambakkam

Perambakkam is a suburb of Chennai located in Tiruvallur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is a census town in Tiruvallur taluk. The town had a population of 6,462 in census 2011 and having Educational Institutes like Om Sri Vivekananda Nursery & Primary School.

Ratainda

Ratainda or Ratenda is a large village in Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district of Punjab State, India. The village is administrated by a Sarpanch, who is the elected representative of the village. It is located 2.5 km away from postal head office Moron, 6.3 km from census town Apra, 11.7 km away from Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar and 113 km from Chandigarh.

Salarpur

Salarpur is a census town & village in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town & village falls under the Salarpur gram panchayat. Salarpur Census town & village is about 8 kilometers North-East of Varanasi railway station, 329 kilometers South-East of Lucknow and 4 kilometers South-East of Sarnath.

Singaperumalkoil

Singaperumal Kovil is a census town located close to Chengalpet and Maraimalai Nagar in Chengalpattu taluk, Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

A famous temple to Narasimha, the Pataladri temple is situated in Singaperumal Koil. It is located on a small hillock off the GST road between Chennai and Chengalpet.

The famous twin temples of Lord Siva known as Marundeswarar and Kachabeswarar are also present in Thirukachur, which is located little north-westerly to Singaperumal Koil town. Together they are considered as one of the famed Paadal Petra Sthalams ("Shrines on which hymns were sung") of Thondai Naadu.

The neighborhood is served by the Singaperumal Koil railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway Network

Srisailam Project (RFC) Township

Srisailam Project (RFC) Township is a census town in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Srisailam mandal in Kurnool revenue division.

Susuwahi

Susuwahi is a census town and village in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town falls under the Susuwahi gram panchayat. Susuwahi Census town is about 12 kilometers South of Varanasi railway station, 320 kilometers South-East of Lucknow and 5 kilometers South-West of Banaras Hindu University main gate.

Umarha

Umaraha is a census town & village in Varanasi tehsil of Varanasi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The census town & village falls under the Umaraha gram panchayat. Umarha Census town & village is about 12 kilometers North-East of Varanasi railway station, 317 kilometers South-East of Lucknow and 17 kilometers North-East of Banaras Hindu University main gate.

Vengathur

Vengathur is a census town in Thiruvallur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

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