Cattawade Marshes is an 88.3 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest between East Bergholt and Manningtree in Essex and Suffolk. It is managed by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. It is a Ramsar wetland of international importance, and part of the Stour and Orwell Special Protection Area, and the Dedham Vale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
The site is a marsh area between two arms of the River Stour. It is of major importance for breeding birds, especially waders and wildfowl, such as Shoveler, Teal, Tufted Duck and Water Rail. Other habitats are grassland and ditches.
There is no public access but the site can be viewed from a public footpath on the south side of the river.
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Essex is a county in the east of England. In the early Anglo-Saxon period it was the Kingdom of the East Saxons, but it gradually came under the control of more powerful kingdoms, and in the ninth century it became part of Wessex. The modern county is bounded by Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Greater London to the south-west, Kent across the River Thames to the south, and the North Sea to the east. It has an area of 1,420 square miles (3,700 km2), with a coastline of 400 miles (640 km), and a population according to the 2011 census of 1,393,600. At the top level of local government are Essex County Council and two unitary authorities, Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock. Under the county council, there are twelve district and borough councils.In England, Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) are designated by Natural England, which is responsible for protecting England's natural environment. Designation as an SSSI gives legal protection to the most important wildlife and geological sites. As of August 2016, there are 86 sites designated in Essex. There are 19 sites with a purely geological interest, and 64 listed for biological interest. A further three sites are designated for both reasons.
The largest is Foulness, which is internationally important for wildfowl and waders, and has 71 nationally rare invertebrate species. The smallest is Holland-on-Sea Cliff, a geological site which throws light on the course of the River Thames before it was diverted south by the Anglian glaciation around 450,000 years ago. Hangman's Wood and Deneholes has deneholes, shafts created by medieval chalk mining which are now used by hibernating bats. Lion Pit is the site of flint-knapping by Neanderthals around 200,000 years ago, and it has been possible to fit back together some of the flint flakes.Stour Valley Path
This article is about the Stour Valley Path in Suffolk. For the Stour Valley Way in Dorset, see Stour Valley Way. For the Stour Valley Walk in Kent, see Stour Valley Walk.
The Stour Valley Path is a 96-kilometre (60 mi) long-distance footpath in Suffolk, England, from Newmarket (52.2407°N 0.3976°E / 52.2407; 0.3976 (Stour Valley Path (Newmarket trailhead))) to Cattawade (51.9570°N 1.0563°E / 51.9570; 1.0563 (Stour Valley Path (Cattawade trailhead))), a village near Manningtree.The path follows the catchment area of the River Stour. The majority of the route forms part of European Path E2. It connects with the Icknield Way Path, St Edmund Way, the Stour and Orwell Walk and the Essex Way.A 32 minute video on YouTube shows many of the highlights along the route and can be watched here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zmJwGfzKXeA