Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is the international humanitarian agency of the Catholic community in the United States. Founded in 1943 by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, the agency provides assistance to 130 million people in more than 90 countries and territories in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and Eastern Europe.
A member of Caritas International, the worldwide network of Catholic humanitarian agencies, CRS provides relief in emergency situations and helps people in the developing world break the cycle of poverty through community-based, sustainable development initiatives as well as Peacebuilding. Assistance is based solely on need, not race, creed or nationality. Catholic Relief Services is headquartered in the Posner Building in Baltimore, Maryland, while operating numerous field offices on five continents. CRS has approximately 5,000 employees around the world. The agency is governed by a Board of Directors consisting of 13 clergy (most of them bishops) and 10 lay people.
|Catholic Relief Services|
|Founder||United States Conference of Catholic Bishops|
President and CEO
Most Reverend Gregory John Mansour, Bishop of Maronite Catholic Eparchy of Saint Maron of Brooklyn,
Chairman of the Board
|US$ $979 million (2017)|
Initially founded as the War Relief Services, the agency’s original purpose was to aid the refugees of war-torn Europe. A confluence of events in the mid 1950s — the end of colonial rule in many countries, the continuing support of the American Catholic community and the availability of food and financial resources from the U.S. Government — helped CRS expand operations. Its name was officially changed to Catholic Relief Services in 1955, and over the next 10 years it opened 25 country programs in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. CRS's executive director during this period (1947–1976) was Bishop Edward E. Swanstrom. One of the key relief workers in those early years was Father Fabian Flynn, CP, who directed their efforts in Germany, Austria, and Hungary. 
As the agency grew, its programming focus widened, adapting to meet the needs of the post-World War II Roman Catholic Church and the circumstances of the people it encountered. In the 1970s and 1980s, programs that began as simple distributions of food, clothing and medicines to the poor evolved toward socio-economic development. By the late 1980s, health care, nutrition education, micro enterprise and agriculture had become major focuses of CRS programming.
In the mid-1990s, CRS went through a significant institutional transformation. In 1993, CRS officials embarked on a strategic planning effort to clarify the mission and identity of the agency. Soon after, the 1994 massacre in Rwanda – in which more than 800,000 people were killed – led CRS staff to reevaluate how they implemented their relief and development programs, particularly in places experiencing or at high risk of ethnic conflict. After a period of institutional reflection, CRS embraced a vision of global solidarity and incorporated a justice-centered focus into all of its programming, using Catholic social teaching as a guide.
All programming is evaluated according to a set of social justice criteria called the Justice Lens. In terms of programming, CRS now evaluates not just whether its interventions are effective and sustainable, but whether they might have a negative impact on social or economic relationships in a community.
CRS programming includes: promoting human development by responding to major emergencies, fighting disease and poverty and nurturing peaceful and just societies
Serving Catholics in the United States as they live their faith in solidarity with their brothers and sisters around the world
Overseas work is done in partnership with local church agencies, other faith-based partners, non-governmental organizations and local governments. CRS emphasizes the empowerment of partners and beneficiaries in programming decisions. Program examples include:
The agency has also made engaging the U.S. Catholic population a priority. CRS is seeking to help Catholics more actively live their faith and build global solidarity. Program examples include:
Catholic Relief Services serves as a leading member of the U.S. Global Leadership Coalition, a Washington D.C.-based coalition of over 400 major companies and NGOs that advocates for increased funding of American diplomatic and development efforts abroad.
As part of the massive, worldwide humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, Catholic Relief Services donated $190 million to fund a five-year relief and reconstruction effort to help 600,000 victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. CRS provided shelter kits to build tents and temporary shelters, as well as transitional, sturdier shelters meant to last for a longer time. Some of these efforts have now been codified and made a part of the Sphere Project, an international set of standards to be used by organizations providing emergency assistance.
Catholic Relief Services has served in Haiti since 1954. Over 50 years of experience allowed CRS to respond to the earthquake immediately and has positioned the agency to be a key development actor as the country rebuilds. The agency works through a broad network of partners, including the Catholic Church in Haiti. These relief efforts are in conjunction with the humanitarian response by other non-governmental organizations.
CRS is fostering local leadership and helping communities develop the knowledge, understanding and skills to build local capacity so that Haitians drive their own recovery. CRS has committed to a $200 million, 5-year earthquake recovery program in partnership with more than 200 local organizations, focusing on community revitalization and shelter, health, water and sanitation, and protection.
Highlights of the recovery programming include the $22.5 million reconstruction of St. Francois de Sales Hospital in Port-au-Prince, in partnership with the Catholic Health Association of the United States, turning the facility into a 200-bed teaching hospital; the Catholic Education Initiative, focused on building a vibrant Catholic school system throughout Haiti; and the development of innovative approaches for transforming camps into permanent housing communities, beginning with the construction of 125 housing units at Camp Carradeux.
Since the civil war in Syria began in March, 2011, CRS has been working with their church partners in Lebanon, Jordan, and Egypt to provide urgent medical assistance, hygiene and living supplies, counseling and support for the nearly 1 million Syrian refugees who are children. Most now live in unfamiliar and uncomfortable surroundings, unable to attend local schools and traumatized by atrocities they have witnessed. To give them structure and a sense of normalcy, CRS is supporting formal and informal education, tutoring, recreational activities and trauma counseling.
Though this crisis in the Central African Republic has received little media attention in the United States, an estimated 930,000 people—20 percent of the population—have fled their homes since rebels ousted the president in March 2013. Millions of people are in urgent need of food, shelter and assistance. Although a new president took office in August, many embassies, including the United States, remained closed. Catholic Relief Services and Caritas Mbaiki, Bossangoa, and Bouar are working in the country to provide emergency food, shelter, and agricultural support, as well as supporting the work of Christian and Muslim religious leaders to promote conflict resolution and peace building.
CRS is a member of the Interfaith Partnership for the Consolidation of Peace (CIPP) in Central African Republic, a joint project launched in 2016 to support the process of national reconciliation and peace building. The CIPP brings together CRS, the Interfaith Peace Platform, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Aegis Trust, Islamic Relief and World Vision International in promoting social cohesion at various levels, supporting economic development and assisting those who have been affected by violence in the country.
Participating in the humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan, in the first 3 months after the typhoon CRS collaborated with communities and Caritas partners to provide 40,000 families–200,000 people–with emergency shelter, clean water and sanitation. We are now focusing on long-term recovery and are committed to a 5-year plan that will help 500,000 people. CRS has spent $23.7 million on their response as of September 30, 2014. During this first year of relief efforts (2013-2014), CRS rebuilt over 3,000 homes, had 5,000 under construction, and rebuilt 2,800 household latrines. CRS also created a Livelihood Recovery Program to help all those who lost their jobs because of the disaster. The program offers locals the choose of five programs and provides grants for training. The programs are: intercropping, livestock production, aquaculture, small and medium-sized enterprises, skills development, and communal nursery.
For the humanitarian response to the Nepal earthquake, Catholic Relief Services and its partner organizations have begun procuring emergency relief materials, like shelter kits and sanitation and hygiene materials.
Belarc's products are used for software license management, configuration management, cyber security status, information assurance audits, IT asset management, and more.
Products by Belarc are in use on well over fifty million computers and are licensed by numerous customers, including: AIA/Asia, Catholic Relief Services, Federal Aviation Administration, NASA, Oakland County Michigan, Railinc, Travelers, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Navy, Unilever, WebMD/Emdeon.Caritas Internationalis
Caritas Internationalis is a confederation of 165 Catholic relief, development and social service organisations operating in over 200 countries and territories worldwide.
Collectively and individually their claimed mission is to work to build a better world, especially for the poor and oppressed. The first Caritas organisation was established by Lorenz Werthmann on 9 November 1897 in Germany. Other national Caritas organisations were soon formed in Switzerland (1901) and the United States (Catholic Charities, 1910).Catholic Relief Services, Pakistan
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) first began its work in 1943. It is the official international humanitarian agency of the Catholic community in the United States. The agency provides assistance to people in 99 countries and territories based on need, regardless of race, nationality or creed. Catholic Relief Services is a member of Caritas Internationalis, a confederation of 162 Catholic relief, development and social service organizations operating in over 200 countries and territories worldwide. Caritas Internationalis is the official humanitarian agency of the global Catholic Church.
CRS has worked in Pakistan since 1954. CRS Pakistan has enhanced its emergency activities to respond to the drought, the Afghan refugee crisis and earthquake emergency response and rebuilding process. The CRS office is located in Islamabad and has 227 staff.Catholic charities
Catholic charities refer to a number of Catholic charitable organisations.
Catholic spiritual teaching includes spreading the Gospel while Catholic social teaching emphasises support for the sick, the poor and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy. The Catholic Church is the largest non-governmental provider of education and medical services in the world.Some charitable organisations are listed below.Catholic social activism in the United States
Catholic social activism in the United States is the practical application of the notions of Catholic social teaching into American public life. Its roots can be traced to the 19th century encyclical Rerum novarum of Pope Leo XIII.Edwin Broderick
Edwin Bernard Broderick (January 16, 1917 – July 2, 2006) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Albany from 1969 to 1976.Eileen Egan
Eileen Egan (1912–2000) was a journalist, Roman Catholic activist, and co-founder of the Catholic peace group, American PAX Association and its successor Pax Christi-USA, the American branch of International Pax Christi. Starting 1943 she remained an active member of Catholic Relief Services, and a longtime friend of Mother Teresa, she wrote her biography Such A Vision: Mother Teresa, the Spirit, and the Work, and marched with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. at Selma. She first coined the term "seamless garment" to describe the unity of Catholic teaching on life issues.James Fromayan
James Fromayan is the chairman of the Liberian National Election Commission and former Executive Director of Liberia Democracy Resource Center, former Project Manager, Seeds and Tools Project, Catholic Relief Services. He has also served as Assistant Minister for Administration, Ministry of Education and as Minister of Education. He also taught at the University of Liberia and served as Vice Principal of the Voinjama Multilateral High School.Ken Hackett
Kenneth Francis Hackett (born January 27, 1947) was the United States Ambassador to the Holy See from August 2013 until January 2017. He was previously president of Catholic Relief Services (CRS).
Hackett attended Boston College, graduating in 1968. He then joined the Peace Corps and served in Ghana. Afterwards, he joined Catholic Relief Services (CRS), serving in Africa and Asia. He was named the president of CRS, retiring in 2011.He was nominated to the post by President Barack Obama in June 2013 and confirmed by the Senate on August 1, 2013.He presented his Letters of Credence to Pope Francis on October 21, 2013. In March 2016 he was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Pius IX. He took leave on 16 January 2017.Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia
Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia (LARA) was created in April 1946 by eleven volunteer relief organizations, it was the Asian equivalent to CRALOG in Europe.
The purpose of the organization was to coordinate efforts in occupied Japan and have a single point of contact with the military authorities (SCAP) which refused to deal with the member organizations, such as the Catholic Church, on a one-to-one basis.
LARA was operational 1946-1952 and sent large amounts of food and clothing to Japan, by December 1949 more than 10 million tonnes had been sent.
LARA was initially the only non-governmental relief organization allowed to operate in Japan, although beginning in late 1947 CARE Packages (U.S. Army ten-in-One rations) from CARE were also distributed. In 1949 UNICEF began distributing milk to Japanese schoolchildren, although the cost for this was charged to the Japanese government.
The member organizations included amongst others:
American Friends Service Committee
Catholic Relief Services
Church of the Brethren
Church World Service
Lutheran World Relief
Mennonite Central CommitteeRoughly 20% of the aid was donated by Nikkei and Japanese nationals.List of Catholic missions in Africa
This is a list of Roman Catholic missions in Africa.
Augustinians of the Assumption
Catholic Medical Mission Board
Catholic Missions of Africa Kenya
Catholic Near East Welfare Association
Catholic Relief Services
Catholic World Missions
Cross International Catholic Outreach
Hospitaler Bros. St. John of God Missions
International Catholic Migration Commission
Missionaries of Africa
Missionaries of the Poor
Missionary Sisters of Mary Immaculate
Missionary Sisters of Our Lady of Africa
Missionary Society of St. Paul
Paris Evangelical Missionary Society, PEMS or, in French, Société des Missions Evangéliques de Paris
Pontifical Mission Societies
Salesian of Don Bosco Missions
Society of African Missions
Sudan Relief FundNow the Day Is Over
Now the Day is Over is a collection of lullabies, standards, traditional and classical songs recorded in a number of weeks in the Innocence Mission's home studio during the summer of 2004.
The album features one original song, "My Love Goes With You", and three from previous albums. "Moon River" is from The Lakes of Canada (1999). "It Is Well with My Soul" and two bonus tracks appeared on Christ Is My Hope (2000). All four songs were remastered for this album.
Among the covers featured from classic movies are "Over the Rainbow" from The Wizard Of Oz,
"Stay Awake" from Mary Poppins, "Edelweiss" from The Sound of Music, and Moon River from Breakfast at Tiffany's.
A portion of the album's sales went to Catholic Relief Services.Paul Stagg Coakley
Paul Stagg Coakley (born June 3, 1955) is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He is the archbishop of the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City.Philip D. McNamara
Father Philip D. McNamara was a Catholic priest who directed the Catholic Relief Services in Cambodia during the Vietnam War.Robert J. McCloskey
Robert James McCloskey (November 25, 1922 – November 28, 1996) was an American diplomat. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Thomas McCloskey and Anna Wallace; He was spokesperson for the United States Department of State from 1964–1973 but after a short stint (June 20, 1973 to January 14, 1974) as United States Ambassador to Cyprus, he was asked to return to his old job as spokesperson. From February 21, 1975 to September 10, 1976 he served as Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations. He later served as United States Ambassador to the Netherlands and to Greece.
His government career was followed by a stint as ombudsman at the Washington Post, then as senior vice president of International Catholic Relief Services.
He married Anne Taylor Phelan on July 8, 1961. They had two daughters, Lisa and Andre. He died of leukemia in 1996 in Chevy Chase, Maryland.SERRV International
SERRV International is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, alternative trading organization operating in the United States, Africa, Asia and Latin America. The organization is credited to be one of the first fair trade initiatives worldwide, with imports as early as 1949. In 2006, it was one of the country's largest fair trade importers with annual sales of approximately $10 million. It currently works with 85 small-scale, cooperatively run producer groups in 35 countries.The organization's mission is to "promote the social and economic progress of people in developing regions of the world by marketing their products in a just and direct manner". SERRV International was funded and supported in 2005 by the Calvert Foundation, Catholic Relief Services, the Idyll Foundation and MMA Community Development Investments, Inc.
The organization is a founding member of the World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO) and the Fair Trade Federation. It follows the internationally recognized fair trade principles of fair wage, gender equality, long-term relationships, concern for the environment, democratic decision making, safe working conditions, respect for culture, and prohibition of child exploitation.Stewart's Department Store
Stewart's Department Store, also known as the Posner Building, is a historic department store building located at Baltimore, Maryland, United States. Catholic Relief Services is currently headquartered there.The Road to Hell (book)
The Road to Hell: The Ravaging Effects of Foreign Aid and International Charity, by Michael Maren, is a book about good intentions gone awry, in the realm of charitable assistance to Africa. The author argues that the international aid industry is a big business more concerned with winning its next big government contract than helping needy people. The focus of the book is Somalia. Among the organizations criticized are World Vision, Save the Children, Christian Children's Fund, UNICEF, CARE, Catholic Relief Services, and USAID. The book argues that relief aid helped bolster the regime of Siad Barre. The book has been cited by some academics as evidence that violent competition for control over large-scale food aid contributed to the breakdown of government in Somalia.Tommy Pangcoga
Ahmed Harris Ramuros Pangcoga (born 21 April 1972), best known as Tommy Pangcoga, is a writer and non-government organization worker based in Mindanao, the Philippines.He was the Training and Project Development Officer of Consortium of Bangsamoro Civil Society, the largest civil society organization (CSO) composed of Moro non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and people's organizations (POs) from 2007 to 2010.He was a president of Kaakbay Tri-People Youth Dialogue, a non-stock, non-profit, non-government cross-sectoral youth organization. and executive director of Kabataang Mindanao Para sa Kapayapaan (KAMINKAP) or Mindanao Youth for Peace, a local youth-oriented NGO that focused on the propagation of the Culture of Peace. He was also a consultant to Catholic Relief Services in Mindanao.
Pangcoga is an ethnic Maranao, one of the several multilingual ethnic groups comprising the Moro people, the largest mainly non-Christian group in the Philippines.
He is a member of Alpha Phi Omega.
of the faithful