The Catalan Pre-Coastal Range (Catalan: Serralada Prelitoral Catalana) is a system of mountain ranges running parallel to the Mediterranean Sea coast in Catalonia. It is part of the Catalan Mediterranean System. Its main axis runs between the Catalan Transversal Range and the Serra de l'Espina, which connects with the Ports de Tortosa-Beseit, part of the Iberian System. The highest point is 1.706,7 m at the Montseny Massif.
From North to South:
The protected areas in the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range are: Parc Natural del Montseny, Parc Natural de Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac, Parc Natural de Montserrat, Parc Natural dels Ports de Tortosa-Beseit and Parc Natural de la Serra de Montsant.
Buinaca or Punta de la Buinaca, also spelt Boinaca, is one of the highest mountains of the Cardó Massif, Catalan Pre-Coastal Range, Catalonia, Spain. This mountain has an elevation of 764 metres above sea level.It is the highest peak of the Serra del Boix range and it is located at the southern end of the range in an area of massive rocky outcrops known as "Les Moles". There are many wind turbines atop the smoother neighboring ridges.Calotriton
Calotriton, or the European brook newts, is a genus of newts native to the Pyrenees and central Catalonia (Catalan Pre-coastal Range). These amphibians were formerly placed within genus Euproctus, but the genus was resurrected in 2005. Instead of Euproctus, they seem more closely related to Triturus, their sister taxon.Catalan Central Depression
The Catalan Central Depression (Catalan: Depressió Central Catalana) is a natural depression between the Pre-Pyrenees and the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range in Spain. It widens towards the west, linking with the Ebro Depression, Catalan: Depressió de l'Ebre, of which it could be considered an eastern extension. The Catalan Central Depression is about 180 km long with an average width of 50 km.Catalan Coastal Depression
The Catalan Coastal Depression, Catalan: Depressió Litoral Catalana, is a natural depression between the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range and the Mediterranean Sea. It is part of the Catalan Mediterranean System.Catalan Mediterranean System
The Catalan Mediterranean System, also known as Mediterranean System, Transversal Ibero-Pyrenaean System, and Catalanid System, is a wide coastal geographical region in Catalonia. It is made up of a double system of coastal mountain chains: The Catalan Coastal Range and the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range, as well as the Catalan Coastal Depression and other coastal and pre-coastal plains located among those mountain ranges.Coll de Balaguer
The Coll de Balaguer is a mountain pass in Catalonia, Spain. It is located at the point where the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range reaches the sea, in L'Almadrava, within the Vandellòs i l'Hospitalet de l'Infant municipality, Baix Camp.
Despite its scant altitude this pass has been an important communication line between the Terres de l'Ebre region and the Camp de Tarragona since ancient times. Nowadays highways AP-7, N-340, as well as the RENFE Barcelona-Valencia railway line go through the Coll de Balaguer pass.
There are the ruins of a 13th-century castle overlooking the pass from the time of the fight against the Saracens. The Vandellòs Nuclear Power Plant is located right south of Coll de Balaguer.Els Omells de na Gaia
Els Omells de na Gaia is a municipality in the comarca of the Urgell in Catalonia, Spain. It is located north of the Serra del Tallat, Catalan Pre-Coastal Range, at the southern end of the comarca.
The town centre has medieval stone houses. The Església parroquial de Santa Maria is an 18th-century church that houses some ancient carved wood images. Els Omells de na Gaia is in an economically depressed area, the main income is derived from cereal, vineyard and almond cultivation, as well as some cattle.List of mountains in Catalonia
This is a list of mountains in Catalonia, Spain.Mola de Colldejou
Mola de Colldejou is a mountain chain in Catalonia, Spain located north of the Serra de Llaberia in the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range.
The highest point is 921.8 m above sea level.This mountain range is named after Colldejou village, located east of the range.Montseny Massif
Montseny (Catalan pronunciation: [munˈsɛɲ]) is a mountain range west of the coastal hills north of Barcelona. It is part of the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range.Montserrat (mountain)
Montserrat (Catalan pronunciation: [munsəˈrat]) is a multi-peaked mountain range near Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain. It is part of the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range. The main peaks are Sant Jeroni (1,236 m), Montgrós (1,120 m) and Miranda de les Agulles (903 m).It is well known as the site of the Benedictine abbey, Santa Maria de Montserrat, which hosts the Virgin of Montserrat sanctuary and which is identified by some with the location of the Holy Grail in Arthurian myth."Montserrat" literally means "saw (serrated, like the common handsaw) mountain" in Catalan. It describes its peculiar aspect with multitude of rock formations which are visible from a great distance. The mountain is composed of strikingly pink conglomerate, a form of sedimentary rock. Montserrat was designated as a National Park in 1987.
In 1493, Christopher Columbus named the Caribbean island of Montserrat Santa Maria de Montserrate, after the Virgin of Montserrat. Again, in 1606, the Spanish expedition of Luis Vaéz de Torres charted Mount Ernest island in the Torres Strait as Santa Maria de Montserrate, due to its relatively high peak.Picorandan
Picorandan is a mountain of Catalonia, Spain. It is part of the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range.
Its maximum elevation is 991 metres above sea level.Roca Centella
Roca Centella is a mountain of Catalonia, Spain. It has an elevation of 1,000 metres above sea level. This mountain is part of the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range.The name of the mountain means "Lightning Rock" in the Catalan language.Serra de Cavalls
Serra de Cavalls is a mountain chain located at the southern end of the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range, Catalonia, Spain.
The ridge's highest point is Punta Redona (659.2 m). This mountain range lies within the Benissanet, Gandesa and El Pinell de Brai municipal term. On the northern side are two ridges of parallel foothills called Serra del Pebre and Serra de Santa Madrona. Its northern prolongation is known as Serra de la Vall de la Torre.Serra de Llaberia
Serra de Llaberia is a mountain chain in Catalonia, Spain located between the Prades and the Tivissa-Vandellòs Mountains.
It is part of the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range. The main peaks are Mola de Llaberia (918.3 m), La Miranda (918 m) and Mont-redon (864 m).This mountain range is named after Llaberia village, now a ghost town within the Tivissa municipal term.
The Serra de Montalt mountain range is a subrange of the main Llaberia range.Serra de Pàndols
Serra de Pàndols is a limestone mountain chain located at the southern end of the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range, in Catalonia, Spain.There is a project to install wind turbines on the Serra de Pàndols and neighboring Serra de Cavalls which has met with public protests. The Serra de Paüls mountain range is located to the south of this range.Serra de l'Espina
Serra de l'Espina is a limestone mountain chain located at the north-eastern end of the Iberian System. It connects the Ports de Tortosa-Beseit mountain massif with the Catalan Pre-Coastal Range.Vallbona de les Monges
Vallbona de les Monges (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌbaʎˈβɔnə ðə ləz ˈmɔɲʒəs]) is a municipality in the comarca of the Urgell in Catalonia, Spain. It is located at the southern end of the comarca, north of the Serra del Tallat, Catalan Pre-Coastal Range, where many wind turbines have been installed.
The town has the most important convent in Catalonia, the Monastery of Santa Maria de Vallbona, belonging to the Order of Cistercians. The main income is derived from wine and olive oil production, as well as some cattle. There is a little tourism, but not enough to significantly lift the economy of the area.Vallès
El Vallès (or simply Vallès) is a historical county in Catalonia, Spain, located in the center of the Catalan Pre-coastal range. It is nowadays represented by two separate administrative divisions (comarques) which are part of the Barcelona Province: the Western Vallès, which has two capitals, Sabadell and Terrassa; and the Eastern Vallès, with Granollers as its capital.
The present division of Vallès has its historical roots in the legal districts of Granollers and Sabadell - Terrassa, established in 1834. However, the first time this subdivision was explicitly used as sanctioned by law was in 1936, with the official division of Catalonia in comarques. In 2015, four of the municipalities in Eastern Vallès became part of a newly created comarca: the Moianès. Some parts of the Vallès region belong to the metropolitan area of Barcelona and the Àmbit Metropolità de Barcelona(metropolitan region of Barcelona), and is nowadays connected with Barcelona with public transportations systems such as FGC's so-called Metro del Vallès.